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Patti Smith at Provinssirock festival, Finland, 2007

A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. The music may be performed by a single musician, sometimes then called a recital, or by a musical ensemble, such as an orchestra, a choir, or a musical band. Informal names for a concert include "show" and "gig". Concerts are held in a wide variety of settings or venues, including pubs, nightclubs, houses, barns, dedicated concert halls, entertainment centres, large multipurpose buildings, and even sports stadia. A concert held in a very large venue is sometimes called an arena concert. Regardless of the venue, musicians usually perform on a stage. Before the dominance of recorded music, concerts would be the only opportunity one would generally have to hear musicians play.

While the principal reason for a concert is the opportunity for the musicians to perform in front of an audience, even the most purely artistic of endeavors will see gains. Concerts provide the musicians exposure to the public. An attendee will probably see the musicians perform again if the concert was worthwhile. Recording artists usually go on tours to promote record sales and introduce their fans to new musical compositions. Some musicians and musical groups are known for consistently touring and holding concerts, others rarely so.

The duration of concerts vary significantly. For major concerts, it could generally take more than six hours, including support bands.

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Revenue

While admission to many concerts is free, it is common practice to charge money for admission to concerts by selling admission tickets. Revenue from ticket sales traditionally goes to the performing artists, producers, and organisers. In the case of benefit concerts, a portion of profits will often go towards charity.

Revenue is also often raised through advertising, be it in free local concerts for local sponsorships, or through sponsorships from multinational corporations during major tours (e.g. 2009's "Vans' Warped Tour Presented by AT&T".) Concessions and merchandise are also often sold at concerts; often by the venue in the case of the former, and by the performing band or artist in the case of the latter.

The highest grossing concert tour of all time is the The Rolling Stones' A Bigger Bang Tour which earned approximately $558 million in between 2005 and 2007. The highest earning tour by a solo artist is the Sticky & Sweet Tour by pop artist Madonna, which earned $408 million in 2008 and 2009.

Concert tour

Members of the Grateful Dead performing at Red Rocks Amphitheater in Colorado on August 11, 1987.

A concert tour is a series of concerts by a musician, musical group, or some number of either in different cities or locations. Especially in the popular music world, such tours can become large-scale enterprises that last for several months or even years, are seen by hundreds of thousands or millions of people, and bring in millions of dollars (or the equivalent) in ticket revenues. Different segments of long-lived concert tours are known as "legs". Concert tours are often administered on the local level by concert promoters or by performing arts presenters.

Types

The Offspring in an outdoor concert.

The nature of a concert will vary by musical genre and individual groups in those genres. Concerts by a small jazz combo and a small bluegrass band may have the same order of program, mood, and volume, but vary in music and dress. In a similar way, a particular musician, band, or genre of music might attract concert attendees with similar dress, hairstyle, and behavior. For example, the hippies of the 70s often toted long hair (sometimes in dread lock form), sandals and inexpensive clothing made of natural fibers. The regular attendees to a concert venue might also have a recognizable style, comprising that venue's "scene".

Musical groups with large expected audiences can put on very elaborate and expensive affairs. In order to create a memorable and exciting atmosphere and increase the spectacle, the musicians will frequently include additional entertainment devices within their concerts. These tend to include changeable stage lighting effects and various special effect visuals, which include anything from large video screens and a Live event visual amplification system, inflatables, smoke or dry ice, pyrotechnics, artwork, pre-recorded video, and unusual attire, such as Pink Floyd, Jean Michel Jarre, Sarah Brightman and KISS. Some singers, especially in genres of popular music, augment the sound of their concerts with pre-recorded accompaniment and even broadcast vocal tracks of the singer's own voice. Activities which may take place during large-scale concerts include dancing, sing-alongs, and moshing.

Larger concerts involving a greater number of musical groups, especially those that last for multiple days, are known as festivals. Examples include the Bloodstock Open Air, Warped Tour, Wacken Open Air, Woodstock Music and Art Festival, Oxegen, Bath Festival, Salzburg Festival, the Newport Jazz Festival, Reading and Leeds Festivals,Download Festival, Parachute Music Festival, Cambridge Folk Festival, Glastonbury Festival, Roskilde Festival, Isle of Wight Festival, T in the Park, Falls Festival, Big Day Out, Rock In Rio, Rock am Ring, Coachella , Rockwave Festival and Summer Sonic Festival.

See also

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Sourced

"For me, the most important thing is the element of chance that is built into a live performance. The very great drawback of recorded sound is the fact that it is always the same. No matter how wonderful a recording is, I know that I couldn't live with it -- even of my own music -- with the same nuances forever." - Aaron Copland, Classic Essays on Twentieth-Century Music, ISBN 0028645812.

"I can't believe that people really prefer to go to the concert hall under intellectually trying, socially trying, physically trying conditions, unable to repeat something they have missed, when they can sit at home under the most comfortable and stimulating circumstances and hear it as they want to hear it. I can't imagine what would happen to literature today if one were obliged to congregate in an unpleasant hall and read novels projected on a screen." - Milton Babbitt, Classic Essays on Twentieth-Century Music

Attributed

"The Prokofiev 'Romeo and Juliet' sends an entire audience ompomming into the street, invisible swords flickering." - Pam Brown

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Look up concert in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CONCERT (through the French from Lat. con-, with, and certare, to strive), a term meaning, in general, co-operation, agreement or union; the more specific usages being, in music, for a public performance by instrumentalists, vocalists or both combined, and in diplomacy, for an understanding or agreement for common action between two or more states, whether defined by treaty or not. The term "Concert of Europe" has been commonly applied, since the congress of Vienna (1814-1815), to the European powers consulting or acting together in questions of common interest. (See ALLIANCE and EUROPE: History.)


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Simple English

A Concert is a performance in which a musician or many musicians play music together to a group of listeners (an audience). In the case of a concert of classical music there may be an orchestra. There is often an important visual element to the performance, such as with a rock concert. However, if acting out a story is an important part of the performance this is called theatre, not a concert.

The performers at a concert are usually raised above the level of the audience on a stage. Concerts may be held in concert halls which are built for the purpose, or they may be held in any other suitable large building such as a school hall, a nightclub, a barn or a large house or castle. Some concerts are given to very large audiences in the open air. They may take place in a field or in a stadium. The music for these “open-airs” is usually amplified by loudspeakers so that large audiences can hear it.

A concert given by just one performer (or perhaps two) is usually called a recital.

Musicians who play in lots of different concerts (with different groups) often call a concert engagement a “gig” (both “g”s are pronounced hard).

A group of musicians may sometimes travel around giving concerts in different places. This is called a “tour”.

A group of concerts in one place or in one area that takes place for several days may be called a “festival”. Examples are: The Proms, the Edinburgh Festival, the Glastonbury Festival etc.

Before the days of recording a concert would have been the only opportunity most people would have of hearing concerts given by groups.

Usually people who go to a concert have to pay an admission charge. The money that is made from the ticket sales will usually go to paying the performing artistes, producers, and organisers. However, there are also benefit concerts where either the proceeds (all the ticket money) or profits (the money earned) will go to charity. Tickets for concerts can often be bought at the box-office of the concert hall or bought online. Sometimes concerts are free.

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