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Competition law
Basic concepts
Anti-competitive practices
Laws and doctrines

United States

Europe

Australia

Enforcement authorities and organizations

A competition regulator is a government agency, typically a statutory authority, sometimes called an economic regulator, which regulates and enforces competition laws, and may sometimes also enforce consumer protection laws. In addition to such agencies there is often another body responsible for formulating competition policy.

Many nations implement competition laws, and there is general agreement on acceptable standards of behavior. The degree to which countries enforce their competition policy does vary substantially, with the United States generally regarded as having the most strict competition laws and enforcement.

Competition regulators may also regulate certain aspects of mergers and acquisitions and business alliances and regulate or prohibit cartels and monopolies. Other government agencies may have responsibilities in relation to aspects of competition law which affect companies (eg. the registrar of companies).

Regulators may form supranational or international alliances like the ECA (European Competition Authorities), the ICN (International Competition Network), and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).

List of trade blocs and multinational regulators

Flag Location Trade bloc ECA ICN OECD Website Language
Flag of the Andean Community of Nations.svg South America Communidad Andina (Andean Community of Nations) Question Question Question [1] Spanish
Europe European Fair Trade Association Question Question Question [2] English
Europe European Surveillance Authority Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [3] English
Flag of Europe.svg European Union European Commission - Directorate-General for Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [4] English

List of national regulators

Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Website Language
Flag of Albania.svg Albania Competition Authority of Albania Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [5] English
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina Comision Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia Bullet-green.png [6] Spanish
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [7] English
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Australian Competition and Consumer Commission and National Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [8] [9] English
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Wettbewerbsbehörde im BMwA Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [10] English
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium Raad voor de Mededinging/Conseil de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Conselho Administrativo de Defesa Economica Bullet-green.png [11] Portuguese
Flag of Canada.svg Canada Competition Bureau/Bureau de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [12] English
Flag of Chile.svg Chile Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia -National Economic Prosecutor's Office Bullet-green.png [13] English
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Ministry of Commerce [14] English
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia Superintendencia Industria y Comercio Bullet-green.png [15] Spanish
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [16] English
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic Office for the Protection of Competition Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [17] English
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark Konkurrencestyrelsen Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [18] English
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador Superintendencia de Competencia Bullet-green.png [19] Spanish
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia konkurentsiamet Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [20] English
Flag of Finland.svg Finland Finnish Competition Authority (Kilpailuvirasto) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [21] English
Flag of France.svg France Conseil de la concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [22] English
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Bundeskartellamt Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [23] English
Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Ext Link Language
Flag of Greece.svg Greece Hellenic Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [24] English
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Office of Economic Competition (Gazdasági Versenyhivatal) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [25] English
Flag of India.svg India Competition Commission of India Bullet-green.png [26] English
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia Commission for Supervision of Business Competition, (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha), Bullet-green.png [27] English
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland The Competition Authority, (TCA), Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [28] English
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland Icelandic Competition Authority Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [29] English
Flag of Israel.svg Israel Israel Anti-trust Authority Bullet-green.png [30] English
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (AGCM) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [31] English
Flag of Japan.svg Japan Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) Bullet-green.png [32] English
Flag of Jersey.svg Jersey Jersey Competition Regulatory Authority, (JCRA), Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [33] English
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya Monopolies and Prices Commission of Kenya Bullet-green.png [34] English
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [35] English
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein Office of National Economy (Amt für Volkswirtschaft) Bullet-green.png [36] German
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Competition Council Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [37] English
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Conseil de la concurrence - Inspection de la Concurrence Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [38] French
Flag of Malta.svg Malta Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico Mexico Federal Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [39] English
Flag of the Netherlands.svg The Netherlands Nederlandse Mededingingsautoriteit Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [40] English
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Ministry of Commerce: Competition and Enterprise Branch

and New Zealand Commerce Commission

Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [41] English
Flag of Norway.svg Norway Konkurransetilsynet Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [42] English
Flag Country Name ECA ICN OECD Ext Link Language
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan Competition Commission of Pakistan Bullet-green.png [43]
Flag of Peru.svg Peru Free Competition Commission Bullet-green.png [44] Spanish
Flag of Poland.svg Poland Office for Competition and Consumer Protection Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [45] English
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Autoridade da Concorrência Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [46] English
Flag of Russia.svg Russia Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia Bullet-green.png [47] English
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia Antimonopoly Office Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [48] English
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Competition Protection Office of the Republic of Slovenia Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [49] English
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Competition Commission of South Africa, South African Competition Tribunal Bullet-green.png [50] [51] English
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea Fair Trade Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [52] English
Flag of Spain.svg Spain Tribunal de Defensa de la Competencia (TDC) Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [53] Spanish
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Konkurrensverket Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [54] English
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland The Competition Council en Switzerland Swiss Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [55] English
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan Fair Trade Commission (Republic of China) Bullet-green.png [56] English
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Rekabet Kurumu Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [57] English
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Office of Fair Trading and Competition Commission Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [58] [59] English
Flag of the United States.svg United States Federal Trade Commission and U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division Bullet-green.png Bullet-green.png [60] [61] English
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela Pro-Competencia Bullet-green.png [62] Spanish

See also

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