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.A personal computer game (also known as a computer game or PC game) is a game played on a personal computer, rather than on a video game console or arcade machine.^ Related Links: > > The Computer is Personal Again > > Download MPEG (right mouse click) > > Download WMV (right mouse click) HP EliteBook Notebook PC .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > The computer is personal again > > HP at industry events HP Pavilion Elite m9000 Desktop PC .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Computer games have evolved from the simple graphics and gameplay of early titles like Spacewar!, to a wide range of more visually advanced titles.[1]
.PC games are created by one or more game developers, often in conjunction with other specialists (such as game artists) and either published independently or through a third party publisher.^ Related Links: > > Read the feature story > > Read more about the contest > > More on creating your own memories > > More on HP notebook PCs A Delicious Dilemma .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Designed for photo and video editing, music creation, gaming and other demanding tasks, the HP Firebird marks a dramatic departure from typical performance product development.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Gaming Systems > > More on the HP Voodoo Omen PC HP Voodoo PC strategy .
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.They may then be distributed on physical media such as DVDs and CDs, as Internet-downloadable, possibly freely redistributable, software, or through online delivery services such as Direct2Drive and Steam.^ Internet Services Connect to Internet services, such as Facebook, Snapfish, and Pandora, from your HP DreamScreen.
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^ Helping to transform the industry The media and entertainment industry is going digital from productions to distribution, assisted by HP's Digital Entertainment Services.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.PC games often require specialized hardware in the user's computer in order to play, such as a specific generation of graphics processing unit or an Internet connection for online play, although these system requirements vary from game to game.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
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^ Internet Services Connect to Internet services, such as Facebook, Snapfish, and Pandora, from your HP DreamScreen.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Contents

History

Early growth

Spacewar!, developed for the PDP-1 in 1961, is often credited as being the first ever computer game. The game consisted of two player-controlled spaceships maneuvering around a central star, each attempting to destroy the other.
.Although personal computers only became popular with the development of the microprocessor, mainframe and minicomputers, computer gaming has existed since at least the 1960s.^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems HP Products & Services Videos .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Blackbird 002 > > More on HP Gaming Systems Personal Computing - Handhelds/Calculators .
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One of the first computer games was developed in 1961, when MIT students Martin Graetz and Alan Kotok, with MIT employee Steve Russell, developed Spacewar! on a PDP-1 computer used for statistical calculations.[2]
.The first generation of PC games were often text adventures or interactive fiction, in which the player communicated with the computer by entering commands through a keyboard.^ Know Your PC, Episode 3 Learn HP TouchSmart text and voice Notes, onscreen keyboard, handwriting recognition .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Creating new ways to learn The academic community at Universidad EAFIT has been given the opportunity to interact and learn in new ways through HP's Technology for Teaching grant.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > HP Technical Support > > The Computer is Personal Again How To/PCs General - Sound .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The first text-adventure, Adventure, was developed for the PDP-11 by Will Crowther in 1976, and expanded by Don Woods in 1977.[3] By the 1980s, personal computers had become powerful enough to run games like Adventure, but by this time, graphics were beginning to become an important factor in games.^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Run multiple apps at one time Realize the power of your apps .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on the HP MediaSmart TV > > The computer is personal again > > HP at industry events HP MediaSmart Server: First look .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Later games combined textual commands with basic graphics, as seen in the SSI Gold Box games such as Pool of Radiance, or Bard's Tale.
.By the mid-1970s, games were developed and distributed through hobbyist groups and gaming magazines, such as Creative Computing and later Computer Gaming World.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

These publications provided game code that could be typed into a computer and played, encouraging readers to submit their own software to competitions.[4]
Microchess was one of the first games for microcomputers which was sold to the public. First sold in 1977, Microchess eventually sold over 50,000 copies on cassette tape.

Industry crash

.As the video game market became flooded with poor-quality cartridge games created by numerous companies attempting to enter the market, and over-production of high profile releases such as the Atari 2600 adaptation of E.T. and Pacman grossly underperformed, the popularity of personal computers for education rose dramatically.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Worldwide/All Locations Funny video about how HP inkjet cartridges use small pens to fire tiny drops of ink, resulting in high quality printed images.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.In 1983, consumer interest in console video games dwindled to historical lows, as interest in computer games rose.^ HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems HP Products & Services Videos .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > Windows 7 Help Videos from Microsoft Personal Computing - Microsoft Windows 7 Videos .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > Windows 7 Help Videos from Microsoft Personal Computing - Workstations .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[5]
The effects of the crash were largely limited to the console market, as established companies such as Atari posted record losses over subsequent years. Conversely, the home computer market boomed, as sales of low-cost color computers such as the Commodore 64 rose to record highs and developers such as Electronic Arts benefited from increasing interest in the platform.[5]
The console market experienced a resurgence in the United States with the release of the Nintendo Entertainment System. In Europe, computer gaming continued to boom for many years after.[5]

New genres

.Increasing adoption of the computer mouse, driven partially by the success of games such as the highly successful King's Quest series, and high resolution bitmap displays allowed the industry to include increasingly high-quality graphical interfaces in new releases.^ Related Links: > > Read the news release > > View the press kit > > Read the feature: Standout Color HP powers photo retail success .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Know Your PC, Episode 2 Malou and Bob introduce you to the touch interface on the new HP TouchSmart PC, IQ500 series .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Computer Is Personal Again > > Read the press release > > Download MPEG (right mouse click) > > Download WMV (right mouse click) HP Mini 1000 Netbook Series TV ad .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Meanwhile, the Commodore Amiga computer achieved great success in the market from its release in 1985, contributing to the rapid adoption of these new interface technologies.^ Related Links: > > Read the news release > > View the press kit > > Read the feature: Standout Color HP powers photo retail success .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[6]
.Further improvements to game artwork were made possible with the introduction of the first sound cards, such as AdLib's Music Synthesizer Card, in 1987. These cards allowed IBM PC compatible computers to produce complex sounds using FM synthesis, where they had previously been limited to simple tones and beeps.^ Episode 4 Dara Torres talks about the fulfilling days of life with her daughter, and how they use their HP PC and Skype to communicate and play.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Load Photos, Music and Videos Load your photos, music, and videos onto your HP DreamScreen from a memory card, using the remote control.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ No Sound Time Warp Get digital sound on your HP PC if you're using an HDMI cable, by enabling HDMI audio settings.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

However, the rise of the Creative Labs Sound Blaster card, which featured much higher sound quality due to the inclusion of a PCM channel and digital signal processor, led AdLib to file for bankruptcy in 1992.
The year before, id Software had produced one of the first first-person shooter games, Hovertank 3D, which was the company's first in their line of highly influential games in the genre. .There were other companies that made fps shooters such as Day of the Viper from the company Accolade made in 1989. Id Software went on to develop Wolfenstein 3D in 1992, which helped to popularize the genre, kick-starting a genre that would become one of the highest-selling in modern times.^ Building unity Hear more from Jeffrey Katzenberg about how the HP Halo Collaboration Studio helps DreamWorks connect its people and become one company.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[7] .The game was originally distributed through the shareware distribution model, allowing players to try a limited part of the game for free but requiring payment to play the rest, and represented one of the first uses of texture mapping graphics in a popular game, along with Ultima Underworld.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ This video will guide you through the First Use Wizard so that you can make your first HP SkyRoom connection.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[8]
.While leading Sega and Nintendo console systems kept their CPU speed at 3-7 MHz, the 486 PC processor ran much faster, allowing it to perform many more calculations per second.^ Introducing the new HP TouchSmart PC with Intel Core 2 Duo processor that revolutionizes how you interact with your music, photos, video & more.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Desktop and Notebook PCs Learn how to tell how much memory (RAM) your PC has, and how much more you can add.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Thin and light notebook for everyone The HP Pavilion dm3 PC gives you amazing performance and even more amazing battery life.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The 1993 release of Doom on the PC was a breakthrough in 3D graphics, and was soon ported to various game consoles in a general shift toward greater realism.^ Related Links: > > More on HP products with Voodoo DNA > > More on the HP Voodoo Omen PC > > More on HP Gaming Systems HP Gaming Systems: Coming soon .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[9] .In the same time frame, games such as Myst took advantage of the new CD-ROM delivery format to include many more assets (sound, images, video) for a richer game experience.^ Related Links: > > More on HP TouchSmart PCs HP TouchSmart PC: Experience Video .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Many early PC games included extras such as the peril-sensitive sunglasses that shipped with The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. These extras gradually became less common, but many games were still sold in the traditional over-sized boxes that used to hold the extra "feelies". Today, such extras are usually found only in Special Edition versions of games, such as Battlechests from Blizzard.[10]

Contemporary gaming

.By 1996, the rise of Microsoft Windows and success of 3D console titles such as Super Mario 64 sparked great interest in hardware accelerated 3D graphics on the IBM PC compatible, and soon resulted in attempts to produce affordable solutions with the ATI Rage, Matrox Mystique and Silicon Graphics ViRGE.^ Demonstration View this demonstration of the new HP TouchSmart TS600 PC running on HP TouchSmart 3.0 with Microsoft Windows 7 OS. Wide-tile view for Desktops.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Windows 7 Upgrade Option Program from HP How to prepare your PC for the upgrade to Microsoft Windows 7.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Backup files for an upgrade to Windows 7 How to backup files in Microsoft Windows Vista, then restore them to a PC running Windows 7.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Tomb Raider, which was released in 1996, was one of the first third person shooter games and was praised for its revolutionary graphics. As 3D graphics libraries such as DirectX and OpenGL matured and knocked proprietary interfaces out of the market, these platforms gained greater acceptance in the market, particularly with their demonstrated benefits in games such as Unreal.[11] .However, major changes to the Microsoft Windows operating system, by then the market leader, made many older MS-DOS-based games unplayable on Windows NT, and later, Windows XP (without using an emulator, such as DOSbox).^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > Windows 7 Help Videos from Microsoft Sharing a printer using Windows 7 .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Know Your PC, Episode 17 Restore your PC to an earlier point in time, when PC was functioning well, using Microsoft System Restore.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ From Microsoft XP to Vista Learn how to move files and settings (data migration) from an older computer running Microsoft XP to a new computer running Microsoft Vista, using the manual external hard drive technique.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[12][13] The faster graphics accelerators and improving CPU technology resulted in increasing levels of realism in computer games. .During this time, the improvements introduced with products such as ATI's Radeon R300 and NVidia's GeForce 6 Series have allowed developers to increase the complexity of modern game engines.^ HP Compaq 6005 Pro Series Business PCs Accomplish more with less time, improve your bottom line & increase productivity with the HP Compaq 6005 Pro Series Business PCs, part of the next generation of business desktops from HP. .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

PC gaming currently tends strongly toward improvements in 3D graphics.[14]
.Unlike the generally accepted push for improved graphical performance, the use of physics engines in computer games has become a matter of debate since announcement and 2005 release of the nVidia PhysX PPU, ostensibly competing with middleware such as the Havok physics engine.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Software configuration/Nvidia graphics Learn how to do software configuration for dual monitors using Nvidia Graphics Interface.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Issues such as difficulty in ensuring consistent experiences for all players,[15] and the uncertain benefit of first generation PhysX cards in games such as Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter and City of Villains, prompted arguments over the value of such technology.[16][17]
Similarly, many game publishers began to experiment with new forms of marketing. Chief among these alternative strategies is episodic gaming, an adaptation of the older concept of expansion packs, in which game content is provided in smaller quantities but for a proportionally lower price. Titles such as Half-Life 2: Episode One took advantage of the idea, with mixed results rising from concerns for the amount of content provided for the price.[18]

PC game development

.Game development, as with console games, is generally undertaken by one or more game developers using either standardized or proprietary tools.^ Related Links: > > More on HP Total Print Management > > More on pay per use printing > > More on Enterprise Printing & Imaging Game Face .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

While games could previously be developed by very small groups of people, as in the early example of Wolfenstein 3D, many popular computer games today require large development teams and budgets running into the millions of dollars.[19]
.PC games are usually built around a central piece of software, known as a game engine,[20] that simplifies the development process and enables developers to easily port their projects between platforms.^ An architect shows how this powerful mobile solution enables developers, engineers, and designers to meet their demanding workstation needs.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Print Apps connect the Web and your printer in a new and seamless way to quickly and easily print from the Web right from your HP TouchSmart Web-enabled printer - no PC needed.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Business Desktop PCs are built for efficiency and the world around us.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Unlike most consoles, which generally only run major engines such as Unreal Engine 3 and RenderWare due to restrictions on homebrew software, personal computers may run games developed using a larger range of software.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems HP Products & Services Videos .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

As such, a number of alternatives to expensive engines have become available, including open source solutions such as Crystal Space, OGRE and DarkPlaces.

User-created modifications

.The multi-purpose nature of personal computers often allows users to modify the content of installed games with relative ease.^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Support & Drivers > > The Computer is Personal Again Installing Desktop PC Memory (RAM) .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems HP Products & Services Videos .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Since console games are generally difficult to modify without a proprietary software development kit, and are often protected by legal and physical barriers against tampering and homebrew software,[21][22] it is generally easier to modify the personal computer version of games using common, easy-to-obtain software.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ This video shows you how to use troubleshooters to solve common computer problems.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Users can then distribute their customised version of the game (commonly known as a mod) by any means they choose.
.The inclusion of map editors such as UnrealEd with the retail versions of many games, and others that have been made available online such as GtkRadiant, allow users to create modifications for games easily, using tools that are maintained by the games' original developers.^ Empowering families around the World HP brings the power of Print 2.0 into the day-to-day lives of families worldwide, so they can easily access, create, manage and publish their content-at home, online and at retail.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Designed for photo and video editing, music creation, gaming and other demanding tasks, the HP Firebird marks a dramatic departure from typical performance product development.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP SkyRoom How To's Learn how simple it is to create and manage address books within HP SkyRoom, so that you can easily connect to other SkyRoom users.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.In addition, companies such as id Software have released the source code to older game engines, enabling the creation of entirely new games and major changes to existing ones.^ Moving Files and Settings to Windows 7 How to migrate your data and settings to a Windows 7 PC. Use this process when you upgrade your existing PC, or buy a new one.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Better views for better health HP Workstations high graphics performance helps radiologists to maximize the performance of their advanced imaging software, enabling them with the advantages of new technology.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[23]
Modding had allowed much of the community to produce game elements that would not normally be provided by the developer of the game, expanding or modifying normal gameplay to varying degrees. .One notable example is the Hot Coffee mod for the PC port of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, which enables access to an abandoned sex minigame by modifying the game's data file.^ Moving Files and Settings to Windows 7 How to migrate your data and settings to a Windows 7 PC. Use this process when you upgrade your existing PC, or buy a new one.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Distribution

Physical distribution

.Computer games are typically sold on standard storage media, such as compact discs, DVD, and floppy disks.^ With an external floppy drive Find out how you get data moved and migrated from your old floppy disks when your new computer doesn't have a floppy drive.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[24] These were originally passed on to customers through mail order services,[25] although retail distribution has replaced it as the main distribution channel for video games due to higher sales.[26] Different formats of floppy disks were initially the staple storage media of the 1980s and early 1990s, but have fallen out of practical use as the increasing sophistication of computer games raised the overall size of the game's data and program files.
The introduction of complex graphics engines in recent times has resulted in additional storage requirements for modern games, and thus an increasing interest in CDs and DVDs as the next compact storage media for personal computer games. .The rising popularity of DVD drives in modern PCs, and the larger capacity of the new media (a single-layer DVD can hold up to 4.7 gigabytes of data, more than five times as much as a single CD), have resulted in their adoption as a format for computer game distribution.^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > More on HP PCs Home wireless network set-up .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > HP ISPE home page > > More on HP ISPE > > Read the data sheet on HP ISPE HP Consumer Desktop PCs .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Get more power, take up less space The HP Pavilion Slimline PC delivers big-time computing power and in a size that won't smother you--takes 1/3 the space of most desktop PCs.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

To date, CD versions are still offered for most games, while some games offer both the CD and the DVD versions.

Shareware

.Shareware marketing, whereby a limited or demonstration version of the full game is released to prospective buyers without charge, has been used as a method of distributing computer games since the early years of the gaming industry and was seen in the early days of Tanarus as well as many others.^ Know Your PC, Episode 5 This episode shows how to connect the HP TouchSmart PC to a TV signal (for those with TV tuner models), demonstrates the basic method without a set-top box, and uses Windows Media Center.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Shareware games generally offer only a small part of the gameplay offered in the retail product, and may be distributed with gaming magazines, in retail stores or on developers' websites free of charge.
In the early 1990s, shareware distribution was common among fledging game companies such as Apogee Software, Epic Megagames and id Software, and remains a popular distribution method among smaller game developers. However, shareware has largely fallen out of favor among established game companies in favour of traditional retail marketing, with notable exceptions such as Big Fish Games and PopCap Games continuing to use the model today.[27]

Online delivery

With the increased popularity of the Internet, online distribution of game content has become more common.[28] .Retail services such as Direct2Drive and Download.com allow users to purchase and download large games that would otherwise only be distributed on physical media, such as DVDs, as well as providing cheap distribution of shareware and demonstration games.^ Helping to transform the industry The media and entertainment industry is going digital from productions to distribution, assisted by HP's Digital Entertainment Services.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Companies such as Real Networks provide a service that allows other websites to use their game catalog and ecommerce backend to publish their own game download distribution sites. Other services, allow a subscription-based distribution model in which users pay a monthly fee to download and play as many games as they wish.
The Steam system, developed by Valve Corporation, provides an alternative to traditional online services. Instead of allowing the player to download a game and play it immediately, games are made available for "pre-load" in an encrypted form days or weeks before their actual release date. On the official release date, a relatively small component is made available to unlock the game. Steam also ensures that once bought, a game remains accessible to a customer indefinitely, while traditional mediums such as floppy disks and CD-ROMs are susceptible to unrecoverable damage and misplacement. The user would however depend on the Steam servers to be online to download its games. According to the terms of service for Steam, Valve has no obligation to keep the servers running. Therefore, if the Valve Corporation shut down, so would the servers. However, they have stated that if the service was to be discontinued, games would no longer require authorization from the servers to run. Nevertheless, they are not obligated to do so.

PC game genres

.The real-time strategy genre, which accounts for more than a quarter of all PC games sold,[1] has found very little success on video game consoles, with releases such as Starcraft 64 failing in the marketplace.^ Printed photographs mean they're yours In this HP video, discover that when photo is printed and held in hand, it's more yours than a jpeg alone.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Trade-In Program Overview Standard Learn more about the HP Trade-In Program by watching the HP Trade-In for Success Video.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Gaming Systems > > More on the HP Voodoo Omen PC HP Voodoo PC strategy .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Strategy games tend to suffer from the design of console controllers, which do not allow fast, accurate movement.[29]

PC gaming technology

Hardware

Modern computer games place great demand on the computer's hardware, often requiring a fast central processing unit (CPU) to function properly. CPU manufacturers historically relied mainly on increasing clock rates to improve the performance of their processors, but had begun to move steadily towards multi-core CPUs by 2005. These processors allow the computer to simultaneously process multiple tasks, called threads, allowing the use of more complex graphics, artificial intelligence and in-game physics.[14][30]
Similarly, 3D games often rely on a powerful graphics processing unit (GPU), which accelerates the process of drawing complex scenes in realtime. .GPUs may be an integrated part of the computer's motherboard, the most common solution in laptops,[31] or come packaged with a discrete graphics card with a supply of dedicated Video RAM, connected to the motherboard through either an AGP or PCI-Express port.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ This video shows you how to use troubleshooters to solve common computer problems.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Print 2.0 > > More on Enterprise Technologies > > More on printing & imaging solutions > > More on HaloCollaboration Suite HP Graphic Arts and Supplies news .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.It is also possible to use multiple GPUs in a single computer, using technologies such as NVidia's Scalable Link Interface and ATI's CrossFire.^ Software configuration/Nvidia graphics Learn how to do software configuration for dual monitors using Nvidia Graphics Interface.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Using Nvidia interface See how to hook up two monitors at the same time and extend your desktop.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > HP Business Desktop PCs > > AMD Business Class Technology Personal Computing - Education .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Sound cards are also available to provide improved audio in computer games. These cards provide improved 3D audio and provide audio enhancement that is generally not available with integrated alternatives, at the cost of marginally lower overall performance.[32] .The Creative Labs SoundBlaster line was for many years the de facto standard for sound cards, although its popularity dwindled as PC audio became a commodity on modern motherboards.^ No Sound Time Warp Get sound on your HP PC by reinstalling audio drivers.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ No Sound Time Warp Get digital sound on your HP PC if you're using an HDMI cable, by enabling HDMI audio settings.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Physics processing units (PPUs), such as the Nvidia PhysX (formerly AGEIA PhysX) card, are also available to accelerate physics simulations in modern computer games. .PPUs allow the computer to process more complex interactions among objects than is achievable using only the CPU, potentially allowing players a much greater degree of control over the world in games designed to use the card.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Load Photos, Music and Videos Load your photos, music, and videos onto your HP DreamScreen from a memory card, using the remote control.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[31]
.Virtually all personal computers use a keyboard and mouse for user input.^ Related Links: > > The Computer is Personal Again > > Download MPEG (right mouse click) > > Download WMV (right mouse click) HP EliteBook Notebook PC .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Onscreen Keyboard Use the Windows Tablet Input Panel to write with the touch of your finger.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > The Computer is Personal Again > > Download MPEG (right mouse click) > > Download WMV (right mouse click) HP TouchSmart tx2 Notebook PC|B-roll .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Other common gaming peripherals are a headset for faster communication in online games, joysticks for flight simulators, steering wheels for driving games and gamepads for console-style games.

Software

.Computer games also rely on third-party software such as an operating system (OS), device drivers, libraries and more to run.^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Support & Drivers > > The Computer is Personal Again What's New .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Support & Drivers > > The Computer is Personal Again Installing Desktop PC Memory (RAM) .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Today, the vast majority of computer games are designed to run on the Microsoft Windows family of operating systems.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Runs on HP TouchSmart 3.0 with Microsoft Windows 7 OS. Wide-tile view for Desktops.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Demonstration View this demonstration of the new HP TouchSmart TS600 PC running on HP TouchSmart 3.0 with Microsoft Windows 7 OS. Wide-tile view for Desktops.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Whereas earlier games written for MS-DOS would include code to communicate directly with hardware, today Application programming interfaces (APIs) provide an interface between the game and the OS, simplifying game design.^ HP Australia HP believes the world is a classroom, and in April 2007, embarked on an ambitious program to provide children in a remote Australian community access to interactive technology.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Microsoft's DirectX is an API that is widely used by today's computer games to communicate with sound and graphics hardware.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

OpenGL is a cross-platform API for graphics rendering that is also used. The version of the graphics card's driver installed can often affect game performance and gameplay. It is not unusual for a game company to use a third-party game engine, or third-party libraries for a game's AI or physics.

Multiplayer

Local area network gaming

.Multiplayer gaming was largely limited to local area networks (LANs) before cost-effective broadband Internet access became available, due to their typically higher bandwidth and lower latency than the dial-up services of the time.^ Now you can share content, or access Internet services.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ HP Everyday Papers with ColorLok are engineered to dry up to three times faster than ordinary papers.
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^ Color for up to 50% less cost than laser Print professional color documents for up to 50% less cost per page and energy use than lasers.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.These advantages allowed more players to join any given computer game, but have persisted today because of the higher latency of most Internet connections and the costs associated with broadband Internet.^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Personal connections Hear more from Hector Ruiz about how meeting face to face in a HP Halo Collaboration room allows AMD employees to strengthen personal connections.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.LA gaming typically requires two or more personal computers, a router and sufficient networking cables to connect every computer on the network.^ Related Links: > > More on Factory Five Racing > > The computer is personal again > > HP at industry events Vera Wang and HP .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on the HP PartnerONE program update Personal Computing - Connected Screens .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Additionally, each computer must have a network card in order to communicate with other computers on the network, and its own copy (or spawn copy) of the game in order to play.^ Related Links: > > The Computer is Personal Again HP DreamScreen Home Network Copying .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Optionally, any LAN may include an external connection to the Internet.

Online games

Online multiplayer games have achieved popularity largely as a result of increasing broadband adoption among consumers. .Affordable high-bandwidth Internet connections allow large numbers of players to play together, and thus have found particular use in massively multiplayer online RPGs, Tanarus and persistent online games such as World War II Online.^ Internet Services Connect to Internet services, such as Facebook, Snapfish, and Pandora, from your HP DreamScreen.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Arcade News free flash games online Zoopgames has a wide selection of free online flash games online casinos you can play in your browser or download.
  • Free Flash Games Online Free Download Multiplayer Ubuntu 16 January 2010 3:29 UTC www.zoopgames.com [Source type: General]

^ Joomla Templates Enjoy a large selection of flash games such as blackjack and poker inour online casino and try to win the jackpot.
  • Free Flash Games Online Free Download Multiplayer Ubuntu 16 January 2010 3:29 UTC www.zoopgames.com [Source type: General]

.Although it is possible to participate in online computer games using dial-up modems, broadband internet connections are generally considered necessary in order to reduce the latency between players (commonly known as "lag").^ Staying connected with HP servers Liquid Development, a computer graphics production studio, uses HP ProLiant servers for design, development and distribution of image and graphic files for some of today's top video games.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Complete control with one remote For the 'got to have the latest gadget' guy, HP MediaSmart Connect is easy to set-up and use!
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Know Your PC, Episode 4 Connect the HP TouchSmart PC to a wired or wireless Internet connection, and learn to use the Touch Browser.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.Such connections require a broadband-compatible modem connected to the personal computer through a network interface card (generally integrated onto the computer's motherboard), optionally separated by a router.^ Related Links: > > More on the HP PartnerONE program update Personal Computing - Connected Screens .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > HP at CES 2008 > > The computer is personal again Events - Connecting Your World .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > Consumer Support Forum > > More on HP business monitors > > More on HP home/home office > > The Computer is Personal Again Connecting Dual Monitors .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Online games require a virtual environment, generally called a "game server." These virtual servers inter-connect gamers, allowing real time, and often fast paced action. To meet this subsequent need, Game Server Providers (GSP) have become increasingly more popular over the last half decade. While not required for all gamers, these servers provide a unique "home," fully customizable (such as additional modifications, settings, etc) - giving the end gamers the experience they desire. Today there are over 510,000 game servers hosted in North America alone.[33]

Emulation

Emulation software, used to run software without the original hardware, are popular for their ability to play legacy video games without the consoles or operating system for which they were designed. .The operating system emulators include DOSBox, a DOS emulator which allows playing games developed originally for this operating system and thus not compatible with a modern day OS. Console emulators such as NESticle and MAME are relatively commonplace, although the complexity of modern consoles such as the Xbox or Playstation makes them far more difficult to emulate, even for the original manufacturers.^ Making printing more efficient With HP's print management expertise, CMBC has an optimized infrastructure in place that allows added functionality as the business grows and objectives evolve.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Game on When the world is your playing field, and the game is afoot, having what you need when and where you need it at your fingertips makes the difference between winning and losing.
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^ The HP Handheld sp400 AiO simplifies and makes logistics operations more productive.
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[34]
Most emulation software mimics a particular hardware architecture, often to an extremely high degree of accuracy. This is particularly the case with classic home computers such as the Commodore 64, whose software often depends on highly sophisticated low-level programming tricks invented by game programmers and the demoscene.

Controversy

.PC games have long been a source of controversy, particularly related to the violence that has become commonly associated with video gaming in general.^ Related Links: > > More on HP Gaming Systems > > More on the HP Voodoo Omen PC HP Voodoo PC strategy .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Gaming Systems > > More on the HP Voodoo Omen PC > > More on HP products with Voodoo DNA New HP Voodoo Omen & Envy PCs .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: > > More on HP Blackbird 002 > > More on HP Gaming Systems HP Blackbird 002 PC|Config & Pricing .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The debate surrounds the influence of objectionable content on the social development of minors, with organisations such as the American Psychological Association concluding that video game violence increases children's aggression,[35] a concern that prompted a further investigation by the Center for Disease Control in September 2006.[36] Industry groups have responded by noting the responsibility of parents in governing their children's activities, while attempts in the United States to control the sale of objectionable games have generally been found unconstitutional.^ HP Video: Fun Children's Activities .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[37]
.Video game addiction is another cultural aspect of gaming to draw criticism as it can have a negative influence on health and on social relations.^ Related Links: ANOTHER video & where to buy HP Video: Photo Party Decorations .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Links: ANOTHER video & where to buy HP ProBook Notebook PC .
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.The problem of addiction and its health risks seems to have grown with the rise of Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games (MMORPGs).^ Arcade News free flash games online Zoopgames has a wide selection of free online flash games online casinos you can play in your browser or download.
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^ Total Games: 5618 Played Today: 1 Overall Played: 574754 Total Members: 118 Newest Member: kyawyethu Total Users Online: 12 (0 members and 12 guests) Seen Today .
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[38] .Alongside the social and health problems associated with computer game addiction have grown similar worries about the effect of computer games on education.^ Related Links: > > More on HP K-12 education solutions Personal Computing - Gaming Systems .
  • HP Products & Services Videos - Personal Computing|Gaming Systems 2 February 2010 16:42 UTC h30429.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Entertainment Software Association (January 26, 2005). "Computer and Video Game Software Sales Reach Record $7.3 Billion in 2004". Press release. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20071211142829/http://www.theesa.com/archives/2005/02/computer_and_vi.php. Retrieved 2006-10-15. 
  2. ^ Levy, Steven (1984). Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. Anchor Press/Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-19195-2. 
  3. ^ Jerz, Dennis (2007). "Somewhere Nearby is Colossal Cave: Examining Will Crowther's Original 'Adventure' in Code and in Kentucky". Digital Humanities Quarterly. http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/001/2/000009.html. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  4. ^ "Computer Gaming World's RobotWar Tournament" (PDF). Computer Gaming World: p. 17. October, 1982. http://static.filefront.com/cgw/1981_1112_issue1.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-22. 
  5. ^ a b c "Player 3 Stage 6: The Great Videogame Crash". 1999-04-07. http://www.thedoteaters.com/p3_stage6.php. Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  6. ^ "Commodore Amiga 1000 Computer". http://oldcomputers.net/amiga1000.html. Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  7. ^ Cifaldi, Frank (2006-02-21). "Analysts: FPS 'Most Attractive' Genre for Publishers". http://gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=8241. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  8. ^ James, Wagner. "Masters of "Doom"". http://dir.salon.com/story/tech/feature/2003/05/05/doom/index.html?pn=2. Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  9. ^ "Console history". http://www.gamepilgrimage.com/Consolehistory2.htm. Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  10. ^ Varney, Allen. "Feelies". http://www.escapistmagazine.com/articles/view/issues/issue_62/365-Feelies. Retrieved 2006-09-24. 
  11. ^ Shamma, Tahsin. Review of Unreal, Gamespot.com, June 10, 1998.
  12. ^ Durham, Jr., Joel (2006-05-14). "Getting Older Games to Run on Windows XP". Archived from the original on 2007-04-20. http://web.archive.org/web/20070420123928/http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/games/expert/durham_og.mspx. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  13. ^ Run Older Programs on Windows XP
  14. ^ a b Necasek, Michal (2006-10-30). "Brief Glimpse into the Future of 3D Game Graphics". http://www.justadventure.com/articles/3D/3DGraphicsTrens.shtm. Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  15. ^ Reimer, Jeremy (2006-05-14). "Tim Sweeney ponders the future of physics cards". http://arstechnica.com/old/content/2006/05/6828.ars. Retrieved 2006-08-22. 
  16. ^ Shrout, Ryan (2006-05-02). "AGEIA PhysX PPU Videos - Ghost Recon and Cell Factor". http://www.pcper.com/article.php?aid=245. Retrieved 2006-08-22. 
  17. ^ Smith, Ryan (2006-09-07). "PhysX Performance Update: City of Villains". http://anandtech.com/video/showdoc.aspx?i=2828. Retrieved 2006-09-13. 
  18. ^ "Half Life 2: Episode One for PC Review". June 2006. http://uk.gamespot.com/pc/action/halflife2aftermath/review.html. Retrieved 2006-09-02. 
  19. ^ Wardell, Brad (2006-04-05). "Postmortem: Stardock's Galactic Civilizations II: Dread Lords". http://www.gamasutra.com/features/20060405/wardell_01.shtml. Retrieved 2006-09-13. 
  20. ^ Simpson, Jake (April 2002). "Game Engine Anatomy 101, Part I". http://www.extremetech.com/article2/0,1697,594,00.asp. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  21. ^ "Judge deems PS2 mod chips illegal in UK". July 2004. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2004/07/21/ps2_mod_chip_win/. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  22. ^ "Xbox 360 designed to be unhackable". October 2005. http://arstechnica.com/old/content/2005/09/5296.ars. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  23. ^ "Quake 3 Source Code Released". August, 2005. http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/38305. Retrieved 2006-10-22. 
  24. ^ "The Next Billion Dollar Videogame Opportunity". http://www.iconocast.com/News_Files/BNews6_21_06/Biz1.htm. Retrieved 2006-09-24. 
  25. ^ Lombardy, Dana (October, 1984). "Inside the Industry" (PDF). Computer Gaming World: p. 6. http://static.filefront.com/cgw/1984_0910_issue18.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-15. 
  26. ^ Lombardy, Dana (October, 1982). "Inside the Industry" (PDF). Computer Gaming World: p. 2. http://static.filefront.com/cgw/1982_0910_issue6.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-15. 
  27. ^ Chris Morris (June 18, 2003). "The return of shareware". CNN.com. http://money.cnn.com/2003/06/18/commentary/game_over/column_gaming/index.htm. Retrieved 2006-09-24. 
  28. ^ Brendan Sinclair (June 18, 2003). "Spot On: The (new) dawn of digital distribution". http://au.gamespot.com/news/2005/09/22/news_6134035.html?sid=6134035. Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  29. ^ Joe Fielder (2000-05-12). "StarCraft 64". Gamespot.com. http://www.gamespot.com/n64/strategy/starcraft64/review.html?q=starcraft%2064. Retrieved 2006-08-19. 
  30. ^ "Xbox 360 designed to be unhackable". October 2005. http://www.anandtech.com/cpuchipsets/showdoc.aspx?i=2377&p=4. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  31. ^ a b "Platform Trends: Mobile Graphics Heat Up". December 2005. http://hardware.earthweb.com/chips/article.php/3570161. Retrieved 2006-10-22. 
  32. ^ "X-Fi and the Elite Pro: SoundBlaster's Return to Greatness". August 2005. http://www.anandtech.com/multimedia/showdoc.aspx?i=2518&p=10. Retrieved 2006-10-22. 
  33. ^ Steam: Game and Player Statistics
  34. ^ "Xbox 360 Review". November 2005. http://www.winsupersite.com/reviews/xbox360_05.asp. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  35. ^ American Psychological Association. "Violent Video Games - Psychologists Help Protect Children from Harmful Effects". http://www.psychologymatters.org/videogames.html. 
  36. ^ "Senate bill mandates CDC investigation into video game violence". September 2006. http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2006/09/7771.ars. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  37. ^ "Judge rules against Louisiana video game law". August 2006. http://arstechnica.com/old/content/2006/08/7597.ars. Retrieved 2006-09-02. 
  38. ^ "Detox For Video Game Addiction?". July 2006. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/07/03/health/webmd/main1773956.shtml. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  39. ^ "Tom Maher discusses the effects of computer game addiction on classroom teaching". dystalk.com. http://www.dystalk.com/talks/33-video-games-and-children. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ More Games for your Wii?
  • Video Games & Computer Games 2 February 2010 14:11 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (At least not more then 5% of YOUR gaming market.
  • The trouble with MMORPGs: Grinding me down - Article - play.tm 1 February 2010 3:03 UTC play.tm [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaming Today: Could you tell our readers a little bit more about yourself, your role in the development of Borderlands, and what you do at Gearbox?

.Computer game is a catch-all term for games that are played on a PC or Apple computer.^ But instead of abolishing all computer games, switch the kids to PC games.

^ Broadsides This game was on the Apple II computer.
  • In The 80s - Vintage Computer Games of the Eighties 2 February 2010 14:11 UTC www.inthe80s.com [Source type: General]

^ This is where all games (that I’ve played) have failed.
  • Raph’s Website » What are the lessons of MMORPGs today? 1 February 2010 3:03 UTC www.raphkoster.com [Source type: General]

.People also tend to use "computer game" and "video game" interchangeably.^ Interactive media: An analysis of children's computer and video game use.
  • Computer games - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:11 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An exploration of motives for video game use: Implications for the study of an interactive medium.
  • Computer games - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:11 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ People need to see that violence isn't caused by video games.
  • Video Games: A Cause of Violence and Aggression | Serendip's Exchange 7 January 2010 8:53 UTC serendip.brynmawr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Massively multiplayer online role-playing game, which are similar to those in the above article.








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