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Cookie
Choco chip cookie.png
A chocolate chip cookie
Origin
Alternate name(s) biscuit
Place of origin United States and Canada
Dish details
Course served snack, dessert
Serving temperature variable

In the United States and Canada, a cookie is a small, flat-baked treat, containing milk, flour, eggs, and sugar, etc. In most English-speaking countries outside North America, the most common word for this is biscuit; in many regions both terms are used, while in others the two words have different meanings—a cookie is a plain bun in Scotland,[1] while in the United States a biscuit is a kind of quick bread similar to a scone.

Contents

Etymology

Its name derives from the Dutch word koekje or (informal) koekie which means little cake, and arrived in the English language through the Dutch in North America.

Description

A cookie cake is a large cookie that can be decorated with icing similar to other cakes.

Cookies are most commonly baked until crisp or just long enough that they remain soft, but some kinds of cookies are not baked at all. Cookies are made in a wide variety of styles, using an array of ingredients including sugars, spices, chocolate, butter, peanut butter, nuts or dried fruits. The softness of the cookie may depend on how long it is baked.

A general theory of cookies may be formulated this way. Despite its descent from cakes and other sweetened breads, the cookie in almost all its forms has abandoned water as a medium for cohesion. Water in cakes serves to make the base (in the case of cakes called "batter"[2]) as thin as possible, which allows the bubbles – responsible for a cake's fluffiness – to form better. In the cookie, the agent of cohesion has become some form of oil. Oils, whether they be in the form of butter, egg yolks, vegetable oils or lard are much more viscous than water and evaporate freely at a much higher temperature than water. Thus a cake made with butter or eggs instead of water is far denser after removal from the oven.

Oils in baked cakes do not behave as soda in the finished result. Rather than evaporating and thickening the mixture, they remain, saturating the bubbles of escaped gases from what little water there might have been in the eggs, if added, and the carbon dioxide released by heating the baking powder. This saturation produces the most texturally attractive feature of the cookie, and indeed all fried foods: crispness saturated with a moisture (namely oil) that does not sink into it.

History

Cookie-like hard wafers have existed for as long as baking is documented, in part because they deal with travel very well, but they were usually not sweet enough to be considered cookies, by modern standards.[3]

Cookies appear to have their origins in 7th century AD Persia, shortly after the use of sugar became relatively common in the region.[4] They spread to Europe through the Muslim conquest of Spain. By the 14th century, they were common in all levels of society, throughout Europe, from royal cuisine to street vendors.

With global travel becoming widespread at that time, cookies made a natural travel companion, a modernized equivalent of the travel cakes used throughout history. One of the most popular early cookies, which traveled especially well and became known on every continent by similar names, was the jumble, a relatively hard cookie made largely from nuts, sweetener, and water.

Cookies came to America in the early English settlement (the 1600s), although the name "koekje" arrived with the Dutch. This became Anglicized to "cookie" or cooky. Among the popular early American cookies were the macaroon, gingerbread cookies, and of course jumbles of various types.

The most common modern cookie, given its style by the creaming of butter and sugar, was not common until the 18th century.[5]

Classification of cookies

Ten types of cookies

Cookies are broadly classified according to how they are formed, including at least these categories:

  • Drop cookies are made from a relatively soft dough that is dropped by spoonfuls onto the baking sheet. During baking, the mounds of dough spread and flatten. Chocolate chip cookies (Toll House cookies), oatmeal (or oatmeal raisin) cookies and rock cakes are popular examples of drop cookies.
  • Refrigerator cookies are made from a stiff dough that is refrigerated to become even stiffer. The dough is typically shaped into cylinders which are sliced into round cookies before baking.
  • Molded cookies are also made from a stiffer dough that is molded into balls or cookie shapes by hand before baking. Snickerdoodles and peanut butter cookies are examples of molded cookies.
  • Rolled cookies are made from a stiffer dough that is rolled out and cut into shapes with a cookie cutter. Gingerbread men are an example.
  • Pressed cookies are made from a soft dough that is extruded from a cookie press into various decorative shapes before baking. Spritzgebäck are an example of a pressed cookie.
  • Bar cookies consist of batter or other ingredients that are poured or pressed into a pan (sometimes in multiple layers), and cut into cookie-sized pieces after baking. Brownies are an example of a batter-type bar cookie, while Rice Krispie treats are a bar cookie that doesn't require baking, perhaps similar to a cereal bar. In British English, bar cookies are known as "tray bakes".
  • Sandwich cookies are rolled or pressed cookies that are assembled as a sandwich with a sweet filling. Fillings may be with marshmallow, jam, or icing. The Oreo cookie, made of two chocolate cookies with a vanilla icing filling is an example.
Six types of cookies

Cookies also may be decorated with an icing, especially chocolate, and closely resemble a type of confectionery.

Biscuits (cookies) in the United Kingdom

A basic biscuit (cookie) recipe includes flour, shortening (often lard), baking powder or soda, milk (buttermilk or sweet milk) and sugar. Common savory variations involve substituting sugar with an ingredient such as cheese or other dairy products. Shortbread is a popular biscuit in the UK.

The term Biscuit to describe the Cookie has been the cause of debate. In English(UK) it is commonly viewed that a 'biscuit' and 'cookie' are two different classifications, not to be used to describe the same food type.

In the United Kingdom the term cookie often just refers to chocolate chip cookies or a variation (e.g. cookies containing oats, Smarties).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ cookie - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition. Merriam-Webster, Inc.: 1999.
  3. ^ http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodcookies.html Foodtimeline.org
  4. ^ http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/CookieHistory.htm Whatscookingamerica.net
  5. ^ http://www.ochef.com/25.htm Ochef.com

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Sesame Street article)

From Wikiquote

Sesame Street (1969-) is an educational television program designed for preschoolers, and is recognized as a pioneer of the contemporary standard which combines education and entertainment in children's television shows. Sesame Street is well known for the inclusion of the Muppet characters created by the legendary puppeteer Jim Henson. More than 4,000 episodes of the show have been produced in forty seasons, which distinguishes it as one of the longest-running shows in television history.

Contents

Cookie World

Cookie Monster

  • Cookie Monster (to tune of Elmo's World theme): La la la la, la la la la, Cookie World. La la la la, la la la la, Cookie World. Me love me cookies, yeah, me cookies too. that was amazing

1983 episodes

Episode 1839

Big Bird: Oh, hi Gordon!
Gordon: Oh, hi Big Bird.
Big Bird: Nice day, isn't it?
Gordon: Yeah, very nice. Big Bird?
Big Bird: Hmmm?
Gordon: Why are you doing that?
Big Bird: What?
Gordon: That.
Big Bird: Oh.
Gordon: With your head between your legs.
Big Bird: Oh, because.
Gordon: Because why?
Big Bird: Just because.
Gordon: You're walking with your head between your legs, just because? Uh, can't you give me a better reason than just because?
Big Bird: Well, I guess I could try, but I don't think I could come up with a better reason.
Gordon: Yeah, I understand.
Big Bird: You know what I'm gonna do now?
Gordon: What?
Big Bird: This. (makes a weird move) De-do. De-do. De-do. De-do. De-do. De-do. De-do.
(Gordon laughs and does the exact same thing)

David: Look, look, I'm tellin' you, she's a great candidate! She says that she's against big spending, big business, and inflation. She says when she gets into office, there'll be enough money for government, social programs, and the space program.
Bob: Hey, sounds great. What's her name?
Gordon: Alice in Wonderland.
(everyone else laughs)

Others

Gordon Robinson: Sally, you've never seen a street like Sesame Street. Everything happens here. You're gonna love it!
  • The very first line spoken on the very first episode from November 1969

Alistair Cookie: Good evening, and welcome to Monsterpiece Theater.
  • Unidentified 1981 episode

Kermit the Frog: It's not easy being green.

Ernie: Rubber Ducky, you're the one.
You make bathtime lots of fun.
Rubber Ducky, I'm awfully fond of you.

Ernie: The statue knows "Rubber Ducky", Bert.
  • Unidentified 1981 episode

Cookie Monster: Me do anything for cookie!

Grover: It is I, your furry pal, Grover!

Fat Blue: Ah, what a beautiful day! I really should come here more often. It's much nicer to have lunch here in the park where there aren't any waiters! [Grover suddenly comes in, playing a guitar.] Oh no...
Grover: Ha-ha, yes, it is I, Grover!
Fat Blue: The very waiter I was hoping to get away from!
Grover: Uh, excuse me sir, but I am not a waiter.
Fat Blue: Well of course you are; you waited on me hundreds of times!
Grover: No, but today is my day off, and on my day off, I am a writer and singer of songs!
Fat Blue: Of all the benches in all the parks in the world, I had to pick this one!
Grover: I looooove making music! And I looooove singing! La-la-la-la-la-la-la-la! And I looooove to find words that sound the same, words that rhyme! Sir, would you care to make a request?
Fat Blue: I certainly would.
Grover: Oh good!
Fat Blue: Go away! And let me have my lunch.
Grover: Hmm. Well, that is two requests actually, but I will be glad to oblige. [starts playing and singing]
Go away, take a ride, take a walk!
Do not stay, I have no time to talk!
Yesterday I could pass for some fun,
But today I must ask you to run!
Go away, make it far,
Go away, take the car,
Don't delay, please just scram,
Do not play where I aaaaammm!
Go away, make it far--
Fat Blue: THAT'S ENOUGH!!
Grover: Oh! Well you are right; that is enough of "Go Away!" And now, a little tune I like to call, "Let Me Have My Lunch!" [starts playing again]
Fat Blue: Ugh...
Grover: This is the vamp, I love this part! You can tap your foot if you like.
[singing] Let me have my lunch,
Yes I'm eager for a bite!
Let me have my lunnnnch,
'Cause it's such a pretty sight!
There you go, sir! Two beautiful songs with many cute rhymes. Like, um, like "away" and "a-play" and "stay", and uh, "bite", "bite" and "sight", yes, and then there was "walk" and "talk", and, uh, "far" and "car", and "scram" and--
Fat Blue: Yes yes yes, that's just swell!
Grover: Swell indeed! In fact, all the rhyming has made me quite hungry for my lunch.
Fat Blue: Ugh, take mine!
Grover: Oh, that is very kind of you, sir. But what about your lunch?
Fat Blue: Well, I was thinking of that restaurant where you work!
Grover: Oh, but sir, I will not be there!
Fat Blue: Ah, exactly! [walks off]
Grover: Wait, sir! I shall play for you while you eat! [gives chase]

See also

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|A plain sugar cookie]] A cookie is a sweet dessert made from flour. Cookies are made in an oven. They are also called biscuits in many English-speaking countries, except for the United States and Canada.

Contents

Description

s.]] Most cookies are flat and round like a disc. Cookies often have flavors added to them, like spices, chocolate, butter, peanut butter, nuts or dried fruits. Most cookies are very sweet. Today, many people think of cookies with warmth and love. Cookies may be used like chocolate and candy as an reward when children do good deeds.

Even though it is close to cakes and other sweetened breads, cookies usually do not use water for cohesion. Water in cakes makes the base (in the case of cakes called "batter"[1]) as thin as possible, which allows the bubbles to form better. Cookies do not have bubbles, so they do not need this. In cookies, some form of oil or fat is used for cohesion. Oils, like butter, egg yolks, vegetable oils or lard are much more viscous than water and evaporate freely at a much higher temperature than water. So a cake made with butter or eggs instead of water is more dense when cooked.

History

Hard wafers have been made for as long as baking existed. They were very popular because they last a long time and are not fragile, but they were normally not sweet enough to be called cookies today.[2]

Cookies were made at first in 7th century AD Persia, just after the use of sugar became common there.[3] They spread to Europe through the Muslim conquest of Spain. By the 14th century, they were common in all parts of Europe, and could be found anywhere from royal cuisine to street vendors.

People started to travel around the world at that time, and cookies made a good travel snack; a sweeter version of the travel cakes used throughout history. One of the most popular early cookies, which traveled very well and became known on every continent, was the jumble, a hard cookie made mostly from nuts, sweetener, and water.

Types

Common types of cookies:

Cookies that are bought from the supermarket have a very large amount of fat and sugar.

Pictures

References

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