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The Confraternity of the Holy Rosary is a Roman Catholic Archconfraternity or spiritual association, under the care and guidance of the Dominicans, the members of which strive to pray the entire Holy Rosary weekly.[1]

Roman Catholic Mariology
A series of articles on

Rosary

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Battle of Lepanto
Methods
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Three Hail Marys
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Secret of the Rosary
God Alone
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Marialis Cultus
Rosarium Virginis Mariae
The Power of the Rosary

People & Societies
Saint Dominic
Bl. Alanus de Rupe
Pope St. Pius V
St. Louis de Montfort
Rosary Pope (Leo XIII)
Confraternity of the Rosary
Our Lady's Rosary Makers

Contents

History

Dominican Order Coat of Arms

The history of the rosary confraternity stretches back over 500 years, and is shrouded in obscurity. It may be that no Rosary Confraternity existed before the last quarter of the fifteenth century, which saw such associations erected through the preaching of the Rosary by Bl. Alan de Rupe aka Alan de la Roche (†1475). One of the first was erected at Cologne in 1474 by Fr. James Sprenger.[2] It is known that Dominican guilds or fraternities there were, but they may not have been connected with the Rosary,[3] itself being ancient, and the origins of which shrouded in the mists of time. Traditionally it is believed that both the rosary and the confraternity which bears it were founded by St. Dominic, an opinion voiced up until Pope Leo XIII (The Rosary Pope) who wrote a series of 12 Encyclicals and 5 Apostolic Letters on the Holy Rosary: "Its origin is distinguished by its antiquity, for St.Dominic himself is said to have been its founder."[4]

Organisation

This archconfraternity is under the administration of the Dominican order, as is the Confraternity of the Holy Name. Thus no new confraternity may be erected without the sanction of the Dominican general. The Headquarters of the archconfraternity are now located in Portland, Oregon.[5] It is probably the largest organization of the kind within the Catholic Church.[6][7]

Benefits & Obligations

The benefits of membership to this organisation are largely spiritual (in the form of indulgences, the fifteen Promises of Our Lady on the benefits of the Rosary, and a share of the merits and prayers of the saints and the Dominican order [8]) and social (in the form of group prayer and a newsletter [9].

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Indulgences

Rosarians (members of the confraternity) are privy to several indulgences:

  1. For members of the Rosary Confraternity, a plenary indulgence, under the usual conditions, is granted:
    1. on the day of enrollment. (When application is made, a certificate of membership is sent, indicating the day of the enrollment.)
    2. on the following feast days: Christmas, Easter, Annunciation, Purification, Assumption, Our Lady of the Rosary, and Immaculate Conception.
  2. For those who pray the Rosary, a plenary indulgence is granted under the usual conditions, when the Rosary is prayed in Church, or in a Public Oratory, in a family (family Rosary), Religious Community, or Pious Association. Otherwise a partial indulgence is granted.[10]

Obligations

Rosarians are obliged to strive towards reciting the Rosary weekly (although this is not under the pain of sin) and to be inscribed on the general register of the confraternity.[11] Members are also required to include fellow members in their prayers. [12] This obligation is often carried out by saying the Confraternity Prayer.

Since Pope John Paul II promulgated his Apostolic Letter adding a group of five additional rosary mysteries [13] (increasing the number from a total of fifteen to twenty) it is recommended that they be recited. This extra group (the Luminous Mysteries) is, as yet, not required by the confraternity, and those who only recite the fifteen mystery Rosary (consisting of the Joyful, Sorrowful & Glorious Mysteries).[14]

Activities of the Confraternity

The "Perpetual Rosary" is an organization for securing the continuous recitation of the Rosary by day and night among a number of associates who perform their allotted share at stated times. This is a development of the Rosary Confraternity, and dates from the seventeenth century. It is continues in various convents which exist for the purpose as well as in lay society [15]

The "Living Rosary" or "Association of the Living Rosary" was begun in 1826 by Pauline Marie Jaricot. While it is independent of the confraternity it is also under the administration of the Dominican Order and its goals coincide. It consists in a number of circles of fifteen members who each agree to recite a single decade every day and who thus complete the whole Rosary between them. In the year 1877, the pope Pius IX subjected all Associations of the Living Rosary to the general of the Dominican Order. However recently the care of the Association has given to the local Bishops.[16]

Because of the close relation of the Rosary to the Brown Scapular of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel and Our Lady of Fatima, Rosary confraternities are often closely tied to the Confraternity of the Brown Scapular and the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima whose goals are linked.

See also

Links and Resources

Notes

  1. ^ The Rosary Confraternity Homepage
  2. ^ People from all parts of the world desired to be enrolled in it. A casual English example occurs in the Plumpton Correspondence (Camden Society, p. 50), where a priest in London writes in 1486 to his patron in Yorkshire: "I send a paper of the Rosary of our Ladye of Coleyn and I have registered your name with both my Ladis names, as the paper expresses, and ye be acopled as brether and sisters." Even at that time the entry of the name of each associate on the register was an indispensable condition of membership, and so it remains to this day.
  3. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia on the Confraternity of the Rosary
  4. ^ A Quote attributed to Pope Leo XIII taken from: "The Confraternity of the Holy Rosary" found here at EWTN
  5. ^ The Rosary Confraternity Homepage
  6. ^ In the "patent of erection", which is issued for each new confraternity by the General of the Dominicans, a clause is added granting to all members enrolled therein "a participation in all the good works which by the grace of God are performed throughout the world by the brethren and sisters of the said [Dominican] Order."
  7. ^ Pope Leo XIII. (2 October, 1898). Ubi Primum. An important Apostolic Constitution on the Rosary Confraternity, a sort of new charter. Cited in The Popes on the Rosary
  8. ^ The Rosary Confraternity's Benefits
  9. ^ The Rosary Light and Life Newsletter, Official News Letter of the Rosary Confraternity
  10. ^ Indulgences granted to members of the Confraternity
  11. ^ Obligations of members of the Rosary Confraternity
  12. ^ The Rosary Confraternity (1993)
  13. ^ Pope John Paul II. (2002). The Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae
  14. ^ Obligations of members of the Rosary Confraternity
  15. ^ Dominican Life: Sisters of the perpetual Rosary
  16. ^ The Living Rosary

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913.


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