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Copa América
Copaamerica.jpg
Founded 1916
Region South America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams 12
Current champions  Brazil (8th title)
Most successful team  Uruguay
 Argentina
(14 titles each)

The Copa América (Spanish and Portuguese for "America Cup") is the main football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONMEBOL, the South American football confederation. The participating nations are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. Two invited teams from other confederations complete the twelve team tournament: Mexico has been a regular since they were invited for the first time in 1993. There is no qualification stage: all ten CONMEBOL teams compete by right, and others by invitation. The highest finishing member of CONMEBOL has the right to participate in the next edition of the FIFA Confederations Cup, but is not obliged to do so.[1]

Contents

Historical overview

It was held for the first time between July 2 and July 17, 1916 and won by Uruguay, as part of the commemorations of Argentina's independence centenary. CONMEBOL was founded during this event, on July 9 (Argentina's independence day). It was normally held every two years (though the intervals sometimes changed) until 2007, when CONMEBOL decided that the tournament would henceforth be held every four years, although provision was made for extraordinary stagings of the tournament if the ten national football federations wish it.[1]

The tournament was previously known as sup Campeonato Sudamericano de Selecciones (South American Championship of National Teams). South American Championship of Nations was the official English language name. The current name has been used since 1975. Between 1975 and 1983 it had no host nation, and was held in a home and away fashion. In 1984, CONMEBOL adopted the policy of rotating the right to host the Copa América amongst the ten member confederations. The first rotation has now been completed following the Copa América 2007 which took place in Venezuela. A second rotation has been agreed to begin in 2011, with host countries rotating in alphabetical order, starting with Argentina.[2]

Since 1993, two teams from other confederations, usually from CONCACAF whose members are geographically and culturally close, are also invited. Nations receiving invitations are Costa Rica (1997, 2001, 2004), Honduras (2001), Japan (1999), Mexico (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2007), and the United States (1993, 1995, 2007). The United States has been invited every time since 1997 but frequently turned down the invitation due to scheduling conflicts with Major League Soccer. However, on October 30, 2006, the US Soccer Federation accepted the invitation for participation in the 2007 tournament, ending a 12 year absence. At Copa América 2001, Canada was an invitee, but on July 6, 2001 withdrew because of security concerns.

Tournament results

South American Championship
Year Host Final Group Rank
Winner Runner-up 3rd Place 4th Place
1916
Details
(3)
 Argentina
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1917
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1919
Details
 Brazil
Brazil

Uruguay

Argentina

Chile
1920
Details
 Chile
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1921
Details
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Paraguay
1922
Details
 Brazil
Brazil

Paraguay

Uruguay

Argentina
1923
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Paraguay

Brazil
1924
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Paraguay

Chile
1925
Details
(1)
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay
n/a
1926
Details
 Chile
Uruguay

Argentina

Chile

Paraguay
1927
Details
 Peru
Argentina

Uruguay

Peru

Bolivia
1929
Details
 Argentina
Argentina

Paraguay

Uruguay

Peru
1935
Details
(4)
 Peru
Uruguay

Argentina

Peru

Chile
1937
Details
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Paraguay
1939
Details
 Peru
Peru

Uruguay

Paraguay

Chile
1941
Details
(4)
 Chile
Argentina

Uruguay

Chile

Peru
1942
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay
1945
Details
(4)
 Chile
Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Uruguay
1946
Details
(4)
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay

Uruguay
1947
Details
 Ecuador
Argentina

Paraguay

Uruguay

Chile
1949
Details
 Brazil
Brazil

Paraguay

Peru

Bolivia
1953
Details
 Peru
Paraguay

Brazil

Uruguay

Chile
1955
Details
 Chile
Argentina

Chile

Peru

Uruguay
1956
Details
(4)
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Chile

Argentina

Brazil
1957
Details
 Peru
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Peru
1959
Details
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay

Peru
1959
Details
(4)
 Ecuador
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Ecuador
1963
Details
 Bolivia
Bolivia

Paraguay

Argentina

Brazil
1967
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Chile

Paraguay
Copa América
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1975
Details
 Venezuela

Play-off Final


Peru
0 – 1 / 2 – 0
Play-off 1 – 0

Colombia
 Brazil
 Uruguay
n/a(2)
1979
Details
No fixed venue
Paraguay
3 – 0 / 0 – 1
Play-off
0 – 0 a.e.t.

Chile
 Brazil
 Peru
n/a(2)
1983
Details
No fixed venue
Uruguay
2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Brazil
 Paraguay
 Peru
n/a(2)
1987
Details
 Argentina
Uruguay
1 – 0
Chile

Colombia
2 – 1
Argentina
1989
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
1 – 0
Uruguay

Argentina
0 – 0
Paraguay
1991
Details
 Chile
Argentina
3 – 2
Brazil

Chile
1 – 1
Colombia
1993
Details
 Ecuador
Argentina
2 – 1
Mexico

Colombia
1 – 0
Ecuador
1995
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
1 – 1
5–3 pens

Brazil

Colombia
4 – 1
United States
1997
Details
 Bolivia
Brazil
3 – 1
Bolivia

Mexico
1 – 0
Peru
1999
Details
 Paraguay
Brazil
3 – 0
Uruguay

Mexico
2 – 1
Chile
2001
Details
 Colombia
Colombia
1 – 0
Mexico

Honduras
2 – 2
5–4 pens

Uruguay
2004
Details
 Peru
Brazil
2 – 2
4–2 pens

Argentina

Uruguay
2 – 1
Colombia
2007
Details
 Venezuela
Brazil
3 – 0
Argentina

Mexico
3 – 1
Uruguay
2011
Details
 Argentina
2015
Details
 Chile

(invited teams in italics)

1 Only three teams entered the tournament.
2 No third place match was played; third place was shared.
3 There was no trophy being competed for in the 1916 tournament. It was competed for the first time in the 1917 tournament.
4 The tournament was an extra edition, with no trophy handed to the winners, but considered official by CONMEBOL.

Distribution of championships won

Colored map of CONMEBOL countries with respect to number of championships in Copa América
Champions Nation Year(s)
14 times  Uruguay 1916, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1935, 1942, 1956, 1959, 1967, 1983, 1987, 1995
14 times  Argentina 1921, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1937, 1941, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1991, 1993
8 times  Brazil 1919, 1922, 1949, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007
2 times  Paraguay 1953, 1979
2 times  Peru 1939, 1975
1 time  Colombia 2001
1 time  Bolivia 1963

Tournament appearances

Appearances Nation
40  Uruguay
38  Argentina
35  Chile
33  Paraguay
32  Brazil
28  Peru
24  Ecuador
23  Bolivia
18  Colombia
14  Venezuela
7  Mexico
3  Costa Rica
 United States
1  Honduras
 Japan

General statistics

Team P W D L F A Dif
1  Argentina 173 111 31 31 422 166 +256
2  Uruguay 184 103 30 51 384 208 +176
3  Brazil 167 95 30 42 387 190 +197
4  Paraguay 153 61 30 62 241 270 −29
5  Chile 161 54 26 81 247 291 −44
6  Peru 132 46 31 55 193 220 −27
7  Colombia 99 36 20 43 120 175 −55
8  Bolivia 102 19 24 59 97 257 −160
9  Mexico 38 17 10 11 55 44 +11
10  Ecuador 108 14 19 75 114 296 −182
11  Venezuela 49 2 9 38 34 155 −121
12  Costa Rica 11 3 2 6 12 21 −9
13  Honduras 6 3 1 2 7 5 +2
14  United States 12 2 2 8 11 21 −10
15  Japan 3 0 1 2 3 8 −5

Distribution of hosts

Colored map of CONMEBOL showing the distribution of Copa America hosts.
Hosts Nation Year(s)
9 times  Argentina 1916, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1959, 1987, 2011
7 times  Uruguay 1917, 1923, 1924, 1942, 1956, 1967, 1995
6 times  Chile 1920, 1926, 1941, 1945, 1955, 1991, 2015
6 times  Peru 1927, 1935, 1939, 1953, 1957, 2004
4 times  Brazil 1919, 1922, 1949, 1989
3 times  Ecuador 1947, 1959, 1993
2 times  Bolivia 1963, 1997
1 time  Colombia 2001
1 time  Paraguay 1999
1 time  Venezuela 2007 (Venezuela was also the host of the 1975 Play-Off Final)
3 times No Host 1975, 1979, 1983

Topscorers

Overall top scorers

17 Goals
15 Goals
13 Goals
12 Goals
11 Goals
10 Goals

See also

References

External links



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