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Corning
—  City  —
A view of Corning from the banks of the Chemung River
Corning is located in New York
Corning
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°8′53″N 77°3′25″W / 42.14806°N 77.05694°W / 42.14806; -77.05694Coordinates: 42°8′53″N 77°3′25″W / 42.14806°N 77.05694°W / 42.14806; -77.05694
Country United States
State New York
County Steuben
Government
 - Mayor Rich Negri (R)
 - City Manager Mark L. Ryckman
Area
 - Total 3.3 sq mi (8.5 km2)
 - Land 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 932 ft (284 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 10,842
 Density 3,489.5/sq mi (1,347.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 14830-14831
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-18256
GNIS feature ID 0947476
Rockwell Museum

Corning is a city in Steuben County, New York, United States, on the Chemung River. The population was 10,842 at the 2000 census. It is named for Erastus Corning, an Albany, New York financier and railroad executive who was an investor in the company that developed the community.

Contents

Overview

The city of Corning is at the western edge of the town of Corning and in the southeast part of Steuben County.

The city is the headquarters of Fortune 500 company Corning Incorporated, formerly Corning Glass Works, a manufacturer of glass and ceramic products for industrial, scientific and technical uses.

It is also home to the Corning Museum of Glass, which houses one of the world's most comprehensive collections of glass objects from antiquity to the present. The museum houses The Rakow Library, one of the world's major glass research centers.

The city's other major cultural attraction is the Rockwell Museum of Western Art [1] It contains an important collection of Western American painting and sculpture assembled over the past 40 years by Robert F. and Hertha Rockwell.

The city has been cited several times by American Style magazine as one of the top twenty-five small city arts destinations in the U.S. – most recently in June 2007.[citation needed] Many of the cultural events and historic landmarks in the city are in Corning's Gaffer District.

Since 1979, Corning Country Club has annually hosted The Corning Classic, a stop on the Ladies Professional Golf Association tour. The city has commercial air service available at Elmira-Corning Regional Airport in the nearby town of Big Flats

It is also home to the 2006 New York State Class A Football Champions.[1]

History

The first settlement in the town of Corning was made near the site of the future city in 1796. The community was set apart from the town as a village in 1848. Corning was incorporated as a city in 1890. As the glass industry developed, Corning became known as the "Crystal City."

The Corning area's first real industry was lumber. The first settlers used the area river systems to transport logs and finished lumber in fleets downstream to buyers. This gave rise to large mills which helped to develop the area. Rafting of lumber began to wane as timber was depleted. At one time the mills of the Corning area were reputed to be among the biggest in the world. After the lumber was depleted the great mills moved north to new forests.

East, across the Chemung river from Corning, lies Gibson, New York, the site of a feeder canal for the Chemung Canal system. Some of Corning's early prosperity came from the feeder canal system exposure. Canal cargoes from Corning included soft coal, limber, tobacco, grain, and whisky. From April 22 to December 11, 1850, the canal season that year, the newspaper reported that 1,116 boats left the port of Corning. Tolls for the year totaled $54,060.39. Among items shipped were 46,572,400 pounds of coal. The canals best peacetime year was 1854 when 270,978 tons of freight was hauled. The American Civil War brought an abnormal amount of business with a peak of 307,151 tons hauled in one year.[2]

After the Civil War, an industrial boom occurred in the region. Ingersoll Rand opened during this period in Painted Post, just north of Corning.

Corning became a "railroad town" in the 1880s. Corning became the scene of smaller railroad lines busily weaving webs of tracks connecting the major trunk line to smaller communities.

Geography

Corning is located at 42°8′53″N 77°3′25″W / 42.14806°N 77.05694°W / 42.14806; -77.05694 (42.148142, -77.05697)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km²), of which, 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (5.18%) is water.

Just upstream from Corning, the Cohocton River and the Tioga River merge to form the Chemung River which flows through downtown. The river was an important source of power in the early history, and is part of the attractiveness of the region today. The river is prone to floods, as rain water runs off quickly from the steep hillsides of the area, the worst recent flood being in 1972, as the remnants of Hurricane Agnes dropped fifteen or more inches of rain in the area within a short time. The entire downtown area was flooded, with severe damage. Downtown has been refurbished and has become somewhat gentrified.

Flooding is now controlled by a system of dams upstream from Corning.

Interstate 86 (Southern Tier Expressway), New York State Route 17, New York State Route 352, New York State Route 414, and New York State Route 415 are major highway connecting by Corning. County Road 40 leads into the city from the south and County Road 41 from the north. U.S. Route 15 proceeds southward from Painted Post, west of Corning.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 10,842 people, 4,996 households, and 2,667 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,489.5 people per square mile (1,346.0/km²). There were 5,509 housing units at an average density of 1,773.1/sq mi (683.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.94% White, 2.84% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 4,996 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,780, and the median income for a family was $46,674. Males had a median income of $39,805 versus $27,489 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,056. About 9.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Most local officials are Republicans. The Corning area typically votes Republican, though some outsiders have deemed its constituents "moderate" Republicans.[citation needed] Amo Houghton, the area's long-serving U.S. Congressman, was a moderate Republican.

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Federal representatives

Corning is in New York's 29th congressional district.

State representatives

Corning are in New York's 53rd Senate District, represented by George Winner, a Republican. Corning is in the 136th Assembly District, represented by James Bacalles, a Republican, and Mayor of the city of Corning from 1992 to 1995.

City mayors

Republican Joseph Nasser served for many years as Corning's mayor, and the Nasser Civic Center, headquarters of city government, bears his name. The city's former mayor is Frank Coccho. Coccho beat incumbent Republican Mayor Alan Lewis, becoming the first Democratic mayor since 1953. On November 6, 2007, Tom Reed, the head of the city's Republican Party, was elected to replace Coccho. [2] The final vote tally was 1,866 (60%) for Reed versus 1,317 (40%) for Coccho [3] Anti-fluoride activist Kirk Huttleston received one write-in vote.

Government

Since 1995, the city of Corning operates under the Council-Manager form of government with the City Manager serving as the Chief Executive Officer. The first City Manager was Suzanne Kennedy who served until July 1997. In July 1997, Mark L. Ryckman was appointed as the city's second City Manager. The city council consists of eight members. One member is elected from each of the eight wards.

The current city council members are as follows[5]: Ward 1: DANIEL C. KANE, JR. Ward 2: LEE WELLES Ward 3: HILDA T. LANDO Ward 4: RICHARD P. NEGRI Ward 5: FRANK J. MUCCINI Ward 6: BETTY J. COCCHO Ward 7: JAMES J. NELSON Ward 8: ANTHONY J. SOFIA

Education

The Corning-Painted Post School District has eight public elementary schools, two public middle schools, and two public high schools located in the greater Corning area. Middle schools include Corning Free Academy (CFA) and Northside Blodgett. Elementary schools include Kent Phillips, Hugh Gregg, Winfield Street, William E. Severn, Calvin U. Smith, Lindley-Presho, Erwin Valley, and Frederick Carder school. High schools include East High School and West High School.

Private schools in Corning include the Alternative School for Math and Science (ASMS) and the All Saints Academy (a K-8 Catholic school).

Corning Community College (CCC) is also located in Corning.

Social

Recently, the Corning Area School District has implemented the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program (grades 6-10) and the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program (grades 11-12). The Corning middle and high schools were authorized as "IB World Schools" in February 2005.

Places of interest

  • Chimney Rocks – A group of tall rock formations that stood east of Corning. The rocks are no longer there but were so named because they were tall and narrow like chimneys.
  • Bloody Run – An area near Gorton Creek, it was the site of a battle between forces of American Generals John Sullivan and James Clinton and Native American Villagers. This battle was part of a campaign directly ordered by George Washington to break the control of the Iroquois Indians in the area. It was called Bloody Run for the reports of bloody creek water coming from the battle scene.
  • Horace D. Page Tunnel – A tunnel connecting the two divided areas of Denison Park, located on the city's north side. It was named after Page, who lost the naming rights to Elmira's Millers (formerly Page's) Pond in a 1912 horse racing bet at Tioga Downs, and was given naming rights to the tunnel as compensation.

The flood of 1972

The flood of 1972 was a major event for the area. On June 22, 1972, the storm that had been Hurricane Agnes struck the southern tier of New York. The storm combined with a storm system from Ohio to drop six to eight inches (203 mm) of rain in the Chemung River basin. This ultimately overwhelmed the flood control systems of the time and the Chemung river broke through the dam system on Friday, June 23 at 4:00 a.m. By 9:00 a.m. the river crested and began to recede. In the Corning area, eighteen people were killed and untold millions of dollars of damage was incurred. The river receded within hours leaving mud which can still be found in basements of homes and businesses in Corning to this day. This "flood mud" is a lasting reminder of the effects of the flooding.

Notable residents

Sister cities

Corning has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

References

External links


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