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The Congress of Deputies
El Congreso de los Diputados
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type Lower house
Leadership
President José Bono Martínez, PSOE
since 2008
Structure
Members 350
Spanish Congress of Deputies after 2008 election.png
Political groups PSOE, PP, CiU, PNV, ICV, Mixto
Meeting place
El Palacio del Congreso de los Diputados,
Madrid
Spain
Website
www.congreso.es
Spain

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Spain



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The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. It has 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation in constituencies matching the Spanish provinces using the D'Hondt method. Deputies serve four-year terms. The President of the Congress of Deputies is the analogue to a Speaker and presides over debates in Spain's lower chamber of parliament. The composition of the 9th term Congress, to serve no further than 2012, is:

Political party/group Dep.
   Spanish Socialist Workers' Party 169
   People's Party 154
   Convergence and Union 10
   Basque Nationalist Party 6
   Republican Left of Catalonia-United Left-Initiative for Catalonia Greens 5
   Mixed Group, composed by: BNG, CC, UPyD, NaBai 6
Total 350

Contents

Elections

IU and ERC lost their parliamentary groups after their electoral losses left them under caucus threshold.

e • d  Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results
Parties and alliances Contested Provinces (out of 50) Votes % Change Seats Change
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 50 11,288,698 43.87 +1.28 169 +5
People's Party (Partido Popular) 50 10,277,809 39.94 +2.22 154 +6
United Left (Izquierda Unida) 42 969,871 3.77 -1.19 2 -3
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 4 779,425 3.03 –0.20 10 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco/Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea) 3 306,128 1.19 –0.44 6 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (Unión, Progreso y Democracia) 48 306,078 1.19 1 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 4 298,139 1.16 –1.36 3 –5
Galician Nationalist Bloc (Bloque Nacionalista Galego)
  • Union of the Galician People (Unión do Povo Galego)
  • Nationalist Left (Esquerda Nacionalista)
  • Galician Unity (Unidade Galega)
  • Socialist Collective (Colectivo Socialista)
  • Inzar
  • Galician Nationalist Party–Galeguista Party (Partido Nacionalista GalegoPartido Galeguista)
3 212,543 0.83 +0.02 2 ±0
Canarian Coalition (Coalición Canaria) 2 174,629 0.68 –0.23 2 –1
Navarre Yes (Nafarroa Bai) 4 62,398 0.24 ±0.0 1 ±0
Basque Solidarity (Eusko Alkartasuna) 2 50,371 0.20 –0.12 0 –1
Aragonese Union (Chunta Aragonesista) 3 38,202 0.15 –0.22 0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de

España)

16 20,030 0.08 +0.03 0 +0
Ciudadanos en Blanco 29 14,193 0.06 -0.10 0 +0
Falange Española de las JONS 10 14,023 0.06 +0.01 0 +0
Democracia Nacional 15 12,836 0.05 -0.01 0 +0
Els Verds-L'Alternativa Ecologista 31 12,561 0.05 -0.07 0 +0
Family and Life (Familia y Vida) 7 9,882 0.04 -0.03 0 +0
Humanist Party (Partido Humanista) 24 9,056 0.04 -0.05 0 +0
Partido de Almeria 1 8,451 0.03 - 0 +0
Els Verdes-Los Verdes 38 7,824 0.03 - 0 +0
Representacion Cannabica Navarra 1 7,769 0.03 - 0 +0
Partido Obrero Socialista Internacionalista 8 7,386 0.03 -0.00 0 +0
Alternativa Española 20 7,300 0.03 - 0 +0
España 2000 11 6,906 0.03 +0.01 0 +0
Partit Republica Catala 3 6,746 0.03 - 0 +0
Coalicio Valenciana 3 5,424 0.02 - 0 +0
Escons Insubmisos-Alternativa dels Democrates Descontents 10 5,035 0.02 - 0 +0
Tierra Comunera 5 4,796 0.02 - 0 +0
Authentic Falange (Falange Auténtica) 8 4,607 0.02 +0.00 0 +0
Leonese People's Union (Unión del Pueblo Leonés) 3 4,509 0.02 -0.04 0 +0
Solidaridad y Autogestión Internacionalista 14 3,885 0.02 - 0 +0
Alternativa Motor y Deportes 17 3,829 0.01 - 0 +0
Partido de los Pensionistas en Acción 9 3,050 0.01 - 0 +0
Izquierda Republicana (Republican Left) 4 2,899 0.01 -0.06 0 +0
Partido Riojano 1 2,837 0.01 - 0 +0
Alianza Nacional 7 2,737 0.01 - 0 +0
Alternativa en Blanco 12 2,460 0.01 - 0 +0
Extremadura Unida 2 2,346 0.01 -0.01 0 +0
Els Verds-Alternativa Verda 22 2,028 0.01 +0.00 0 +0
Partido Carlista 4 1,956 0.01 +0.00 0 +0
Partit per Catalunya 4 1,919 0.01 - 0 +0
Partido de los No-Fumadores 7 1,616 0.01 - 0 +0
Union por Leganes 1 1,566 0.01 - 0 +0
Frente Español 6 1,539 0.01 - 0 +0
Centro Democratico Liberal 21 1,503 0.01 - 0 +0
Opcio Nacionalista Valenciana 3 1,490 0.01 - 0 +0
Centro Democratico Social 17 1,362 0.01 - 0 +0
Andecha Astur 1 1,299 0.01 -0.0 0 +0
Partido Regionalista del País Leonés 1 1,278 0.0 - 0 +0
Centro Democratico Español 4 1,047 0.0 - 0 +0
Alternativa Nacionalista Canaria 2 1,017 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido de las Libertades Civiles 2 888 0.0 - 0 +0
Unida 1 848 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido Liberal del Empleo y la Vivienda Estatal 7 786 0.0 - 0 +0
Lucha Internacionalista 10 722 0.0 +0.0 0 +0
Unidad del Pueblo 3 699 0.0 - 0 +0
Per la Republica Valenciana 3 645 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido Centristas 1 509 0.0 - 0 +0
Movimiento por la Unidad del Pueblo Canario 2 497 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido Ciudadanos Unidos de Aragon 3 475 0.0 - 0 +0
Union Ciudadana Progresistas Independientes de Can 2 464 0.0 - 0 +0
Identitat Regne de Valencia 3 449 0.0 - 0 +0
Unidad Regionalista de Castilla y Leon 9 423 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido Unionista Estado de España 6 414 0.0 - 0 +0
Gentes de El Bierzo 1 385 0.0 - 0 +0
Partit Illenc de Ses Illes Balears 1 360 0.0 - 0 +0
Partido Positivista Cristiano 8 300 0.0 -0.0 0 +0
Comunion Tradicionalista Carlista 1 218 0.0 - 0 +0
Convergencia Democratica Asturiana 1 216 0.0 - 0 +0
Iniciativa Merindades de Castilla 14 202 0.0 - 0 +0
Unidad Castellana 15 198 0.0 -0.0 0 +0
Partido de Alianza Iberoamericana Europea 3 174 0.0 - 0 +0
Coalicio Treballadors per la Democracia 2 159 0.0 -0.0 0 +0
Partido Regionalista de Guadalajara 1 152 0.0 -0.0 0 +0
Aliança Balear 1 145 0.0 - 0 +0
Asamblea de Votacion Electronica 4 144 0.0 - 0 +0
Union Centrista Liberal 7 124 0.0 -0.0 0 +0
Alianza por Burgos 1 123 0.0 - 0 +0
Iniciativa Ciudadana Burgalesa 1 109 0.0 - 0 +0
Nosaltres Som 6 105 0.0 - 0 +0
Independentes por Cuenca 1 100 0.0 - 0 +0
Agrupacion Ciudadana 2 79 0.0 - 0 +0
Movimiento Falangista de España 1 69 0.0 - 0 +0
Total (turnout 64.6%)   350 0[1]
Source: Spanish Interior Ministry election results database

History

The allegorical front of the building

The building, Congreso de los Diputados, has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narcisco Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850. It sits by the Carrera de San Jerónimo, in Madrid.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Even though the total number of seats is fixed at 350 by the Spanish electoral law (LOREG), demographic changes since 2004 mean that eight provinces have gained or lost a seat. See Spanish Congress of Deputies.
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