The Full Wiki

Coptic Museum: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coptic Museum

The Coptic Museum is a museum in Coptic Cairo, Egypt with the largest collection of Egyptian Christian artifacts in the world. It was founded by Marcus Simaika Pasha in 1910 to house Coptic antiquities.[1] The museum traces the history of Christianity in Egypt from its beginnings to the present day. It was erected on 8,000 square meters offered by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria under the guardianship of Pope Cyril V.

The Coptic museum houses the world's most important examples of Coptic art.[2]

Contents

History

In 1908, after receiving approval and a number of silver antiquities from Patriarch Cyril V and raising funds by public subscription, Marcus Simaika Pasha built the Coptic Museum and inaugurated it on March 14, 1910.[3] The Coptic community was generous in their support of the museum, donating many vestments, frescoes, and icons. In 1931 the Coptic Museum became a state museum, under the jurisdiction of the Department of Antiquities, and in 1939 the collection of Christian antiquities in the Egyptian Museum was moved there.[4] These were housed in the New Wing, completed in 1944. Because of damage, the Old Wing was closed in 1966, and the entire museum was renovated between 1983 and 1984. The foundations of the museum were strengthened and reinforced between 1986 and 1988, which helped the museum survive the 1992 earthquake.[5] Further renovations took place 2005-06.[6]

Marcus Simaika Pasha was followed by Dr Togo Mina and then by Dr Pahor Labib, the first to have the title of Director of the Coptic Museum.

Collection

Coptic Museum entrance

The Coptic Museum contains the world's largest collection of Coptic artifacts and artwork. Coptic monuments display a rich mixture of Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman traditions,[7] linking ancient and Islamic Egypt.[8] The objects are grouped into different mediums, such as stonework, woodwork, metalwork, textiles and manuscripts.[9]. The total number of objects on display is about 15,000 objects[10].

Nag Hammadi Library

The Coptic Museum also houses a corpus of 1,200 Nag Hammadi manuscripts in a library open to specialist researchers only.[11]

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Coptic Museum brief history
  2. ^ Lastminute
  3. ^ Gabra, Gawdat and Marianne Eaton-Krauss. The Illustrated Guide to the Coptic Museum, 17.
  4. ^ Zaki, Isis. "History of the Coptic Museum."
  5. ^ Gabra, Gawdat and Marianne Eaton-Krauss. The Illustrated Guide to the Coptic Museum, 21.
  6. ^ Kamil 1990, 2006
  7. ^ tour egypt
  8. ^ sacred destinations
  9. ^ Kamil 1990, p. 93
  10. ^ Daily star Egypt
  11. ^ Nag Hammadi Library

Further reading

  • Kamil, Jill (1990). Coptic Egypt: History and a Guide (2nd ed. ed.). Cairo: American University in Cairo. ISBN 9-7742-4242-4.  
  • Meinardus, Otto F. A. (1999). Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity (2nd ed. ed.). Cairo: American University in Cairo. ISBN 977-424-511-3.  

Coordinates: 30°00′22″N 31°13′52″E / 30.006°N 31.231°E / 30.006; 31.231

Advertisements

The Coptic Museum is a museum in Coptic Cairo, Egypt with the largest collection of Egyptian Christian artifacts in the world. It was founded by Marcus Simaika Pasha in 1910 to house Coptic antiquities.[1] The museum traces the history of Christianity in Egypt from its beginnings to the present day. It was erected on 8,000 square meters offered by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria under the guardianship of Pope Cyril V.

The Coptic museum houses the world's most important examples of Coptic art.[2]

Contents

History

In 1908, after receiving approval and a number of silver antiquities from Patriarch Cyril V and raising funds by public subscription, Marcus Simaika Pasha built the Coptic Museum and inaugurated it on March 14, 1910.[3] The Coptic community was generous in their support of the museum, donating many vestments, frescoes, and icons. In 1931 the Coptic Museum became a state museum, under the jurisdiction of the Department of Antiquities, and in 1939 the collection of Christian antiquities in the Egyptian Museum was moved there.[4] These were housed in the New Wing, completed in 1944. Because of damage, the Old Wing was closed in 1966, and the entire museum was renovated between 1983 and 1984. The foundations of the museum were strengthened and reinforced between 1986 and 1988, which helped the museum survive the 1992 earthquake.[5] Further renovations took place 2005-06.[6]

Marcus Simaika Pasha was followed by Dr Togo Mina and then by Dr Pahor Labib, the first to have the title of Director of the Coptic Museum.

Collection

The Coptic Museum contains the world's largest collection of Coptic artifacts and artwork. Coptic monuments display a rich mixture of Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman traditions,[7] linking ancient and Islamic Egypt.[8] The objects are grouped into different mediums, such as stonework, woodwork, metalwork, textiles and manuscripts.[9]. The total number of objects on display is about 15,000 objects[10].

Nag Hammadi Library

The Coptic Museum also houses a corpus of 1,200 Nag Hammadi manuscripts in a library open to specialist researchers only.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Coptic Museum brief history
  2. ^ Lastminute
  3. ^ Gabra, Gawdat and Marianne Eaton-Krauss. The Illustrated Guide to the Coptic Museum, 17.
  4. ^ Zaki, Isis. "History of the Coptic Museum."
  5. ^ Gabra, Gawdat and Marianne Eaton-Krauss. The Illustrated Guide to the Coptic Museum, 21.
  6. ^ Kamil 1990, 2006
  7. ^ tour egypt
  8. ^ sacred destinations
  9. ^ Kamil 1990, p. 93
  10. ^ Daily star Egypt
  11. ^ Nag Hammadi Library

External links

Further reading

  • Kamil, Jill (1990). Coptic Egypt: History and a Guide (2nd ed. ed.). Cairo: American University in Cairo. ISBN 9-7742-4242-4. 
  • Meinardus, Otto F. A. (1999). Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity (2nd ed. ed.). Cairo: American University in Cairo. ISBN 977-424-511-3. 

Coordinates: 30°00′22″N 31°13′52″E / 30.006°N 31.231°E / 30.006; 31.231


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message