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Cornell's most iconic building[1], Jennie McGraw Tower is at the top of Libe Slope on Central Campus

Central Campus is the primary academic and administrative section of Cornell University's Ithaca, New York campus. It is bounded by Libe Slope on the west, Fall Creek on the north, and Cascadilla Creek on the South.

Contents

History

Ezra Cornell donated his farm for the site of the Cornell University as a part of the package to bring New York's land grant college to Ithaca. With the exception of Cascadilla Hall, no buildings were on the site so the campus evolved based on the hilly terrain and the conflicting visions of its designers, starting with Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White.

Over the years, the Buildings and Properties Committee of Cornell's Board of Trustees has maintained the stewardship of campus planning supported by a Vice President for Planning, Planning Office, and in recent years, a University Architect. Periodically, outside architects and consultants, beginning with Frederick Olmsted have been commissioned to develop master plans. Because the entire campus is subject to a special class of zoning, land use decisions are largely made internally rather than by the Ithaca zoning process. However, construction or renovation of statutory college buildings are subject to additional planning steps involving the New York State University Construction Fund Office.

In 2006-2007, Cornell embarked on another in its series of master plans, retaining Urban Strategies Inc. of Toronto as a consultant.

Historically, Cornell has been reluctant to demolish its buildings, but has repeatedly renovated and found new uses for old structures. Morrill Hall is a National Historic Landmark.[2] In 1971, Ithaca adopted a pioneering landmark and historic preservation ordinance, with the Arts Quadrangle and a number of individual buildings being designated landmarks or historic districts.[3] Registered historic places on the central campus include: Andrew Dickson White House, Bailey Hall, Caldwell Hall, old Comstock Hall, Deke House, East Roberts Hall (demolished), Fernow Hall, Rice Hall, Roberts Hall (demolished) and Stone Hall (demolished). The two Norwegian spurce trees in front of the Deke House planted by Theodore Roosevelt are on the National Register of Historically Significant Trees.

Arts Quadrangle

A view of the Arts Quad on a sunny spring day. The camera is positioned on the southeastern corner of the quadrangle and is facing northwest.
The western face of Goldwin Smith Hall, viewed across the Arts Quad
Old Stone Row on the Arts Quadrangle (L to R, McGraw & Morrill Halls, Uris Library)

The Arts Quad reflects Cornell and White's decision to use a quadrangle model for organizing academic buildings around formal open spaces. The quadrangle started with the "stone row" along the ridge of Libe Slope—Morrill (1866) and White (1867) Halls (both by Buffalo architects Wilcox and Porter), and McGraw (1869). Both McGraw and West Sibley (1870) Halls were designed by Syracuse architect Archimedes Russell. There were tensions between Cornell's preference for practical designs while White favored a more classical design. Hence although the Stone Row was built from native gray silt stone (nicknamed "llenroc"), later buildings including Lincoln Hall, Sage Residential College and Sage Chapel were built from red brick. Originally, the Arts Quadrangle was proposed to be a square extending to the east to the site of Baker Laboratory and Rockefeller Hall. However, the subsequent construction of Lincoln Hall and Goldwin Smith Hall ended up defining it as a rectangle, with its long dimension oriented North-South.

By 1871 Cornell had established one of the United States' early architecture schools, and many campus buildings built in the last quarter of the Nineteenth Century were designed by the architecture school's professors and students. Hence, Cornell's first architecture professor, Charles Babcock, received many important commissions. Franklin (1882; now Tjaden) and Lincoln (1888)[4] Halls reflect Babcock's interpretation of the Romanesque Revival style. William H. Miller, who studied architecture under Cornell President Andrew D. White, also employed the Romanesque Revival style in the design of Uris Library (dedicated 1891), which has grown to iconically represent Cornell. Uris Library was expanded from its original cross shape twice -- first to expand the library stacks and more recently to add underground reading rooms overlooking Libe Slope. Miller's Stimson Hall (1902)[5], and the Sibley Dome (1902), by Arthur N. Gibb (who also graduated from the Cornell architecture school), reflect Neoclassical themes. Cornell shifted to outside architects, the nationally prominent firm of Carrère and Hastings, to design Goldwin Smith Hall (1904) and the adjacent Sheldon Memorial Exedra and Sundial (installed 1910), also in a Neoclassical style. Goldwin Smith Hall began as a modest building with an east-west orientation, but the 1904 expansion to its south converted it into the focal point of the east side of the Quad.

Next to Stimson Hall was Miller-designed Boardman Hall, constructed to house the Law School in 1892, anchored the south end of the Quad until it was demolished in 1959.[6]

Boardman Hall was demolished in 1959.

A central focus of the Arts Quad are statues of Cornell and White facing each other from the western and eastern edges of the quad. In 1959, Boardman Hall was demolished and replaced with the 240,026 sq ft (22,299.1 m2) John M. Olin Graduate Library (1960) , designed by Warner, Burns, Toan & Lunde.[7] The last addition to the Arts Quad is the Carl Kroch Library, which opened on August 24, 1992. The building is underground between Stimson, Olin Library and Goldwin Smith Halls.[8] A new wing for the Sidney Cox Library of Music and Dance was added to the rear of Lincoln Hall in 2000[9]

To the west of White Hall is the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art (1973) designed by I.M. Pei. The original design included an underground Asian art gallery which overlooked the gorge. However, this gallery was dropped due to funding. However, in response to a dramatic increase in the museum's collection, an altered version of that addition, totalling 16,000 square feet is under construction to the north of the existing building.[10] Previously, Morse Hall stood next to Franklin/Tjaden Hall, but it was destroyed by a fire.

Minor support buildings include Rand Hall (1911) designed by Gibb and Walts[11][12] and the Foundry (1883).[13] Finally, Milstein Hall, a new 43,000-square-foot facility designed by Rem Koolhaas will be built on the parking lot behind Sibley Hall.[14]

The landscaping of the Arts Quad is mostly informal and was historically dominated by towering elm trees. After Dutch elm disease swept the campus, a new row of Zelcova trees was planted in the 1970s along the sidewalk on the eastern edge of the quad. These trees were selected for their vase shape (which are similar to elms trees), but unfortunately grow much slower than the elms which they replaced. The sidewalk on the northern edge is also significant because I.M. Pei aligned window slots in the Art Museum on the sidewalk's axis to preserve a view of West Hill through the museum.

Engineering Quadrangle

Duffield Hall, a nanotechnology center completed in 2004

The Engineering Quad, was designed in the 1940s and 1950s on a site at the south end of the central campus previously occupied by the Old Armory and faculty housing, using a master plan developed by the Perkins and Will firm. It has undergone major changes in recent years, particularly with the completion of Duffield Hall. Prior to its construction, Engineering programs were housed in Lincoln Hall, Sibley Hall, Morse Hall and Franklin Hall at the north end of the Arts Quad. In 2004, relandscaping with a design inspired by Cascadilla Gorge was completed and its landmark sundial (designed by Dale Corson) was restored to its rightful place on the quad (after having been stored in Upson Hall during the construction period) [15]. Also, modern and open collaborative working spaces were introduced with the construction of a large atrium connecting Duffield, which houses research and teaching facilities for nanoscale science and engineering, with Phillips and Upson (1956)[16] Halls. Connected to Upson Hall, away from the quad, are Grumman Hall (1957), which was built to house a Graduate School of Areospace Engineering,[17] and Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall (1990)[18], which currently houses the Cornell Theory Center. On the southern end of the Quad, next to Upson and near Cascadilla Creek, are Kimball, Thurston[19] and Bard (1963)[20] Halls, all part of a single brick and concrete structure. Thurston is the home to the Theoretical and Applied Mathematics department, and Bard Hall the home of the Material Sciences department. Between Upson and Kimball stands Ward Hall (1963)[19], the soon to be closed down and former building for nuclear sciences. Next to Bard, and across the street from the Cornell Law School, stand Snee Hall (1984), which houses the Geology Department,[21] and Hollister Hall, (1957)[22] which house Mechanical Engineering. Carpenter Hall (1956)[23], containing the Engineering Library, stands next to Hollister on the northwestern corner. The edge of northern face of the quad, mostly open space, is lined with trees along Campus Road. Across Campus Road is F.W. Olin Hall (1941)[24] the home of the Chemical Engineering department.

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Future developments

With the receipt of a $25 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2006, the college is looking to add a new William H. Gates Hall to house the Department of Computer Science, as well as portions of the Theory Center and Program of Computer Graphics. In addition, the university is also planning to build an information campus based on the Gates building, and other buildings potentially, depending on the receipt of additional grants.[25]

Agriculture Quadrangle

Main Ag Quadrangle

Agriculture Quad viewed from Bradfield Hall, Ithaca's West Hill and Cayuga Lake in the background

The Agriculture Quadrangle (Ag Quad) contains buildings which house many of the programs in the NYS College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. It is a quadrangle east of the Arts Quad and west of the College of Veterinary Medicine. The oldest building still standing on the quad is Caldwell Hall, in the Colonial Revival style which opened in 1913.[26] The Plant Science Building opened in 1931 and Warren Hall, across from Plant Science, opened in the next year, The art deco style Mann Library on the eastern end of the quad, connecting Warren Hall on the north to the Plant Sciences Building on the south, opened in 1952.[27] Completed in 1990, Keith Kennedy and the "new" Roberts Halls, featuring an archway that connects the two halls, extend along the western face of the quad,[28] having replaced the original Roberts Hall (1906) and East Roberts Hall and Stone Hall. The Computing and Communications Center (formerly named Comstock Hall),[29] which was designed by Cornell faculty members, Clarence Martin, Jean Hebrard, and George Young,[30] stands between Roberts and Caldwell Halls. The quad now opens toward the south with the Minns Garden between Roberts and Plant Science.

Stone Hall, Roberts Hall and East Roberts were demolished in the 1980s.

To the west of Roberts Hall is Bailey Hall (1912).[31] It is the largest auditorium on the campus. Both Bailey Hall and "old" Comstock Hall are historic landmarks.[32]

The most recent addition has been a 105,372 sq ft (9,789.4 m2) expansion of Mann Library to the northeast, designed by Lee Timchula and opened in 2000.[33]

Human Ecology

Since 1933, the home economics/human ecology programs have been housed in Martha Van Renssalaer Hall (MVR), a 171,648 sq ft (15,946.6 m2) Georgian Revival style brick building designed by William Haugaard located between the Ag Quad and Beebe Lake.[34] In 1968, a dramatic, cantilevered wing designed by Ulrich Franzen was added to the North side of MVR overlooking Beebe Lake. However, the building was declared structurally unsafe in 2001 and abandoned.[35] In the meantime, a west wing was built to house the human nutrition labs as a link between the main MVR and the north wing, but it opened in 2002, after the north wing was closed.[36] The North wing was demolished in 2006, and construction began in 2008 to replace it with an 88,228-square-foot (8,196.6 m2) teaching and laboratory building atop a 290 car parking garage. The lead architect is Darko Hreljanovic, a 1977 graduate of Cornell's architecture college. The new building will open in 2012.[37]

Eastern Buildings

To the east of the Plant Science Building are: Emerson Hall (1968) and Bradfield Hall (agronomy) (1968)[38] also designed by Ulrich Franzen to complement his MVR north wing. Fernow Hall (1915) was built as consolation by New York State[39] in the wake of the closure of the New York State College of Forestry at Cornell to house an environmental sciences program. Other buildings are:

South of Tower Road

Across Tower Road on the south side at the east end of Alumni Fields are:

  • Stocking Hall with the Dairy Bar
  • Wing Hall (Wing Hall is statutory and owned by NY State, but its 1965 wing is endowed and owned by Cornell)[41]
  • Riley-Robb Hall (Biological engineering)
  • Morrison Hall (1961)[42]
  • Nematode Lab (1937)[43]

Alumni Fields, Athletics and Biology Buildings

Schoellkopf Field crescent.

A important factor in the amount of the open space on the central campus was the gift in 1902 of the alumni fields, which the Alumni leveled to provide athletic playing areas in exchange for a promise that it would remain forever open for that purpose. In 1910, the expansion of the Ag School south of Tower Road caused the Trustees and the Alumni Field Committee to agree to exchange the east end of the fields (the site of Stocking Hall) for the area which now includes Schoellkopf Field and Hoy Field.[44]

Athletic buildings constructed in this area include: Schoellkopf Field (with Schoellkopf Memorial Hall (with a 2006 east wing), the Crescent (1914 with an expansion in 1923),[45] and Paul Schoellkopf House for Visiting Teams), Grumman Squash Courts, Teagle Hall, Lynah Hockey Rink, Bacon Cage (since demolished) In the 1920s when Cornell's football team was national champion, the football stadium was filled to capacity with spectators. In 1960s, the Wilson Synchrotron Laboratory was constructed in a tunnel 15 meters underneath Upper Alumni Fields.[46] For many years, a cider track was located on Upper Alumni Fields to the east of Lynah Rink, but the 151,900 sq ft Bartels Hall field house (1990),[47] and the Friedman Wrestling Center (2002)[48] were built on the site of that track. A replacement track and field complex, named for Robert J. Kane and William E. Simon was built on the east end of Upper Alumni Fields in 1996.[49]

In the 1970s, a new quadrangle was planned for Lower Alumni Field to house the since-dissolved Division of Biological Sciences. Three buildings were built on that playing field: the 110,380 sq ft "new" Comstock Hall (1985),[50] Seeley G. Mudd Hall - Dale R. Corson Hall (1982),[51], and the 173,818 sq ft Biotechnology Building (1986).[52]. In addition, Weill Hall (2008), a $162 million Life Sciences Technology Building, designed by Richard Meier was built on the west end of Upper Alumni Field.[53][54][55][56] Weill Hall includes the Fuller Learning Center with extensive video conferencing equipment.

Veterinary Medicine

The Veterinary Research Tower

The enabling legislation creating the college also provided funds for a veterinary building at Cornell. The building opened in the fall of 1896, and is now a portion of Ives Hall. A new veterinary complex for Cornell and the college was created in 1957 at the east end of Tower Road. The main building is named Schurman Hall. Today, this complex is the largest veterinary complex in higher education in the United States. (To compensate for the extra distance of the veterinary school from the center of the campus, a sound system was installed to amplify the chimes in Uris Library on that campus. Later, the system was extended to also play in the lobby of the Statler Inn.)[57] In 1974, a 125,460 sq ft (11,656 m2) Vet Research Tower (originally called the "Multicategorical Research Tower") was added with special central facilities to house animals for lab experiments. Its high-rise design by Ulrich Franzen balances Bradfield Hall.[58]

In 1976, a Veterinary Diagnostic Lab was added to provide support for veterinarians throughout New York State. It was designed by Levatich, Miller & Hoffman.[59] In 1993, a Primary Vet Teaching wing was added.[60] In 1997, a 321,395 sq ft (29,858.6 m2) Vet Hospital was added along the south side of the complex.[61]

Adjacent to Schurman Hall is the W. C. Muenscher Poisonous Plant Garden, used by veterinary students to learn about plants poisonous to livestock.[62] For many years, the garden included Cannabis plants.

In 1978, a new 116,854 sq ft (10,856.1 m2) building designed by Ulrich Franzen was built next to the Cornell Veterinary School to house the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research.[63]

Science Buildings

Baker Lab

The need for additional science labs caused the Arts College to expand to the east side of East Avenue, displacing faculty housing. Science buildings, in order of construction, are:

  • Rockefeller Hall (1904 & 1980, physics) - red brick classroom building designed by Carrère and Hastings.[64]
  • Baker Lab (1921, chemistry) - stone building designed by Gibb & Day[65] * Savage Hall (1948, nutrition) - designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill[66]
  • Floyd R. Newman Lab (1947, physics) - contained Cornell's first particle accelerator prior to Wilson Lab.[67]
  • Clark Hall (1965, material science and physical science library) - designed by Warner, Toan & Lunde[68]
  • Spencer T. Olin Chemistry Research Lab (1967)
  • Space Sciences Building (1967, astronomy)[69]
  • Kinzelberg Hall (1988, nutrition) designed by King & King.

A new $85 million joint chemistry-physics building is currently under construction in the courtyard between Baker Lab and Rockefeller Hall and is expected to be completed in the Fall of 2010.[70]

Also located in this area are Andrew Dickson White's house, the only remaining faculty residence, now housing the Society for the Humanities, and the Big Red Barn, which was White's horse barn.

Malott Hall, which was built to house the Business School, now houses the Mathematics Department. Across Forest Home Drive and downhill from these buildings, are the Hydraulics Lab (1896, rebuilt 1961-62, collapsed 2009)[71][72], the Weinhold Chilled Water Plant, and the Toboggan Lodge (which housed toboggan and ice skating but now serves as a University Auditors office.)[73]

Central Buildings

Ho Plaza, a pedestrian walk built on what used to be a stretch of Central Avenue
Ives Hall at the School of Industrial and Labor Relations
Sage Hall

The area between the Arts Quad and the Engineering Quad include a number of major buildings (listed from west to east): Willard Straight Hall, Gannett Health Services, Barnes Hall, the underground Cornell Campus Store designed by Earl Flansburgh, Sage Chapel, Sage Hall (which was originally a women's dormitory and is now home to the Business School), Day Hall (the administration building), corten steel-clad Uris Hall (social sciences), Statler Hall (which houses the Hotel School), Irving Ives Hall (which houses the ILR School), and Barton Hall, the armory/drill hall. The ILR extension building, located between Ives and Barton Halls, was renamed Dolgen Hall in 2008.[74] Dolgen Hall as well as the southwest portion of Ives Hall were built to house the Veterinary School until 1957.

The open spaces in the area are enhanced by the "Wee Stinky Glen" (a creek and ravine), Ho Plaza on a portion of what was Central Avenue, George Peter Plaza (between Statler and Uris Halls), the Ruth Uris Garden, the Livingston Farrand Garden, and the Mary Rockwell Azalea Garden.

On the southwest corner of Campus Road and Central Avenue are Anabel Taylor Hall (1953, the home of the Cornell United Religious Works)[75] and Myron Taylor Hall (1932, the home of the Law School).[76] They form a harmonious quadrangle in the Collegiate Gothic style.

Parking and Traffic

Historically, students lived off campus and were expected to walk to campus, and faculty housing was available on the campus, so parking was not a major issue. A trolley line from downtown crossed the campus to provide public transportation. Later, a statute gave Cornell the power to regulate parking and traffic on its campus.[77]

The general trend has been to preserve the central campus as a pedestrian space, and parking lots have been eliminated and used as sites for new buildings. In 1969, daytime traffic across the central campus was restricted to holders of special staff parking permits. A campus bus system shuttled commuters to peripheral "A" and "B" parking lots, with the cost of the parking permits covering the operating cost of the bus system.

Subsequently, the western end of Tower Road was permanently closed to all traffic as was Central Avenue, which was developed into Ho Plaza.

However, staff continue to press for more parking on the central campus, and in response, parking structures have been built on the site of Bacon Cage on the south and on the site of the North Wing of MVR on the north. Plans to build a third garage on the Hughes Hall parking lot have been defeated. Proposals for new parking lots have generally draw protests from neighbors as indicated by the Redbud Woods controversy in 2005.

The future of Cornell's transportation needs is currently undergoing a generic environmental impact study.[78]

Pedestrian Access

Because the central campus is flanked by two gorges, on the north and south and a steep hill on the west, access is scenic. Many undergraduates climb Libe Slope from the Cornell West Campus. On the north, pedestrians can cross the Stewart Avenue bridge which overlooks the Ithaca Falls. Just above the falls is the windowless former clubhouse of Sphinx Head. Adjacent to the Johnson Art Museum is a pedestrian suspension bridge (1960) designed by Dean S.C. Hollister and William McGuire. It replaces an earlier version constructed in 1913.[79] Between Rand and Risley Halls is the Thurston Avenue Bridge which overlook Triphammer Dam and Beebe Lake. Adjacent to the dam is another pedestrian bridge which was originally constructed to serve the trolley lines. Finally at the east end of Beebe Lake is the Sackett footbridge.

On the south, pedestrians can cross Cascadilla Gorge over the Stewart Avenue bridge, the College Avenue Bridge, a pedestrian bridge originally built for trolleys, the Eddy Dam bridge, and the Hoy Road/Dwyer Dam bridge.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ http://campaign.cornell.edu/case.cfm A local landmark and Cornell icon since 1891, McGraw Tower houses the 21 bells that constitute the Cornell chimes. Student chimesmasters play three concerts daily during the academic year and a reduced schedule during the summer and semester breaks, making Cornell's set one of the most frequently played chimes in the world. (It also is one of the largest.) Retrieved 9-13-2007
  2. ^ "Morrill Hall, Cornell University". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=418&ResourceType=Building. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  3. ^ http://www.ci.ithaca.ny.us/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={0374E3DD-2B1E-49D3-AA16-ECA42FEF728F} Retrieved 2007-09-09.
  4. ^ 2008-LINCOLN HALL - Facility Information
  5. ^ 2011-STIMSON HALL - Facility Information
  6. ^ http://www.cornell.edu/search/index.cfm?tab=facts&q=&id=541 Retrieved 2007-09-14.
  7. ^ 2047-OLIN LIBRARY - Facility Information
  8. ^ http://dspace-local.library.cornell.edu/web_archive/explore.cornell.edu/scene5d6a.html?scene=Wason%20Collection&stop=WC%20-%20Tour%20Kroch Retrieved 2007-09-09.
  9. ^ "Lincoln Hall". http://music.cornell.edu/about-us/lincoln-hall/. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  10. ^ http://www.museum.cornell.edu/HFJ/about/expansion.html Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  11. ^ 2017-RAND HALL - Facility Information
  12. ^ http://www.aap.cornell.edu/aap/explore/rand.cfm Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  13. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=2015 Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  14. ^ http://www.aap.cornell.edu/aap/explore/milstein.cfm Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  15. ^ "Duffield Hall, landscaping project to give Engineering Quad new look". Cornell University. http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/99/3.25.99/engineer_quad.html. Retrieved 2006-07-06. 
  16. ^ 2045-UPSON HALL - Facility Information
  17. ^ 2043-GRUMMAN HALL - Facility Information
  18. ^ 2051-FRANK H T RHODES HALL - Facility Information
  19. ^ a b 2037-KIMBALL / THURSTON COMPLEX - Facility Information
  20. ^ 2070-BARD HALL - Facility Information
  21. ^ 2049-SNEE HALL GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE - Facility Information
  22. ^ 2046-HOLLISTER HALL - Facility Information
  23. ^ 2042-CARPENTER HALL - Facility Information
  24. ^ 2024-OLIN HALL - Facility Information
  25. ^ "Cornell gets $25 million grant to build William H. Gates Hall, launching new home for computing and information science". Cornell Chronicle Online. http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Jan06/GatesCIS.ws.html. Retrieved 2006-07-06. 
  26. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1025 Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  27. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1027 (states a 1953 completion date) Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  28. ^ 1080-KENNEDY & ROBERTS COMPLEX - Facility Information
  29. ^ a b The "old" Comstock Hall was built by New York State for the Entimology Department, but was sold to Cornell so that mainframe computers could be relocated from Langmuir Laboratory.
  30. ^ "National Registry of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form". Aug 3, 1984. p. 3. http://www.nr.nps.gov/multiples/64000578.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  31. ^ 1024-BAILEY HALL - Facility Information
  32. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  33. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1027A Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  34. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1015A Retrieved 2006-09-12.
  35. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1015N Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  36. ^ 1015W-M VAN RENSSELAER WEST - Facility Information
  37. ^ http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Feb08/HumEc.building.sl.html Retrieved 2008-02-07.
  38. ^ 1028B-BRADFIELD HALL - Facility Information
  39. ^ 1029-FERNOW HALL - Facility Information
  40. ^ 1040-RICE HALL - Facility Information
  41. ^ 1042-WING HALL COMPLEX - Facility Information
  42. ^ 1064-MORRISON HALL - Facility Information
  43. ^ 1035-FEDERAL NEMATODE LAB & GRNHSE - Facility Information
  44. ^ http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/bitstream/1813/3528/28/013_13.pdf Cornell Alumni News 1910-12-21 p. 146
  45. ^ 2603B-SCHOELLKOPF CRESCENT - Facility Information
  46. ^ http://www.lepp.cornell.edu/public/outreach/Tours/Revised%20Web%20Page/htftour.html Retrieved 2007-09-09.
  47. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilinfo.cfm?facil_cd=2631 Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  48. ^ http://www.cornellbigred.com/sports/2007/7/30/FriedmanWrestlingCenter.aspx?path=wrest Retrieved 2009-08-03
  49. ^ http://www.cornellbigred.com/sports/2007/7/30/KaneSportsComplex.aspx?path=mtrack Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  50. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1081 Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  51. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1019 Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  52. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1018 Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  53. ^ http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/04/5.20.04/life_sci_bldg_plan.html Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  54. ^ http://www.lifesciences.cornell.edu/otherSources/marchNews/nlsiBuilding.html Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  55. ^ http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/June07/WeillHall.html Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  56. ^ http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Oct08/WeillOpens.kr.html Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  57. ^ "The Cornell Chimes Newsletter". Spring 2004. http://chimes.cornell.edu/PDF/NEWSLETT_SP04.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  58. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1140 Retrieved 2007-09-13.
  59. ^ 1148-DIAGNOSTIC LAB - Facility Information
  60. ^ 1163-VET EDUCATION CENTER - Facility Information
  61. ^ http://www.fs.cornell.edu/fs/facinfo/fs_facilInfo.cfm?facil_cd=1164 Retrieved 2007-09-13.
  62. ^ W. C. Muenscher Poisonous Plants Garden
  63. ^ 1076-BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE - Facility Information
  64. ^ 2014-ROCKEFELLER HALL - Facility Information
  65. ^ 2019-BAKER LABORATORY - Facility Information
  66. ^ 2032-SAVAGE HALL - Facility Information
  67. ^ 2029-NEWMAN, FLOYD D. LABORATORY - Facility Information
  68. ^ 2082-CLARK HALL - Facility Information
  69. ^ 2084-SPACE SCIENCES BUILDING - CRSR - Facility Information
  70. ^ http://pressoffice.cornell.edu/March06/PhysicalSciences.shtml Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  71. ^ http://ezra.cornell.edu/posting.php?timestamp=1124946000
  72. ^ Eisen, Ben (February 17, 2009). "Hydraulic Lab Collapses". Cornell Daily Sun. http://cornellsun.com/node/35201. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  73. ^ http://ezra.cornell.edu/posting.php?timestamp=955425600 Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  74. ^ http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/news/122208_YearInReview.html Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  75. ^ 2038-ANABEL TAYLOR HALL - Facility Information
  76. ^ 2038-ANABEL TAYLOR HALL - Facility Information
  77. ^ N.Y.S. Education Law § 5708.
  78. ^ http://www.tgeisproject.org/ Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  79. ^ http://www.alumni.cornell.edu/cu_facts/read_more.cfm?id=33 Retrieved 2009-01-28.

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