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For a list of conspiracy theories see: List of conspiracy theories
.Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
  • Conspiracy Theory // Current 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, it has become largely pejorative and used almost exclusively to refer to any fringe theory which explains a historical or current event as the result of a secret plot by conspirators.^ So what theories have we been offered to explain the events of that day?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it has become largely pejorative and used almost exclusively to refer to ...
  • Under-Rated Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it has come almost exclusively to refer to any fringe theory which explains a historical or current event as the result of a secret plot by conspirators of almost superhuman power and cunning.
  • Conspiracy Theory // Current 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.Conspiracy theories are viewed with skepticism by the scientific community and academia, and often ridiculed by pundits, because they are rarely supported by any convincing evidence and contrast with institutional analysis, which focuses on people's collective behavior in publicly known institutions, as recorded in scholarly material and mainstream media reports, to explain historical or current events, rather than speculate on the motives and actions of secretive coalitions of individuals.^ So what theories have we been offered to explain the events of that day?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theory will decrease when conspiracies decrease and when journalists and historians increase their efforts to explain events rather than explain them away.
  • Conspiracy Theory As Naive Deconstructive History 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.newdemocracyworld.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What they won't see is the factual evidence of the event corresponding with the mainstream media account.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

[2][3]
.The term is therefore often used dismissively in an attempt to characterize a belief as outlandishly false and held by a person judged to be a crank or a group confined to the lunatic fringe.^ He’s only dismissed because he was “supernatural” and therefore belief in him is “superstitious”.
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you look into these subjects, you will realize the term "conspiracy theory" is used to group a wide range of topics into the "loonie" category.
  • TV: Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura | The Morning After . . . | Mpls.St.Paul Magazine + mspmag.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blogs.mspmag.com [Source type: General]

^ However, such dismissals are often used as a pretext to trivialise the roles played by secretive elite groups.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

Such characterization is often the subject of dispute due to its possible unfairness and inaccuracy.[4]
.In the United States of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, conspiracy theories have become commonplace in mass media.^ Through a review of the diverse conspiracy theories in the United States in...
  • Deals on conspiracy theory - Online Shopping at PriceGrabber.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.pricegrabber.com [Source type: General]

^ Conspiracy theory as mass entertainment .
  • Daily Kos: Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goldberg has studied various conspiracy theories in the United States.
  • The Inner Worlds Of Conspiracy Believers - Science News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC sciencenews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This has contributed to conspiracism emerging as a cultural phenomenon and the possible replacement of democracy by conspiracy as the dominant paradigm of political action in the public mind.^ Perception of conspiracy theories as being part of a cultural phenomenon or fad rather than a serious investigation of the motives and actions of the ruling elite.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Conspiracy Theories' and Clandestine Politics by Jeffrey M. Bale in Lobster Magazine [ edit ] Links critical of conspiracism .
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's the action-reaction-solution paradigm, you want to implement something that the public would never accept.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

[2] According to anthropologists Todd Sanders and Harry G. West, "evidence suggests that a broad cross section of Americans today…gives credence to at least some conspiracy theories."[5] Belief in conspiracy theories has therefore become a topic of interest for sociologists, psychologists and experts in folklore.

Contents

Terminology

.The term "conspiracy theory" may be a neutral descriptor for any legitimate or illegitimate claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The term "conspiracy theory" may be a neutral descriptor for a conspiracy claim.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To conspire means "to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act or to use such means to accomplish a lawful end."^ While Emerson does not use the name Agartha, later works such as Agartha - Secrets of the Subterranean Cities have identified the civilization Jansen encountered with Agartha, and its citizens as Agarthan.
  • Hollow Earth - Conspiracy Theories - Australian News Message Boards 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC au.messages.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To conspire means “to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act or to use such means to accomplish a lawful end.” The term “conspiracy theory” is frequently used by scholars and in popular culture to identify secret military, banking, or political actions aimed at stealing power, money, or freedom, from “the people”.
  • Conspiracy Theory // Current 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many "conspiracy theory" authors and publishers, such as Robert Anton Wilson and Disinfo , use proven conspiracies as evidence of what a secret plot can accomplish.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .However, conspiracy theory is also used to indicate a narrative genre that includes a broad selection of (not necessarily related) arguments for the existence of grand conspiracies.^ However, conspiracy theory is also used to indicate a narrative genre that includes a broad selection of (not necessarily related) arguments for the existence of grand conspiracies, any of which might have far-reaching social and political implications if true.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories .
  • Daily Kos: Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Related Searches: conspiracy theory dvd .
  • Conspiracy Theory, DVDs Movies, Books. Great deals on eBay! 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.The word "theory" is, in this usage, sometimes considered to be more informal as in "speculation" or "hypothesis" rather than mainstream scientific theory.^ A theory seeking to explain a disputed case or matter as a plot by a secret group or alliance rather than an individual or isolated act.
  • Howstuffworks "How Conspiracy Theories Work" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC people.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HIR | What is 'conspiracy theory'? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.hirhome.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are more than an eighth of a million American soldiers on Iraqi soil, and they are there as the result of an entirely preposterous right wing conspiracy theory, once loudly and enthusiastically enjoyed and endorsed by America’s mainstream media.
  • Conspiracy theories — Crooked Timber 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Kennedy assassination as a conspiracy theory, rather than accepting it as an actual conspiracy.
  • Daily Kos: Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Also, the term conspiracy is typically used to indicate powerful figures, often of the Establishment, who are believed to be deceiving the population at large, as in political corruption.^ Conspiracy Theories are often used to gain political or financial power.
  • Conspiracy behind Conspiracy Theories? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC peaceandfreedom.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peace and Freedom Party: Conspiracy behind Conspiracy Theories? | Independent Political Report 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.independentpoliticalreport.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper even uses the term "conspiracy" to describe ordinary political activity in the classical Athens of Plato (who was the principal target of his attack in The Open Society & Its Enemies).
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper even uses the term "conspiracy" to describe ordinary political activity in the classical Athens of Plato (who was the principal target of his attack in The Open Society & Its Enemies ).
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although some conspiracies are not actually theories, they are often labeled as such by the general populace.^ But it, of course, isn't labeled a conspiracy theory.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who labels it a conspiracy theory?
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.The first recorded use of the phrase "conspiracy theory" dates from 1909. Originally it was a neutral term but during the political upheaval of the 1960s it acquired its current derogatory sense.^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The original article was at Conspiracy theories .
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] It entered the supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary as late as 1997.[9]
.The term "conspiracy theory" is frequently used by scholars and in popular culture to identify secret military, banking, or political actions aimed at "stealing" power, money, or freedom, from "the people". Less illustrious uses refer to folklore and urban legend and a variety of explanatory narratives which are constructed with methodological flaws.^ Some UFO conspiracy theories have been studied as emergent folklore or urban legends .
  • UFO conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theory powers in to 2008.

[10] .The term is also used in a pejorative sense to automatically dismiss claims that are deemed ridiculous, misconceived, paranoid, unfounded, outlandish or irrational.^ The term is also used pejoratively to dismiss allegedly misconceived, paranoid or outlandish rumors.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the claims dismissed by Popper's test are not actual conspiracy theories, yet are used to judge conspiracy theories in general.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Given this popular understanding of the term, it is conceivable that the term might be used illegitimately and inappropriately, as a means to dismiss what are in fact substantial and well-evidenced accusations.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, the term "Watergate conspiracy theory" does not refer to the generally accepted version in which several participants actually were convicted of conspiracy, and others pardoned before any charges were filed, but to alternative and additional theories such as claims that that the source(s) of information called "Deep Throat" was a fabrication.^ Some problems with the term "conspiracy theory" .
  • Position on "conspiracy theories" - New Yorkers Against Religion-Based Bigotry 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nyarbb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The sources of Conspiracy Theory notions are suspicious--to be generous.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kennedy assassination as a conspiracy theory, rather than accepting it as an actual conspiracy.
  • Daily Kos: Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]
.Daniel Pipes, in an early essay "adapted from a study prepared for the CIA", attempted to define which beliefs distinguish 'the conspiracy mentality' from 'more conventional patterns of thought'. He defined them as: appearances deceive; conspiracies drive history; nothing is haphazard; the enemy always gains power, fame, money, and sex.^ Additional money would help, yes, but more important is for Muslims themselves to argue against and defeat the conspiracy-theory mentality.
  • A Conspiracy Theory Spreads Polio :: Daniel Pipes 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This essay was adapted from 'Voodoo Histories: the Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History,' due out from Riverhead next February."
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This essay was adapted from "Voodoo Histories: the Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History," due out from Riverhead next February.
  • A Conspiracy-Theory Theory - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

[12]
.According to West and Sanders, when talking about conspiracies in the Vietnam era, Pipes includes within the fringe element anyone who entertains the thought that conspiracies played a role in the major political scandals and assassinations that rocked American politics in the Vietnam era.^ As we’re talking about conspiracy theories.
  • Top Ten Conspiracy Theories | Kiwiblog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.kiwiblog.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ What we lack and urgently need, since two political assassinations in 1968 defined modern American politics, is a frank and sane way to discuss political conspiracy.

^ Conspiracy Theory is a 1997 thriller about a taxi driver (played by Mel Gibson) who publishes a newsletter in which he discusses what he suspects are government conspiracies.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."He sees the paranoid style in almost any critical historical or social-scientific analysis of oppression."^ Richard Hofstadter calls it the "paranoid style" which sees a huge sinister conspiracy "as the motive force in historical events" (Hofstadter 29, italics in original).
  • Jonestown 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC jonestown.sdsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]

Types

Political scientist Michael Barkun has categorized, in ascending order of breadth, the types of conspiracy theories as follows:[2]
.
  • Event conspiracy theories.^ It does not matter if you believe the government’s conspiracy theory-version of the events on 9/11 or if you are a member of the 9/11 truth movement.

    ^ Myth #31: People look into conspiracy theories because they bring relief to uncertainty of traumatic events by filling the void .
    • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Calling an explanation of events 'conspiracy theory' means, in effect, we don't like you, and no-one should listen to your explanation.'
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .The conspiracy is held to be responsible for a limited, discrete event or set of events.^ Creating the Theory In order to create a complete conspiracy theory, the conspiracy theorist has to create a set of story elements that explain everything that happened in the event.
    • Howstuffworks "How Conspiracy Theories Work" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC people.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The conspiratorial forces are alleged to have focused their energies on a limited, well-defined objective.^ At this point it is impossible to tell whether Nhu must be permanently removed or merely confined to well-defined and limited role.
    • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The best-known example in the recent past is the Kennedy assassination conspiracy literature.
  • Systemic conspiracy theories.^ "Which conspiracy theories work the best for experts?"
    • Does the government purposely feed conspiracy theories? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Which theories best account for the known evidence?
    • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Kennedy assassination as a conspiracy theory, rather than accepting it as an actual conspiracy.
    • Daily Kos: Propaganda narratives and conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The conspiracy is believed to have broad goals, usually conceived as securing control of a country, a region, or even the entire world.^ Of course, when Conspiracy Theory fails to accurately predict world events, this often increases the inability to persuade those who believe in it.
    • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Even then most of that information is from 1st world countries.
    • The Shady Agendas Behind 5 Popular Conspiracy Theories | Cracked.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Resonating to Conspiracy Theories is a clear indication that we are carnally minded, and not even to the "real world" (which would be bad enough) but to an idolatrous fantasy world of delusion and paranoia.
    • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

    .While the goals are sweeping, the conspiratorial machinery is generally simple: a single, evil organization implements a plan to infiltrate and subvert existing institutions.^ It was also a political belief system predicated on idea that the Vatican was an evil, tyrannical institution would never rest until it had destroyed religious and political liberty wherever it existed.
    • Publick Occurrences 2.0 » Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.common-place.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They had a political agenda that included republicanism and abolition of monarchies, which they tried to institute by means of subterfuge, secrecy, and conspiracy, including the infiltration of other organizations.
    • illuminati - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This was a blatant attack on Republican ideals with the obvious goal being to infiltrate the groups attempting to organize demonstration projects in order to identify them for political cleansing.
    • Take the Obama Conspiracy-Theory Challenge! 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

    .This is a common scenario in conspiracy theories that focus on the alleged machinations of Jews, Freemasons, and the Illuminati, as well as theories centered on international communism or international capitalists.
  • Superconspiracy theories.^ Jews conspiracy theory faults Jews .
    • Conspiracy theory faults Jews for Lehman Brothers' collapse - Haaretz - Israel News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Question: What do the following conspiracy theories have in common?
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Freemason conspiracy theories .
    • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Conspiratorial constructs in which multiple conspiracies are believed to be linked together hierarchically.^ The very definition of conspiracy is when multiple people come together to perform some sinister or illegal act.
    • tb » An Integral Approach to Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.timboucher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Conspiracy theory 1.1 The Conspiracy Boom 1.1.1 links 1.1.2 No More Hoaxes 1.1.3 Conspiracy theories still have their believers.
    • Conspiracy theory - Bwtm 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.beachblogger.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We do not believe that conspiracies and institutions are mutually exclusive; they often work together.
    • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Event and systemic are joined in complex ways, so that conspiracies come to be nested together.^ Of more significance is that systemic defects in the way the world currently operates can give rise to problems that can be perceived to be due to 'conspiracies'.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Together these (and others) form a complex system which can be studied objectively.
    • tb » An Integral Approach to Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.timboucher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ People come to Ron's events to support Ron Paul, but that does not mean Ron holds their views in any way."
    • Fox News Conspiracy Theories - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

    .At the summit of the conspiratorial hierarchy is a distant but all-powerful evil force manipulating lesser conspiratorial actors.^ Like all forces, the power flowing from the eyes may bless or curse others.

    ^ Like all conspiracy theory, this one assumes that people in power are naturally evil.
    • Augean Stables » Mainstreaming Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theaugeanstables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Here we come up against a very real force – the power to create money ; and it is here that all of the threads that we have been discussing come together at that same point, in time and place.
    • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

    Superconspiracy theories have enjoyed particular growth since the 1980s, in the work of authors such as David Icke, and Milton William Cooper.

Conspiracism

.A world view that centrally places conspiracy theories in the unfolding of history is sometimes termed "conspiracism". The historian Richard Hofstadter addressed the role of paranoia and conspiracism throughout American history in his essay The Paranoid Style in American Politics, published in 1964. Bernard Bailyn's classic The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967) notes that a similar phenomenon could be found in America during the time preceding the American Revolution.^ Knight , Peter- Conspiracy theories in American history: an encyclopedia.
  • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The original article was at Conspiracy theories .
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conspiracism then labels people's attitudes as well as the type of conspiracy theories that are more global and historical in proportion.^ But it, of course, isn't labeled a conspiracy theory.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theories ( view more ) .
  • Conspiracy Theory on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Global Warming isn’t a conspiracy, it is a theory.
  • Greatest Conspiracy Theories In History | Bizarre stuff, Photos, News and More... 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC thebizzare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .The term conspiracism was popularized by academic Frank P. Mintz in the 1980s.^ The most widely accepted sense of the term is that which popular culture and academic usage share, certainly having negative implications for a narrative's probable truth value.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Academic work in conspiracy theories and conspiracism presents a range of hypotheses as a basis of studying the genre.^ But a conspiracy theory about their work?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Which conspiracy theories work the best for experts?"
  • Does the government purposely feed conspiracy theories? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Academic interest in conspiracy theories and conspiracism has identified a set of familiar structural features by which membership of the genre may be established, and has presented a range of hypotheses on the basis of studying the genre.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the leading scholars of conspiracism are: Hofstadter, Karl Popper, Michael Barkun, Robert Alan Goldberg, Daniel Pipes, Mark Fenster, Mintz, Carl Sagan, George Johnson, and Gerald Posner.^ Among the leading scholars of conspiracism are Hofstadter, Popper, Barkun, Goldberg, Pipes, Fenster, Mintz, Sagan, Johnson, and Posner; from who the following list is synthesized.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A scholarly review of truly outlandish theories, recommended by Daniel Pipes, is the Barkun book.
  • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ISBN 081663243X Goldberg, Robert Alan.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

According to Mintz, conspiracism denotes: "belief in the primacy of conspiracies in the unfolding of history":[15]
."Conspiracism serves the needs of diverse political and social groups in America and elsewhere.^ The groups use political finance, social engineering, mind control, and fear-based propaganda to achieve their aims.
  • The 30 greatest conspiracy theories part 1 - Telegraph 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Greatest Conspiracy Theories In History | Bizarre stuff, Photos, News and More... 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC thebizzare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let's Save America COLLECTIVISM: "COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism is defined as the theory and practice that makes some sort of group rather than the individual the fundamental unit of political, social, and economic concern.

.It identifies elites, blames them for economic and social catastrophes, and assumes that things will be better once popular action can remove them from positions of power.^ The way to join the "power elite" is to become a leader — a trend setter — of upper class attitudes, social values and beliefs.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As to the question, "How does one become a member of the power elite?", Domhoff implies: "Go to a proper boarding school, then to Harvard, earn a Ph.D., seek positions of influence and power, and join the right social clubs."
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They will “call back once things get better”.
  • New World Order: Still A Conspiracy Theory? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: General]

As such, conspiracy theories do not typify a particular epoch or ideology".[16]
.Throughout human history, political and economic leaders genuinely have been the cause of enormous amounts of death and misery, and they sometimes have engaged in conspiracies while at the same time promoting conspiracy theories about their targets.^ As we’re talking about conspiracy theories.
  • Top Ten Conspiracy Theories | Kiwiblog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.kiwiblog.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes a conspiracy theory is ridiculous and learning about it is a form of entertainment.
  • Howstuffworks "How Conspiracy Theories Work" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC people.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hitler and Stalin would be merely the most prominent examples; there have been numerous others.^ I know there would be a dead zone when it passes behind the moon, but somehow if it could return and not have to be "analyzed" by NASA or some other Govt.
  • conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC anonib.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then, I would agree that there are some others who are completely paranoid.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, Hitler said: 'There are many other options, including Palestine, but I would not want to place the responsibility for settling the Jews in Palestine upon the Arabs.'
  • MEMRI - Middle East Media Research Institute 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.memri.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .In some cases there have been claims dismissed as conspiracy theories that later proved to be true.^ After all, some conspiracy theories turn out to be true.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are some conspiracies which are just fine.
  • Some Thoughts on Conspiracy Theories - Blogcritics Politics 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

^ In either case, there is little grounds for the claim that conspiracy theories simplify the world.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

[18][19] The idea that history itself is controlled by large long-standing conspiracies is rejected by historian Bruce Cumings:
."But if conspiracies exist, they rarely move history; they make a difference at the margins from time to time, but with the unforeseen consequences of a logic outside the control of their authors: and this is what is wrong with 'conspiracy theory.'^ It's because the authors of that conspiracy theory have power.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One aspect of conspiracy theories is that they are history for losers.
  • A Conspiracy-Theory Theory - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ History's greatest conspiracy theories .
  • The 30 greatest conspiracy theories part 1 - Telegraph 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

.History is moved by the broad forces and large structures of human collectivities."^ If the force of impact was such that the structure of the aircraft was "vaporized", the mass of a B-757 moving at such a speed would have obliterated the building.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

[20]
The term conspiracism is used in the work of Michael Kelly, Chip Berlet, and Matthew N. Lyons.
According to Berlet and Lyons, "Conspiracism is a particular narrative form of scapegoating that frames demonized enemies as part of a vast insidious plot against the common good, while it valorizes the scapegoater as a hero for sounding the alarm".[21]

Criticism

.Conspiracy theories are the subject of broad critique by academics, politicians, and the media.^ This is a subjective list about conspiracy theories.
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The liberal media is a conspiracy theory.
  • conspiracy theory 911 | MetaFilter 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theories have always existed, but until modern media, the television and the Internet happened, they were known only to a handful of enthusiasts.
  • Ten Biggest World Conspiracy Theories - World - Javno 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.javno.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perhaps the most contentious aspect of a conspiracy theory is the problem of settling a particular theory's truth to the satisfaction of both its proponents and its opponents.^ In truth, conspiracy theories have little to do with religion.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theories can reflect real problems .
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the most contentious aspect of a conspiracy theory is the problem of settling a particular theory's truth to the satisfaction of both its proponents and its opponents.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Particular accusations of conspiracy vary widely in their plausibility, but some common standards for assessing their likely truth value may be applied in each case:
.
  • Occam's razor - does the alternative story explain more of the evidence than the mainstream story, or is it just a more complicated and therefore less useful explanation of the same evidence?
  • Logic - do the proofs offered follow the rules of logic, or do they employ fallacies of logic?
  • Methodology - are the proofs offered for the argument well constructed, i.e., using sound methodology?^ Falsifiability - are the "proofs" offered for the argument well constructed, ie, using sound methodology?
    • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Occam’s Razor is the worst argument you could ever use.
    • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Falsifiability - are the "proofs" offered for the argument well constructed, ie , using sound methodology?
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Is there any clear standard to determine what evidence would prove or disprove the theory?
  • Whistleblowers - how many people – and what kind – have to be loyal conspirators?
  • Falsifiability - is it possible to demonstrate that specific claims of the theory are false, or are they "unfalsifiable"?
.Noam Chomsky, an academic critical of the United States establishment, contrasts conspiracy theory as more or less the opposite of institutional analysis, which focuses mostly on the public, long-term behaviour of publicly known institutions, as recorded in, e.g.^ Analysis of a conspiracy theory ( 1 2 all ) .
  • "Conspiracy Theory" with Jesse Ventura - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy theories promoted by public figures....
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goldberg has studied various conspiracy theories in the United States.
  • The Inner Worlds Of Conspiracy Believers - Science News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC sciencenews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

scholarly documents or .mainstream media reports, rather than secretive coalitions of individuals.^ Not that the mainstream media is any better than the Internet.
  • Conspiracy Theory | Technoccult 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC technoccult.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Howe says that she met Doty at Kirtland AFB, and rather than discuss the Elleman incident, he allowed her to read a secret document.
  • UFO conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we're lucky, the 911 report will give them to us, rather than leaving a big list of Vincent Foster-style open questions.
  • conspiracy theory 911 | MetaFilter 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]

Controversy

.Aside from controversies over the merits of particular conspiratorial claims, the general discussion of conspiracy theory is itself a matter of some public contention.^ Conspiracy theories promoted by public figures....
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy Theory - general discussion No Comments » .
  • Conspiracy Theory | The Pyramid Power 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.thepyramidpower.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That, in itself, is a conspiracy theory waiting to happen .
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.The term "conspiracy theory" is considered by different observers to be a neutral description for a conspiracy claim, a pejorative term used to dismiss such a claim without examination, and a term that can be positively embraced by proponents of such a claim.^ The term "conspiracy theory" may be a neutral descriptor for a conspiracy claim.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy Theory is a term used to belittle opposing points of view.
  • Three Steps to Building Your Own Conspiracy Theory | The Blog Herald 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.blogherald.com [Source type: General]

^ The term "conspiracy theory" is considered by different observers to be a neutral description for a conspiracy claim, a pejorative term used to dismiss such a claim, and a term that can be positively embraced by proponents of such a claim.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term may be used by some for arguments they might not wholly believe but consider radical and exciting.^ The term may be used by some for arguments they might not wholly believe but consider radical and exciting.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The believer may then feel excused of any moral or political responsibility for remedying whatever institutional or societal flaw might be the actual source of the dissonance.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They may not always be clear-cut, but the way different characters and events are framed will reveal deep meaning which might not be explicitly stated within the story.
  • tb » An Integral Approach to Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.timboucher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most widely accepted sense of the term is that which popular culture and academic usage share, certainly having negative implications for a narrative's probable truth value.^ The most widely accepted sense of the term is that which popular culture and academic usage share, certainly having negative implications for a narrative's probable truth value.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term "conspiracy theory" is used by scholars and in popular culture to identify a type of folklore similar to an urban legend , having certain regular features, especially an explanatory narrative which is constructed with certain naive methodological flaws.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still, it has received the most exposure and support of any Ripper theory and continues to appear in other areas of popular culture.
  • Casebook: Jack the Ripper - The Royal Conspiracy 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC casebook.org [Source type: Original source]

.Conspiracy theorists on the internet are often dismissed as a "fringe" group, but evidence suggests that a broad cross section of Americans today—traversing ethnic, gender, education, occupation, and other divides—gives credence to at least some conspiracy theories.^ But for others, conspiracy theories are intriguing.
  • Howstuffworks "How Conspiracy Theories Work" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC people.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So what is it that distinguishes a 'conspiracy theory' from any other theory?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tomorrow's conspiracy theory today .
  • Ben Smith's Blog - Politico.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

[23]
.Given this popular understanding of the term, it can also be used illegitimately and inappropriately, as a means to dismiss what are in fact substantial and well-evidenced accusations.^ Given this popular understanding of the term, it is conceivable that the term might be used illegitimately and inappropriately, as a means to dismiss what are in fact substantial and well-evidenced accusations.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term "conspiracy theory" is considered by different observers to be a neutral description for a conspiracy claim, a pejorative term used to dismiss such a claim, and a term that can be positively embraced by proponents of such a claim.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you can’t find evidence, though, you may well be able to do without it, using some time-honored techniques.
  • Three Steps to Building Your Own Conspiracy Theory | The Blog Herald 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.blogherald.com [Source type: General]

.The legitimacy of each such usage will therefore be a matter of some controversy.^ The legitimacy of each such usage will therefore be a matter of some controversy.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from controversies over the merits of particular conspiracy claims, and the various differing academic opinions, the general category of conspiracy theory is itself a matter of some public contestation.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Michael Parenti, in his 1996 essay which examines the role of progressive media in the use of the term, "The JFK Assassination II: Conspiracy Phobia On The Left", states,
"It is an either-or world for those on the Left who harbor an aversion for any kind of conspiracy investigation: either you are a structuralist in your approach to politics or a 'conspiracist' who reduces historical developments to the machinations of secret cabals, thereby causing us to lose sight of the larger systemic forces."[24]
Structuralist or institutional analysis shows that the term is misused when it is applied to institutions acting in pursuit of their acknowledged goals, e.g. when a group of corporations engage in price-fixing in order to increase profits.
.Complications occurs for terms such as UFO, which literally means "unidentified flying object" but connotes alien spacecraft, a concept also associated with some conspiracy theories, and thus possessing a certain social stigma.^ UFO conspiracy theory .
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • UFO conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UFO Conspiracy Theories, 1975—1990 1 .
  • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure that such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman ) require.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Michael Parenti gives an example of the use of the term which underscores the conflict in its use.^ Like too many websites and writers, this site uses the term "Jewish" to identify neocon players, narrowing the focus in such a way that it gives the ADL credibility.
  • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He states,
"In most of its operations, the CIA is by definition a conspiracy, using covert actions and secret plans, many of which are of the most unsavory kind. What are covert operations if not conspiracies? At the same time, the CIA is an institution, a structural part of the national security state. In sum, the agency is an institutionalized conspiracy."[24]
.The term "conspiracy theory" is itself the object of a type of conspiracy theory, which argues that those using the term are manipulating their audience to disregard the topic under discussion, either in a deliberate attempt to conceal the truth, or as dupes of more deliberate conspirators.^ That, in itself, is a conspiracy theory waiting to happen .
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Truth conspiracy theories.
  • Conspiracy theory - Bwtm 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.beachblogger.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In truth, conspiracy theories have little to do with religion.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.When conspiracy theories are offered as official claims (e.g.^ When conspiracy theories are offered as official claims (e.g.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David Rothscum Reports: On conspiracy theories According to Wikipedia, " Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
  • Under-Rated Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

originating from a governmental authority, such as an intelligence agency) they are not usually considered as conspiracy theories. .For example, certain activities of the House Un-American Activities Committee may be considered to have been an official attempt to promote a conspiracy theory, yet its claims are seldom referred to as such.^ The term "conspiracy theory" may be a neutral descriptor for a conspiracy claim.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such claims may include: .
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, certain activities of the House Un-American Activities Committee may be considered to have been an official attempt to promote a conspiracy theory, yet its claims are seldom referred to as such.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
Further difficulties arise from ambiguity regarding the term theory. In popular usage, this term is often used to refer to unfounded or weakly-based speculation, leading to the idea that "It's not a conspiracy theory if it's actually true".

Study of conspiracism

In 1936 American commentator H. L. Mencken wrote:
.The central belief of every moron is that he is the victim of a mysterious conspiracy against his common rights and true deserts.^ The Light Conspiracy Theories in play right now are designed to fool us into a false belief that we are alone and without power.

^ Future-oriented Conspiracy theories seek to warn an innocent victim population of the plots that these unscrupulous “others” even now set in motion against them.
  • Augean Stables » Mainstreaming Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theaugeanstables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So far I have yet to see that proof in the Kennedy assassination, the death of Vince Foster, Area 51 or any other common conspiracy theory beloved by the Left or the Right.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

He ascribes all his failure to get on in the world, all of his congenital incapacity and damfoolishness, to the machinations of werewolves assembled in Wall Street, or some other such den of infamy.
[25]
.Belief in conspiracy theories has become a topic of interest for sociologists, psychologists and experts in folklore since at least the 1960s, when the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy eventually provoked an unprecedented public response directed against the official version of the case as expounded in the Report of the Warren Commission.^ As for “conspiracy theories” being a pejorative term, it has become so because of the Kennedy Assassination.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The commission that investigate the assassination was the PRRESIDENT's Commission, not the Warren Commission.
  • Time to lay Kennedy conspiracy theories to rest 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy theories promoted by public figures....
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

Psychological origins

.According to some psychologists, a person who believes in one conspiracy theory tends to believe in others; a person who does not believe in one conspiracy theory tends not to believe another.^ Conspiracy theories, one and all.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But for others, conspiracy theories are intriguing.
  • Howstuffworks "How Conspiracy Theories Work" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC people.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who labels it a conspiracy theory?
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[26] .This may be caused by differences in the information upon which parties rely in formulating their conclusions.^ We may share or otherwise disclose Other Information with third parties, but we do not disclose Personal Information to them except as described in this Privacy Policy.
  • Conspiracy Theories 4 You | SPIKE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Our role is strictly to provide the information to you, so that you may draw your own conclusions.
  • TEP - CONSPIRACY THEORIES 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.tigerseye.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More information about this particular conspiracy theory may be obtained from the following topics here on AboveTopSecret.com: Could this cause the end in 2012?
  • The Top-Ten Conspiracy Theories, page 1 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Psychologists believe that the search for meaning is common in conspiracism and the development of conspiracy theories, and may be powerful enough alone to lead to the first formulating of the idea.^ Do any firefighters believe in 9/11 conspiracy theories?
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SayUncle » Search Results » conspiracy theories .
  • SayUncle » Search Results » conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.saysuncle.com [Source type: General]

^ Related Searches: conspiracy theory dvd .
  • Conspiracy Theory, DVDs Movies, Books. Great deals on eBay! 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Once cognized, confirmation bias and avoidance of cognitive dissonance may reinforce the belief.^ Once cognized, confirmation bias and avoidance of cognitive dissonance may reinforce the belief.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While some people may attempt to justify otherwise unsustainable preconceived beliefs with conspiracy theories, this does not establish bias as the primary source of conspiracy theories.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Numerous studies have shown that in general, people give greater attention to information that fits with their existing beliefs, a tendency called “confirmation bias”.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

.In a context where a conspiracy theory has become popular within a social group, communal reinforcement may equally play a part.^ In a context where a conspiracy theory has become popular within a social group, communal reinforcement may equally play a part.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is the University of Georgia part of the "conspiracy theory" too?
  • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 30 greatest conspiracy theories - part 1 .
  • The 30 greatest conspiracy theories part 1 - Telegraph 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Some research carried out at the University of Kent, UK suggests people may be influenced by conspiracy theories without being aware that their attitudes have changed.^ After all, some conspiracy theories turn out to be true.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of these people even claim to have researched their theories fully.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ To be sure, some conspiracy theories may be outlandish or wrong.
  • conspiracy fact versus coincidence theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After reading popular conspiracy theories about the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, participants in this study correctly estimated how much their peers' attitudes had changed, but significantly underestimated how much their own attitudes had changed to become more in favor of the conspiracy theories.^ As we’re talking about conspiracy theories.
  • Top Ten Conspiracy Theories | Kiwiblog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.kiwiblog.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ But a conspiracy theory about their work?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a subjective list about conspiracy theories.
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.The authors conclude that conspiracy theories may therefore have a 'hidden power' to influence people's beliefs.^ It's because the authors of that conspiracy theory have power.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Christopher Hitchens represents conspiracy theories as the 'exhaust fumes of democracy', the unavoidable result of a large amount of information circulating among a large number of people.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here’s another similarity: just as porn is the underground literature of sex, conspiracy theories are the underground literature of power—lurid, often distorted, and inevitable as long as people such as Pipes are loath to acknowledge that power even exists.
  • Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where it Comes From: The Independent Review: The Independent Institute 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]
.Humanistic psychologists argue that even if the cabal behind the conspiracy is almost always perceived as hostile there is, often, still an element of reassurance in it, for conspiracy theorists, in part because it is more consoling to think that complications and upheavals in human affairs, at least, are created by human beings rather than factors beyond human control.^ Being a "conspiracy theorist" is like being a creationist.
  • conspiracy fact versus coincidence theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy theorists think it was the latter.
  • 10 Frightening Conspiracy Theories | Design + Ideas on WU 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC weburbanist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And conspiracy theorists tend to believe in more than one conspiracy.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Belief in such a cabal is a device for reassuring oneself that certain occurrences are not random, but ordered by a human intelligence.^ First, it introduced the idea that a secret group of human beings might in some conspiratorial fashion develop such devices.
  • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This renders such occurrences comprehensible and potentially controllable. .If a cabal can be implicated in a sequence of events, there is always the hope, however tenuous, of being able to break the cabal's power - or joining it and exercising some of that power oneself.^ There are some things that I don't believe, however.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This does not mean that that branch of government directly caused the event; merely that there was a tenuous involvement they didn't want unearthed.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope there will be cataclysmic events in 2012 which actually will end the world.
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, belief in the power of such a cabal is an implicit assertion of human dignity - an often unconscious but necessary affirmation that man is not totally helpless, but is responsible, at least in some measure, for his own destiny.^ Consider, for example, one of the most powerful and dangerous ideas known to man: the belief that the world (or the world as we know it) is about to come to an end .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reaching back to ancient Egypt, there's been a single cabal of powerful individuals directing the course of human history.
  • FARK.com: (4901738) Asbestos, the Mafia, and 31 other conspiracy theories that turned out to be true 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One need only ponder the influence of the Hebrew-Jewish-Christian Bible upon our culture and beliefs, to gain some idea of its awesome power.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

[28]

Projection

.Some historians have argued that there is an element of psychological projection in conspiracism.^ There are real conspiracies in history - and some current theories involve elements of truth.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, there is some, but even that is debated over whether it is about the Jesus from the Bible, and not another man (Historians accepted that a man existed, yes, not necessarily Jesus exactly how he is in the Bible).
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

This projection, according to the argument, is manifested in the form of attribution of undesirable characteristics of the self to the conspirators. Richard Hofstadter, in his essay The Paranoid Style in American Politics, stated that:
...it is hard to resist the conclusion that this enemy is on many counts the projection of the self; both the ideal and the unacceptable aspects of the self are attributed to him. The enemy may be the cosmopolitan intellectual, but the paranoid will outdo him in the apparatus of scholarship... the .Ku Klux Klan imitated Catholicism to the point of donning priestly vestments, developing an elaborate ritual and an equally elaborate hierarchy.^ Why do the anti-semitic White Citizens Council and the Ku Klux Klan quote from the Old Testament, which is the Jewish part of the Bible?
  • conspiracy theory 101 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.luckinlove.com [Source type: General]

^ It is sometimes claimed that the Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise is owned by the Ku Klux Klan , and the chicken is laced with a drug that makes only black men impotent .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germanic occultists, like the Ku Klux Klan, were in love with religious warriors, holy knights.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The John Birch Society emulates Communist cells and quasi-secret operation through "front" groups, and preaches a ruthless prosecution of the ideological war along lines very similar to those it finds in the Communist enemy.^ When Hofstadter wrote the major 'paranoid' style was on the extreme right - eg the John Birch society which saw President Eisenhower as a dedicated communist, and that water fluoridation was to damage people's minds to make them susceptible to communism.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These “open conspiracies” however can be divided into those that are truly open and those (like al Qaeda) that are actually quite secretive and very tightly restricted thus enabling them to have discrete cells within the whole that can perpetrate specific, often criminal, acts to advance the group’s overall aims.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you actually take the time to read through conspiracy nuts' screeds, you will find that a very large percentage of them tie in the secret government (or puppetmaster) plots to bad things supposedly happening to them in their daily lives.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

Spokesmen of the various fundamentalist anti-Communist "crusades" openly express their admiration for the dedication and discipline the Communist cause calls forth.
.Hofstadter also noted that "sexual freedom" is a vice frequently attributed to the conspiracist's target group, noting that "very often the fantasies of true believers reveal strong sadomasochistic outlets, vividly expressed, for example, in the delight of anti-Masons with the cruelty of Masonic punishments."^ Clearly, this is a business so it’s a bit more serious than fantasy but I still believe the same idea can hold true.
  • The Adrian Gonzalez Conspiracy Theory | Sports of Boston 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sportsofboston.com [Source type: General]

^ This is not the example the author had in mind, but can be considered a useful link in the enumeration of Masonic-type groups.
  • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This insular worldview also reveals the dishonesty of the conspiracist's common defense that he's "just asking questions" -- because, to a True Believer, any answer that doesn't conform to what he has already decided is The Truth is simply not to be considered.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[29]

Epistemic bias

.Conspiracy theories are popular because no matter what they posit, they are all actually comforting, because they all are models of radical simplicity.^ Matt -- That`s the nuttiest conspiracy theory of all Matt -- That`s the nuttiest conspiracy theory of all .
  • Conspiracy theory faults Jews for Lehman Brothers' collapse - Haaretz - Israel News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are conspiracy theories and no one is claiming that they are facts.
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's because the authors of that conspiracy theory have power.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

—Novelist William Gibson, October 2007.[30]

.It is possible that certain basic human epistemic biases are projected onto the material under scrutiny.^ It is possible that certain basic human epistemic biases are projected onto the material under scrutiny.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to one study humans apply a 'rule of thumb' by which we expect a significant event to have a significant cause.^ According to one study humans apply a 'rule of thumb' by which we expect a significant event to have a significant cause.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "major event - major cause" is one approach to the religious "problem of evil."
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I learned the rule of law applies to all citizens regardless of their station in life, color of ones skin, political persuasion or elected position.

[31] .The study offered subjects four versions of events, in which a foreign president was (a) successfully assassinated, (b) wounded but survived, (c) survived with wounds but died of a heart attack at a later date, and (d) was unharmed.^ The study offered subjects four versions of events, in which a foreign president was (a) successfully assassinated, (b) wounded but survived, (c) survived with wounds but died of a heart attack at a later date, and (d) was unharmed.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ COP Guy came in with a gunshot wound, but he died of a heart attack.
  • "Conspiracy Theory," by Brian Helgeland 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The event ended with a commemoration of the many targeted individuals that have died while struggling to survive this type of extreme violence.

.Subjects were significantly more likely to suspect conspiracy in the case of the 'major events' — in which the president died — than in the other cases, despite all other evidence available to them being equal.^ Subjects were significantly more likely to suspect conspiracy in the case of the 'major events'in which the president diedthan in the other cases, despite all other evidence available to them being equal.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some conspiracy theories carry more weight than others.
  • The Inner Worlds Of Conspiracy Believers - Science News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC sciencenews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Those who were given the version where the president died were significantly more likely to attribute the event to a conspiracy than those who read the one where the president survived..."
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another epistemic 'rule of thumb' that can be misapplied to a mystery involving other humans is cui bono?^ Another epistemic 'rule of thumb' that can be misapplied to a mystery involving other humans is cui bono?
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another epistemic 'rule of thumb' that can be misapplied to a mystery involving other humans is cui bono ?
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to one study humans apply a 'rule of thumb' by which we expect a significant event to have a significant cause.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(who stands to gain?). .This sensitivity to the hidden motives of other people may be an evolved and universal feature of human consciousness.^ This sensitivity to the hidden motives of other people might be either an evolved or an encultured feature of human consciousness, but either way it appears to be universal.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like other people, conspiracy theorists occasionally fall prey to ad hominem fallacies, but those accusations may sometimes be justified.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Further, if you delete or disable Tracking Technologies, you may not have access to certain features of the Site and some of our other services may not function properly.
  • Conspiracy Theories 4 You | SPIKE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

However, this is also a valid rule of thumb for detectives to use when generating a list of suspects to investigate. .Used in this way "Who had the motive, means and opportunity?"^ Look at who had the motive, the means, and opportunity.
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We clamor for better coverage and investigation of the hypothesis that maybe the guys with the most means, motive and opportunity to bring off 911 – the administration - were involved, and this is the result.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ If any more proof were necessary, we know that Larry Silverstein, who leased the WTC, said that WTC7 was "pulled", which means it was brought down using explosives.

is a perfectly valid use of this rule of thumb.[citation needed]

Clinical psychology

.For relatively rare individuals, an obsessive compulsion to believe, prove or re-tell a conspiracy theory may indicate one or more of several well-understood psychological conditions, and other hypothetical ones: paranoia, denial, schizophrenia, mean world syndrome.^ As we’re talking about conspiracy theories.
  • Top Ten Conspiracy Theories | Kiwiblog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.kiwiblog.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ And conspiracy theorists tend to believe in more than one conspiracy.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do any firefighters believe in 9/11 conspiracy theories?
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]

Socio-political origins

.Christopher Hitchens represents conspiracy theories as the 'exhaust fumes of democracy'[citation needed], the unavoidable result of a large amount of information circulating among a large number of people.^ Myth #17: Conspiracy theories assume the involvement of a large number of people .
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Christopher Hitchens represents conspiracy theories as the 'exhaust fumes of democracy', the unavoidable result of a large amount of information circulating among a large number of people.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Myth #31: People look into conspiracy theories because they bring relief to uncertainty of traumatic events by filling the void .
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other social commentators and sociologists argue that conspiracy theories are produced according to variables that may change within a democratic (or other type of) society.^ Other social commentators and sociologists argue that conspiracy theories are produced according to variables that may change within a democratic (or other type of) society.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So what is it that distinguishes a 'conspiracy theory' from any other theory?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other social commentators and sociologists argue that conspiracy theories are produced according to variables which may change within a democratic (or other type of) society.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conspiratorial accounts can be emotionally satisfying when they place events in a readily-understandable, moral context.^ Conspiratorial accounts can be emotionally satisfying when they place events in a readily-understandable, moral context.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What they won't see is the factual evidence of the event corresponding with the mainstream media account.
  • 2blowhards.com: Conspiracy Theory Analyzed 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The subscriber to the theory is able to assign moral responsibility for an emotionally troubling event or situation to a clearly-conceived group of individuals.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The subscriber to the theory is able to assign moral responsibility for an emotionally troubling event or situation to a clearly-conceived group of individuals.^ The subscriber to the theory is able to assign moral responsibility for an emotionally troubling event or situation to a clearly-conceived group of individuals.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure which such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman ) require.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure that such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman ) require.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Crucially, that group does not include the believer.^ Crucially, that group does not include the believer.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The believer may then feel excused of any moral or political responsibility for remedying whatever institutional or societal flaw might be the actual source of the dissonance.^ The believer may then feel excused of any moral or political responsibility for remedying whatever institutional or societal flaw might be the actual source of the dissonance.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The believer may then feel excused any moral or political responsibility for remedying whatever institutional or societal flaw might be the actual source of the dissonance.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term may be used by some for arguments they might not wholly believe but consider radical and exciting.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]
.Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure that such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman)[citation needed] require.^ Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure that such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman ) require.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where responsible behavior is prevented by social conditions, or is simply beyond the ability of an individual, the conspiracy theory facilitates the emotional discharge or closure which such emotional challenges (after Erving Goffman ) require.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On such general epistemological and social-scientific grounds, then, I maintain that conspiracy theories of the sort in question are so a priori improbable that they are not worth taking seriously.
  • Guest post: ‘The trouble with conspiracy theories’ by Edward Feser - Counterknowledge.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC counterknowledge.com [Source type: Original source]

.Like moral panics, conspiracy theories thus occur more frequently within communities that are experiencing social isolation or political dis-empowerment.^ Like moral panics, conspiracy theories thus occur more frequently within communities which are experiencing social isolation or political disempowerment.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like moral panics , conspiracy theories thus occur more frequently within communities which are experiencing social isolation or political disempowerment.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mark Fenster argues that "just because overarching conspiracy theories are wrong does not mean they are not on to something.^ That does not mean there was not a conspiracy.
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mark Fenster argues that "just because overarching conspiracy theories are wrong does not mean they are not on to something.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I mean, THAT is why they are wrong policies.
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

.Specifically, they ideologically address real structural inequities, and constitute a response to a withering civil society and the concentration of the ownership of the means of production, which together leave the political subject without the ability to be recognized or to signify in the public realm" (1999: 67).^ Specifically, they ideologically address real structural inequities, and constitute a response to a withering civil society and the concentration of the ownership of the means of production, which together leave the political subject without the ability to be recognized or to signify in the public realm".
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some conspiracy theorists have proposed that barcodes are really intended to serve as means of control by a putative world government , or that they are Satanic in intent .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only reason the Repukes are against this, and they certainly are conspiring together, is that it would be A HUGE SUCCESS , which they would hate to see, for it would mean even more proof that Government can do this.
  • Think Progress » Fox News: The Notion That Republicans Are Trying To Block Health Care Reform Is A ‘Conspiracy Theory’ 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Sociological historian Holger Herwig found in studying German explanations for the origins of World War I:
Those events that are most important are hardest to understand, because they attract the greatest attention from myth makers and charlatans.
.This normal process could be diverted by a number of influences.^ This normal process could be diverted by a number of influences.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the level of the individual, pressing psychological needs may influence the process, and certain of our universal mental tools may impose epistemic 'blind spots'. At the group or sociological level, historic factors may make the process of assigning satisfactory meanings more or less problematic.^ At the group or sociological level, historic factors may make the process of assigning satisfactory meanings more or less problematic.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the level of the individual, pressing psychological needs may influence the process, and certain of our universal mental tools may impose epistemic 'blind spots'.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For relatively rare individuals, an obsessive compulsion to believe, prove or re-tell a conspiracy theory may indicate one or more of several well-understood psychological conditions, and other hypothetical ones: paranoia , denial , schizophrenia , Mean world syndrome .
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alternatively, conspiracy theories may arise when evidence available in the public record does not correspond with the common or official version of events.^ Conspiracy theories promoted by public figures....
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, a conspiracy theory can be argued as an alternative to the official or “mainstream” story of events.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Question: What do the following conspiracy theories have in common?
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.In this regard, conspiracy theories may sometimes serve to highlight 'blind spots' in the common or official interpretations of events (Fenster, 1999).^ Question: What do the following conspiracy theories have in common?
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ When conspiracy theories are offered as official claims (e.g.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term "conspiracy theorists" itself has no meaning but serves as a convenient way of dismissing evidence or theories that are counter to the prevailing "conspiracy theory" that has been created by the conspirators.
  • The Inner Worlds Of Conspiracy Believers - Science News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC sciencenews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conspiracy theorists on the internet are often dismissed as a "fringe" group, but evidence suggests that a broad cross section of Americans today believe in some conspiracy theories.^ Do any firefighters believe in 9/11 conspiracy theories?
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tomorrow's conspiracy theory today .
  • Ben Smith's Blog - Politico.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ Conspiracy theories are increasing - especially on internet.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Media tropes

.Media commentators regularly note a tendency in news media and wider culture to understand events through the prism of individual agents, as opposed to more complex structural or institutional accounts.^ Media commentators regularly note a tendency in news media and wider culture to understand events through the prism of individual agents, as opposed to more complex structural or institutional accounts.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Media commentators regularly note a tendency in news media and wider culture to understand events through the prism of individual agents, as opposed to more complex structural or institutional accounts .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a more modern perspective, if a cabal can gain control over the institutions of national culture, and thereby manipulate the attitudes and beliefs of the upper class, subversion of the nation will follow.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

[34] .If this is a true observation, it may be expected that the audience which both demands and consumes this emphasis itself is more receptive to personalized, dramatic accounts of social phenomena.^ If this is a true observation, it may be expected that the audience which both demands and consumes this emphasis itself is more receptive to personalised, dramatic accounts of social phenomena.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If this is a true observation, it may be expected that the audience which both demands and consumes this emphasis itself is more receptive to personalized, dramatic accounts of social phenomena.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Again, if this is a true observation, it may reflect a real change in how the media consumer perceives negative events.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A second, perhaps related, media trope is the effort to allocate individual responsibility for negative events.^ A second, perhaps related, media trope is the effort to allocate individual responsibility for negative events.
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It’s only when you include other individuals acting in concert (a second gunman, Ruby acting as “clean-up” man) that you have a conspiracy for this event.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Personifies complex social phenomena as powerful individual conspirators; Related to (3) but distinct from it, deduces the existence of powerful individual conspirators from the 'impossibility' that a chain of events lacked direction by a person .
  • Conspiracy theories - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The media have a tendency to start to seek culprits if an event occurs that is of such significance that it does not drop off the news agenda within a few days.^ The media have a tendency to start to seek culprits if an event occurs that is of such significance that it does not drop off the news agenda within a few days.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sincerely, Julian C. Holmes Copies to: Public-spirited citizens, both inside and outside the news media, And - maybe a few others.
  • GEORGE W. BUSH JR: "Let us never tolerate outrages conspiracy theories" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: General]

^ The existence of the "political-correctness" movement within academe is evidence that such a conspiracy does indeed exist.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

.Of this trend, it has been said that the concept of a pure accident is no longer permitted in a news item.^ Of this trend, it has been said that the concept of a pure accident is no longer permitted in a news item [1] .
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of this trend, it has been said that the concept of a pure accident is no longer permitted in a news item .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The old paradigm is no longer able to hold us and we must push off and embrace a new world absent the constraints of limiting beliefs.

[35] .Again, if this is a true observation, it may reflect a real change in how the media consumer perceives negative events.^ Again, if this is a true observation, it may be expected to reflect a real change in how the media consumer perceives negative events.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The latter example suggests that one factor in geopolitical gossip may be the impact of the over-simplification of reality that is unavoidable in the mass media (and the need for drama in entertainment) on those without practical experience of how the world works .
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A second, perhaps related, media trope is the effort to allocate individual responsibility for negative events.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hollywood motion pictures and television shows perpetuate and enlarge belief in conspiracy as a standard functioning of corporations and governments.^ The study, which again involved giving volunteers fictional accounts of an assassination attempt, showed that conspiracy believers found new information to be more plausible if it was consistent with their beliefs.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When analyzing the conspiracy look at the big picture: The global elitists and corporations, not only “Big Pharma”.
  • Top 10 Swine Flu conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC retardzone.com [Source type: General]

^ Contrarily to popular beliefs, conspiracy theorists do not view the government as an omnipotent, omnipresent and infallible entity.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Feature films such as Enemy of the State and Shooter, among scores of others, propound conspiracies as a normal state of affairs, having dropped the idea of questioning conspiracies typical of movies of eras prior to about 1970. Shooter even contains the line, "that is how conspiracies work" in reference to the JFK murder.^ But a conspiracy theory about their work?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Political Ignorance and Belief in Conspiracy Theory: 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As such, it may be used as a derisive put-down or a shaming word ("conspiracy nut/wacko') and thus as a tool to supress questions.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ How is it that our Congress and Senate ran out to start a war, strip us of our rights, threaten us, shame us, spy on us, throw in torture, without even questioning or investigating this terrible mass murder on US soil?
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Interestingly, movies and television shows do the same as the news media in regard to personalizing and dramatizing issues which are easy to involve in conspiracy theories.^ So to Fox News truth is a conspiracy theory.
  • Think Progress » Fox News: The Notion That Republicans Are Trying To Block Health Care Reform Is A ‘Conspiracy Theory’ 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ In fact, the term 'conspiracy theory' was invented for that purpose by the media to discredit people who did not accept the official story of President Kennedy's assassination.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The movie also is the story of New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison's unsuccessful prosecution of Clay Shaw, the only person ever tried in connection with the assassination.
  • GEORGE W. BUSH JR: "Let us never tolerate outrages conspiracy theories" 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: General]

.Coming Home converts the huge problem of the returning injured Vietnam War soldier into the chance that the injured soldier will fall in love, and when he does, the strong implication is that the larger problem is also solved.^ Debate is great but why does a list compel everyone to fall into the same cycle over and over again?
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The silent opponents, those powerful vested interests that would love to see GLD fail for various reasons, are a huge problem for conspiracy theorists.
  • GLD Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC zealllc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the first blood-letting, the surviving Jews were kept on as tax-gatherers, banking associates, war financiers, and brokers for converting loot into wealth.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

.This factor is a natural outcome of Hollywood script development which wishes to highlight one or two major characters which can be played by major stars, and thus a good way of marketing the movie is established but that rings false upon examination.^ Two 110-story and one 47-story building ...but your point is still good Posted by: LeftWright .
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Unless you have some way of evaluating the goodness of consequences which doesn’t reduce to how people feel about some outcome compaerd to some other one, you are only talking about being more or less rational about feelings – not about “truth” on the one side and “feelings” on the other.
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Livingston's conclusion has now been reinforced by the recent discovery that two supplemental brain examinations were conducted, one with the real brain, the other with the substitute.

.Further, the necessity to serve up a dubiously justified happy ending, although expected by audiences, actually has another effect of heightening the sense of falseness and contrived stories, underpinning the public's loss of belief in virtually anything any mass media says.^ Then again, you get the sense that some of the people mentioned in this story are expecting other kinds of wars entirely: .
  • Publick Occurrences 2.0 » Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.common-place.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have no watchdog equivalent to I. F. Stone , and the mass media is too busy chasing tabloid rumors and celebrities to serve as a watchdog of anything.
  • illuminati - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have conditioned the general public against these conspiracy theories through mass media.
  • Top 10 Swine Flu conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC retardzone.com [Source type: General]

.Into the vacuum of that loss of belief falls explanation by conspiracy theory.^ This section may be the most difficult for Conspiratist oriented Christians to accept, but may well be the explanation to the perverted attraction of Conspiracy Theories in the church, and why we think we need them.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Myth #31: People look into conspiracy theories because they bring relief to uncertainty of traumatic events by filling the void .
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There’s no evidence that firefighters buy into 9/11 conspiracy theories at higher rates than the rest of the population.
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Too, the act of dramatizing real or fictional events injects a degree of falseness or contrived efforts which media savvy people today can identify easily.^ The strange thing is that although Barker's plot is pure fiction, some people now believe elements of it to be real.

^ Again, if this is a true observation, it may be expected to reflect a real change in how the media consumer perceives negative events.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A second, perhaps related, media trope is the effort to allocate individual responsibility for negative events.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."News" today is virtually always dramatized, at least by pitting "one side" against another in the fictional journalistic concept that all stories must contain "both sides" (as though reality could be reduced to two sides) or by using more intensive dramatic developments similar to feature movies.^ The two functions are inextricable from one another.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All sides--never ever just one.
  • Glenn Beck no stranger to conspiracy theories or incendiary rhetoric | Media Matters for America 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regardless, you are making two assumptions: First “the real info stays secret.” That’s a copout because you must then believe that it’s impossible to know the Truth of any sort.
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

.That is, by obvious dramatizing, the media reinforces the idea that all things are contrived for someone's gain which could be another definition of, at least, political conspiracies theories.^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or is this just another crazy conspiracy theory?
  • Liberal Conspiracy » AGW: battle of the conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC liberalconspiracy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories .
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

--Dr. Charles Harpole in "History of American Cinema" Scribner/U. Calif Press.

Fusion paranoia

.Michael Kelly, a Washington Post journalist and critic of anti-war movements on both the left and right, coined the term "fusion paranoia" to refer to a political convergence of left-wing and right-wing activists around anti-war issues and civil liberties, which he claimed were motivated by a shared belief in conspiracism or anti-government views.^ It gave both of them right to wage war.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ This is in fact a liberty issue for the right.
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I think political discussions are a good thing, both left and right.
  • Glenn Beck no stranger to conspiracy theories or incendiary rhetoric | Media Matters for America 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Social critics have adopted this term to refer to how the synthesis of paranoid conspiracy theories, which were once limited to American fringe audiences, has given them mass appeal and enabled them to become commonplace in mass media, thereby inaugurating an unrivaled period of people actively preparing for apocalyptic millenarian scenarios in the United States of the late 20th and early 21st centuries.^ How do we determine if any given theory is a 'conspiracy theory'?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ American Heritage Dictionary, "Conspiracy theory" .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States of America is not run by the American people.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.They warn that this development may not only fuel lone wolf terrorism but have devastating effects on American political life, such as the rise of a revolutionary right-wing populist movement capable of subverting the established political powers.^ Black or unmarked helicopters - The concept became popular in the American militia movement, and in associated political circles, in the 1990s as an alleged symbol and warning sign of a military takeover of part or all of the United States.
  • History's Greatest Conspiracy Theories | Drudge Retort 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.drudge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are more than an eighth of a million American soldiers on Iraqi soil, and they are there as the result of an entirely preposterous right wing conspiracy theory, once loudly and enthusiastically enjoyed and endorsed by America’s mainstream media.
  • Conspiracy theories — Crooked Timber 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even the mainstream media and political establishment recognize that fact; they just usually claim that it is those other guys - such as the evil-doing terrorists, or, before them, the dreaded Communists - who are doing the conspiring -- and only on rare occasions the fine group of honest statesmen assembled in Washington.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

[36]
Daniel Pipes, a Jerusalem Post journalist, wrote in the 2004 article Fusion paranoia:
.
Fears of a petty conspiracy – a political rival or business competitor plotting to do you harm – are as old as the human psyche.^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You must enter a subject for your comment Ditto ( 4.00 / 1 ) GM streetcar scandal and the Business Plot.
  • Open Left:: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.openleft.com [Source type: General]

.But fears of a grand conspiracy – that the Illuminati or Jews plan to take over the world – go back only 900 years and have been operational for just two centuries, since the French Revolution.^ Since this world is not fair, then it is not going to happen.

^ STARS! Reply hommedespoir hommedespoir Jan 2, 2008 @ 8:50 pm The Greatest Conspiracy Theory: Tim Osman, a 44-year-old former CIA intern, operated from a cave, no water, just a bat-phone.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the late 18th century, reactionary conspiracy theorists, such as Scottish physicist John Robison and French Jesuit priest Augustin Barruel, began speculating that the Illuminati survived their suppression and became the masterminds behind the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conspiracy theories grew in importance from then until World War II, when two arch-conspiracy theorists, Hitler and Stalin, faced off against each other, causing the greatest blood-letting in human history.^ So what is it that distinguishes a 'conspiracy theory' from any other theory?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let's let the conspiracy theories die.
  • Charlie Brooker on 9/11 and conspiracy theorists | Comment is free | The Guardian 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ "Conspiracy theory in the Arab World".
  • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This hideous spectacle sobered Americans, who in subsequent decades relegated conspiracy theories to the fringe, where mainly two groups promoted such ideas.^ American Heritage Dictionary, "Conspiracy theory" .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description: mock infomercial promoting custom conspiracy theories for nut case fringe groups to help them attract members.
  • Conspiracy Theories 4 You | SPIKE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ The term "conspiracy theory" is considered by different observers to be a neutral description for a conspiracy claim, a pejorative term used to dismiss such a claim, and a term that can be positively embraced by proponents of such a claim.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The politically disaffected: Blacks (Louis Farrakhan, Cynthia McKinney), the hard Right (John Birch Society, Pat Buchanan), and other alienated elements (Ross Perot, Lyndon LaRouche).^ Wasn't Lyndon LaRouche a political Marxist?
  • Ben Smith's Blog - Politico.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ When Hofstadter wrote the major 'paranoid' style was on the extreme right - eg the John Birch society which saw President Eisenhower as a dedicated communist, and that water fluoridation was to damage people's minds to make them susceptible to communism.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hillary is a Democrat for convenience a John Birch Society conspiracy devotee by upbringing.
  • Ben Smith's Blog - Politico.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

.Their theories imply a political agenda, but lack much of a following.^ The term “conspiracy theory” usually implies some much larger group whose unseen connections explain seemingly disparate events.
  • Conspiracy theories — Crooked Timber 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many conspiracy theories imply that major events in history have been dominated by conspirators who manipulate political happenings from behind the scenes.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As implied above, 'grand conspiracy' theories (whose authors are not limited to radical Islamists) seem to reflect a lack of access to real-world information and / or understanding about how mainstream economic and political affairs are handled in practice.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The culturally suspicious: These include "Kennedy assassinologists," "ufologists," and those who believe a reptilian race runs the earth and alien installations exist under the earth's surface.^ "Have you got the names of these reptilian races?"

^ If we as sentient intelligent creatures don’t take responsibility for our race then we will be crushed by these Reptilian, Trans dimensional alien (evil) genetic engineers.

^ Passports of those on planes were of Saudi men - but these were fakes, so no one knows who was involved.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such themes enjoy enormous popularity (a year 2000 poll found 43 percent of Americans believing in UFOs), but carry no political agenda.^ However polls held from 1966 onwards regularly show that anything up to a staggering 80% of Americans do not believe the ‘lone gunman’ story.
  • 10 Frightening Conspiracy Theories | Design + Ideas on WU 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC weburbanist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uncle Patso said, on August 31st, 2009 at 4:43 am # 8 pedro: “…No amount of facts will deter a conspiracy true believer anyway.” .
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, the number of Americans who believed UFOs were real reached its highest level, 57 percent.
  • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The major new development, reports Barkun, professor of political science in the Maxwell School at Syracuse University, is not just an erosion in the divisions between these two groups, but their joining forces with occultists, persons bored by rationalism.^ And that’s because there is nothing in common between these two groups.
  • Conspiracy theories — Crooked Timber 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is forming a virtual strait between the two groups that is growing longer and thinner.
  • Goldman/AIG Conspiracy Theories: There’s a Reason They Won’t Go Away « naked capitalism 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.nakedcapitalism.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They all would have been major news stories, but no plucky young journalist ever won a Pulitzer for reporting them.
  • 9/11 Conspiracy Theories - Neatorama 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.neatorama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Occultists are drawn to what Barkun calls the "cultural dumping ground of the heretical, the scandalous, the unfashionable, and the dangerous" – such as spiritualism, Theosophy, alternative medicine, alchemy, and astrology.^ Alternative medicine Astrology Counterknowledge Creationism Cult archaeology Cults Holocaust denial Homeopathy Intelligent Design Postmodernism Pseudohistory Pseudoscience Quackery Scientology .
  • Guest post: ‘The trouble with conspiracy theories’ by Edward Feser - Counterknowledge.com 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC counterknowledge.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, the author who worries about the Secret Service taking orders from the Bavarian Illuminati is old school; the one who worries about a "joint Reptilian-Bavarian Illuminati" takeover is at the cutting edge of the new synthesis.^ CTL suggests that it is a "trojan horse" for the New World Order, which will use it as an instrument to take over the government after a staged disaster.
  • Conspiracy Theory Literature FAQ 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ah, got it, forget about the zionists behind 9/11 and worry about profiteering politicians(they are wrong, no doubt) who are a dime a dozen.
  • Conspiracy Theory With Jesse Ventura: Global Warming 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are we to believe that a few "visionaries" who are a little soft in the head about the benefits of a "one world government" are really winning the day?
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

.These bizarre notions constitute what the late Michael Kelly termed "fusion paranoia," a promiscuous absorption of fears from any source whatsoever.^ These terms and conditions regarding your use of the Site constitute a legally binding agreement between you and the Site and the Parent Companies.
  • Conspiracy Theories 4 You | SPIKE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[37]

Political use

.In his two volume work The Open Society and Its Enemies Popper used the term "conspiracy theory" to criticize the ideologies driving fascism, Nazism, Marxism and communism.^ In his two volume work, The Open Society & Its Enemies, 1938–1943 Popper used the term "conspiracy theory" to criticize the ideologies driving fascism , Nazism and communism .
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his two volume work, The Open Society & Its Enemies , 19381943 Popper used the term "conspiracy theory" to criticize the ideologies driving fascism, Nazism and communism.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Conspiracy theories can have a valuable role in society.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Popper argued that totalitarianism was founded on "conspiracy theories" which drew on imaginary plots driven by paranoid scenarios predicated on tribalism, chauvinism, racism or classism.^ Popper argued that totalitarianism was founded on "conspiracy theories" which drew on imaginary plots driven by paranoid scenarios predicated on tribalism, racism or classism.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper argued that totalitarianism was founded on "conspiracy theories" which drew on imaginary plots driven by paranoid scenarios predicated on tribalism, racism or classism .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cerium (3490) Says: September 5th, 2009 at 7:19 pm Conspiracy theories may be a communist plot.
  • Top Ten Conspiracy Theories | Kiwiblog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.kiwiblog.co.nz [Source type: Original source]

.Popper did not argue against the existence of everyday conspiracies (as incorrectly suggested in much of the later literature).^ Popper did not argue against the existence of everyday conspiracies (as incorrectly suggested in much of the later literature).
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper argued that totalitarianism was founded on "conspiracy theories" which drew on imaginary plots driven by paranoid scenarios predicated on tribalism, racism or classism.
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still, the House McCormack-Dickstein Committee did at least acknowledge the existence of the conspiracy, which ended up never getting past the initial planning stages.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Popper even uses the term "conspiracy" to describe ordinary political activity in the classical Athens of Plato (who was the principal target of his attack in The Open Society & Its Enemies).^ Popper even uses the term "conspiracy" to describe ordinary political activity in the classical Athens of Plato (who was the principal target of his attack in The Open Society & Its Enemies).
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper even uses the term "conspiracy" to describe ordinary political activity in the classical Athens of Plato (who was the principal target of his attack in The Open Society & Its Enemies ).
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his two volume work, The Open Society & Its Enemies, 1938–1943 Popper used the term "conspiracy theory" to criticize the ideologies driving fascism , Nazism and communism .
  • Conspiracy theory - The Black Vault Encyclopedia Project 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.theblackvault.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his critique of Marx and the twentieth century totalitarians, Popper wrote, I do not wish to imply that conspiracies never happen.^ At 09:08 PM on 27 Oct 2006, Raymond Denson wrote: Of all the conspiracy theories, the official account of what happened on 9/11 is the most ludicrous.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Some Writings on Conspiracies Predating the Twentieth Century Select Bibliography less more Permanent link to this knol: Link Moeller, Paul Karl.
  • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popper argued that totalitarianism was founded on "conspiracy theories" which drew on imaginary plots driven by paranoid scenarios predicated on tribalism, racism or classism .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the contrary, they are typical social phenomena.
[38]
.He reiterated his point, "Conspiracies occur, it must be admitted.^ You must enter a subject for your comment That's the whole point ( 0.00 / 0 ) those two things aren't conspiracy theories, they are actual things that have happened.
  • Open Left:: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.openleft.com [Source type: General]

^ I must admit I enjoy reading conspiracy theories purely to laugh at the total insanity displayed.
  • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ We must admit that as a species, we are now obsessed with the physical dimension to the point of dangerous materialsm and epidemic depression resulting from being disconnected from the spiritual, invisible dimensions of Life.

.But the striking fact which, in spite of their occurrence, disproved the conspiracy theory is that few of these conspiracies are ultimately successful.^ These theories are based on rumor, not on fact.
  • GLD Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC zealllc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We didn't create these conspiracy theories...
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ In point of fact there were many rabbis, prophets, and teachers in the time that he is believed to exist and one theory is that the biblical Jesus is based on an amalgam of these men.
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

Conspirators rarely consummate their conspiracy."[38]
.Popper proposed the term "the conspiracy theory of society" to criticize the methodology of Marx, Hitler and others whom he deemed to be deluded by "historicism" - the reduction of history to an overt and naive distortion via a crude formulaic analysis usually predicated on an agenda replete with unsound presuppositions.^ So what is it that distinguishes a 'conspiracy theory' from any other theory?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Conspiracy theories can have a valuable role in society.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alternet proposes conspiracy theories regularly.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[39]

Fiction

.Because of their dramatic potential, conspiracies are a popular theme in thrillers and science fiction.^ FICTION. The reason people like you and your conspiracy theories are dangerous are because you try to shift the focus off the true threat (Islamic terrorists).
  • 9-11 Conspiracy Theory With The Pentagon 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.scam.com [Source type: General]

.Complex history is recast as a morality play in which bad people cause bad events, and good people identify and defeat them.^ What I find fascinating about conspiracy theories is the fact that they seem to deny the possibility that extraordinary people or events can be impacted or caused by the ordinary .
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Essentially, people often assume that an event with substantial, significant or wide-ranging consequences is likely to have been caused by something substantial, significant or wide-ranging.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ TPM posted a good e-mail basically saying that people do start buying into conspiracy theories after traumatic events, such as 9/11 (hence the Truthers).
  • Open Left:: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.openleft.com [Source type: General]

.Fictional conspiracy theories offer neat, intuitive narratives, in which the conspirators' plot fits closely the dramatic needs of the story's plot.^ When conspiracy theories are offered as official claims (e.g.
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the term 'conspiracy theory' was invented for that purpose by the media to discredit people who did not accept the official story of President Kennedy's assassination.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People are drawn to conspiracy theories because they are generally curious and want answers that offer more detail than the mainstream media gives.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

.As mentioned above, the cui bono? aspect of conspiracy theories resembles one element of mystery stories: the search for a possibly hidden motive.^ Conspiracy theories, one and all.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [WALL STREET JOURNAL, 9/27/2001; GUARDIAN, 10/31/2001] http://www.historycommons.org If you analyze the government's story closely, you will find that not one element of their conspiracy theory is credibly supported by the facts.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ [Los Angeles Times, 9/27/2001] http://www.historycommons.org If you analyze the government's story closely, you will find that not one element of their conspiracy theory is credibly supported by the facts.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

Dr. Strangelove was a 1964 comedy about modern nuclear warfare. .The end of the world is precipitated by the delusions of General Jack D. Ripper who happens to be in control of a SAC nuclear air wing.^ If we don’t want the end of the world happen then don’t support it but in youtube every vid with the end of the world bla bla bla has a link to their chanel which supports the frickin end of this frickin world!
  • Yet Another 10 Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ February, 2007 “[The IPCC] report is the end product of a political agenda, and it is the political agenda of both the extreme environmentalists who of course think we are destroying the world.
  • Conspiracy Theory With Jesse Ventura: Global Warming 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He doesn’t want the people of the world to have expectations that lead them to say that nothing ended up happening in 2012 and discounting the wisdom of the Maya ancestors.

.General Ripper believes there is a Communist conspiracy which threatens to "sap and impurify" the "precious bodily fluids" of the American people with fluoridated water.^ When Hofstadter wrote the major 'paranoid' style was on the extreme right - eg the John Birch society which saw President Eisenhower as a dedicated communist, and that water fluoridation was to damage people's minds to make them susceptible to communism.
  • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That, I believe, is something that the American people need to understand.

^ What we need is to get the American people to rebel in the name of true freedom before it is too late and we all become like China, a nation of Communist infidels!” .

.Conspiracy Theory is a 1997 thriller about a taxi driver (played by Mel Gibson) who publishes a newsletter in which he discusses what he suspects are government conspiracies, and it turns out that one or more of them are true.^ After all, some conspiracy theories turn out to be true.
  • Schneier on Security: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a subjective list about conspiracy theories.
  • 10 More Conspiracy Theories - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theories, one and all.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

.The X-Files was a popular television show during the 1990s and early 2000s, which followed the investigations of three FBI agents, Fox Mulder, Dana Scully and John Doggett, who were sometimes helped by a group of conspiracy theorists known as The Lone Gunmen.^ So who is the conspiracy theorist?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Description: mock infomercial promoting custom conspiracy theories for nut case fringe groups to help them attract members.
  • Conspiracy Theories 4 You | SPIKE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Newsweek, 2/4/02 , more ] May 30, 2002: FBI Agent Wright formally accuses the FBI of deliberately curtailing investigations that might have prevented 9/11.

.Many of the episodes dealt with a plot for alien invasion overseen by elements of the U.S. government, led by an individual known only as the Cigarette Smoking Man and an even more mysterious international "Syndicate". The famous tag line of the series, "The Truth Is Out There", can be interpreted as reference to the meaning-seeking nature of the genre discussed above.^ The truth is out there.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Truth is out there, on Area 51 .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are there more qualified experts out there?
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

.Umberto Eco's novel Foucault's Pendulum is a broad satire on conspiracism in which the characters attempt to construct an all-embracing conspiracy theory starting with the Templars and including the Bavarian Illuminati, the Rosicrucians, hollow Earth enthusiasts, the Cathars, and the Jesuits.^ Matt -- That`s the nuttiest conspiracy theory of all Matt -- That`s the nuttiest conspiracy theory of all .
  • Conspiracy theory faults Jews for Lehman Brothers' collapse - Haaretz - Israel News 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conspiracy theories, one and all.
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Introduction Not all conspiracies are theories.
  • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The three-part novel Illuminatus! by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson (published in 1975) is a highly satirical, psychedelic novel dealing with complex, Byzantine conspiracies nested within other larger conspiracies—with the scale of the plots and the audacity of their plotters expanding to enfold more and more minds as the story progresses, evolving to wrap itself around many extant conspiracy theories such as the ones revolving around the Bavarian Illuminati, the Masons, the Vatican, the Mafia, governments large and small, and fringe groups of both left and right-wing persuasions. Their plottings merge with the overarching plans of several fictitious organizations—and also an actual "religion" which conceives of itself as a joke (the Discordians.) In an ironic twist of fate, Illuminatus! may have even caused the development of a real-world Discordian society (which manifests in loose clusters of affiliation, rather than as any formalized group) when the novel's cult success as a countercultural mainstay brought the "holy writ" of the Discordians, the Principia Discordia, out of obscurity over the final three decades of the twentieth century. Shea and Wilson used witty quotes drawn from this comedic pamphlet glorifying Eris, the Greek goddess of chaos and discord, as opening lines for chapters of the Illuminatus! books.
.The 2003 novel Elvis and the Blue Moon Conspiracy by Mark McGinty tells the satirical story of the 1969 moon landing, where Elvis Presley accompanies astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to the lunar surface and becomes the first man to walk on the moon.^ It was made a year prior the first manned moon landing.
  • NASA To Take Photos Of Lunar Landing Sites, End Conspiracy Theories | Gizmodo Australia 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gizmodo.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Make sure to get your copy in time for the 40th anniversary of man walking on the moon!
  • NASA To Take Photos Of Lunar Landing Sites, End Conspiracy Theories | Gizmodo Australia 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gizmodo.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are any of you old enough to remember that moon-landing back in 1969?
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An accident on the surface causes NASA to abort the mission and broadcast a version of the landing without Elvis, later dubbed a "hoax" by a little known reporter named Dani Mitchell.^ His Web site circulated conspiracist versions of the Oklahoma City bombing, and he spoke in the name of a shadowy organization called the Second Continental Army of the Republic (Militia), about which little is known.
  • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Proving a humorous look at several conspiracy theories from the 1960s, the book ties together the assassination of JFK, the deaths of Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe and the first moon landing.^ Conspiracy Beliefs Are A Coping Mechanism For Tragedy [ Report this comment ] Posted by: mikeblack on May 30, 2009 10:48 AM Current rating: 2 [ 1 = poor; 5 = excellent] Looking at all of the conspiracy theories together (with the exception of the Elvis is alive one which is just silly, the disbelief of the moon landing and the Reptilicans which is comedic) the thing that they all have in common is that they were all horrible events people don't want to believe "naturally" occurred.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Frontline has also produced evidence in another report that Marilyn Monroe's death is also linked to the same conspiracy responsible for the assassination of both JFK and RFK; she simply knew too much about the JFK assassination - largely as the result of her "relationship" with RFK. Ibid., pg.

^ July 08, 2009 at 6:45 AM @farcedude: I agree, since I just don't understand the purpose of dedicating any time to proving we didn't land on the moon.
  • NASA To Take Photos Of Lunar Landing Sites, End Conspiracy Theories | Gizmodo Australia 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gizmodo.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Conspiracy theories have even influenced video games.^ Evidently people will not even do their own research before labeling concepts beyond their own intellect, “conspiracy theories”.
  • Top 10 Swine Flu conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC retardzone.com [Source type: General]

^ But even now, 44 years later, conspiracy theories abound.
  • Conspiracy theory - Bwtm 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.beachblogger.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Resonating to Conspiracy Theories is a clear indication that we are carnally minded, and not even to the "real world" (which would be bad enough) but to an idolatrous fantasy world of delusion and paranoia.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

.The critically acclaimed RPG/shooter Deus Ex, and its sequel (albeit to a lesser degree), Deus Ex: Invisible War, draw upon current-day conspiracy theories such as Majestic 12, Area 51, and the Illuminati.^ The 9/11 Conspiracy Theories 12.
  • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to these theories, a point in the Nevada desert called Area 51 holds this secret technology and alien spaceship fragments deep underground.
  • Conspiracy Theory Literature FAQ 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Disapointment [ Report this comment ] Posted by: Lucidity on May 28, 2009 8:51 AM Current rating: 4 [ 1 = poor; 5 = excellent] I'm surprised and disappointed with Alternet poking fun at these conspiracy theories.
  • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Other novels, such as Dan Brown's 2000 controversial book "Angels and Demons" have also popularized the idea of conspiracy theories.^ So what is it that distinguishes a 'conspiracy theory' from any other theory?
  • Conspiracy Theory - The Lawful Path 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.lawfulpath.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such functionality leads to too many other conspiracy theories.
  • » 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Proved Wrong Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log. 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dvorak.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theories are pervasive and popular.
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The book surrounds the quest of Robert Langdon, a fictional Harvard University symbologist who is bent on uncovering the mysteries of a secret society known as the Illuminati.^ In ancient times there were the Mystery Schools that taught to the selected few the laws and secrets of Nature and the Universe.

^ The Illuminati : The Order of the Illuminati was an Enlightenment-age secret society founded on May 1 st , 1776, in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Adam Weishaupt, who was the first lay professor of canon law at the University of Ingolstadt.
  • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joseph Willard, the President of Harvard University, on July 4, 1812 said to the graduating class: "There is sufficient evidence that a number of societies of the Illuminati have been established in this land.
  • The Greatest Hoax | The Unified Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sweetliberty.org [Source type: Original source]

.Brown's novel, and others alike, harp on the ideas of the unknown, a life source for conspiracy theorists.^ Like other people, conspiracy theorists occasionally fall prey to ad hominem fallacies, but those accusations may sometimes be justified.
  • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That there are individuals whose ideas are somewhat easier to swallow and better documented is clear, but Icke possesses a charisma that most conspiracy theorists do not.

^ Given 1) and 2), the burden of proof is on the conspiracy theorists to show who the other people in the conspiracy were.
  • Time to lay Kennedy conspiracy theories to rest 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Michael Barkun, a political scientist specializing in the study of conspiracism in American culture, notes that a vast popular audience has been introduced by the 1997 film Conspiracy Theory to the notion that the U.S. government is controlled by a secret team in black helicopters - a view once confined to right-wing extremists.^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
  • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conspiracy theories are pervasive and popular.
  • On conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.sindark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Heritage Dictionary, "Conspiracy theory" .
  • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

See also

Concepts

Notes

  1. ^ James McConnachie and Robin Tudge, The rough guide to conspiracy theories (2005)
  2. ^ a b c d Barkun, Micheal (2003). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. University of California Press; 1 edition. ISBN 0520238052. 
  3. ^ Domhoff, G. William (2005). Who Rules America? Power, Politics, and Social Change. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages; 5 edition. ISBN 0072876255. 
  4. ^ Fenster, M. 1999. Conspiracy theories: Secrecy and power in American culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  5. ^ Harry G. West, Todd Sanders. (2003) Transparency and conspiracy: ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order. Duke University Press. pp 4.
  6. ^ Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, p. 243 (8th ed. 1976).
  7. ^ Ramsay, Robin (2006). Conspiracy Theories, Pocket Essentials. ISBN 190404865X.
  8. ^ "20th Century Words" (1999) John Ayto, Oxford University Press, p. 15.
  9. ^ Plots, paranoia and blame by Peter Knight, BBC News 7 December 2006.
  10. ^ Johnson, 1983
  11. ^ Slate Magazine
  12. ^ Daniel Pipes, in Orbis, Winter 1992: "Dealing with Middle Eastern Conspiracy Theories".
  13. ^ Transparency and conspiracy: ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order. Harry G. West, Todd Sanders. pp 207.
  14. ^ Bailyn, Bernard (1992). The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution:. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ASIN: B000NUF6FQ. ISBN 978-0-674-44302-0. 
  15. ^ Mintz, Frank P. (1985). The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture. .Westport, CT: Greenwood.^ Westport , CT : Greenwood .
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    p. 4. ISBN 0-313-24393-X.
     
  16. ^ Mintz, Frank P. (1985) [1985]. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture. .Westport, CT: Greenwood.^ Westport , CT : Greenwood .
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    p. 199. ISBN 0-313-24393-X.
     
  17. ^ Arendt, Hannah (1973) [1953]. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 
  18. ^ Fenster, Mark. Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 
  19. ^ Dean, Jodi. Aliens in America: Conspiracy Cultures from Outerspace to Cyberspace. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 
  20. ^ Cumings, Bruce. The Origins of the Korean War, Vol. II, The Roaring of the Cataract, 1947–1950. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 
  21. ^ Berlet, Chip; Lyons, Matthew N.. Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. New York: Guilford Press. 
  22. ^ Michael Albert, quoting from Zmagazine. "Conspiracy Theory". http://zena.secureforum.com/znet/ZMag/articles/oldalbert19.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-23. 
  23. ^ Transparency and conspiracy: ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order. Harry G. West, Todd Sanders. pp 4.
  24. ^ a b questionsquestions.net, "The JFK Assassination II: conspiracy phobia on the left", Michael Parenti, 1996
  25. ^ H. L. Mencken, Baltimore Evening Sun, June 15, 1936
  26. ^ Goertzel (1994). "Belief in Conspiracy Theories". Political Psychology 15: 733–744. doi:10.2307/3791630. http://www.crab.rutgers.edu/~goertzel/conspire.doc. Retrieved 2006-08-07. 
  27. ^ Karen Douglas and Robbie Sutton (in press). "The hidden impact of conspiracy theories: Perceived and actual influence of theories surrounding the death of Princess Diana". Journal of Social Psychology. 
  28. ^ Baigent, Michael; Leigh, Richard; Lincoln, Henry (1987). The Messianic Legacy. Henry Holt & Co. ISBN 0805005684. 
  29. ^ Hofstadter, Richard. The Paranoid Style in American Politics. Harper's Magazine, November 1964, pp. 77–86.
  30. ^ Beers, David (October 18, 2007). "William Gibson Hates Futurists". The Tyee. http://thetyee.ca/Books/2007/10/18/WillGibson/. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Who shot the president?," The British Psychological Society, March 18, 2003 (accessed June 7, 2005).
  32. ^ "Top 5 New Diseases: Media Induced Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (MIPTSD)," The New Disease: A Journal of Narrative Pathology 2 (2004), (accessed June 7, 2005).
  33. ^ Vedantam, Shankar (2006-06-05). "Born With the Desire to Know the Unknown". The Washington Post (The Washington Post): p. A02. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/06/04/AR2006060400618.html. Retrieved 2006-06-07. "Conspiracy theories explain disturbing events or social phenomena in terms of the actions of specific, powerful individuals," said sociologist Theodore Sasson at Middlebury College in Vermont. By providing simple explanations of distressing events — the conspiracy theory in the Arab world, for example, that the September 11, 2001, attacks were planned by the Israeli Mossad — they deflect responsibility or keep people from acknowledging that tragic events sometimes happen inexplicably."
  34. ^ Ivan Emke, "Agents and Structures: Journalists and the Constraints on AIDS Coverage," Canadian Journal of Communication 25, no. 3 (2000), (accessed June 7, 2005).
  35. ^ "The Blame Game". BBC News. 6 September 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/4217024.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-23. 
  36. ^ Barkun, Michael. .2003. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America.^ It is our opinion that the label "conspiracy theorist" was expanded by the planners to shut down any serious investigations into the British-Zionist colonial vision for America's future.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Center for an Informed America began writing a Special Conspiracy Theory Edition on January 12, 2003.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America .
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Berkeley: Univ. of California.
  37. ^ Pipes, Daniel (2004). Fusion Paranoia. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jpost/access/525174951.html?dids=525174951:525174951&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Jan+14%2C+2004&author=DANIEL+PIPES&pub=Jerusalem+Post&edition=&startpage=13&desc=Fusion+paranoia. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  38. ^ a b "Extracts from "The Open Society and Its Enemies Volume 2: The High Tide of Prophecy: Hegel, Marx and the Aftermath" by Karl Raimund Popper (Originally published 1945)". Lachlan Cranswick, quoting Karl Raimund Popper. http://lachlan.bluehaze.com.au/books/popper_open_society.html. Retrieved 2007-08-23. 
  39. ^ Popper, Karl (1966). The Open Society and Its Enemies. Princeton University Press. 

References

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    ^ "Preface", in Conspiracy Theories in American History.
    • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He explains American's paranoia in his "The Rise of the Modern Conspiracy Theory Movement, and the origins: "In July 1997 the supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary included the term 'conspiracy theory' for the first time.
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    .2003. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America.^ It is our opinion that the label "conspiracy theorist" was expanded by the planners to shut down any serious investigations into the British-Zionist colonial vision for America's future.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Center for an Informed America began writing a Special Conspiracy Theory Edition on January 12, 2003.
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    ^ Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America .
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    .Berkeley: University of California Press.^ Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
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    ^ Berkeley : University of California Press.
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    ^ Brenda Denzler, The Lure of the Edge: Scientific Passions, Religious Beliefs, and the Pursuit of UFOs (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001), pp.
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    ISBN 0-520-23805-2
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    ^ XI. Page 279 in an online version - (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
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    • Charlie Brooker on 9/11 and conspiracy theorists | Comment is free | The Guardian 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture.
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    ^ The real takeaway is the not conspiracy theory itself but rather the distrust Americans had and still have of the Cheney presidency.
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    .Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.^ Minneapolis , MN : University of Minnesota Press.
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    ^ Instead of realizing the pragmatic, even convicting reasons why we have failed in so many ways to effect our culture, we accuse our enemies of cheating via conspiracy.
    • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Empire of Conspiracy: The Culture of Paranoia in Postwar America .
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    • Jonestown 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC jonestown.sdsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .New Haven & London: Yale University Press.^ Robert Alan Goldberg provides another description of the affair in Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2001), pp.
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    ^ New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
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    ISBN 0-300-09000-5
  • Hofstadter, Richard. .1965. The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays.^ The Paranoid Style in American Politics.
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    ^ The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays.
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    ^ The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays .
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    .New York: Alfred A. Knopf.^ New York : Alfred A. Knopf.
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    .ISBN 0-674-65461-7
  • Johnson, George 1983. Architects of Fear: Conspiracy Theories and Paranoia in American Politics.^ Conspiracy Theories are as old as politics.
    • Christians and Conspiracy Theories: A Call to Repentance 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.acts17-11.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ American Heritage Dictionary, "Conspiracy theory" .
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ David Rothscum Reports: On conspiracy theories According to Wikipedia, " Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
    • Under-Rated Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc. ISBN 0-87477-275-3
  • McConnachie, James. and .Robin Tudge, The rough guide to conspiracy theories (2005)
  • Melley, Timothy.^ The Rough Guide to Conspiracy Theories is the definitive guide to the world's most controversial theories.
    • Conspiracy Theories :: Rough Guides Shop 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The Rough Guide to Conspiracy Theories (McConnachie J and Tudge R) provides an outline of world according to conspiracy theorists.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Conspiracy theories are a guide to life in a strange and threatening America : a conspiracy nation.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .1999. Empire of Conspiracy: The Culture of Paranoia in Postwar America.^ Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America .
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    ^ Empire of Conspiracy: The Culture of Paranoia in Postwar America .
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    • Jonestown 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC jonestown.sdsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America .
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    .Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.^ Catherine Wessinger (Syracuse NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000), 121-137.
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    ^ Ithaca , NY : Cornell University Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Jodi Dean, Aliens in America: Conspiracy Cultures from Outerspace to Cyberspace (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1998), p.
    • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-8014-8606-8
  • Mintz, Frank P. 1985. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture.^ The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture.
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    ^ Mintz , Frank P. 1985.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Westport, CT: Greenwood.^ Westport , CT : Greenwood .
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-313-24393-X
  • Pipes, Daniel. .1997. Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where It Comes from.^ Conspiracy: How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where It Comes from.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .New York: The Free Press.^ New York : The Free Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ New York : St. Martin 's Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996).
    • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-684-87111-4
  • ---. .1998. The Hidden Hand: Middle East Fears of Conspiracy.^ Love; Fear; The Hidden Hand; Max Igan Part 5 .

    ^ We in britain have the fabians and orwell, those in the usa have the bilderberg group.The fact remains that there was a conspiracy to destabilise the middle east, the far east, the near east.
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Love; Fear; The Hidden Hand; Max Igan Part 1 .

    New York: St. Martin's Press. .ISBN 0-312-17688-0
  • Popper, Karl R. 1945. The Open Society and Its Enemies.^ Popper, Karl R. 1945.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In his two volume work, The Open Society & Its Enemies , 19381943 Popper used the term "conspiracy theory" to criticize the ideologies driving fascism, Nazism and communism.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Open Society and its Enemies.
    • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Princeton: Princeton University Press.^ Princeton : Princeton University Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-691-01968-1
  • Posner, Gerald. .1993. Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK.^ Lee Harvey Oswald getting shot and killed in 1963 as he was being transfered from one jail to another by 500 cops.
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ "Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?"
    • Conspiracy theory - Bwtm 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.beachblogger.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the case of the JFK assassination, if we “try” the Oswald acting alone theory we can “convict” the theory “beyond a reasonable doubt ” based on the evidence.
    • The Razor » Blog Archive » The Lure of the Conspiracy Theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.therazor.org [Source type: Original source]

    .New York: The Random House.^ [New York Post, 9/12/2002] * * * * * * * * Why did the White House think it necessary to lie about Bush's activities on the morning of 9/11?
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ [CNN, 5/8/2001; White House, 5/8/2001; New York Times, 7/8/2002] Cheney is meant to head a group that will draft a national terrorism response plan by October 1.
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ New York : Random House.
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    ISBN 0-385-47446-6
  • Sagan, Carl. .1996. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark.^ The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .New York: The Random House.^ [New York Post, 9/12/2002] * * * * * * * * Why did the White House think it necessary to lie about Bush's activities on the morning of 9/11?
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ [CNN, 5/8/2001; White House, 5/8/2001; New York Times, 7/8/2002] Cheney is meant to head a group that will draft a national terrorism response plan by October 1.
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ New York : Random House.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-394-53512-X
  • Vankin, Jonathan, and John Whalen.^ Vankin , Jonathan, and John Whalen.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .2004. The 80 Greatest Conspiracies of All Time.^ This time the conspiracy is in the light for all to see.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ALL THE F___ING TIME! Conspiracy is the human status quo .
    • Open Left:: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.openleft.com [Source type: General]

    ^ To: GaryL Time to lay Kennedy conspiracy theories to rest I agree, release all information immediately, so we can all have a look.
    • Time to lay Kennedy conspiracy theories to rest 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .New York: Citadel Press.^ New York : The Free Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ New York : St. Martin 's Press.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ New York: Citadel Press, 1998.
    • Jonestown 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC jonestown.sdsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-8065-2531-2

Further reading

.
  • Aaronovitch, David (2010), Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History, Riverhead, ISBN 978-1-59448-895-5 
  • Conspiracism, Political Research Associates
  • Cziesche, Dominik; Jürgen Dahlkamp, Ulrich Fichtner, Ulrich Jaeger, Gunther Latsch, Gisela Leske, Max F. Ruppert (2003).^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
    • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Paranoid Conspiracy Theories: Deception and Delusions in the Suppression of David Icke .

    ^ Knight , Peter- Conspiracy theories in American history: an encyclopedia.
    • Conspiracy Theory 1A6 - a knol by Paul Karl Moeller 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Panoply of the Absurd". Der Spiegel. Der Spiegel. .http://service.spiegel.de/cache/international/spiegel/0,1518,265160,00.html.^ At 11:02 AM on 28 Oct 2006, German Bloke wrote: Some links for Steve Herrman: http://www.medienanalyse-international.de/identitaeten.html http://www.medienanalyse-international.de/abledanger%20und%20doppelatta.html .
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ See why here http://www.thegrandawakening.com/services.html .
    • New World Order: Still A Conspiracy Theory? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: General]

    .Retrieved 2006-06-06.
     
  • Parsons, Charlotte (2001-09-24).^ At 06:24 PM on 27 Oct 2006, David Stevenson wrote: Heheheheheheh3ehehhehehehehehehehehehehheehheeheheheheheh .
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ."Why we need conspiracy theories".^ Why is the tenth conspiracy theory so ridiculous?
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Possible reasons why conspiracy theories are frequent targets of ridicule may include: .
    • Gatecreepers - Entries - > EXCLUSIVE: Debunking Myths on Conspiracy Theories [Infowarrior Resource Part 1] 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.gatecreepers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are various conspiracy theories on why fluoride is added to drinking water.
    • Under-Rated Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    BBC News - Americas. BBC. .http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1561199.stm.^ Text only Skip to content Skip to local navigation Skip to bbc.co.uk navigation Skip to bbc.co.uk search Help Accessibility Help Access keys help « Previous .
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Says: April 3rd, 2009 at 5:18 am BBC HEADLINE “New world order emerges from chaos ” got to love em .
    • New World Order: Still A Conspiracy Theory? 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Old Holborn http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/columnists/simonheffer/6729062/Forget-climate-change—save-the-planet-from-the-thermomaniacs.html .
    • Liberal Conspiracy » AGW: battle of the conspiracy theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC liberalconspiracy.org [Source type: Original source]

    Retrieved 2006-06-26
    . 
  • Meigs, James B. (2006). "The Conspiracy Industry". Popular Mechanics. Hearst Communications, Inc.. .http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/research/4199607.html.^ Some background material: http://www.sciencefriday.com/p...
    • Open Left:: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.openleft.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The original source is http://www.abcnews.go.com/sections/2020/2020/2020_011014_atc.feature.htm .

    ^ See; http://www.robertreckmeyer.com/ http://www.thriverightnow.com/ http://rr-conspiracy-truth.blogspot.com/ .

    .Retrieved 2006-10-13.
     
  • James McConnachie and Robin Tudge (2005).^ Author(s): James McConnachie , Robin Tudge .
    • Conspiracy Theories :: Rough Guides Shop 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: News]

    .The Rough Guide to Conspiracy Theories.^ Conspiracy theories are a guide to life in a strange and threatening America : a conspiracy nation.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Rough Guide to Conspiracy Theories (McConnachie J and Tudge R) provides an outline of world according to conspiracy theorists.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1843534457. 
  • Barry Coward, ed (2004). .Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe: From the Waldensians to the French Revolution.^ Across Europe conspiracy theories are all the rage.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Secret Conspiracy Theories that are a part of our modern reality are only theories until they are either proved or disproved through independent research.

    ^ NASA and the Reptilian Overlords , by Ted Tweitmeyer, February 10, 2004 Here's a list of modern psychology theories that may or may not be conspiracies...
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0754635643.
     
  • Peter Knight, ed (2003). .Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia.^ Long Bets-Predictions (not exactly conspiracy theory but an interesting concept for posting them online) Frontier Survival Concentration Camps for Americans Introduction to Sociopathy .
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Why do British scholars (who should know their own history) insist a plan for a global government is a wacko American conspiracy "theory"?
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ British Support for American Conspiracy Theories 5.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ABC-Clio. ISBN 1576078124.
     
  • Gordon B. Arnold, ed (2008). .Conspiracy Theory in Film, Television, and Politics.^ Oh yeah, you look beautiful.” Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
    • 33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True, What Every Person Should Know… | CY.TALK News Blog 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC blog.cytalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Is Michael Moore's film 'Fahrenheit 9/11' a conspiracy theory?
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ In response to this objection to conspiracy theories, some argue that no political or historical theory can be scientific by Popper's criterion because none reliably generate testable predictions.
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Praeger Publishers. p. 200. .ISBN 0275994627. 
  • West, Harry G. and Todd Sanders (eds) Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of Suspicion in the New World Order.^ The History and Significance of the New World Order by Scott Spencer (February 9, 1997) .
    • T E X T F I L E S 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.textfiles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The airport is believed to be the Western headquarters of the New World Order, with a massive underground base and city underneath the airport.
    • Under-Rated Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is most likely going to be how a new world order is made and enforced in the world .
    • Conspiracy Theory With Jesse Ventura: Global Warming 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Durham: Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0822330240
  • Rudmin, Floyd (2003). ."Conspiracy Theory As Naive Deconstructive History".^ Why do British scholars (who should know their own history) insist a plan for a global government is a wacko American conspiracy "theory"?
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mysterious Death theories: History is filled with asassinations, plots, coups, and conspiracies.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Where there is a lack of understanding of history, conspiracy theories fill the vacuum.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    newdemocracy.org. .http://www.newdemocracyworld.org/conspiracy.htm.^ In many cases there is strong evidence of doubles being at work: http://www.team8plus.org/e107_plugins/forum/forum_viewforum.php?23 .
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Milton William Cooper, "The Plot Thickens," http://harvest-trust.org/plot.htm (June 30, 1998).
    • A Culture of Conspiracy: CHAPTER FIVE 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.ucpress.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The original source is http://www.abcnews.go.com/sections/2020/2020/2020_011014_atc.feature.htm .

    Retrieved 2008-04-18
    .
     

Conspiracist literature

  • The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
  • Balsiger, David W. and Charles E. Sellier, Jr. (1977). The Lincoln Conspiracy. Los Angeles: Schick Sun Classic Books. ISBN 1-56849-531-5.
  • Bryan, Gerald B.; Talita Paolini, Kenneth Paolini (2000) [1940]. Psychic Dictatorship in America. Paolini International LLC. .ISBN 0-9666213-1-X. 
  • Cooper, Milton William (1991).^ Former Navy Officer William Milton Cooper (Bill Cooper) was shot to death by law enforcement officers that claimed he charged after and shot at them (with his one good leg).

    ^ A Petition to Indict the United States Government of Making Deals with an Alien Nation, by Milton William Cooper .
    • T E X T F I L E S 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.textfiles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Behold a Pale Horse.^ I believe it surfaced in the '80s in a book titled "Behold a Pale Horse."
    • The 10 Most Popular Conspiracy Theories | | AlterNet 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    Light Technology Publications. ISBN 0-929385-22-5. 
  • Icke, David (2004). .And the Truth Shall Set You Free: The 21st Century Edition.^ For those who are stuck in a false reality, it is incumbent on you as a free thinking soul, to; Do Your Own Research and Come to Your own Truth.

    ^ The claims that David Icke was an anti-Semite first began after the publication of his books The Robot's Rebellion, And the truth Shall Set You Free, The Biggest Secret, and his most recent book Children of the Matrix.

    ^ JONAS The truth shall make you free.
    • "Conspiracy Theory," by Brian Helgeland 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    Bridge of Love. ISBN 0-9538810-5-9.
     
  • Levenda, Peter (2005). Sinister Forces: Trilogy. Trine Day. ISBN 0-9752906-2-2. 
  • Marrs, Texe (1996). .Project L.U.C.I.D.: The Beast 666 Universal Human Control System.^ Mary Stewart Relfe claims in "The New Money System 666" that barcodes secretly encode the number 666 - the Biblical "Number of the Beast".
    • Conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC greyfalcon.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Living Truth Publishers. ISBN 1-884302-02-5.
     
  • Pelley, William Dudley (1950). Star Guests: Design for Mortality. Noblesville, Indiana: Soulcraft Press. 
  • Robertson, Pat (1992). .The New World Order.^ The History and Significance of the New World Order by Scott Spencer (February 9, 1997) .
    • T E X T F I L E S 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.textfiles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is most likely going to be how a new world order is made and enforced in the world .
    • Conspiracy Theory With Jesse Ventura: Global Warming 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He calls it “a big idea, a New World Order”.
    • 9/11 Conspiracy Theories | The Pyramid Power 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.thepyramidpower.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    W Publishing Group. .ISBN 0-8499-3394-3. 
  • Wilson, Robert Anton (2002).^ Notes on Pop Ecology, by Robert Anton Wilson (1982) .
    • T E X T F I L E S 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.textfiles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    TSOG: The Thing That Ate the Constitution, Tempe, AZ: New Falcon Publications. ISBN 1-56184-169-2.
  • Yallop, David A. (1984). .In God's Name: An Investigation into the Murder of Pope John Paul I.^ "The CIA killed Hendrix" "The Pope had John Lennon murdered", "Hitler was half Werewolf", "Space aliens replaced Nixon with a clone", etc, etc.

    ^ So thanks for the thourough investigation into 911 and thank god all those internet rumours are just that, eh.
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ At 08:00 PM on 03 Nov 2006, John Doe II wrote: It is team that the BBC starts some real investigation into 9/11.
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .New York: Bantam Dell Publishing Group.^ The National Security Council convenes a Dabhol working group as revealed in a series of government e-mails obtained by the Washington Post and the New York Daily News.

    ^ First published in 1958 by Devin-Adair Company, New York.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The New York Chamber of Commerce was founded on April 5, 1768 by a group of merchants whose purpose was to encourage business and industry, .

    .ISBN 0-553-05073-7.
  • Conspiracies, Conspiracy Theories and the Secrets of 9/11, by Mathias Bröckers.^ Next » 9/11 conspiracy theory .
    • BBC - The Editors: 9/11 conspiracy theory 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ The 9/11 Conspiracy Theories 12.
    • ACL: Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC nord.twu.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Enough of the 9/11 Conspiracy Theories, Already .
    • Conspiracy theory - Bwtm 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC www.beachblogger.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Sees conspiracy as a fundamental principle between cooperation and competition.^ The difference between competitive strategy and 'conspiracies' is that the formed involves legal and moral goals and methods, while the latter does not.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bashir is a conspiracy theorist - seeing the world as in eschatological war between forces of Allah and US Great Satan.
    • Conspiracy Theories 2 February 2010 14:12 UTC cpds.apana.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Proposes a new science of "conspirology."

External links

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Simple English

A conspiracy theory is a story that says that a group of people ("conspirators") have agreed ("conspired") to do illegal or evil things and hide them from the public. Many conspiracy theories say that certain historical events were actually caused by such conspirators.

Examples

Some conspiracy theories are about the Apollo moon landing, the 9/11/01 terrorist attacks, and the assassination of JFK.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 27, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Conspiracy theory, which are similar to those in the above article.








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