The Full Wiki

Cougar (vehicle): Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cougar H
070225-M-4393H-041.jpg
Cougar in service with US Military in Iraq
Service history
Used by Canada, United Kingdom, Iraq, Italy, Poland, Hungary, United States.
Wars Iraq War, War in Afghanistan
Production history
Designer Technical Solutions (South Africa)
Manufacturer Force Protection Industries
Unit cost $475,000
Produced 2002
Variants Cougar HE
Specifications
Weight 14.5 t (32,000 lb (curb)
17.2 t (38,000 lb) (gross)[1]
Length 5.91 m (19.41 ft)
Width 2.74 m (9.0 ft)
Height 2.64 m (8.67 ft)
Crew 2+4[1]

Armor Classified
Primary
armament
Optional remote weapon station (Common Remotely Operated Weapon System II)
Secondary
armament
Optional firing ports
Engine Caterpillar C-7 Diesel
243 KW (330 HP)
Payload capacity 2.72 t (6,000 lb)[1]
Transmission Allison 3500SP[2]
Suspension 4×4 wheeled
Ground clearance 410 mm (15 in)
Operational
range
966 km (600 mi)
Speed 105 km/h (65 mph)
Cougar HE
Mine resistant ambush protected vehicles.jpg
Cougar HE
Service history
Used by United States Armed Forces, British Army
Wars Iraq War
Production history
Designer Technical Solutions (South Africa)
Manufacturer Force Protection Industries
Unit cost $644,000
Produced 2002
Variants Cougar H
Specifications
Weight 16.80 t (39,000 lb) (curb)
23.59 t (52,000 lb) (gross)[3]
Mastiff: 24.5 t (54,000 lb) (maximum)[4]
Length 7.08 m (23.25 ft)
Width 2.74 m (9.0 ft)
Height 2.64 m (8.67 ft)
Crew 2+10[2]

Armor Classified
Primary
armament
Optional remote weapon station (Common Remotely Operated Weapon System II)
Secondary
armament
Optional firing ports
Engine Caterpillar C-7 Diesel
243 kW (330 hp)
Payload capacity 5.90 t (13,000 lb)[3]
Transmission Allison 3500SP
Suspension 6x6 wheeled
Ground clearance 410 mm (15 in)
Operational
range
966 km (600 miles)
Speed 105 km/h (65 mph)

The Cougar is an armored fighting vehicle designed to be resistant to anti-vehicle mines and improvised munitions.

It is a family of armored vehicles produced by Force Protection Inc, which manufactures ballistic and mine-protected vehicles. The automotives are integrated by Spartan Motors.[2] These specialty vehicles are protected against small arms, land mines and IEDs using a combination of design features and materials to protect both the crew and engine compartment against a wide range of attacks.[5] A Monocoque type, V-shaped hull extends to the engine bay and serves to direct the blast away from under the vehicle. The dual air-conditioners help keep heavily dressed troops from overheating in the 100+ °F temperatures of Iraq.

Contents

Development

The Cougar was designed in 2004 by a small team at Force Protection. Inc. in the US in response to an urgent requirement by the US Marine Corps. Contrary to common belief, this was not a South African vehicle but rather a new design developed in the US based on an evolution of vehicle mine-protection technology used by the UK, Rhodesian and South African forces from the 1950s onwards.

Some 4000 of these vehicles will have been fielded under the US military's MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) and other vehicle programs.[6] US Defense secretary Robert Gates demanded that the vehicles be ordered in larger numbers after the Marines reported in 2004 that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars.[7] Since then, Cougar vehicles have been hit by IEDs many times in Iraq with few fatalities. Britain chose the Cougar over the RG-31 for their "Mastiff" APV. [8]

The Pentagon has future plans to add the Crows II remote weapon station, Raytheon Quick Kill active anti-RPG system, and the Frag Kit 6 anti-EFP armor.

Variants

The Cougar comes in two configurations, a 4×4 and 6×6. It is designed for the transport and protection of troops and equipment, especially against explosives (IEDs).

Cougar HEV (Hardened engineer vehicle) 
4x4 and 6x6 vehicles ordered in 2004 by the USMC.
Badger ILAV (Iraqi Light Armored Vehicle) 
Based on the Cougar and manufactured by FPII and BAE Systems for the Iraqi Army.
Cougar JERRV (Joint EOD rapid response vehicle) 
4x4 and 6x6 variants for the US Army, USAF, and USMC. Approx 200 ordered in 2005 and 2006, with another 200 ordered in late 2006 but now called MRAPs to take account of the new US military/political initiative to be seen to be responding to public concerns about casualties.
Ridgeback PPV (Protected Patrol Vehicle) 
British version of the Cougar 4x4 from FPII base vehicles with a British armor package and electronics, including installation of Enforcer remote weapon stations on some vehicles.
Mastiff PPV (Protected Patrol Vehicle) 
British version of the Cougar 6x6, with FPII providing the base vehicle and NP Aerospace in the UK integrating electronics and the British armor package.
Wolfhound (Heavy Tactical Support Vehicle) 
British modification of the Cougar 6x6, with FPII providing the base vehicle and NP Aerospace in the UK integrating electronics and the British armor package. 90 ordered by the MOD to provide highly protected load carrying vehicles, for gun tractor and logistical roles[9].
MRAP 
Several thousand vehicles of 4x4 and 6x6 configuration for all of the US Armed Forces, though mostly for the USMC. Over 3500 MRAPs will be delivered by the end of 2008.
Tempest MPV (Mine Protected Vehicle)
this older design was based upon a South African hull and should not be confused with the Cougar, a new vehicle developed between April and September 2004 in response to a USMC requirement.

Operators

Operational history

The Cougar is used by the United States Armed Forces and Iraqi Army and has now entered service with the British Army. In service with those countries, the Cougar is used in a variety of roles, including the HEV (Hardened Engineer Vehicle) and the Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRVs) while in service with the US Marine Corps, US Navy Seabees, and US Air Force RED HORSE.

Polish Army Cougars in Afghanistan.

Compared to the original Cougar vehicle, the British Forces variant is to be fitted with large, vertical armor plates which cover the large vision blocks and weapon firing ports. This is in line with British Army doctrine concerning the role of the APC/MICV, specifically that it is to carry troops under protection to the objective and then give firepower support when they have disembarked. The Mastiff will be fitted with a turret sporting either a L7A2 GPMG (General Purpose Machine Gun) - the FN MAG 7.62 x 51 mm, L110A1 Light Machine Gun 5.56 x 45 mm or a L11A1 Heavy Machine Gun .50 inch (12.7 mm) BMG (Browning Machine gun), 40mm automatic grenade launchers, or even a 50mm cannon.[1] One aspect of the British Army's approach to APC/MICV units (which differs to that of the United States) is that ability of the average soldier to fire accurately out of the ports of a moving IFV has been questioned. The large armor plates will also give added side protection from RPGs or IED explosions.

The British Army has operated an earlier MPV named "Tempest MPV".[17][18] As of November 2008, the British Army has ordered over 400 Cougar vehicles for deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan following a series of Urgent Operational Requirements (UORs). Deliveries of the first 86 Mastiffs began in February 2007, and an order for 22 further vehicles was placed in March, bringing the total to 108. In October 2007 Gordon Brown announced a further 140 Mastiffs and 157 new Cougar 4x4 variants, named Ridgeback were being ordered to protect troops from mines and roadside bombs. [19]

Canada will take delivery of the Cougar within two months and will be employed in Afghanistan.[20]

See also

Gallery

References

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message