Conakry: Wikis

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Conakry
Kɔnakiri
File:Canakry.jpg
Canakry, Guinea
Conakry is located in Guinea
Conakry
Map of Guinea showing the location of Canakry.
Coordinates: 9°31′N 13°42′W / 9.517°N 13.7°W / 9.517; -13.7
Country  Guinea
Region Canakry Region
Population (2008)
 - Total 1,931,184 [2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Canakry (Sosso: Kɔnakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea. Canakry is a port city on the Atlantic Ocean and serves as the economic, financial and cultural center of Guinea with a population of 1,931,184.[1] Originally situated on Tombo Island, one of the Îles de Los, it has since spread up the neighboring Kaloum Peninsula.

The population of Canakry is difficult to ascertain, although the U.S. Bureau of African Affairs has estimated it at 2 million.[2] Even given this uncertainty, Conakry makes up almost a quarter of the population of Guinea.

Contents

History

According to a legend, the name of the city comes from the fusion of the name "Cona", a wine and cheese producer of the Baga people, and the word "nakiri", which means in Sosso the other bank or side.[3]

File:Canakry (1981).png
Streetmap of the city centre of Conakry, 1981

Conakry was originally settled on tiny Tombo Island and later spread to the neighboring Kaloum Peninsula, a 36-kilometer (22 mi) long stretch of land 0.2 to 6 kilometers (660 to 20,000 ft) wide. The city was essentially founded after Britain ceded the island to France in 1887. In 1885, the two island villages of Conakry and Boubinet had fewer than 500 inhabitants. Conakry became the capital of French Guinea in 1904 and prospered as an export port, particularly after a (now closed) railway to Kankan opened the large scale export of groundnut from the interior.

In the decades after independence, the population of Conakry exploded, from 50,000 inhabitants in 1958 to 600,000 in 1980, to over two million today.[4] Its small land area and relative isolation from the mainland, while an advantage to its colonial founders, has created an infrastructural burden since independence.[5]

A monument to commemorate the 1970 military victory over the Portuguese invasion

In 1970, conflict between Portuguese forces and the PAIGC in neighbouring Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau) spilled into the Republic of Guinea when a group of 350 Portuguese troops and Guinean dissidents landed near Conakry, attacked the city, and freed 26 Portuguese prisoners of war held by the PAIGC before retreating, failing to overthrow the government or kill the PAIGC leadership.[6]

Government and administration

Conakry is a special city with a single region and prefecture government. The local government of the city was decentralized in 1991 between five municipal communes headed by a mayor.[7] From the tip in the southwest, these are:

The five urban communes make up the Conakry Region, one of the eight Regions of Guinea, which is headed by a governor. At the second-tier prefect level, the city is designated as the Conakry Special Zone, though the prefecture and regional government are one and the same. At two million inhabitants, it is far and away the largest city in Guinea, making up almost a quarter of the nation's population and making it more than four times bigger than its nearest rival, Kankan.

Economy

A street in Conakry

Conakry is Guinea's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The city's economy revolves largely around the port, which has modern facilities for handling and storing cargo, through which alumina and bananas are shipped. Manufactures include food products and Housing Materials. An average Guinean in Conakry will get a monthly wage of about 225 000 GNF or about $45.

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Infrastructural crisis

Periodic power and water cuts are a daily burden for Conakry's residents, dating back to early 2002. Government and power company officials blame the drought of February 2001 for a failure of the hydro-electric supply to the capital, and a failure of aging machinery for the continuation of the crisis. Critics of the government cite mis-management, corruption, and the pull out of the power agency's French partner at the beginning of 2002. As of 2007, much of the city has no traffic lighting in the overnight hours.[8] Popular anger at shortages in Conakry was entwined with anti-government protests, strikes, and violence over the rule of President Lansana Conté and the successive prime ministers, Cellou Dalein Diallo and Eugène Camara, appointed to fill the post after the resignation of Prime Minister François Lonseny Fall in April 2004. Violence reached a peak in January-February 2007 in a general strike, which saw over a hundred deaths when the Army confronted protesters[9]

Climate

According to Koppen climate classification, Conakry features a Tropical monsoon climate. Conakry features a wet season and a dry season. Like a good portion of West Africa, Conakry's dry season is influenced by the harmattan between December and April. As a result relatively little precipitation falls in the city during these months. However, unlike a good portion of West Africa, Conakry's wet season sees an extraordinary amount of precipitation. As a result, Conakry averages nearly 4,300 mm (169 in.) of precipitation per year, earning the city a tropical monsoon climate classification.

Climate data for Conakry
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
34
(93)
36
(97)
35
(95)
35
(95)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
Record low °C (°F) 18
(64)
17
(63)
21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
10
(0.39)
23
(0.91)
158
(6.22)
559
(22.01)
1298
(51.1)
1054
(41.5)
683
(26.89)
371
(14.61)
122
(4.8)
10
(0.39)
4,294
(169.06)
Source: BBC Weather [10] 2009-08-23

Attractions

Palais du Peuple
"People's Palace"

Attractions in the city include the Guinea National Museum, several markets, the Guinea Palais du Peuple, Conakry Grand Mosque (which was built by Ahmed Sékou Touré), the city's nightlife and the nearby Iles de Los.

The city is noted for its botanical garden. The Polytechnical Institute of Conakry is also located in Conakry.

The street numbering scheme of Conakry labels all roads with a two-letter code for the urban district, followed by a three digit number: odd for north-south streets and even for east-west, e.g. KA002 for a northbound street in the Kaloum district.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [1] (2009 estimate)
  2. ^ "Background Note: Guinea". Bureau of African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, January 2007. Accessed 24 February 2007; World Gazetteer, Retrieved on 16 June 2008
  3. ^ Histoire de Conakry - (French)
  4. ^ Patrick Manning. Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1880-1995, Cambridge (1998)
  5. ^ For the urban infrastructure and its history, see M. Dian DIALLO. Street Addressing And Basic Services In Conakry, Guinea. Presented at the Urban Forum/ World Bank - Washington DC - 2 April - 4 2002.
  6. ^ "Cloudy Days in Conakry". Time Magazine. 1970-12-07. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,877145,00.html. 
  7. ^ Guineeconakry.info - Conakry (la capitale)
  8. ^ Conakry's dark streets turning orange. James Copnall, BBC News, Guinea . 23 November 2006.
  9. ^ For the relations between the 2007 crisis and infrastructure in Conakry, see:
  10. ^ "Average Conditions Conakry, Guinea". BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000260. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 

References

External links

Coordinates: 09°30′33″N 13°42′44″W / 9.50917°N 13.71222°W / 9.50917; -13.71222


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : West Africa : Guinea : Conakry
Contents

Conakry is capital of Guinea and the economic, commercial and trade center for the area.

Get in

The best air route is via Dakar, Senegal - a 1 hour flight on Air Senegal - on most days of the week.

  • The Atoll Island can be visited by getting on a boat at the fish market behind the Novotel Hotel.
  • The Soumba waterfalls is a 2 hour drive out of the city a short distance past Dubreka. There is also a restaurant to enjoy a nice meal with the roar of the water in the background. Have a swim to work up an appetite.
  • Jardin de Chine is a very safe bet with good food and quaint atmosphere.
  • Mouna Internet Cafe has very nice croissants for "on the run" snack.
  • The Lebanese restaurant Le Cedre is a bit hard to find (near Mouna Internet) but has nice food.

Drink

The nightlife starts quite late - just past midnight.

  • Timi's is a good venue (small, but alive).
  • Le Loft is a bit quieter and can be visited earlier in the night for a good vibe.
  • Novotel Hotel is a typical 7 floor hotel with swimming pool, dining room, bar, etc. and has good rooms, there is a gym, but not great at all.
  • Riviera Royal Hotel is all built on floor level and has a decent half Olympic size pool and good gym.
  • Hotel Camayene is a fine hotel but a bit smaller.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Conakry

  1. The capital of Guinea.

Simple English

Conakry, Guinea
Kɔnakiri
Coordinates: 9°31′N 13°42′W / 9.517°N 13.7°W / 9.517; -13.7
Country Guinea
Population (2007)
 - Total 2,000,000 (est.)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Conakry or Konakry is the capital and largest city of Guinea. The city is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. The population of Conakry is about 2 million people.[1]

Contents

History

Conakry was first settled on Tombo Island. It later spread to the Kaloum Peninsula. The city was founded after Britain gave the island to France in 1887. It became the capital of French Guinea in about 1904.

Economy

Conakry is Guinea's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The main part of the city's economy deals with the port. The port has up to date facilities for handling and storing cargo. It is used for transporting alumina and bananas. Items created in Conakry include food products and materials used for building houses.

Things to see

[[File:|thumb|left|People's Palace]] Things to see in the city include the Guinea National Museum, several markets, the Guinea Palais du Peuple (the People's Palace), Conakry Grand Mosque and the nearby Iles de Los.

The city is noted for its botanical garden. The Polytechnical Institute of Conakry is also located in Conakry.

References and notes

  1. "Background Note: Guinea". Bureau of African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, January 2007. Accessed February 24, 2007.


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