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Coos Bay, Oregon
—  City  —
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 43°22′35″N 124°14′14″W / 43.37639°N 124.23722°W / 43.37639; -124.23722Coordinates: 43°22′35″N 124°14′14″W / 43.37639°N 124.23722°W / 43.37639; -124.23722
Country United States
State Oregon
County Coos
Incorporated 1874
Government
 - Mayor Jeff McKeown
Area
 - Total 15.9 sq mi (41.3 km2)
 - Land 10.6 sq mi (27.4 km2)
 - Water 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3.05 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 16,210
 Density 1,451.9/sq mi (560.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97420
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-15250[1]
GNIS feature ID 1166633[2]
Website www.coosbay.org

The city of Coos Bay is located in Coos County, Oregon, United States, where the Coos River enters Coos Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The city borders on the nearby city of North Bend, and together they are often referred to as one entity called either Coos Bay-North Bend or the Bay Area. Coos Bay had a total population of 15,374 in the 2000 census, with a 2007 estimate of 16,210 residents.[3]

Contents

History

Nineteenth century

Sir Francis Drake is said to have sought shelter in the bay for his ship, the Golden Hind and her crew in 1579.[4]

There has been a settlement on Coos Bay since 1853, when the town of Marshfield was founded there and named after the Massachusetts hometown of its founder, J. C. Tolman.[4] The first Methodist church in the area was established in 1857.[5] By 1866 the inhabitants, who were reliant on the sea for their income, had built the Cape Arago Light. The setting up of a post office in 1871 and the arrival of the Coos Bay Wagon Road in the town a year later connected Coos County with the Umpqua River valley in neighbouring Douglas County, on the other side of the Coast Range of mountains. This wagon road, although long gone in its original form, is still partially in existence since the route of Oregon Route 42 roughly follows the original right of way.

1869 saw Coos Bay set up its first, and the state's 48th, chartered Masonic Lodge.[6] Named Blanco Lodge, this brotherhood was set up by several of the town's founding fathers. With this development, the incorporation of Marshfield came in 1874. One of the nation's oldest still-operating machine shops, the Nelson Machine Works-Coos Bay Iron Works, was set up in 1888.

Twentieth century

Marshfield from Wireless Hill circa 1920

In 1906 the only lynching ever to be documented in Oregon occurred in Coos Bay, of Alonzo Tucker, a black man.He was accused of raping a woman. There is no record of his escape from jail. The only account is that he was caught by a mob of 200-300 people, shot twice and hung from the fourth street bridge. The location of the hanging is across from the high school. No charges were ever brought to the mob. The newspaper at that time reported the mob was "quiet and orderly." Alonzo Tucker's cause of death was asphyxiation.[7][8]

By 1944 there was widespread discontent among the populace with the name of their town.[citation needed] Rather than keeping the name of a town in far-away Massachusetts, the residents voted to change the name of the town to Coos Bay.[4] Marshfield's name change to Coos Bay resulted from a 1943 consolidation vote among the residents of Marshfield and North Bend, and an unincorporated area between them.[citation needed] Marshfield voted for the consolidation and North Bend rejected it.[citation needed] In 1944, Marshfield citizens held a general election, adopting a new city charter and name, Coos Bay.[citation needed]

The worst loss of life for a fire department in modern Oregon history[citation needed] occurred in Coos Bay on November 25, 2002, when three firefighters were killed by a structural failure of the roof in an auto body shop. The accidental blaze paralyzed the city for several hours,[citation needed] with fire departments from several neighboring towns helping to try and stop the blaze. Captain Randy Carpenter, Firefighter/Engineer Robert "Chuck" Hanners and Firefighter/Engineer Jeff Common, all from Coos Bay, died when an explosion caused the roof of the building to cave in - they were on the 2nd Floor at the time.[9]

New Carissa

On February 4, 1999, a Japanese ship named the New Carissa ran aground on a beach 2.7 miles (4.3 km) north of the entrance to Coos Bay, drawing international attention to the town. The New Carissa was empty at the time, heading for the Port of Coos Bay to pick up a cargo of wood chips. When the captain was told that the weather was too poor for the ship to enter port, he anchored his ship close by. The crew put out only one anchor, and it appears that this was probably on too short a chain to be effective. The subsequent US Coast Guard investigation found several other aspects of the ship's company's handling of the situation to have been poor, leading to the conclusion that human error caused the grounding.

70,000 US gallons (260 m3) of fuel oil were spilt by the vessel, with a further 165,000 to 255,000 gallons (625 to 965 m3) being deliberately set alight and burnt off by salvors later. The stern of the ship remains on the beach; the bow was towed out to sea and sunk after structural damage caused by the fire split the ship in two. As of June 2008, the wreck of the New Carissa is being cut into pieces and removed off the beach. The public support about this removal is not unanimous; many Coos Bay-North Bend citizens think it would be better to leave it as a tourist attraction.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41.3 km2), of which, 10.6 square miles (27.4 km2) of it is land and 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2) of it is water. The total area is 33.52% water.

Coos Bay welcome sign on U.S. Highway 101

Districts

The Eastside district of Coos Bay was originally called East Marshfield for its situation on the east side of the bay. East Marshfield post office was established in 1891, and it operated intermittently until 1908, when the name was changed to Eastside. The community of Eastside merged with the city of Coos Bay in 1983.[10]

The Empire district was founded as Empire City in 1853 by members of the Coos Bay Company from Jacksonville. It was expected that the town would be center of the region. The company was formed after the discovery of gold in northern California and southwestern Oregon. For a time Empire City was the county seat of Coos County. The first post office in the location was called Elkhorn, which ran from 1853 until 1854. It was the first post office in what is now Coos County, though at the time it was part of Umpqua County. Empire City post office was established in 1858 and ran until 1894, when it was renamed Empire. In 1965, the city of Empire voted to consolidate with Coos Bay.[10]

Climate

The climate in Coos Bay and surrounds can be described as temperate west coast, with winter temperatures from 37-55 degrees Fahrenheit (3-13 °C) and 52-70 degrees Fahrenheit (11-21 °C) in summer. Cool breezes off the Pacific moderate the city's climate year round. Rain is abundant in winter, due to moist low pressure troughs from the Pacific Ocean. The city's annual rainfall is about 64.2 inches (around 1625 mm), but totals are less than an inch in July and August. Fog often blankets the coastal fringe; common in summer due to the temperature gradient between the cool Pacific Ocean and the warm inland. Snow falls on less than five days per year in the city, but can be heavy in the adjacent Oregon Coast Range. Nearby Cape Blanco is one of the windiest places on Earth, with gusts of 125 miles per hour (200 km/h) or more achieved during severe winter storms.

Climate data for Coos Bay, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 53
(11.7)
55
(12.8)
56
(13.3)
58
(14.4)
61
(16.1)
64
(17.8)
67
(19.4)
68
(20)
67
(19.4)
63
(17.2)
57
(13.9)
53
(11.7)
57
(13.9)
Average low °F (°C) 40
(4.4)
41
(5)
42
(5.6)
44
(6.7)
47
(8.3)
51
(10.6)
53
(11.7)
53
(11.7)
50
(10)
46
(7.8)
43
(6.1)
40
(4.4)
42
(5.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 9.69
(246.1)
7.16
(181.9)
7.05
(179.1)
5.22
(132.6)
3.42
(86.9)
1.76
(44.7)
0.64
(16.3)
0.75
(19)
1.76
(44.7)
4.93
(125.2)
9.47
(240.5)
10.96
(278.4)
62.81
(1,595.4)
Source: [11] 2009-07-21

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 250
1880 642 156.8%
1890 1,461 127.6%
1900 1,391 −4.8%
1910 2,930 110.6%
1920 4,034 37.7%
1930 5,287 31.1%
1940 5,259 −0.5%
1950 6,223 18.3%
1960 7,084 13.8%
1970 13,466 90.1%
1980 14,424 7.1%
1990 15,076 4.5%
2000 15,374 2.0%
Est. 2007 15,763 2.5%
source:[12][13]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 15,374 people, 6,497 households, and 4,028 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,451.9 people per square mile (560.5/km²). There are 7,094 housing units at an average density of 669.9/sq mi (258.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 90.75% White, 0.37% African American, 2.27% Native American, 1.44% Asian, 0.31% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 3.51% from two or more races. 4.49% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 6,497 households out of which 27.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% are married couples living together, 11.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% are non-families. 30.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.29 and the average family size is 2.83.

In the city the population is spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $31,212, and the median income for a family is $38,721. Males have a median income of $32,324 versus $22,192 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,158. 16.5% of the population and 12.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.0% of those under the age of 18 and 9.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

Parks and recreation

The Coos Bay area is known for a variety of outdoor recreation opportunities, including the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, which brings approximately 1.5 million visitors each year.[15] Many of these visitors enjoy exploring the 6,000-acre (24 km2) sand dunes on their ATVs. The area's popularity has increased tourism—a growing industry in the formerly depressed economy.

Government

The City of Coos Bay operates under a council-manager form of government. The Coos Bay City Council is composed of a mayor and six councilors who are elected citywide to serve four-year terms. The council is responsible for setting policy decisions and they in turn hire a city manager to oversee the day-to-day administrative functions of the city.

Coos Bay operates its own library, fire department, public works and police department. The fire department has two fire stations that are staffed 24 hours a day. There is a third station that is used to house additional apparatus.

Education

Coos Bay is served by the Coos Bay School District and by Southwestern Oregon Community College.

Mass media

Radio

  • KSBA 88.5 FM (public)
  • KSOR 89.1 FM (public, translator)
  • KJCH 90.9 FM (Christian)
  • KMHS-FM 91.3 (high school)
  • K219CK 91.7 (translator for KEAR-FM)
  • KDCQ 92.9 FM (commercial)
  • KTEE 94.9 FM (commercial)
  • KTEE 95.7 FM (translator)
  • KSHR-FM 97.3 FM (commercial)
  • KYTT 98.7 FM (Christian)
  • KJMX 99.5 FM (commercial)
  • KJMX 100.3 FM (translator)
  • KVIP 102.1 FM (Christian, translator)
  • KYSJ 105.9 FM (commercial)
  • KOOS 107.3 FM (commercial)
  • KOOS 107.7 FM (translator)
  • KWRO 630 AM (commercial)
  • KGRV 700 AM (Christian)
  • KDUN 1030 AM (commercial)
  • KHSN 1230 AM (commercial)
  • KBBR 1340 AM (commercial)
  • KMHS 1420 AM (high school)

Television

Newspaper

Notable residents

Sister cities

Coos Bay has one sister city:[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  4. ^ a b c City of Coos Bay, History of Coos Bay http://www.coosbayonline.com/cb/aboutcb/CBHistory.htm - URL last accessed 1 April 2007
  5. ^ First United Methodist Church, "Our History" http://www.coosumc.org//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=29 - URL accessed 30 July 2008
  6. ^ Oregon Masons
  7. ^ McLagan, Elizabeth. A Peculiar Paradise: A History of Blacks in Oregon. 
  8. ^ Honore, Chris (June 22, 2005). "Oregon's dark hour". Ashland Daily Tidings. 
  9. ^ Roof Collapse Takes Three Oregon Firefighters, report by Northwest NewsChannel 8 taken from http://fallenbrothers.com/community/archive/index.php?t-3145.html - URL last accessed 9 March 2008
  10. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh Edition ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  11. ^ "MSN.com Weather" (in English). http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:USOR0072&q=Coos+Bay%2C+OR+forecast:averagesm. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  12. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 208.
  13. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  14. ^ Coos Bay Iron Works
  15. ^ Siuslaw National Forest
  16. ^ State of Oregon Economic & Community Development Department: Oregon Sister Relationships

External links








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