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Conjunctivitis
Classification and external resources

An eye with viral conjunctivitis.
ICD-10 H10.
ICD-9 372.0
DiseasesDB 3067
MedlinePlus 001010
eMedicine emerg/110
MeSH D003231
.Conjunctivitis (commonly called "pink eye" or "Madras eye"[1]) is an acute inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids), most commonly due to an allergic reaction or an infection (usually viral, but sometimes bacterial[2]).^ Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the outer coat of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.riddleeye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Infections of the skin Bacterial eye infections .
  • Angeles Vision Clinic:  Conjuntivitis or Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.avclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is an infection of the inner eyelid and the skin over the white part of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis | Causes, Symptoms, Treatment | PDRHealth 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.pdrhealth.com [Source type: General]

.While this article relates generally to humans, animals such as canines (dogs) and cattle can experience this condition.^ While this article relates generally to humans, animals such as canines and cattle can experience this condition.

^ A-Z of eye conditions and eye health Related Articles .
  • Conjunctivitis: vernal conjunctivitis - myDr.com.au 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.mydr.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While this article relates generally to humans, animals such as canines (dogs) can experience this condition.
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]
  • Allergic conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bio-medicine.org [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Classification

Classification can be either by cause or by extent of the inflamed area.

By cause

By extent of involvement

.Blepharoconjunctivitis is the dual combination of conjunctivitis with blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).^ Blepharoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis with blepharitis.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyehealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blepharoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis with blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).

^ Blepharoconjunctivitis is the dual combination of conjunctivitis with blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

.Keratoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis and keratitis (corneal inflammation).^ Keratoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis and keratitis (corneal inflammation).

^ Keratoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis and keratitis.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyehealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keratoconjunctivitis is the combination of conjunctivitis and keratitis ( corneal inflammation).
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

.Episcleritis is an inflammatory condition that produces a similar appearance to conjunctivitis, but without discharge or tearing.^ Conjunctivitis refers to any inflammatory condition of the conjunctiva.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.optometry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Episcleritis is an inflammatory condition that produces a similar appearance to conjunctivitis, but without discharge or tearing.
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]
  • What is Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.thehealthsuccesssite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diagnosis: conjunctivitis: most cats will experience this inflammatory eye condition at some point in their lives.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/sci/A0813242.html 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: Academic]

Signs and symptoms

Eyes with conjunctivitis
An eye, red due to acute conjunctivitis.
An eye with bacterial conjunctivitis.
.Redness (hyperaemia), irritation (chemosis) and watering (epiphora) of the eyes are symptoms common to all forms of conjunctivitis.^ Itching of the eye Red, irritated eye.
  • Conjunctivitis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health-disease.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some common Symptoms of Conjunctivitis : .
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cosmeticsdiary.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health-disease.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Red eye and irritation can make anyone sense the development of conjunctivitis.
  • Conjunctivitis � Madras Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.chennaionline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Allergic conjunctivitis

.Allergic conjunctivitis is typically itchy, sometimes distressingly so, and often involves some eye swelling.^ Often both eyes are involved.
  • CONJUNCTIVITIS IN DOGS .CONDITIONS OF THE EYELIDS, EYELASHES AND OCULAR ADNEXA IN DOGS - Chinaroad Lowchens of Australia 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.lowchensaustralia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis, Conjunctivitis Herbal Supplements - Buy Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.herbsmd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • conjuctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bobmckee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allergic Conjunctivitis or allergy eyes .
  • Fitness Articles ::: Beauty & Fashion :: Allergic Conjunctivitis or allergy eyes 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.womenfitness.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Itchiness and tearing are common with allergic conjunctivitis."

.Chronic allergy often causes just itching or irritation.^ Allergies can cause persistent eye irritation.
  • Conjunctivitis Remedies - Health 911 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

^ Oral antihistamines may relieve the itching and irritation caused by an allergy.
  • Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye) - Health - Duane Reade 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.duane-reade.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye) - TCPalm 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC health.tcpalm.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye) - Herald Times Reporter 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC health.htrnews.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They often itch and are irritated.
  • Common Eye Problems: Sty, Pink Eye, Eye Strain, Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: General]

.Allergic conjunctivitis shows pale watery swelling or edema of the conjunctiva and sometimes the whole eyelid, often with a ropy, non-purulent mucoid discharge.^ In viral conjunctivitis, the discharge is often thin, watery, and clear.
  • Conjunctivitis - body, last, viral, contagious, causes, What Is Conjunctivitis?, How Does Conjunctivitis Spread and Who Gets It? 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.humanillnesses.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis – FREE Conjunctivitis information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Conjunctivitis research 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Swelling of the conjunctiva and/or eyelids.
  • Pink Eye 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC kids.emedtv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ropy mucoid discharge is also a distinguishing sign.
  • Auckland Allergy Clinic – Allergic Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.allergyclinic.co.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is variable redness.^ There is variable redness.
  • Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC quickguides.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis Clinical Trials 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.clinicalconnection.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyehealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • What is Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.thehealthsuccesssite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Viral conjunctivitis

.Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, a common cold, and/or a sore throat.^ Sometimes it is associated with a low-grade upper respiratory condition that appears to be a common cold.
  • Understanding Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye). from Vision World Wide, Inc. 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.visionww.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This type of conjunctivitis often results from a common cold.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.clevelandclinic.org [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC my.clevelandclinic.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Student Medical Services - UNF 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.unf.edu [Source type: General]

^ Often follows upper respiratory tract infection.
  • Angeles Vision Clinic:  Conjuntivitis or Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.avclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its symptoms include watery discharge and variable itch.^ Viral conjunctivitis symptoms include the above, but also a watery discharge accompanied with cold symptoms.

^ Symptoms include itching, lacrimation, discharge, and conjunctival hyperemia.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Symptoms include irritation, photophobia, and watery discharge.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.The infection usually begins with one eye, but may spread easily to the other.^ The infection often begins in one eye, but can quickly travel to the other.
  • Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bodyhealing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infection usually affects one eye but can move to both.
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like viral conjunctivitis, it usually affects only one eye but may spread easily to the other eye.

.Viral conjunctivitis, commonly known as "pink eye", shows a fine diffuse pinkness of the conjunctiva which is easily mistaken for the 'ciliary injection' of iritis, but there are usually corroborative signs on bio microscopy, particularly numerous lymphoid follicles on the tarsal conjunctiva, and sometimes a punctate keratitis.^ Viral conjunctivitis, commonly known as "pink eye", shows a fine diffuse pinkness of the conjunctiva which is easily mistaken for the 'ciliary infection' of iritis, but there are usually corroborative signs on biomicroscopy, particularly numerous lymphoid follicles on the tarsal conjunctiva, and sometimes a punctate keratitis.

^ Conjunctivitis pink eye or black eye???
  • Conjunctivitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This injury can commonly lead to pink eye.

Bacterial conjunctivitis

.Bacterial conjunctivitis due to the common pyogenic (pus-producing) bacteria causes marked grittiness/irritation and a stringy, opaque, grey or yellowish mucopurulent discharge (mucus, gowl, goop, gunk, eye crust, or other regional names, officially known as 'gound') that may cause the lids to stick together (matting), especially after sleeping.^ Sticky pus is visible in the eye and can cause the eyelids to stick together.
  • CIGNA - Conjunctivitis, Ligneous 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The most common cause of conjunctivitis is an infection of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bupa.com.sa [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bacterial infections usually produce a thick yellowish or greenish discharge.
  • Conjunctivitis - body, last, viral, contagious, causes, What Is Conjunctivitis?, How Does Conjunctivitis Spread and Who Gets It? 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.humanillnesses.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis – FREE Conjunctivitis information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Conjunctivitis research 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Another symptom that could be caused by bacterial conjunctivitis is severe crusting of the infected eye and the surrounding skin.^ Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) Causes .
  • Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bodyhealing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bacterial Conjunctivitis is caused by certain bacteria that have made their way to the eye.
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Infective conjunctivitis is caused by viruses or bacteria infecting your eye.
  • NHS24 Health Library - Conjunctivitis - Introduction - 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.nhs24.com [Source type: General]

.However discharge is not essential to the diagnosis, contrary to popular belief.^ However discharge is not essential to the diagnosis, contrary to popular belief.

.Bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis or Moraxella can cause a non-exudative but persistent conjunctivitis without much redness.^ Chlamydial conjunctivitis This type of conjunctivitis is caused by an organism called Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Lloydspharmacy.com Health - Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC health.lloydspharmacy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some bacteria that cause conjunctivitis are chlamydia, staphylococci, and streptococci.
  • Adult Health Advisor 2009.1: Viral or Bacterial Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.med.umich.edu [Source type: General]

^ Adult inclusion conjunctivitis is caused by sexually transmitted Chlamydia trachomatis .
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.The gritty and/or scratchy feeling is sometimes localized enough for patients to insist they must have a foreign body in the eye.^ Feeling as if something is in the eye (foreign-body sensation or keratoconjunctivitis).
  • Pinkeye - Yahoo! Health 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ There may be a feeling that there is a foreign body in your eye.
  • Conjunctivitis Remedies - Health 911 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

^ Patients complain of irritation, a gritty feeling, or painful burning in the eyes.
  • CIGNA - Conjunctivitis, Ligneous 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: Academic]

.The more acute pyogenic infections can be painful.^ The more acute pyogenic infections can be painful.

^ Acute infections can cause a great deal of pain as well.
  • Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC quickguides.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HSV (herpes simplex virus) is a more serious viral infection of the eye and usually affects just one eye and may cause pain.
  • Pink Eye in Children - Keep Kids Healthy Symptom Guide 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC keepkidshealthy.com [Source type: General]

.Like viral conjunctivitis, it usually affects only one eye but may spread easily to the other eye.^ The infection usually affects one eye but can move to both.
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Symptoms & Treatments 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.eyecaresource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Infectious pink eye can easily spread from one person to another.
  • Pinkeye: MedlinePlus 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Have vision in only one eye.
  • Pinkeye - Yahoo! Health 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.However, it is dormant in the eye for three days before the patient shows signs of symptoms.^ However, it is dormant in the eye for three days until patient shows signs of symptoms.

^ And for "Pinkey" (aptly named due to his white coat, pink skin, and typically runny eyes) it only takes 2 or three days worth.
  • Cat Pink Eye - Eye Easy for Feline Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.petwellbeing.com [Source type: General]

^ The common signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis are red eyes, inflamed inner eyelids, water eyes, blurred vision and a sandy or scratchy feeling in the eyes.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kyeyes.org [Source type: General]

.Pyogenic bacterial conjunctivitis shows an opaque purulent discharge, a very red eye, and on bio microscopy there are numerous white cells and desquamated epithelial cells seen in the tear duct along the lid margin.^ Conjunctivitis is also called pinkeye and red eye.
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Is there discharge from the eye continuously?
  • Eye infections (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My eye is a little red and my eye lid is a little swollen but I have no discharge.
  • Eye On Vision: When 'Pinkeye' Becomes Red Eye 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC blogs.webmd.com [Source type: General]

.The tarsal conjunctiva is a velvety red and not particularly follicular.^ The tarsal conjunctiva is a velvety red and not particularly follicular.

^ In seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis, fine papillae on the upper tarsal conjunctiva give a velvety appearance.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Toxic conjunctivitis secondary to topical neomycin therapy and characterized by a lymphoid follicular reaction of the tarsal conjunctiva.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

.Non-pyogenic infections can show just mild infection and be difficult to diagnose.^ Non-pyogenic infections can show just mild injection and be difficult to diagnose.

.Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva is occasionally seen in chronic infections, especially in trachoma.^ Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva is occasionally seen in chronic infections, especially in trachoma.

^ Old trachoma, with scarring of the superior tarsal conjunctiva.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva suggests trachoma, especially if seen in endemic areas, if the scarring is linear (von Arlt's line), or if there is also corneal vascularisation.

Chemical conjunctivitis

.Irritant or toxic conjunctivitis is irritable or painful when the infected eye is pointed far down or far up.^ Should an conjunctivitis cause eye pain?
  • Should an conjunctivitis cause eye pain? - Yahoo! UK & Ireland Answers 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC uk.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Irritant or toxic conjunctivitis is irritable or painful when the infected eye is pointed far down or far up.

^ In most cases of conjunctivitis, no matter what the cause, people will experience: blurred vision, itching, running tearing eyes, swelling, irritation and pain.

.Discharge and itch are usually absent.^ Discharge and itch are usually absent.

^ Commonly called pinkeye, mild conjunctivitis usually causes redness, discharge, and itching of the membrane.
  • conjunctivitis Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis – FREE Conjunctivitis information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Conjunctivitis research 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Tearing Redness Itching Stringy discharge Usually affects both eyes Swollen eyelids Often seasonal .
  • cancer.html 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC medplant.nmsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is the only group in which severe pain may occur.^ This is the only group in which severe pain may occur.

^ A burning feeling may occur, but the eyes are not usually painful.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Herpes zoster ophthalmicus - any tell-tale rash (or severe herpetic pain which can occur before the rash)?
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis | Doctor | Patient UK 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Irritant or toxic conjunctivitis show primarily marked redness.^ Irritant or toxic conjunctivitis show primarily marked redness.

^ Toxic conjunctivitis occurs with airborne irritants or a direct splash of liquid or powder to the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis: eMedicine Emergency Medicine 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Allergies, an infection by bacteria or viruses, or by exposure to chemicals or other irritants can cause conjunctivitis.In allergic conjunctivitis, the conjunctiva usually appears swollen and red.
  • Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.eyetopics.com [Source type: Academic]

.If due to splash injury, it is often present only in the lower conjunctival sac.^ If due to splash injury, it is often present only in the lower conjunctival sac.

^ Eosinophils are present in conjunctival scrapings, which may be taken from the lower or upper tarsal conjunctiva; however, such testing is rarely indicated.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.With some chemicals—above all with caustic alkalis such as sodium hydroxide—there may be necrosis of the conjunctiva with a deceptively white eye due to vascular closure, followed by sloughing of the dead epithelium.^ With some chemicals-above all with caustic alkalis such as sodium hydroxide-there may be necrosis of the conjunctiva with a deceptively white eye due to vascular closure, followed by sloughing of the dead epithelium.
  • Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ An inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye due to an allergen.
  • Conjunctivitis - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Conjunctivae are also referred to as the ‘whites of the eyes’.

.This is likely to be associated with slit-lamp evidence of anterior uveitis.^ This is likely to be associated with slit-lamp evidence of anterior uveitis.

^ In uncomplicated bacterial conjunctivitis, slit lamp examination reveals a quiet anterior chamber that is devoid of visible cells.
  • Conjunctivitis, Bacterial: eMedicine Ophthalmology 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

Other

.Inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn (ICN) is a conjunctivitis that may be caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, and may lead to acute, purulent conjunctivitis.^ Bacteria or viruses that may have caused conjunctivitis can then be seen through a microscope.

^ This type of conjunctivitis is caused by an organism called Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chlamydial conjunctivitis This type of conjunctivitis is caused by an organism called Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Lloydspharmacy.com Health - Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC health.lloydspharmacy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] However, it is usually self-healing.[3]
.Conjunctivitis is identified by irritation and redness of the conjunctiva.^ Signs of conjunctivitis are red and irritated eyes.
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis: watery discharge, irritation, red eye, begins with one eye, but may spread easily to the other eye.
  • Conjunctivitis - OrganizedWisdom Health 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC organizedwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ Conjunctivitis is inflammation (swelling and redness) of the clear membrane (conjunctiva) which covers the white part of the eye and the lining of the eyelids.

.Except in obvious pyogenic or toxic/chemical conjunctivitis, a slit lamp (biomicroscope) is needed to have any confidence in the diagnosis.^ Except in obvious pyogenic or toxic/chemical conjunctivitis, a slit lamp (biomicroscope) is needed to have any confidence in the diagnosis.

^ Conjunctivitis due to burns, toxic and chemical require careful wash-out with saline, especially beneath the lids, and may require topical steroids.

^ Chemical pink eye (conjunctivitis) or toxic pink eye is caused by getting smoke, liquids, fumes, or chemicals in the eye.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Examination of the tarsal conjunctiva is usually more diagnostic than the bulbar conjunctiva.^ More tearing than usual.
  • Pinkeye - Yahoo! Health 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Usually pronounced papillae on tarsal conjunctiva.
  • Inclusion conjunctivitis in adults. 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.chlamydiae.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Examination of the tarsal conjunctiva is usually more diagnostic than the bulbar conjunctiva.

Causes

.Conjunctivitis is most commonly caused by viral infection, often adenovirus, but bacterial infections, allergies, other irritants (e.g.^ Some bacteria that cause conjunctivitis can cause other serious infections in babies.
  • Conjunctivitis | Life and style | BMJ Group 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ If the cause is a bacterial infection, an antibiotic will be needed.
  • Health24 - Eye, About Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pinkeye is most often caused by a virus.
  • Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis) - Revolution Health 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: General]

particles of faeces) and dryness are also common etiologies for its occurrence. .Both bacterial and viral infections are contagious, but usually don't require treatment.^ Both viral and bacterial types are very contagious.
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • OhioHealth - Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.dreddyclinic.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • MayoClinic.com Health Library - Pink eye (Conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.riversideonline.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are very contagious.
  • Conjunctivitis � Madras Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.chennaionline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Viral conjunctivitis usually does not require treatment.

.A rare exception is Herpetic keratoconjunctivitis, which requires treatment antiviral aciclovir.^ This type of conjunctivitis usually does not require treatment and rarely occurs with present medications.

.Commonly, conjunctival infections are passed from person-to-person due to lack of hygiene measures.^ These infections can include: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)—The most common bacteria passed to infants during delivery are due to STDs from the mother’s birth canal.
  • Newborn Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.mbhs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bacterial conjunctivitis is very contagious, and standard infection control measures (see Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Treatment ) should be followed.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Better personal hygiene and environmental measures (eg, access to potable water) can reduce reinfection.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

Differential diagnosis

.Conjunctivitis symptoms and signs are relatively non-specific.^ Conjunctivitis symptoms and signs are relatively non-specific.

^ What are the symptoms and signs of conjunctivitis?
  • Health24 - Eye, About Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis?
  • MedFriendly.com: Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even after bio microscopy, laboratory tests are often necessary if proof of etiology is needed.^ Even after biomicrosopy, laboratory tests are often necessary if proof of aetiology is needed.

^ Even after biomicroscopy, laboratory tests are often necessary if proof of aetiology is needed.
  • Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ By taking a sample of the fluid-like substance that comes out of the eyes and testing it in a laboratory, a doctor can often tell what has caused the condition.
  • MedFriendly.com: Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A purulent discharge (a whitish-yellow, yellow or yellow-brown substance more commonly known as pus) strongly suggests bacterial cause from fecal matter, unless there is known exposure to toxins.^ Bacterial conjunctivitis tends to have a more mucoid to purulent discharge.

^ A purulent discharge strongly suggests bacterial cause, unless there is known exposure to toxins.

^ Creamy white or thick yellow drainage that causes the eyelids to be red, puffy, or stick together in the morning may indicate a bacterial infection.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pink eye can also be caused by bacteria from faeces, pet hair, or by smoke or other fumes.^ Causes Causes of pink eye include: .
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Chemical pink eye (conjunctivitis) or toxic pink eye is caused by getting smoke, liquids, fumes, or chemicals in the eye.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) Causes .
  • Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bodyhealing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae should be suspected if the discharge is particularly thick and copious.^ The possibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection should be considered when the discharge is copiously purulent.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Discharge is copious; discharge quality is thick and purulent.
  • Conjunctivitis: eMedicine Emergency Medicine 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae should be suspected if the discharge is particularly thick and copious.

.Itching (rubbing eyes) is the hallmark symptom of allergic conjunctivitis.^ Allergic conjunctivitis is usually associated with intense itching of the eyes.
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Itching Itching is the hallmark of allergic conjunctivitis, as well as other forms of allergic eye disease.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis usually affect both eyes.
  • NHS Direct Wales - Encyclopaedia : Conjunctivitis, allergic 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.nhsdirect.wales.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other symptoms include past history of eczema, or asthma.^ History Symptoms Do others have similar symptoms?
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis -- eCureMe.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.ecureme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Approximately one-half of patients have a personal or family history of other allergic conditions such as allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and asthma [ 2 ].
  • Allergic conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other signs of allergic disease such as hay fever , asthma and eczema .
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A diffuse, less "injected" conjunctivitis (looking pink rather than red) suggests a viral cause, especially if numerous follicles are present on the lower tarsal conjunctiva on bio microscopy.^ Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) Causes .
  • Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bodyhealing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Acute conjunctivitis can be caused by numerous bacteria.
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A diffuse, less "injected" conjunctivitis (looking pink rather than red) suggests a viral cause, especially if numerous follicles are present on the lower tarsal conjunctiva on biomicroscopy.

.Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva suggests trachoma, especially if seen in endemic areas, if the scarring is linear (von Arlt's line [see Carl Ferdinand von Arlt]), or if there is also corneal vascularisation.^ Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva suggests trachoma, especially if seen in endemic areas, if the scarring is linear (von Arlt's line), or if there is also corneal vascularisation.

^ Scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva is occasionally seen in chronic infections, especially in trachoma.

^ Old trachoma, with scarring of the superior tarsal conjunctiva.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

.Clinical tests for lagophthalmos, dry eye (Schirmer test) and unstable tear film may help distinguish the various types of pink eye.^ Symptoms of pink eye may include: .
  • Conjunctivitis - Natural Remedy for the Symptoms of Pink Eye 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clinical tests for lagophthalmos, dry eye (Schirmer test) and unstable tear film may help distinguish the various types of dry eye.

^ Pink eye may be more serious if: .
  • Health24 - Eye, About Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other symptoms including pain, blurring of vision and photophobia should not be prominent in conjunctivitis.^ Patients with pain, photophobia or blurred vision should be referred to an ophthalmologist.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If the cornea is involved, pain, blurred vision and photophobia are experienced.
  • World Allergy Organization | Allergic Diseases Resource Center 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.worldallergy.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Other symptoms including pain, blurring of vision and photophobia should not be prominent in conjunctivitis.

.Fluctuating blurring is common, due to tearing and mucoid discharge.^ Fluctuating blurring is common, due to tearing and mucoid discharge.

^ Visual acuity is preserved in bacterial conjunctivitis, except for the expected mild blur secondary to the discharge and debris in the tear film.
  • Conjunctivitis, Bacterial: eMedicine Ophthalmology 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Tears and discharge may cause some blurred vision.

.Mild photophobia is common.^ Mild photophobia is common.

.However, if any of these symptoms are prominent, it is important to exclude other diseases such as glaucoma, uveitis, keratitis and even meningitis or caroticocavernous fistula.^ However, if any of these symptoms are prominent, it is important to exclude other diseases such as glaucoma, uveitis, keratitis and even meningitis or caroticocavernous fistula.

^ Eye problems in cats are contracted through various conditions, including, but not limited to, Feline Herpes, Chlamydiosis, Feline Keratitis and other diseases, such as cataracts and glaucoma.
  • conjunctivitis | DailyPuppy.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: General]

^ It is frequently seasonal and accompanied by other typical "allergy" symptoms such as sneezing, itchy nose, or scratchy throat.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many people who have conjunctivitis have trouble opening their eyes in the morning because of the dried mucus on their eyelids.^ Many people who have conjunctivitis have trouble opening their eyes in the morning because of the dried mucus on their eyelids.

^ Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the mucus membranes in the eye and can have many different causes.
  • conjunctivitis | DailyPuppy.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: General]

^ Conjunctivitis (commonly called " pinkeye " in the USA and " Madras Eye " in India ) is an inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost layer of the eye and the inner physiognomy of the eyelids ) usually due to infection.

.There is often excess mucus over the eye after sleeping for an extended period.^ There is often excess mucus over the eye after sleeping for a long period of time.

^ This time I couldn't even get to sleep there was so much drainage from my eye.
  • Eye On Vision: When 'Pinkeye' Becomes Red Eye 25 September 2009 7:28 UTC blogs.webmd.com [Source type: General]

^ Often these children are treated mistakenly for prolonged periods of time with both topical and systemic antibiotics with persistence of the red eye.
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The discharge commonly accumulates after sleeping.^ The discharge commonly accumulates after sleeping.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Affected children may awaken most unhappy that their "eyes are stuck shut," requiring a warm washcloth applied to the eyes to remove the discharge.^ The eyes may have discharge in them.

^ The affected eye often is "stuck shut" in the morning.
  • Eye infections (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conjunctivitis is the most common infection of the eye that affects children.
  • MedFriendly.com: Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bacterial pink eye is treated by repeated warm washcloths applied to the eyes (try applying these to your child's eye one eye at a time during a favorite video) and requires antibiotic eyedrops or ointment prescribed by the doctor.^ Treatment includes repeated warm washcloths applied to the eyes and antibiotic eyedrops or ointment as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Pink Eye Pictures Slideshow: Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) on MedicineNet.com 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For bacterial conjunctivitis, use antibiotic drops or ointment on the affected eye.

^ Antibiotic eye ointment, in place of eyedrops, is sometimes prescribed for treating bacterial pink eye in children.
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • OhioHealth - Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (Conjunctivitis) - Valley Health System 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: General]

Diagnosis

.These are done infrequently because most cases of conjunctivitis are treated empirically and (eventually) successfully, but often only after running the gamut of the common possibilities.^ It is most often used to treat severe conjunctivitis,...
  • Conjunctivitis Medicine & Remedies at bizrate - Price Comparison and Consumer Reviews 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ What are the most common causes of conjunctivitis in childhood?
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Viruses are the most common cause of conjunctivitis.
  • Conjunctivitis | BabyCenter 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

.Swabs for bacterial culture are necessary if the history and signs suggest bacterial conjunctivitis, but there is no response to topical antibiotics.^ Ruben suggest: There is no home remedy for conjunctivitis.
  • Conjunctivitis, Eye infections, Pink eye home remedies 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.home-remedytips.info [Source type: General]

^ Swabs for bacterial culture are necessary if the history & signs suggest bacterial conjunctivitis, but there is no response to topical antibiotics.

^ Swabs may be taken to do a bacterial culture, if there is no response to topical antibiotics.
  • Conjunctivitis Cure | Conjunctivitis Treatment | Pink Eye Remedies | Conjunctivitis Medicine for allergic, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Research studies indicate that many bacteria implicated in low-grade conjunctivitis are not detected by the usual culture methods of medical microbiology labs, so negative results are common.^ Many bacteria and viruses can cause conjunctivitis.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Research studies indicate that many bacteria implicated in low-grade conjunctivitis are not detected by the usual culture methods of medical microbiology labs, so negative results are common.

^ As with many of the more common eye inflammations, conjunctivitis usually looks and feels worse than it is and while the pronounced redness can be quite alarming at first glance, conjunctivitis very rarely causes long term visual damage.
  • Conjunctivitis, Eye infections, Pink eye home remedies 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.home-remedytips.info [Source type: General]

.August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters.^ Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters.

^ In this case, a corneal transplant may be needed.
  • Facts About the Cornea and Corneal Disease [NEI Health Information] 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.nei.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the case looks to be an infectious one, culture of the eye drainage can be used to distinguish between viral and bacterial causes.
  • Conjunctivitis - a knol by Anonymous 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conjunctival scrapes for cytology can be useful in detecting chlamydial and fungal infections, allergy and dysplasia, but are rarely done because of the cost and the general lack of laboratory staff experienced in handling ocular specimens.^ Conjunctival scrapes for cytology can be useful in detecting chlamydial and fungal infections, allergy and dysplasia, but are rarely done because of the cost and the general lack of laboratory staff experienced in handling ocular specimens.

^ Several laboratory procedures can be used to identify chlamydial infections.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Allergies ( allergic conjunctivitis ) Bacteria Certain diseases Chemical exposure Chlamydia Fungi Parasites (rarely) Use of contact lenses (especially extended-wear lenses) "Pink eye" refers to a viral infection of the conjunctiva.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.texashealth.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Health Los Angeles - Conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is swelling (inflammation)... 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.uclahealth.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Channel Management System v2.1 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC drgreene.org [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis Information at myOptumHealth 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conjunctival incisional biopsy is occasionally done when granulomatous diseases (e.g., sarcoidosis) or dysplasia are suspected.^ Conjunctival incisional biopsy is occasionally done when granulomatous diseases (e.g., sarcoidosis) or dysplasia are suspected.

Management

.Conjunctivitis resolves, in 65% of cases, within 2 – 5 days.^ For bacterial conjunctivitis, research evidence shows that while 64 per cent of cases will clear on their own within five days, antibiotic eye medication does lead to increased cure rates and earlier remission.
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bacterial conjunctivitis usually responds within a few days to treatment with antibiotic eye drops or ointment prescribed by a physician.
  • Health24 - Eye, About Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Essence - this is conjunctivitis within the first 28 days of life.
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis | Doctor | Patient UK 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]

Allergic

.For the allergic type, cool water poured over the face with the head inclined downward constricts capillaries, and artificial tears sometimes relieve discomfort in mild cases.^ Allergic conjunctivitis is relieved by the use of artificial tears.
  • Conjunctivitis Cure | Conjunctivitis Treatment | Pink Eye Remedies | Conjunctivitis Medicine for allergic, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, cool compresses and artificial tears sometimes relieve the discomfort.
  • MedFriendly.com: Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The symptoms can often be relieved with cool compresses and artificial tear solutions.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aoa.org [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC pennsylvania.aoa.org [Source type: General]

.In more severe cases, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and antihistamines may be prescribed.^ Anti-inflammatory Medications .
  • Conjunctivitis - Erewhon Natural Foods 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.erewhonmarket.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Topical non steroidal anti-inflammatory agents .
  • Auckland Allergy Clinic – Allergic Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.allergyclinic.co.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Amino glycoside and steroidal anti-inflammatory...
  • Conjunctivitis Medicine & Remedies at bizrate - Price Comparison and Consumer Reviews 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

.Persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid drops.^ Some patients with persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid drops.
  • Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
  • What is Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.thehealthsuccesssite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Is Conjunctivitis contagious? - Yahoo!7 Answers 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Cases of persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid eye drops.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aoa.org [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC pennsylvania.aoa.org [Source type: General]

^ Persistent cases may require the use of topical steroid drops.
  • Conjunctivitis Cure | Conjunctivitis Treatment | Pink Eye Remedies | Conjunctivitis Medicine for allergic, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bacterial

.Bacterial conjunctivitis usually resolves without treatment.^ (See 'Bacterial conjunctivitis treatment' below.
  • Eye infections (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually bilateral.
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis | Doctor | Patient UK 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis?
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Antibiotics eye drops or ointment are thus only needed if no improvement is observed after 3 days.^ The antibiotic can be given as eye drops, ointments, or pills.

^ Pink eye is usually treated with antibiotic drops or ointment.

^ Dispose of any antibiotic eye drops after the treatment is over.
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .Even though antibiotics speed recovery time ( from 4.6 days to 3.3 days) no serious effects were noted either with or without treatment.^ Bacterial conjunctivitis usually responds within a few days to treatment with antibiotic eye drops or ointment prescribed by a physician.
  • Health24 - Eye, About Eye 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Treatments and drugs Bacterial conjunctivitis If your infection is bacterial, your doctor may prescribe antibiotic eyedrops as pink eye treatment, and the infection should clear within several days.
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 18 September 2009 12:12 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • OhioHealth - Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Deferring antibiotics yields almost the same duration as those immediately starting treatment with 3.9 days duration, but with half the two-week clinic reattendance rate.

[6][7]

Viral

.Although there is no specific treatment for viral conjunctivitis, symptomatic relief may be achieved with cold compresses[8] and artificial tears.^ Like the common cold, there is no cure for viral conjunctivitis.
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the treatment for viral conjunctivitis?
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although there is no cure for viral conjunctivitis, symptomatic relief may be achieved with warm compresses and artificial tears.

.People are often advised to avoid touching their eyes or sharing towels and washcloths.^ Shaking hands should also be avoided, as should sharing towels, washcloths, and clothes.
  • MedFriendly.com: Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.medfriendly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not share towels, washcloths, or sheets with anyone.
  • Conjunctivitis FAQ 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC laico.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patients are often advised to avoid touching their eyes or sharing towels and washcloths.

Chemical

.Conjunctivitis due to chemicals is treated via irrigation with Ringer's lactate or saline solution.^ Conjunctivitis due to burns, toxic and chemical require careful wash-out with saline, especially beneath the lids, and may require topical steroids.

^ All patients should be treated with systemic antibiotics supplemented by topical ocular antibiotics and saline irrigation.
  • Conjunctivitis - February 15, 1998 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Conjunctivitis caused due to irritants calls for a careful wash with normal saline followed by the use of topical corticosteroids.
  • Conjunctivitis Cure | Conjunctivitis Treatment | Pink Eye Remedies | Conjunctivitis Medicine for allergic, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis treatment 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Chemical injuries (particularly alkali burns) are medical emergencies as they can lead to severe scarring, and intraocular damage.^ The more acute chemical injuries are medical emergencies, particularly alkali burns, which can lead to severe scarring, and intraocular damage.

^ The more acute chemical injuries are medical emergencies, particularly alkali burns, which can lead to severe scarring, intraocular damage or even loss of the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.aoa.org [Source type: General]
  • Conjunctivitis 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC pennsylvania.aoa.org [Source type: General]

^ It can also be caused by a chemical burn or mechanical injury, or it may be part of an allergic reaction.
  • conjunctivitis (pathology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 13:41 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

References

  1. ^ "Beware, `Madras eye' is here!". The Hindu. 2001-10-12. http://www.hinduonnet.com/2001/10/12/stories/0412402c.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  2. ^ Langley JM. Adenoviruses. Pediatr Rev. 2005;26:238-242.
  3. ^ a b Fisher, Bruce; Harvey, Richard P.; Champe, Pamela C. (2007). Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Microbiology (Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Series). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-8215-5. 
  4. ^ Rose P (August 2007). "Management strategies for acute infective conjunctivitis in primary care: a systematic review". Expert Opin Pharmacother 8 (12): 1903–21. doi:10.1517/14656566.8.12.1903. PMID 17696792. 
  5. ^ "Evidence-based treatment of acute infective conjunctivitis: Breaking the cycle of antibiotic prescribing -- Visscher et al. 55 (11): 1071 -- Canadian Family Physician". http://www.cfp.ca/cgi/content/abstract/55/11/1071?etoc. 
  6. ^ Sheikh A, Hurwitz B (2006). "Antibiotics versus placebo for acute bacterial conjunctivitis". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD001211. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001211.pub2. PMID 16625540. 
  7. ^ Hazel A Everitt, Paul S Little, Peter W F Smith (July 16 2006). "A randomised controlled trial of management strategies for acute infective conjunctivitis in general practice". BMJ 333 (7563): 321. doi:10.1136/bmj.38891.551088.7C. PMID 16847013. PMC 1539078. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/short/bmj.38891.551088.7Cv1?etoc. 
  8. ^ http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1191370-treatment, Retrieved 17 December 2009

External links


Simple English

Conjunctivitis (also known as pinkeye) is a medical condition when the Conjunctiva (a transparent membrane that lines the outer eye, and inner part of the eyelid) becomes inflamed. The cause of conjunctivitis can be either bacterial or viral infection.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Conjunctivitis, which are similar to those in the above article.








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