Cottbus: Wikis

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Cottbus
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Coat of arms of Cottbus
Cottbus is located in Germany
Cottbus
Coordinates 51°45′38″N 14°20′3″E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417
Administration
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Frank Szymanski (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m  (230 ft)
Population 101,785  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 620 /km2 (1,605 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate CB
Postal codes 03042-03055
Area code 0355
Website www.cottbus.de

Cottbus (Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the River Spree. As of 31 December 2005, its population was 101,785.[1]

Contents

History

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg; in 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic.

Culture and education

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Park of Branitz, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845.

Cottbus is also home to the Brandenburg Technical University (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium, one of Germany's best schools in international competitions, named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus hosts the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football (soccer) team called Energie Cottbus currently playing in the 2nd Division.

Power generation

There are several coal-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

International relations

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Twin towns - Sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Cottbus [1] is a city in Brandenburg, Germany with a population of 102,000.

The Arms of Cottbus
The Arms of Cottbus
Church and Hotel in Cottbus
Church and Hotel in Cottbus
Cottbus
Cottbus

Cottbus is a small city and due to high unemployment the city has to suffer from the brain drain to more prosperus German cities. The proximity to Berlin allows a lot of people to commute between the cities.

Get in

Either via the Autobahn from Berlin or Dresden. There is an hourly train from Berlin to Cottbus.

Get around

Public transport or by bike

Do

Cottbus is known for two things:

  1. FC Energie Cottbus - FC Energie Cottbus is Cottbus' professional soccer team in the 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier football leaque).
  2. Lignite extraction in the open pits aorund the town
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

COTTBUS, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Prussia, on the Spree, 72 m. S.E. of Berlin by the main railway to Gorlitz, and at the intersection of the lines Halle-Sagan and GrossenhainFrankfort-on-Oder. Pop. (1905) 46,269. It has four Protestant churches, a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue. The chief industry of the town is the manufacture of cloth, which has flourished here for centuries and now employs more than 6000 hands. Wool-spinning, cotton-spinning and the manufacture of tobacco, machinery, beer, brandy, &c., are also carried on. The town is also a considerable trading centre, and is the seat of a chamber of commerce and of a branch of the Imperial Bank (Reichsbank). In the Stadtwald, close to the town, is a women's hospital for diseases of the lungs, a government institution in connexion with the state system of insurance against incapacity and old age. At Branitz, a neighbouring village, are the magnificent château and park of Prince Piickler-Muskau.

At one time Cottbus formed an independent lordship of the Empire, but in 1462 it passed by the treaty of Guben to Brandenburg. From 1807 to 1813 it belonged to the kingdom of Saxony.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Cottbus

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Cottbus

  1. Cottbus (independent city in Brandenburg, Germany)

Simple English

Cottbus

Cottbus
Coordinates 51°45′38″N 14°20′03″E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417
Administration
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Frank Szymanski (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m  (230 ft)
Population 102,265  (31 March 2007)
 - Density 623 /km2 (1,612 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate CB
Postal codes 03042-03055
Area code 0355
Website www.cottbus.de

Cottbus is a city in the east of Germany, in the state of Brandenburg. Cottbus has about 105,000 inhabitants and is the second largest city after Potsdam in Brandenburg. There are two universitys, the Brandenburgische Technische Universität (BTU) and the Hochschule Lausitz.

Boroughs of Cottbus

  • (1) Mitte (Srjejź)
  • (2) Neu und Alt Schmellwitz
  • (3) Sandow (Žandow)
  • (4) Spremberger Vorstadt
  • (5) Ströbitz (Strobice)
  • (6) Sielow (Žylow)
  • (7) Saspow (Zaspy)
  • (8) Merzdorf (Žylowk)
  • (9) Dissenchen (Dešank)
  • (10) Branitz (Rogeńc)
  • (11) Madlow (Modłej)
  • (12) Sachsendorf (Knorawa)
  • (13) Döbbrick (Depsk)
  • (14) Skadow (Škodow)
  • (15) Willmersdorf (Rogozno)
  • (16) Kahren (Korjeń)
  • (17) Kiekebusch (Kibuš)
  • (18) Gallinchen (Gołynk)
  • (19) Groß Gaglow (Gogolow)
frr:Cottbus


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