Constituent Assembly of India: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India, and served as its first Parliament as an independent nation.

Contents

Election

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar as chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, was the Chief Architect of Indian Constitution.

The Constituent Assembly of India was set up as a result of negotiations between the Indian leaders and members of the British Cabinet Mission. The constituent assembly was elected indirectly by the members of the Provincial legislative assembly. The Congress secured an overwhelming majority in the general seats while the Muslim League managed to sweep almost all the seats reserved for Muslims. The Congress had a majority of 69%. There were also members from smaller parties like the Scheduled Caste Federation, the Communist Party of India and the Unionist Party.

It first met on December 9, 1946 in Delhi, while India was still under British rule. It originally included the provinces that now compose Pakistan and Bangladesh, and the representation of the princely states of India. In June 1947, the delegations from the provinces of Sindh, East Bengal, Baluchistan, West Punjab and the North West Frontier Province formed the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan in Karachi.

The final Constituent Assembly had two hundred and seven representatives, including fifteen women. Only 28 members of the Muslim League finally joined the Indian Assembly. Later, 93 members were nominated from the princely states. The Congress thus secured a majority of 82%.

On August 15, 1947, India became an independent nation, and the Constituent Assembly became India's Parliament.

Organization

Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first president(temporary Chairman of the Assembly )of the Constituent Assembly when it met on December 9, 1946. Dr. Rajendra Prasad then became the President of the Constituent Assembly, and would later became the first President of India. The Vice President of the Constituent Assembly was Professor Harendra Coomar Mookerjee, former Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University and a prominent Christian from Bengal who also served as the Chairman of the Minorities Committee of the Constituent Assembly. He was appointed Governor of West Bengal after India became a republic.

Constitution and elections See Also: Constitution of India

The Assembly approved the Constitution on November 26, 1949, making it official. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution took effect — a day now commemorated as Republic Day nationwide.

At this point, the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of India, until the first elections under the new Constitution took place in 1952.

Committees under the Constituent Assembly

  • Committee on the Rules of procedure - Rajendra Prasad
  • Steering Committee Rajendra Prasad
  • Finance and Staff Committee Anugrah Narayan Sinha
  • Credential Committee Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer
  • House Committee B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya
  • Order of Business Committee K.M. Munshi
  • Ad hoc Committee on the National Flag Rajendra Prasad
  • Committee on the Functions of the Constituent Assembly G.V. Mavalankar
  • States Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities
  • Tribal and Excluded Areas Vallabhbhai Patel
  • Minorities Sub-Committee H.C. Mookherjee
  • Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee J.B. Kripalani
  • North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam. Excluded & Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee Gopinath Bardoloi
  • Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas (Other than those in Assam) Sub-Committee A.V. Thakkar
  • Union Powers Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Union Constitution Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Drafting Committee B.R. Ambedkar

Members of the Indian Constituent Assembly

Indian National Congress

Muslim League

Others

Scheduled Caste Federation

Akalis

Communist

  • Somnath Lahiri

List of Members(According to regions)

MADRAS

O.V. Alagesan, Mrs. Ammu Swaminathan, M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, Moturi Satyanarayana, Mrs. Dakshayani Velayudhan, Mrs. G. Durgabai, Kala Venkatarao, N. Gopalaswamy Ayyangar, D. Govinda Das, Rev. Jerome D'Souza, P. Kakkan, K. Kamaraj, V.C. Kesava Rao, T.T. Krishnamachari, Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar L. Krishnaswami Bharathi, P. Kunhiraman , M. Thirumula Rao, V.I. Muniswamy Pillay, M.A. Muthiah Chettiyar, V. Nadimuthu Pillai, S. Nagappa, P.L. Narasimha Raju, B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, C. Perumalswamy Reddy, T. Prakasam, S.H. Prater, Raja Swetachalapati Ramakrishna Renga Roa of Bobbili, R.K. Shanmukham Chetti, T.A. Ramalingam Chettiyyar, Ramanath Goenka, O.P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar, N.G. Ranga, N. Sanjeeva Reddy, K. Santhanam, B. Shiva Rao, Kallur Subba Rao, U. Srinivasa Mallayya, P. Subbarayan, C. Subramaniam, V Subramaniam,, M.C. Veerabahu, P.M. Velayudapani, A.K. Menon, T.J.M. Wilson, Mohamed Ismail Sahib, K.T.M. Ahmed Ibrahim, Mahboob Ali Baig Sahib Bahadur, B. Pocker Sahib Bahadur

BOMBAY

Balchandra Maheshwar Gupte, Mrs. Hansa Mehta, Hari Vinayak Pataskar, B.R. Ambedkar, Joseph Alban D'Souza, Kanayalal Nanabhai Desai, Keshavrao Marutirao Jedhe, Khandubhai Kasanji Desai, Bal Gangadhar Kher, M.R. Masani, K.M. Munshi, Narahar Vishnu Gadgil, S. Nijalingappa, S.K. Patil, Ramchandra Manohar Nalavade, R.R. Diwakar, Shankarrao Deo, G. V. Mavalankar, Vallabhbhai Patel, Abdul Kadar Mohammad Shaikh, A.A. Khan

WEST BENGAL

Monomohan Dass, Arun Chandra Guha, Lakshmi Kanta Maitra, Mihir Lal Chattopadhyay, Satis Chandra Samanta, Suresh Chandra Majumdar, Upendranath Barman, Prabhudayal Himatsingka, Basanta Kumar Das, Mrs. Renuka Ray, H.C. Mookherjee, Surendra Mohan Ghose, Syama Prasad Mookerjee, Ari Bahadur Gurung, R.E. Platel, K.C. Neogy, Raghib Ahsan, Jasimuddin Ahmad, Naziruddin Ahmad, Abdul Hamid, Abdul Halim Ghuznavi

UNITED PROVINCES

Ajit Prasad Jain, Algu Rai Shastri, Balkrishna Sharma, Banshi Dhar Misra, Bhagwan Din, Damodar Swarup Seth, Dayal Das Bhagat, Dharam Prakash, A. Dharam Dass, R. V. Dhulekar, Feroz Ganhdi, Gopal Narain, Krishna Chandra Sharma, Govind Ballabh Pant, Govind Malaviya, Har Govind Pant, Harihar Nath Shastri, Hriday Nath Kunzru, Jaspat Roy Kapoor, Jagannath Baksh Singh, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jogendra Singh, Jugal Kishore, Jwala Prasad Srivastava, B.V. Keskar, Mrs. Kamala Chaudhri, Kamalapati Tiwari, J.B. Kripalani, Mahavir Tyagi, Khurshed Lal, Masurya Din, Mohan Lal Saksena, Padampat Singhania, Phool Singh, Paragi Lal, Mrs. Purnima Banerjee, Prurshottam Das Tandon, Hira Vallabha Tripathi, Ram Chandra Gupta, Shibban Lal Saxena, Satish Chandra, John Matthai, Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani, Sunder Lall, Venkatesh Narayan Tivary, Mohanlal Gautam, Vishwambhar Dayal Tripathi, Begum Aizaz Rasul, Hyder Hussain,, Hasrat Mohani, Abul Kalam Azad, Muhammad Ismail Khan, Rafi Ahmad Kidwai, Mohd. Hifzur Rahman

EAST PUNJAB

Bakshi Tek Chand, Jairamdas Daulatram, Thakurdas Bhargava, Bikramlal Sondhi, Yashwant Rai, Ranbir Singh, Achint Ram, Nand Lal, Sardar Baldev Singh, Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir, Sardar Hukam Singh, Sardar Bhopinder Singh Mann

BIHAR

Amiyo Kumar Ghosh, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Banarsi Prasad Jhunjhunwala, Bhagwat Prasad, Boniface Lakra, Brajeshwar Prasad, Chandika Ram, K.T. Shah, Devendra Nath Samanta, Dip Narain Sinha, Guptanath Singh, Jadubans Sahay, Jagat Narain Lal, Jagjivan Ram, Jaipal Singh, Kameshwara Singh of Darbhanga, Kamaleshwari Prasad Yadav, Mahesh Prasad Sinha, Krishna Ballabh Sahay, Raghunandan Prasad , Rajendra Prasad, Rameshwar Prasad Sinha, Ramnarayan Singh, Sachchidananda Sinha, Sarangdhar Sinha, Satyanarayan Sinha, Binodanand Jha, P.K. Sen, Sri Krishna Sinha, Sri Narayan Mahtha, Syamanandan Sahaya, Hussain Imam, Saiyid Jafar Imam, Latifur Rahman,, Mohammad Tahir, Tajamul Hussain.

CENTRAL PROVINCES & BERAR

Raghu Vira, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, B.A. Mandloi, Brijlal Nandlal Biyani, Thakur Cheedilal, Seth Govind Das, Hari Singh Gour, Hari Vishnu Kamath, Hemchandra Jagobaji Khandekar, Ghanshyam Singh Gupta, Lakshman Shrawan Bhatkar, Panjabrao Shamrao Deshmukh, Ravi Shankar Shukla, R.K. Sidhva, Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari, Frank Anthony, Kazi Syed Karimuddin, Ganpatrao Dani

ASSAM

Nibaran Chandra Laskar, Dharanidhar Basu-Matari, Gopinath Bardoloi, J.J.M. NIchols-Roy, Kuladhar Chaliha, Rohini Kumar Chaudhury, Muhammad Saadulla, Abdur Rouf

ORISSA

B.Das, Biswanath Das, Krishna Chandra Gajapati Narayana Deo of Parlakimedi, Harekrushna Mahatab, Lakshminarayan Sahu, Lokanath Misra, Nandkishore Das, Rajkrishna Bose, Santanu Kumar Das

DELHI

Deshbhandhu Gupta

AJMER-MERWARA

Mukut Bihari Lal Bhargava

COORG

C.M. Poonacha

MYSORE

K. Chengalaraya Reddy, T. Siddalingaiya, H.R. Guruv Reddy, S.V. Krishnamurthy Rao, K. Hanumanthaiya, H. Siddaveerappa, T. Channiah,

JAMMU AND KASHMIR

Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, Motiram Baigra, Mirza Mohmmad Afzal Beg, Maulana Mohammad Sayeed Masoodi,

TRAVANCORE-COCHIN

A. Thanu Pillai, R. Sankar, P.S. Nataraja Pillai, Mrs. Annie Mascarene, K.A. Mohamed, P.T. Chacko, P. Govinda Menon,

MADHYA BHARAT

V.S. Sarwate, Brijraj Narain, Gopikrishna Vijayavargiya, Ram Sahai, Kusum Kant Jain, Radhavallabh Vijayavargiya, Sitaram S. Jajoo,

SAURASHTRA

Balwant Rai Gopalji Mehta, Jaisukhlal Hathi, Amritlal Vithaldas Thakkar, Chimanlal Chakubhai Shah, Samaldas Laxmidas Gandhi,

RAJASTHAN

V.T. Krishnamachari, Hiralal Shastri, Sardar Singhjhi of Khetri, Jaswant Singhji, Raj Bhadur, Manikya Lal Varma, Gokul Lal Asava, Ramchandra Upadhyaya, Balwant Sinha Mehta, Dalel Singh, Jainarain Vyas,

PATIALA AND EAST PUNJAB STATES UNION

Ranjit Singh,, Sochet Singh, Bhagwant Roy

BOMBAY STATES

Vinayakrao Balshankar Vaidya, B.N. Munavalli, Gokulbhai Daulatram Bhatt, Jivraj Narayan Mehta, Gopaldas A. Desai, Paranlal Thakurlal Munshi, B.H. Khardekar, Ratnappa Bharamappa Kumbhar

ORISSA STATES

Lal Mohan Pati, N. Madhava Rau, Raj Kunwar, Sarangadhar Das, Yudhishthir Misra

CENTRAL PROVINCES STATES

R.L. Malaviya, Kishorimohan Tripathi, Ramprasad Potai

UNITED PROVINCES STATES

B.H. Zaidi, Krishna Singh,,

MADRAS STATES

V. Ramaiah

VINDHYA PRADESH

Avdesh Pratap Singh Shambu Nath Shukla Ram Sahai Tiwari Mannulalji Dwidedi

COOCH BEHAR

Himmat Singh K. Maheshwari

TRIPURA AND MANIPUR

Girja Shankar Guha

BHOPAL

Lal Singh

KUTCH

Bhawani Arjun Khimji

HIMACHAL PRADESH

Y.S. Parmar

See also

External Source

Granville Austin, The Indian constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation, ISBN 78019564958


http://164.100.47.132/lssnew/constituent/vol1p1.html

http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/debates/members.htm


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