Congregation: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A congregation is a large gathering of people, often for the purpose of worship:

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CONGREGATION (Lat. congregatio, a gathering together, from cum, with, grex, gregis, a flock, herd), an assembly of persons, especially a body of such persons gathered together for religious worship, or the body of persons habitually attending a particular church, hence the basis of that system of religious organization known as Congregationalism. Apart from these, the more general meanings of the word, " congregation " is used in the English versions of the Old and New Testaments to translate the Hebrew words `edah and kahal, the whole community of the Israelites and the assembly of the people. The words " assembly " and " congregation " have been to a certain extent distinguished in the Revised Version, " congregation " being kept for `edah and " assembly " for kahal. The Septuagint generally translates the first by o-uvaywyil, the second by CKKXrtvia (see J. H. Selbie, in Hastings's Diet. of Bible, s.v. " Congregation," cf. " Assembly," ib.). In the Roman Church ' congregation " is applied to the committees of cardinals into whose hands the administration of the various departments of the church is given (see Curia Romana). The committees of bishops who regulate the business at a general council of the church are also known as " congregations." In the Roman Church there are several kinds of associations for religious purposes known by the generic name of " congregation "; such are: (1) those branches of a particular order, which, for the stricter practice of the rules of their order, group themselves together under a special form of government and discipline, - thus the Trappists are a congregation of the Cistercians, the monks of Cluny and St Maur are congregations of the Benedictines; (2) communities of religious under a common rule; persons belonging to such communities have either taken no vows, or have not taken " solemn " vows; of the many congregations of this class may be mentioned the Oratorians, the Oblates and the Lazarists; (3) in France religious associations of the laity, male or female, joined together for some religious, charitable or educational purpose (see France: Law and Institutions). Lastly " congregation " in secular usage is applied to two governing bodies at the university of Oxford, viz. the " Ancient House of Congregation," in whom lies the granting and conferring of degrees, consisting of the vice-chancellor, proctors and " regent masters," and secondly the " Congregation of the University of Oxford," created by the University of Oxford Act 1854, and consisting of all members of convocation who are " resident," i.e. have passed 141 nights within 2 m. of Carfax during the preceding year. All statutes must be passed by this congregation before introduction in convocation, and it alone has the power of amending statutes (see Oxford). At Cambridge University congregation is the term used of the meeting of the senate. In Scottish history, from the fact that the word occurs, in the sense of " church," frequently in the national covenant of 1537, the name of " congregation " was used of the Reformers. Generally and similarly the title of " lords of the congregation " was given to the signatories of the covenant.

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

(Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community (Num 15:15). Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in the land, if circumcised, were, with certain exceptions (Ex 12:19; Num 9:14; Deut 23:1-3), admitted to the privileges of citizenship, and spoken of as members of the congregation (Ex 12:19; Num 9:14; 15:15). The congregation were summonded together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at the door of the tabernacle (Num 10:3). These assemblies were convened for the purpose of engaging in solemn religious services (Ex 12:27; Num 25:6; Joel 2:15), or of receiving new commandments (Ex 19:7, 8). The elders, who were summonded by the sound of one trumpet (Num 10:4), represented on various occasions the whole congregation (Ex 3:16; 12:21; 17:5; 24:1).

After the conquest of Canaan, the people were assembled only on occasions of the highest national importance (Judg. 20; 2Chr 30:5; 34:29; 1Sam 10:17; 2 Sam 5:1-5; 1 Kg 12:20; 2Kg 11:19; 21:24; 23:30). In subsequent times the congregation was represented by the Sanhedrim; and the name synagogue, applied in the Septuagint version exclusively to the congregation, came to be used to denote the places of worship established by the Jews. (See CHURCH.)

In Acts 13:43, where alone it occurs in the New Testament, it is the same word as that rendered "synagogue" (q.v.) in ver. 42, and is so rendered in ver. 43 in R.V.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

A congregation is a group of people who have come together (congregated) for something, usually for religious worship. In Christian churches the word “congregation” is often used to mean all the people in the main part of the church, but not the choir or the priests. For example: the order of service might say that the choir will sing verse 1 of a carol and "the congregation are asked to join in at verse 2".


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