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Convolvulus arvensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Convolvulus
Species: C. arvensis
Binomial name
Convolvulus arvensis
L.

Convolvulus arvensis (Field Bindweed) is a species of bindweed, native to Europe and Asia. It is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial plant growing to 0.5-2 m high. The leaves are spirally arranged, linear to arrowhead-shaped, 2-5 cm long, with a 1-3 cm petiole. The flowers are trumpet-shaped, 1-2.5 cm diameter, white or pale pink, with five slightly darker pink radial stripes.

Flower with red velvet mites

There are two varieties:

  • Convolvulus arvensis var. arvensis. Leaves broader.
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. linearifolius. Leaves narrower.

Although it produces attractive flowers, it is often unwelcome in gardens as a nuisance weed due to its rapid growth and choking of cultivated plants. It has been introduced to North America, where it is an invasive species in some areas. Its dense mats invade agricultural fields and reduce crop yields; it is estimated that crop losses due to this plant in the United States exceeded US$377 million in the year 1998 alone. [1]

Other common names, mostly obsolete, include lesser bindweed, European bindweed, withy wind (in basket willow crops), perennial morning glory, smallflowered morning glory, creeping jenny, and possession vine. It is called leli in Punjabi.

In one of the tales collected by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Our Lady's Little Glass, this flower is used by Our Lady to drink wine with when she helps free a wagoner's cart. The story goes on to say that "the little flower is still always called Our Lady's Little Glass."

References

  1. ^ Coombs, E. M., et al., Eds. (2004). Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the United States. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 151.

External links

Gallery


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Convolvulus arvensis

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales
Familia: Convolvulaceae
Subfamilia: Convolvuloideae
Genus: Convolvulus
Species: Convolvulus arvensis

Name

Convolvulus arvensis L.

Synonyms

  • Convolvulus ambigens House
  • Convolvulus arvensis f. purpurascens T.Tacik
  • Convolvulus arvensis f. rehmanii T.Tacik
  • Convolvulus arvensis subsp. crispatus Franco
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. angustatus Ledebour
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. crassifolius Choisy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. hastulatus Meisn.
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. linearifolius Choisy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. obtusifolius Choisy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. parvifolius Choisy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. prostratus Rouy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. pumilus Choisy
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. sagittatus Ledebour
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. sagittifolius Fisch.
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. sagittifolius Turczaninow nom. illeg.
  • Convolvulus arvensis var. villosus Choisy
  • Convolvulus auriculatus Desr.
  • Convolvulus cherleri Agardh ex Roem. & Schult.
  • Convolvulus chinensis Ker Gawler
  • Convolvulus corsicus Roem. & Schult.
  • Convolvulus fischerianus Petrov
  • Convolvulus longipedicellatus Sa'ad
  • Convolvulus minor Bubani nom. illeg.
  • Convolvulus prostratus F.W.Schmidt nom. illeg.
  • Convolvulus sagittifolius (Fisch.) T.Liou & Ling nom. illeg.
  • Convolvulus sagittifolius Fisch. ex Choisy nom. illeg.
  • Convolvulus sagittifolius Salisbury nom. illeg.
  • Lizeron arvensis (L.) Rafinesque
  • Lizeron chinensis (Ker Gawl.) Rafinesque
  • Strophocaulos arvensis (L.) Small, 1933

Vernacular names

English: Field Bindweed
GĂ idhlig: Iadh-lus
Svenska: Ă…kervinda







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