The Full Wiki

Computer engineering: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Computer engineering (also called electronic and computer engineering, computer science & engineering, or computer systems engineering) is a discipline that combines both electronic engineering and computer science.[1] Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering, software design and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.[2]

Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems.[citation needed] Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research,[citation needed] which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

Contents

Computer engineering as an academic discipline

The first accredited computer engineering degree program in the United States was established at Case Western Reserve University in 1971. As of October 2004, there were 170 ABET-accredited computer engineering programs in the US.[3]

Due to increasing job requirements for engineers, who can design and manage all forms of computer systems used in industry, some tertiary institutions around the world offer a bachelor's degree generally called computer engineering. Both computer engineering and electronic engineering programs include analog and digital circuit design in their curricula. As with most engineering disciplines, having a sound knowledge of mathematics and sciences is necessary for computer engineers.

In so many institutions in the world, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year, as the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is well beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. The joint IEEE/ACM Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering defines the core knowledge areas of computer engineering as[4]

The breadth of disciplines studied in computer engineering is not limited to the above subjects but can include any subject found in engineering.

See also

References

  1. ^ IEEE Computer Society; ACM (12 December 2004). Computer Engineering 2004: Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering. p. iii. http://www.computer.org/portal/cms_docs_ieeecs/ieeecs/education/cc2001/CCCE-FinalReport-2004Dec12-Final.pdf. Retrieved 2006-04-21. "Computer engineering has traditionally been viewed as a combination of both computer science (CS) and electronic engineering (EE)." 
  2. ^ Trinity College Dublin. "What is Computer Engineering". http://www.tcd.ie/Engineering/about/what_is_eng/computer_eng_intro.html. Retrieved 2006-04-21. , "Computer engineers need not only to understand how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture. Consider the car. A modern car contains many separate computer systems for controlling such things as the engine timing, the brakes and the air bags. To be able to design and implement such a car, the computer engineer needs a broad theoretical understanding of all these various subsystems & how they interact."
  3. ^ IEEE Computer Society; ACM (12 December 2004). Computer Engineering 2004: Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering. p. 5. http://www.computer.org/portal/cms_docs_ieeecs/ieeecs/education/cc2001/CCCE-FinalReport-2004Dec12-Final.pdf. Retrieved 2006-04-21. "In the United States, the first computer engineering program accredited by ABET (formerly the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) was at Case Western Reserve University in 1972. As of October 2004, ABET has accredited over 170 computer engineering or similarly named programs." 
  4. ^ IEEE Computer Society; ACM (12 December 2004). Computer Engineering 2004: Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering. p. 12. http://www.computer.org/portal/cms_docs_ieeecs/ieeecs/education/cc2001/CCCE-FinalReport-2004Dec12-Final.pdf. Retrieved 2006-04-21. 

External links

Advertisements

Simple English

Computer engineering is the science of making computers and parts for computers. Computer engineers think of how best to make new parts using what they have, and how to make the parts smaller and better.

Computers are electrical machines, and Computer Engineering is related to electrical engineering and computer science. If you study Computer Engineering, you will learn about the hardware and software of computers. You will learn circuit theory and electronic circuits, too. Because Computer Engineering is closely linked with Electrical Engineering, the fields are found in the same department at many universities.

Computer engineering is often compared to computer science. Computer engineering is about computer hardware and some software. Computer science is about computer software only. Computer engineers study computer engineering, but software engineers study computer science.

Computer Engineering is a difficult major in college, but computer engineers are needed. Software engineering companies, telecommunications firms, designers of digital hardware, and many other companies hire Computer Engineering majors right out of college and pay them well.

Computer Engineering students learn about computers and computer related system design and development. The computer related systems are software systems, hardware systems and systems of software and hardware in combination. Students also need to learn fundamental science subjects and mathematics.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message