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The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (Congregatio de Cultu Divino et Disciplina Sacramentorum) is the congregation of the Roman Curia that handles most affairs relating to liturgical practices of the Latin Catholic Church as distinct from the Eastern Catholic Churches and also some technical matters relating to the Sacraments.

Contents

Current leadership

Cardinal Antonio Canizares Llovera is the Cardinal Prefect, Cardinals Francis Arinze and Jorge Medina Estévez are Prefects Emeritus, Archbishop Joseph Di Noia, O.P. is the Secretary, and Father Anthony Ward, S.M., is Under-secretary.

History

The congregation is the direct successor of the Sacred Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments (Sacra Congregatio de Disciplina Sacramentorum) (1908-1969).

In 1975 it was given the title Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship (Congregatio de Sacramentis et Cultu Divino) and incorporated the functions of the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship (Sacra Congregatio pro Cultu Divino) which had been created in 1969 to take on responsibility for the liturgical affairs previously handled by the Sacred Congregation of Rites (Sacra Rituum Congregatio) (1588-1969).

For an interlude in 1984-1988 it was briefly redivided into the Congregation for the Sacraments (Congregatio de Sacramentis) and the Congregation for Divine Worship (Congregatio de Cultu Divino), under one and the same Prefect.

Functions

The Apostolic Constitution Pastor Bonus, issued by Pope John Paul II on June 28, 1988 lays down the functions of the congregation, including:

  • the regulation and promotion of the liturgy, primarily of the sacraments
  • the regulation of the administration of the sacraments, especially regarding their valid and licit celebration
  • promoting liturgical pastoral activity, especially regarding the celebration of the Eucharist
  • the drawing up and revision of liturgical texts
  • reviewing particular calendars and proper texts for the Mass and the Divine Office
  • granting the recognitio to translations of liturgical books and their adaptations
  • promoting the liturgical apostolate or sacred music, song or art
  • ensuring that liturgical norms are accurately observed, and that abuses are avoided and eliminated where they are found to exist.
  • examining the fact of non-consummation in a marriage and the existence of a just cause for granting a dispensation.
  • examining cases concerning the nullity of ordination.
  • regulating the cult of relics, the confirmation of heavenly patrons and the granting of the title of minor basilica
  • giving assistance to bishops so that the prayers and pious exercises of the Christian people may be fostered and held in high esteem

Cardinal Prefects

Secretary

Vox Clara commission

The congregation is also assisted by the Vox Clara commission (or committee) responsible for the translation of Latin texts into English.

Its current President is the Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal George Pell and its Secretary is Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Westminster, Cormac Murphy-O'Connor.

See also

External links

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