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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other meanings see Corpus Christi.
City of Corpus Christi
—  City  —

Flag
Nickname(s): Sparkling City by the Sea
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 27°44′34″N 97°24′7″W / 27.74278°N 97.40194°W / 27.74278; -97.40194Coordinates: 27°44′34″N 97°24′7″W / 27.74278°N 97.40194°W / 27.74278; -97.40194
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Nueces
Kleberg
San Patricio
Aransas[1]
Government
 - Mayor Joe Adame
Area
 - City 460.2 sq mi (1,192.0 km2)
 - Land 154.6 sq mi (400.5 km2)
 - Water 305.6 sq mi (791.5 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2007)
 - City 285,507(64th U.S.)
 Density 1,794.2/sq mi (692.7/km2)
 Metro 431,741
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78401, 78402, 78404, 78405, 78406, 78407, 78408, 78409, 78410, 78411, 78412, 78413, 78414, 78415, 78416, 78417, 78418
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-17000[2]
GNIS feature ID 1333380[3]
Website Corpus Christi Official Website

Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County,[4] it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio counties. The MSA population in 2008 was 416, 376.[1] The population was 277,454 at the 2000 census; in 2006 the US Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 285,175,[5] making it the eighth-largest city in the state. It is the principal city of the three-county Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The translation from Latin of the city's name is Body of Christ, given to the settlement by the Spanish, in honor of the Blessed Sacrament (Eucharist). The city has been nicknamed The Sparkling City by the Sea, particularly in literature promoting tourism.

The city is home to the Naval Air Station Corpus Christi and is served by the Corpus Christi International Airport.

Contents


History

Map of Corpus Christi in 1887

Corpus Christi was founded in 1839 by Colonel Henry Lawrence Kinney as Kinney's Trading Post, or Kinney's Ranch, a small trading post to sell supplies to a Mexican revolutionary army camped about 25 miles west.[6] In July 1845, U.S. troops under General Zachary Taylor set up camp there in preparation for war with Mexico, where they remained until March 1846. Then about a year later the city was named Corpus Christi and was incorporated on September 9, 1852.[7] The Port of Corpus Christi was opened in 1926 and the Corpus Christi Naval Air Station was commissioned in 1941.[6]

Geography

Corpus Christi is located at 27°44′34″N 97°24′07″W / 27.742857°N 97.401927°W / 27.742857; -97.401927 (27.742857, -97.401927).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 460.2 square miles (1,192.0 km2), of which 154.6 square miles (400.5 km2) of it is land and 305.6 square miles (791.5 km2) of it (66.40%) is water. Drinking water for the city is supplied by two reservoirs, Lake Corpus Christi and the Choke Canyon Reservoir. Through an effective regional partnership with the Nueces River Authority and the Port of Corpus Christi Authority, a 101-mile (163 km) pipeline was built which transports water from Lake Texana to the city's O.N. Steven's Water Treatment Plant. It was named the Mary Rhodes Pipeline, after the late Mayor Mary Rhodes. All reservoirs are outside the city limits, but are managed directly by public utility of the City of Corpus Christi.

Climate

Corpus Christi has a humid subtropical climate, enjoying similar temperatures to those of other Gulf Coast regions, but somewhat lower precipitation. Average high temperatures in the summer months exceed 90 °F (32 °C). The city's record high temperature is 109 °F (43 °C), on September 5, 2000.

Average nighttime winter lows in January, the coldest month, are a little less than 50 °F (10 °C) and its record low is 11 °F (−12 °C). In December 2004, the city experienced snowfall on Christmas Eve, the city's largest recorded snowstorm at 4.4 inches (11 cm). The snow stayed until Christmas Day and melted the day after.

Climate data for Corpus Christi, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 94
(34)
97
(36)
102
(39)
102
(39)
103
(39)
106
(41)
105
(41)
104
(40)
109
(43)
98
(37)
98
(37)
91
(33)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 66.0
(18.9)
69.7
(20.9)
75.8
(24.3)
80.7
(27.1)
85.6
(29.8)
90.2
(32.3)
93.2
(34)
93.4
(34.1)
89.9
(32.2)
83.6
(28.7)
74.9
(23.8)
68.0
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 46.2
(7.9)
49.3
(9.6)
56.2
(13.4)
62.3
(16.8)
69.5
(20.8)
73.5
(23.1)
74.4
(23.6)
74.5
(23.6)
71.6
(22)
64.0
(17.8)
55.4
(13)
48.1
(8.9)
Record low °F (°C) 14
(-10)
11
(-12)
24
(-4)
33
(1)
44
(7)
56
(13)
64
(18)
64
(18)
52
(11)
28
(-2)
28
(-2)
13
(-11)
11
(-12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.62
(41.1)
1.84
(46.7)
1.74
(44.2)
2.05
(52.1)
3.48
(88.4)
3.53
(89.7)
2.00
(50.8)
3.54
(89.9)
5.03
(127.8)
3.94
(100.1)
1.74
(44.2)
1.75
(44.4)
32.26
(819.4)
Source: National Weather Service[9]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 175
1870 2,140 1,122.9%
1880 3,257 52.2%
1890 4,387 34.7%
1900 4,703 7.2%
1910 8,222 74.8%
1920 10,522 28.0%
1930 27,741 163.6%
1940 57,301 106.6%
1950 108,287 89.0%
1960 167,690 54.9%
1970 204,525 22.0%
1980 231,999 13.4%
1990 257,453 11.0%
2000 277,454 7.8%
Est. 2008 286,462 [10] 3.2%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 277,454 people, 98,791 households, and 70,437 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.2 people per square mile (692.7/km2). There were 107,831 housing units at an average density of 697.3 per square mile (269.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.62% White, 4.67% African American, 0.64% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.58% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.33% of the population.

There were 98,791 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27. Same-sex couple households comprised 0.5 % of all households.[11]

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,414, and the median income for a family was $41,672. Males had a median income of $31,863 versus $22,616 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,419. About 14.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Various sections of Corpus Christi maintain distinct senses of identity and community from the city proper, especially the Calallen and Flour Bluff areas, and, less prominently, Clarkwood and Annaville. These areas are sometimes mistakenly believed to be separate municipalities.

The city has many demographic groups, ethnicities and sub-cultures, each giving it a distinct flavor: the defense bases and the people who work there; the large Hispanic community; the oil related professionals and workers; the cowboy culture; and the surfers.

Neighborhoods

Corpus Christi from above

Tourism

One Shoreline Plaza in Downtown Corpus Christi
One Shoreline Plaza from Heritage Park
USS Lexington floating museum

The city is home to a number of popular destinations for both tourists and residents. Some of the most visited attractions are on North Beach, where the Texas State Aquarium and the USS Lexington Museum on the Bay are located. The USS Lexington was also part of the set for the 2000 film Pearl Harbor. Nearby is Corpus Christi's museum district. Located there are the Museum of Asian Cultures, Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History, the South Texas Institute for the Arts, and the Harbor Playhouse Theatre, one of the oldest continually operating community theatres in the State. Heritage Park is also in the museum district, where a number of older restored houses can be found. The downtown area, of which the museum district is a part, is home to skyscrapers such as One Shoreline Plaza, companies, various shops, a very popular center of marinas, and Mirador de la Flor. Downtown also is home of the Texas Surf Museum, which explores the history of surfing and focuses on surf culture along Texas' 367-mile (591 km) coast, as well as K Space Contemporary,a non-profit art organization dedicated to promoting and presenting local, regional and national contemporary art. Also in the city is the Corpus Christi Botanical Gardens and Nature Center which hosts gardening programs from time to time. On Oso Bay near the Pharaoh Valley subdivision is the Hans and Pat Suter Wildlife Refuge. The Refuge is known for sea bird watching. The nearby Pharaohs golf course also serves as a haven for coastal and migratory birds.

Directly east of Corpus Christi are Padre Island and Mustang Island, home to various municipal, state, and national parks, most notably Padre Island National Seashore. The city is also near King Ranch, one of the world's largest ranches, upon which the movie Giant was based.

Yearly the city also celebrates the Buccaneer Days Carnival, which is typically held downtown.

South Padre Island Drive (locally abbreviated as "S.P.I.D.", with the letters pronounced individually), is the city's main retail corridor, with two shopping malls, La Palmera (formerly Padre Staples Mall), and Sunrise Mall. Also, a number of other large shopping centers, small strip centers, and restaurants can be found throughout the city. Just 14 miles (23 km) to the west of Corpus Christi in the town of Robstown, Texas (USA) will another retail power center be constructed that will serve the entire 14-county Coastal Bend Region. As of May 14, 2008 the project is just one step closer to approval. Once approved construction should start as of late Fall 2008. The major retail project is to be named The Outlets at Corpus Christi Bay

The city is accessed by two major bridges, the Harbor Bridge and the John F. Kennedy Causeway. Both bridges are maintained by the Texas Department of Highways and Transportation.

Government

The Texas Thirteenth Court of Appeals is located in the Nueces County Courthouse in Corpus Christi.[12]

Economy

Downtown Corpus Christi
View of Downtown Corpus Christi from I-37

With the majority of the population employed in the Services, Wholesale and Retail Trade, and Government sectors, Corpus Christi enjoys a low unemployment rate of 4.0% (May 2007).[13]

The Port of Corpus Christi, which is the sixth largest U.S. port and deepest inshore port on the Gulf of Mexico, handles mostly oil and agricultural products. Much of the local economy is driven by tourism and the oil & petrochemicals industry. In 2005 it was ranked as the 47th largest in the world by cargo tonnage.

Corpus Christi is home to two installations of the United States military, the Corpus Christi Army Depot and Naval Air Station Corpus Christi. Combined, these installations provide 6,200 civilian jobs to the local economy, making them the single largest employer in the city. Corpus Christi Army Depot, located on NAS Corpus Christi, is the largest helicopter repair facility in the world.[7]

Corpus Christi used to be the headquarters of Whataburger, a fast food restaurant operator and franchisor with 650 stores in ten states and Mexico which has since moved to San Antonio. Other large employers include the Corpus Christi Independent School District with 5,355 local employees, Spohn Health System at 4,500, Stripes Convenience Stores at 2,500, and the H.E.B. Grocery Company at 2,200.[14]

Corpus Christi became the first major city to offer city wide free Wi-Fi, in order to allow remote meter reading after a meter reader was attacked by a dog. In 2007 the network was purchased by Earthlink for $5.5 million, and stopped being a free service on May 31, 2007.[15]

Sister Cities

Transportation

Corpus Christi is served by Corpus Christi International Airport and Interstate 37. U.S. Highway 77 connects the city to Brownsville and Victoria. Texas State Highway 44 is a main thoroughfare that connects Corpus Christi to the western part of South Texas by way of U.S. Highway 59, Interstate 35, and U.S. Highway 83. The inner city public transportation is provided by Corpus Christi Regional Transportation Authority with its 28 bus routes. Corpus Christi once had a streetcar system functioning from 1910 to 1931 and a railway station (passenger service ended in 1965). Despite the convenience of a large harbor, the city does not have a passenger port.

Major Highways

Sports

The city is home to the Corpus Christi IceRays of the Central Hockey League, Corpus Christi Hooks of the Texas League who are a Double A affiliate of the Houston Astros. The Hooks hosted the 2007 Texas League All Star Game. The Corpus Christi metropolitan area is also home of the Coastal Bend Thunder of United League Baseball and the Corpus Christi Hammerheads of the Intense Football League. As one of Corpus' best held secrets, sailing races are held weekly off downtown's T-heads every Wednesday, where spectators can watch beautiful vessels flying their spinnakers during sunset. Corpus is also home to the Corpus Christi Rugby Football Club, which is a member of the Texas Rugby Union, an affiliate of the Western Rugby Union and of the United States Rugby Football Union.

Club Sport League Venue Established Championships
Corpus Christi Hooks Baseball Texas League Whataburger Field 1968(Relocated in 2005) 1(2006)
Corpus Christi IceRays Ice hockey CHL American Bank Center 1997 1(1998)
Corpus Christi Hammerheads Indoor Football IFL American Bank Center 2003 0
Corpus Christi Crabs Rugby Texas Rugby Union Dewey's 1973 N/A

Education

Colleges and universities

Corpus Christi is home to several institutions of higher learning: Del Mar College [3], Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi (formerly known by the following four names: Corpus Christi State University (CCSU), Texas A&I University at Corpus Christi, and University of Corpus Christi, but now a component of the Texas A&M University System), Our Lady of Corpus Christi, a private, Roman Catholic university, a branch of the Coastal Bend College education program, and numerous vocational schools including Southern Careers Institute [4],South Texas Vo-Tech, Career Centers of Texas- Corpus Christi, and Vogue Cosmetology School. Corpus Christi is also home to the South Texas School of Christian Studies located on Ward Island alongside Texas A&M Corpus Christi. The school serves as an extension campus on the undergraduate level for Howard Payne University and on the graduate level for Logsdon Seminary of Hardin-Simmons University.

Del Mar College is a local community college begun in the 1940s at a location behind Wynn Seale Jr. H. S. The main campus began with the administration building which was constructed after World War II on Del Mar. The college grew to encompass a good portion of a residential addition called Southmoreland built from the Bohemian farm lands in the late 1930s. Del Mar now includes a West campus located in area of Corpus Christi that once was Cliff Maus Airport.

Schools

Five school districts provide primary and secondary education for area residents: Corpus Christi Independent School District (CCISD), Calallen ISD, Flour Bluff ISD, Tuloso-Midway ISD, and West Oso ISD. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Corpus Christi provides the primary and secondary education for Catholic schools.

CCISD

High Schools

Middle Schools

  • School of Science and Technology (SST)
  • Baker Middle School
  • Cullen Middle School
  • Cunningham Middle School
  • Discoll Middle School
  • Grant Middle School
  • Hamlin Middle School
  • Haas Middle School
  • Kaffie Middle School
  • Martin Middle School
  • South Park Middle School
  • Tom Browne Middle School
  • Wynn Seale Middle School

Libraries

TexShare Card holders have limited borrowing privileges at the following area libraries[16]:

Recreation

Fishing

With the city being next to Corpus Christi Bay, the Gulf of Mexico, and Laguna Madre, it has turned into a booming economy for fishing guides, bait merchants, fishing supply retailers, watercraft retailers, and even research of marine biology. Shark attacks are typically limited to the South Padre Island area.

Kayak Fishing

In the past few years kayak fishing has become a popular alternative to fishing from motor boats.[citation needed]

Hunting

Because of the abundance of fish, waterfowl hunting has become popular in the region. Duck, geese, coot, and teal are just some of the many birds hunted for on the water. There is also a huge interest in white-winged dove and mourning dove in these areas, but most of the birds are hunted on private leases.

Wind sports

The city has one of the highest average wind speeds of coastal cities in North America [17] Combined with the Bay Front area along Ocean Drive, this makes Corpus Christi one of the premiere destinations for wind sports such as kite boarding, wind surfing, and kite flying. The city is also well known for having one of the best bays in the country for sailing.

Skateboarding

The Corpus Christi Skatepark was the highly anticipated attraction which opened on February 17, 2007. It is located in Cole Park on the shoreline of the Corpus Christi Bay near downtown. It is free and open to the public from dawn until 10PM. The 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) concrete park includes a skating bowl, and a street course with stairs, railings and flat surfaces.

Notable people from Corpus Christi

This list is in alphabetical order by last name.

Films Made In Corpus Christi

Year Title Status Notes
1978 Tilt Filmed stars Brook Shields and Charles Durning
1985 The Legend of Billie Jean Filmed stars Christian Slater and Helen Slater
1985 Target Filmed stars Gene Hackman and Matt Dillon
1997 Selena Filmed stars Jennifer Lopez
2001 Pearl Harbor Filmed stars Ben Affleck and Josh Hartnett
2008 The Open Road Filmed stars Justin Timberlake and Jeff Bridges

Media

Online
Magazines
Newspapers
Broadcast television
Radio

Internet Radio

AM

FM

See also

References

External links


Simple English

Corpus Christi, Texas is a city in the United States. It is near the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and is one of the fastest growing cities in America. Its economy is based around petroleum refining and tourism.








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