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Copenhagen Airport
Københavns Lufthavn
Copenhagen Airports Logo.gif
København terminal 3.jpg
IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Københavns Lufthavne
Serves Copenhagen,  Denmark
Location Kastrup
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 16 ft
Coordinates 55°37′43″N 12°38′49″E / 55.62861°N 12.64694°E / 55.62861; 12.64694Coordinates: 55°37′43″N 12°38′49″E / 55.62861°N 12.64694°E / 55.62861; 12.64694
Website http://www.cph.dk
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Passengers 19,715,451
Aircraft movements 236.172
Cargo (tonnes) 380,024 (2007 fig.)

Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) (IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark and the Oresund Region. It is located on the island of Amager, 8 kilometers south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometers west of Malmö city centre on the other side of the Oresund Bridge. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in neighboring Dragør. It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also a hub for Cimber Sterling, Norwegian Air Shuttle and for transavia.com. Copenhagen Airport serves nearly 60,000 passengers per day; 19.7 million passengers passed through the facility in 2009, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 airplanes. It is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.). [1]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, which formally is called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.

Contents

History

  • 1925: CPH opens for service on 20 April. One of the first private airports in the world, it opens with a grass runway.
  • 1932: 6000 take-offs and landings in the year.
  • 1936–1939: New terminal, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism, is built (Architect: Vilhelm Lauritzen).
  • 1941: First hard-surface runway is built.
  • 1946: SAS is founded, an important event for Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increases rapidly in the first years SAS operates. Also, Copenhagen Airport becomes Europe's third-largest.
  • 1947: On 26 January, a KLM DC-3 crashes at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf, and the American opera singer Grace Moore.
  • 1948: 150 take-offs and landings per day, and 3000 passengers are handled per day.
  • 1950: 378,000 passengers are handled.
  • 1954: 11,000 tonnes of freight handled per year. SAS begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe.
  • 1956: 1 million passengers handled per year. CPH wins the award for the world's best airport.
  • 1960s: With the advent of jet airliners, debate begins about a major expansion of the airport. Jets need longer runways than had previously been used, and plans are drawn up to expand the airport either into existing communities in Kastrup or onto Saltholm, a small island. Local protests ensue and expansion is stalled for some time.
  • 1960: On 30 April, Terminal 2, also designed by Lauritzen, opens. Also, a new control tower opens and the airport handles 2 million passengers per year.
  • 1970s: The airport suffers from acute space shortages, especially with the advent of large jets such as 747s. After initially deciding to expand to Saltholm, the project is eventually blocked by Denmark's parliament.
  • 1973: 8 million passengers handled per year.
  • 1982: The Cargo terminal opens.
  • 1986: A parking garage with 2400 spaces opens.
  • 1991: The airport is partially privatised.
  • 1998: Terminal 3 opens, and the airport handles 17 million passengers per year.
  • 1999: Baggage handling system is modernised, and the Vilhelm Lauritzen terminal is moved 3.8 km down the runway to make room for new terminals, a hotel, and a train station.
  • 2000: The airport handles 18.4 million passengers per year. A commuter train linking the airport to Copenhagen and Malmö opens.
  • 2001: A five-star Hilton hotel with 382 beds opens at the airport. 267,000 take-offs and landings.
  • 2005: Macquaire Airport buys 52% of stocks
  • 2006: Number of passengers exceeds 20 million for the first time (20.9 million).
  • 2007: A metro station opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro.
  • 2008: A new control tower is opened by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010.
  • 2009 Macquaire Airport is spun off as MAp Airports

Airlines and destinations

Copenhagen Airport has three terminals and a new one is set to open in 2010. The new terminal, CPH Swift (see below for more information), is intended to be used by low-cost airlines.

Terminal 1 is used for all domestic flights. Terminals 2 and 3 handle international flights (both Schengen and non-Schengen) and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section - which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3.

Copenhagen Airport Map
SAS Airbus A330 rolling for takeoff
Terminal 2
Baggage Claim
Terminal 3
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
AirBaltic Riga, Vilnius 2
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Palma de Mallorca 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson [resumes 25 June][2] 3
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air France operated by Brit Air Lyon, Strasbourg 2
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq, Narsarsuaq 2
Arkia Tel Aviv [seasonal] 2
Atlantic Airways Vágar 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna 3
Austrian operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna 3
B&H Airlines Sarajevo 2
Blue1 Helsinki 3
bmi operated by bmi Regional Edinburgh, Glasgow-International 3
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Burgas [seasonal], Varna [seasonal] 2
Cimber Sterling Aalborg, Århus, Billund, Bornholm, Karup, Sønderborg 1
Cimber Sterling Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Bastia [begins 6 July], Belgrade [begins 29 March], Bordeaux [begins 5 July], Burgas, Catania [begins 15 May], Chania, Edinburgh, Florence, Larnaca [begins 17 May], Lisbon [begins 16 May], London-City [begins 29 March], London-Gatwick [ends 27 March], Madrid [begins 29 March], Malaga, Montpellier, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Norrköping, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Sofia [begins 28 March], Split, Thessaloniki [begins 22 June], Venice-Marco Polo, Wroclaw [ends 26 March] 2
Continental Airlines Newark 2
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK [begins 28 May][3] 2
EasyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa 2
EasyJet Switzerland Geneva 2
Estonian Air Tallinn 3
Finnair Helsinki 2
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn [begins 28 March] 2
Iberia Airlines Madrid, Malaga 2
Iceland Express Akureyri, Reykjavik-Keflavík 2
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavík 3
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Jat Airways Belgrade 2
Jettime Dalaman, Malta 2
Karthago Airlines Tunis 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest 2
Middle East Airlines Beirut [seasonal] 2
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica [begins 1 May], Tivat [seasonal] 2
NextJet Linkoping, Örebro 2
Niki Vienna [begins 26 March] 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Billund [ends 4 April], Bornholm, Karup 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens [begins 28 June], Bergen [begins 28 March], Budapest, Dubai, Dublin, Dubrovnik [begins 2 May], Edinburgh, Faro, Heraklion, Krakow, London-Gatwick, Malaga, Malta [begins 1 May], Nice, Olbia [begins 4 May], Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Pisa [begins 31 March], Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Split, Stockholm-Arlanda, Vienna, Warsaw, Zagreb [begins 3 May] 2
Novair 2
Ostfriesische Lufttransport Bremen 2
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 2
Qatar Airways Doha [begins 30 March][4] 2
Rossiya St Petersburg 2
SATA International Madeira 2
Scandinavian Airlines Aalborg, Århus 1
Scandinavian Airlines Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest-Otopeni, Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai [seasonal], Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Kiev-Boryspil, Kristiansand, London-Heathrow, Lyon [begins 6 April], Madrid, Malaga [seasonal], Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Newark, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina [seasonal], Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tokyo-Narita, Turku, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw, Washington-Dulles, Zürich 3
Scandinavian Airlines operated by Cimber Sterling Aalesund, Aberdeen, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Kristiansand, London-City [ends 26 March], Luxembourg, Nuremberg [ends 26 March], Palanga, Poznan, Stavanger, Stuttgart, Turku, Warsaw 3
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3
Sky Airlines Antalya 2
Skyways Express Karlstad, Jonkoping 3
Spanair Barcelona, Madrid, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca 3
Sunexpress Antalya 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Syrian Air Damascus 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3
Transavia.com Denmark Alghero, Athens, Barcelona, Chania, Faro, Innsbruck, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Malaga, Montpellier, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa [begins 5 April], Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Tenerife-South 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Widerøe Sandefjord, Trondheim 3
Wind Jet Forlì [begins 1 April] 2
Wings of Bornholm Bornholm 1
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Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation operated by Exin Stavanger
FedEx Express Helsinki, Stockholm, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Shanghai-Pudong

Ground transport

Copenhagen Airport train station.

The airport can be accessed in various ways:

  • Rail - the airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line and is served by Øresundstogene, the main way to get into the city centre, and to Helsingør, to Malmö, and other Swedish cities. Danish intercity trains terminate at this station, going to places in Denmark such as Esbjerg, Århus, Frederikshavn and Padborg, where connections are available for trains to Germany. Also, SJ operates X2000 high-speed trains to Stockholm and to Gothenburg.
  • Metro - Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre.
  • Bus - Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and 96 N and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden.
  • Motorway - the E20 runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the Oresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website [1].

Incidents and accidents

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.
  • On 26 January 1947, Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. Also aboard the ill-fated flight was American singer and actress Grace Moore. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten rudder lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realizing the lock was still in place.

See also


References

External links


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