Copa del Rey: Wikis

  
  
  

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Copa del Rey
Copa del Rey de Fútbol - 1978.jpg
The championship trophy won by FC Barcelona in 1978.
Founded 1902-present
Region  Spain
Number of teams 83
Current champions FC Barcelona
Most successful club FC Barcelona (25 titles)
Television broadcasters Canal+ Liga, GolT, laSexta
2009–10 Copa del Rey

The Copa del Rey (Spanish Cup) is an annual football cup competition for Spanish football teams. Its full name is Campeonato de España - Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Don Juan Carlos I (Championship of Spain – His Majesty King Juan Carlos I's Cup), referring to the current King of Spain, Juan Carlos I of Spain.

The competition was founded in 1902. FC Barcelona have won the most football championship titles, with 25 wins.

Contents

History

The competition was first played in 1902 after Carlos Padrós, later president of Madrid FC, suggested a professional football competition to celebrate the coronation of Alfonso XIII. Four other teams joined Real Madrid CF for the first competition: FC Barcelona, RCD Espanyol, Athletic Bilbao and Real Madrid CF. The competition featured the first recorded game between FC Barcelona and Real Madrid CF, with the latter emerging 2-3 winners. Real Madrid CF eventually defeated Athletic Bilbao in the final.

It has been Spain's football “National Championship″ since 1903[1], before the foundation of the “Campeonato de Liga″—League Championship—in 1928.

It was initially known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Madrid City Council's Cup). Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII (His Majesty King Alfonso XIII's Cup). During the Second Spanish Republic it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la República (President of the Republic Cup) or Copa de España (Spanish Cup) and during the years of the Francisco Franco's dictatorship it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El Generalísimo or Copa del Generalísimo ((His Excellency) The Supreme General's Cup).[1] Teams from upper and lower divisions play against each other but the number of clubs allowed to participate is restricted.

The 1902 competition was won by Club Vizcaya, a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC. The 1902 cup is on display in the Athletic museum,[2] and the club includes the victory in its honours list.

Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Club Español de Madrid failed to show up. In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Unión Española de Clubs de Fútbol and the Federación Española de Fútbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War clubs in the Republican area of Spain entered the Copa de la España Libre, with Levante FC beating their city rivals Valencia CF 1-0 in the final. Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante FC,[3] the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet.[4]

Because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition the statistics regarding the leading winners are also disputed. FC Barcelona have won the Copa 25 times; Athletic Bilbao are just behind, with either 24 or 23 titles, depending on the source. Throughout the history of the competition there have been 12 actual trophies. Trophies have been permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition three times in a row and/or on five separate occasions. Thus, four trophies have been permanently awarded to FC Barcelona, three to Athletic Bilbao and one to Real Madrid CF.

Athletic Bilbao kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del Generalísimo in 1939 and Atlético Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Francisco Franco. The remaining trophy is the one in current usage.

Before the formation of La Liga in 1929, the competition was effectively a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Unlike the English FA Cup, entry is limited. Only teams from the Primera Division, Segunda A, about twenty-three teams from the Segunda B and the Tercera Division champions (or runners-up if the champion is a reserve team) are invited to enter. The early rounds are one-off games with teams from the lower divisions given home advantage. The round of 32, the round of 16, the quarter finals and semi-finals are played over two legs. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue. The winners qualify for both the Supercopa de España and the UEFA Europa League the following season.

Performance by club

Winners

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
FC Barcelona 25 9 1910, 1912, 1913, 1920, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1928, 1942, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1957, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1981, 1983, 1988, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2009
Athletic Bilbao 23 13 1903, 1904, 1910, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1921, 1923, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1969, 1973, 1984
Real Madrid 17 19 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1917, 1934, 1936, 1946, 1947, 1962, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1982, 1989, 1993
Atlético Madrid 9 8 1960, 1961, 1965, 1972, 1976, 1985, 1991, 1992, 1996
Valencia CF 7 10 1941, 1949, 1954, 1967, 1979, 1999, 2008
Real Zaragoza 6 5 1964, 1966, 1986, 1994, 2001, 2004
RCD Espanyol 4 5 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Sevilla FC 4 2 1935, 1939, 1948, 2007
Real Unión 4 1 1913, 1918, 1924, 1927
Real Sociedad 2 5 1909, 1987
Real Betis 2 2 1977, 2005
Deportivo La Coruña 2 1995, 2002
Arenas Club 1 3 1919
RCD Mallorca 1 2 2003
Club Vizcaya 1* 1 1902*
Levante UD 1* 1937*

Finals

Season Location Winner Runner-up Score
2010 Madrid
2009 Valencia FC Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 4-1
2008 Madrid Valencia CF Getafe CF 3-1
2007 Madrid Sevilla FC Getafe CF 1-0
2006 Madrid RCD Espanyol Real Zaragoza 4-1
2005 Madrid Real Betis Osasuna 2-1 (aet)
2004 Barcelona Real Zaragoza Real Madrid 3-2 (aet)
2003 Elche RCD Mallorca Recreativo de Huelva 3-0
2002 Madrid Deportivo La Coruña Real Madrid 2-1
2001 Sevilla Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 3-1
2000 Valencia RCD Espanyol Atlético Madrid 2-1
1999 Sevilla Valencia CF Atlético Madrid 3-0
1998 Valencia FC Barcelona RCD Mallorca 1-1 (penalties, 5-4)
1997 Madrid FC Barcelona Real Betis 3-2 (aet)
1996 Zaragoza Atlético Madrid FC Barcelona 1-0 (aet)
1995 Madrid Deportivo La Coruña Valencia CF 2-1
1994 Madrid Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 0-0 (penalties, 5-4)
1993 Valencia Real Madrid Real Zaragoza 2-0
1992 Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 2-0
1991 Madrid Atlético Madrid RCD Mallorca 1-0
1990 Valencia FC Barcelona Real Madrid 2-0
1989 Madrid Real Madrid Real Valladolid 1-0
1988 Madrid FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 1-0
1987 Zaragoza Real Sociedad Atlético Madrid 2-2 (penalties, 4-2)
1986 Madrid Real Zaragoza FC Barcelona 1-0
1985 Madrid Atlético Madrid Athletic Bilbao 2-1
1984 Madrid Athletic Bilbao FC Barcelona 1-0
1983 Zaragoza FC Barcelona Real Madrid 2-1
1982 Valladolid Real Madrid Sporting de Gijón 2-1
1981 Madrid FC Barcelona Sporting de Gijón 3-1
1980 Madrid Real Madrid Castilla CF 6-1
1979 Madrid Valencia CF Real Madrid 2-0
1978 Madrid FC Barcelona UD Las Palmas 3-1
1977 Madrid Real Betis Athletic Bilbao 2-2 (penalties, 8-7)
1976 Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Zaragoza 1-0
1975 Madrid Real Madrid Atlético Madrid 0-0 (penalties, 4-3)
1974 Madrid Real Madrid FC Barcelona 4-0
1973 Madrid Atlético Bilbao CD Castellón 2-0
1972 Madrid Atlético Madrid Valencia CF 2-1
1971 Madrid CF Barcelona Valencia CF 4-3
1970 Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia CF 3-1
1969 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Elche CF 1-0
1968 Madrid CF Barcelona Real Madrid 1-0
1967 Madrid Valencia CF Atlético Bilbao 2-1
1966 Madrid Real Zaragoza Atlético Bilbao 2-0
1965 Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Zaragoza 1-0
1964 Madrid Real Zaragoza Atlético Madrid 2-1
1963 Barcelona CF Barcelona Real Zaragoza 3-1
1962 Madrid Real Madrid Sevilla CF 2-1
1961 Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3-2
1960 Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3-1
1959 Madrid CF Barcelona Granada CF 4-1
1958 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 2-0
1957 Barcelona CF Barcelona RCD Español 1-0
1956 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Atlético Madrid 2-1
1955 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Sevilla CF 1-0
1954 Madrid Valencia CF CF Barcelona 3-0
1953 Madrid CF Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 2-1
1952 Madrid CF Barcelona Valencia CF 4-2
1951 Madrid CF Barcelona Real Sociedad 3-0
1950 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Real Valladolid 4-1
1949 Madrid Valencia CF Atlético Bilbao 1-0
1948 Madrid Sevilla CF Celta Vigo 4-1
1947 A Coruña Real Madrid RCD Español 2-0
1946 Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia CF 3-1
1945 Barcelona Atlético Bilbao Valencia CF 3-2
1944 Barcelona Atlético Bilbao Valencia CF 2-0
1943 Madrid Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 1-0
1942 Madrid CF Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 4-3
1941 Madrid Valencia CF RCD Español 3-1
1940 Madrid RCD Español Real Madrid 3-2
1939 Barcelona Sevilla FC Rácing Ferrol 6-2
1936 Valencia Madrid FC CF Barcelona 2-1
1935 Madrid Sevilla FC CE Sabadell FC 3-0
1934 Barcelona Madrid FC Valencia CF 2-1
1933 Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 2-1
1932 Madrid Athletic Bilbao FC Barcelona 1-0
1931 Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Betis 3-1
1930 Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Madrid CF 3-2
1929 Valencia RCD Español Real Madrid 2-1
1928 Santander FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 3-1
1927 Zaragoza Real Unión Arenas Club de Getxo 1-0
1926 Valencia FC Barcelona Atlético Madrid 3-2
1925 Sevilla FC Barcelona Arenas Club de Getxo 2-0
1924 San Sebastián Real Unión Real Madrid 1-0
1923 Barcelona Athletic Bilbao CE Europa 1-0
1922 Vigo FC Barcelona Real Unión 5-1
1921 Bilbao Athletic Bilbao Atlético Madrid 4-1
1920 Gijón FC Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 2-0
1919 Madrid Arenas Club de Getxo FC Barcelona 5-2
1918 Madrid Real Unión Madrid FC 2-0
1917 Barcelona Madrid FC Arenas Club de Getxo 2-1
1916 Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 4-0
1915 Irún Athletic Bilbao RCD Español 5-0
1914 Irún Athletic Bilbao FC Espanya de Barcelona 2-1
1913 Barcelona FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 2-1
1913 Madrid Rácing de Irún Athletic Bilbao 1-0
1912 Barcelona FC Barcelona Gimnástica Madrid 2-0
1911 Bilbao Athletic Bilbao CD Español 3-1
1910 Madrid FC Barcelona Club Español de Madrid 3-2
1910 San Sebastián Athletic Bilbao Vasconia 1-0
1909 Madrid Club Ciclista Club Español de Madrid 3-1
1908 Madrid Madrid FC Real Vigo Sporting 2-1
1907 Madrid Madrid FC Club Vizcaya 1-0
1906 Madrid Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 4-1
1905 Madrid Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 1-0
1904 Madrid Athletic Bilbao No final  
1903 Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 3-2
1902 Madrid Club Vizcaya FC Barcelona 2-1

Etymology

Real Madrid CF were originally known as Madrid FC and did not add the Real until 1920. During the Spanish Second Republic the club dropped Real from their name. In 1941, a decree issued by General Franco banned the use of non-Spanish language names. FC Barcelona and Sevilla FC became CF Barcelona and Sevilla CF and Athletic Bilbao had to change the spelling of their prefix to Atlético. RCD Espanyol were known as RCD Español until 1995.

See also

References

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