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Coordinates: 49°54′35″N 2°30′29″E / 49.909722°N 2.508056°E / 49.909722; 2.508056

Commune of Corbie

La Neuville-sous-Corbie église 1.jpg
Neuville-sous-Corbie church
Location
Corbie is located in France
Corbie
Administration
Country France
Region Picardie
Department Somme
Arrondissement Amiens
Canton Chief town
Intercommunality Val de Somme
Mayor Alain Babaut
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 26–108 m (85–350 ft)
(avg. 67 m/220 ft)
Land area1 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi)
Population2 6,431  (2006)
 - Density 396 /km2 (1,030 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 80212/ 80800
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Corbie is a commune of the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Contents

Geography

The small town is situated 15 km (9.3 mi) up river from Amiens, in the département of Somme and is the main town of the canton of Corbie. It lies in the valley of the River Somme, at the confluence of the River Ancre. The town is bisected by the Canal de la Somme.

This Satellite photograph shows it in its context. The town is to the left and the fenny Somme valley winds down to it from the right. The chalk of the Upper Cretaceous plateau shows pale in the fields. The River Ancre flows down from the north-east. The A29 is shown under construction snaking across the chalk in the southern part of the picture. The fainter, straight line just to its north is the road N29. It passes through Villers-Bretonneux, the village just south of Corbie.

History

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Corbie Abbey

The town of Corbie grew up round Corbie Abbey, founded in 657 or 660 by the queen regent Bathilde, with a founding community of monks from Luxeuil Abbey in the Franche-Comté.

Its scriptorium came to be one of the centres of work of manuscript illumination when the art was still fairly new in western Europe. In this early, Merovingian, period the work of Corbie was innovative in that it showed pictures of people, for example, Saint Jerome. It was also the place of creation, in about 780, of the influential Caroline minuscule script.[1]

The contents of its library are known from catalogues of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. In 1638, Cardinal Richelieu ordered the transfer of the library's books to the library at Saint-Germain-des-Prés, which was dispersed at the end of the eighteenth century.

Town

In 1234 Floris IV, Count of Holland, died at a tournament held here. In 1475 the town was taken by Louis XI. The Spanish took it on 15 August 1636 but were ousted in November by Richelieu and Louis XIII of France after a siege of three months.

In 1918 Corbie was on the margin of the battlefield of Villers-Bretonneux at which the First Battle of the Somme (1918) of the Spring Offensive came to a climax.

Sights

Personalities

Twin towns

See also

References

  • Nordenfalk, C. (1995). Book Illumination Early Middle Ages. pp. 52,54,60. ISBN 2-605-00299-3.  
  • Voronova, T.; A. Sterligov (2003). Western European Illuminated Manuscripts 8th to 16th centuries. ISBN 0-86288-584-1.  

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CORBIE (Lat. corvus), a crow or raven. In architecture, "corbie steps" is a Scottish term (cf. Corbel) for the steps formed up the sides of the gable by breaking the coping into short horizontal beds.


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