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Coat of arms of the Counts of Holland

The Counts of Holland ruled over the County of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century.

Contents

House of Holland

The first count of Holland, Dirk I, was the son or foster-son of Gerolf, Count in Frisia (Dijkstra suggests that Dirk may have been the son of a sister of Gerolf and that his own father died while he was still an infant). He received land around Egmond from Charles the Fat at a place called Bladella (modern day Bladel near Eindhoven, The Netherlands) in 922. This is seen as the beginning of the county of Holland. However, until about 1100, the usual names for the county were West-Friesland, Frisia or Kennemerland; in spite of this the counts from Dirk I onwards are named of Holland.

Note that the chronology of the first few counts is uncertain. The existence of a count between Dirk I and Dirk II was only recently suggested, since it is thought that the references to counts named Dirk between 896 and 988 refer to three, not two, different counts. This third Count Dirk is placed between Dirk and I and II and numbered as Dirk I bis to avoid confusion with the already established numbering referring to the other counts of Holland named Dirk.

House of Avesnes

When John I died childless, the county was inherited by John II of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut from 1299. John of Avesnes was a son of Adelaide of Holland, sister of William II of Holland.

House of Wittelsbach

During the rule of Margaret, her son William V had the real power in the county. He became ruler in his own right as a result of the Hook and Cod wars. He was also Duke of Bavaria-Straubing as William I.

  • Louis the Bavarian (r. 1345 –1347), Holy Roman Emperor, husband of Margaret
  • William V (r. 1354–1388), son of Louis and Margaret
  • Albert I (r. 1388–1404), brother of William V
  • William VI (r. 1404–1417), son of Albert
  • Jacqueline (r. 1417–1432), daughter of William VI
    • John III the Pitiless (r. 1417–1425), Duke of Bavaria-Straubing, brother of William VI, rival of Jacqueline
    • John IV (House of Leuven) (r. 1418–1427), Duke of Brabant, cousin and husband of Jacqueline
    • Humphrey (House of Lancaster) (r. 1422–1425), Duke of Gloucester, husband of Jacqueline
    • Francis, Lord of Borselen (r. 1432), husband of Jacqueline

There was a war of succession between John III and Jacqueline. This war was finally won by Philip of Burgundy in 1432, who, in the meantime had inherited John's claims on the county. Philip was a nephew of William VI, who had married a daughter of Philip the Bold of Burgundy. In 1432 he forced Jacqueline to abdicate from Hainaut and Holland on his behalf.

House of Valois

House of Habsburg

  • Maximilian (r. 1482-1494, regent), Holy Roman Emperor, husband of Mary I
  • Philip II the Handsome (r. 1494-1506), King Philip I of Castile
  • Charles II (r. 1515-1555), Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, King of Spain
  • Philip III (r. 1555-1581, 1581-1598 titular only), King Philip II of Spain

During the 'foreign rule' by Burgundy and Habsburg, the county was governed by a stadtholder in name of the count. In 1581, the Estates General of the United Provinces declared themselves independent from the Spanish rule of Philip II (who was Philip III of Holland). Until the Treaty of Münster in 1648, the kings of Spain still used the title Count of Holland, but they had lost the actual power over the county to the States of Holland.

  • Philip IV (1598 - 1621, titular only), King Philip III of Spain
  • Philip V (1621 - 1648, titular only, renounced 1648), King Philip IV of Spain

The County of Holland and West Frisia 1582-1795

The County remained in existence as a constituent member state of the Dutch Republic until 1795. There were no more Counts however since the Estates of Holland and West-Frisia were the sovereign of the County. The Stadtholders , who were servants of the Estates were the de facto Chief-Executives during this period.

References

See also


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to Counts of Holland article)

From Familypedia

County of Holland in 1477

The Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland, the western sea board of the Low Countries, between the 10th and the 16th century. Holland was a fief of the Bishop of Utrecht, and the county was part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Gerold was the first count of Holland. The second count, Dirk I was his son, foster-son or nephew. Until about 1100, the usual names for the county were West-Friesland, Frisia or Kennemerland.

Note that the chronology of the first few counts is uncertain. The existence of a count between Dirk I and Dirk II was only recently suggested, since it is thought that the references to counts named Dirk between 896 and 988 refer to three, not two, different counts. This third Count Dirk is placed between Dirk and I and II and numbered as Dirk I bis to avoid confusion with the already established numbering referring to the other counts of Holland named Dirk.

Coat of Arms of the Counts of Holland

The House of Holland ruled until Count John I died childless. He was succeeded by his second cousin Count John II of the House of Avesnes. From then onwards, the County of Holland was in personal union with the County of Hainaut.

Properties of the Wittelbachs in the Low Countries and Bavaria

Margaret was the fourth and last ruler of the House of Avesnes. She fought and lost a civil war with her son William V, and power passed to the House of Wittelsbach. The personal union now also included the Duchy of Bavaria-Straubing.

Jacoba was the fourth and last Wittelsbach ruler. She fought a civil war with her uncle, and lost to her cousin and successor Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Philip's son Charles the Brave added the Duchy of Gelre to the family properties and became the first ruler of what is now Belgium and the Netherlands.

Charles had a only a single daughter, Mary, and the county passed to the House of Habsburg with Philip I, Mary's son. Willem van Oranje (1533-1584) led a successful revolt against Philip's grandson Philip II. Philip II's grandson, Philip IV, renounced all claims and was the last of 35 Counts of Holland.

Counts of Holland

Father Mother Coparent-g1 Image
Gerolf van Holland (c850-c895) (.nl)
Dirk II van Holland (930-988) Dirk I bis van Holland (c899-939) (.nl) Gerberga van Hamaland (?-?) Dirk II van Holland930-988.jpg
Aarnout van Holland (951-993) (.nl) Dirk II van Holland (930-988) Hildegard of Flanders (935-990) Arnulf van Gent951-993.png
Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039) (.nl) Aarnout van Holland (951-993) (.nl) Lutgardis von Luxemburg (955-1003) Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039)groot.png
Floris I van Holland (1030-1061) (.nl) Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039) (.nl) Othilde van Saksen (c989-1044) (.nl) Floris I van Holland (1030-1061).png
Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091) Floris I van Holland (1030-1061) (.nl) Gertrud von Sachsen (1033-1113) Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091).png
Floris II van Holland (1085-1122) Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091) Othelhildis von Sachsen (1059-?) Floris II van Holland (1085-1122).png
Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157) Floris II van Holland (1085-1122) Geertruid Petronella van Lotharingen (1092-?) Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157).png
Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157) Sophie von Salm (c1115-1176) Floris III van Holland.png
Dirk VII van Holland (c1164-1203) Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Ada of Huntingdon (1139-1206) Dirk7Holland.png
Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223) Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Ada of Huntingdon (1139-1206) Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223).png
Ada van Holland (1188-1223) Dirk VII van Holland (c1164-1203) Aleid van Kleef (?-?) AdaHolland.png
Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234) Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223) Aleid van Gelre (1187-1218) Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234).png
Willem II van Holland (1228-1256) Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234) Machteld van Brabant (c1200-1267) Willem II van Holland (1228-1256).png
John II, Count of Hainaut (1247-1304) Jean I d'Avesnes (1218-1257) Aleid van Holland (bef1234-1284) Jan II van henegouwen +1304.jpg
Floris V van Holland (1254-1296) Willem II van Holland (1228-1256) Elisabeth von Braunschweig (c1235-1266) Floris V van Holland (1254-1296).jpg
Jan I van Holland (1284-1299) Floris V van Holland (1254-1296) Beatrijs van Vlaanderen (c1253-1296) Jan1Holland.png
William I, Count of Hainaut (c1286-1337) John II, Count of Hainaut (1247-1304) Philippa of Luxembourg (c1252-1311)
William II, Count of Hainaut (1307-1345) William I, Count of Hainaut (c1286-1337) Jeanne of Valois (c1294-1342)
Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut (1311-1356) William I, Count of Hainaut (c1286-1337) Jeanne de Valois (c1294-1342)
William von Wittelsbach (1330-1389) Ludwig IV von Wittelsbach (1282-1347) Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut (1311-1356) William von Wittelsbach (1330-1389).png
Albert von Wittelsbach (1336-1404) Ludwig IV von Wittelsbach (1282-1347) Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut (1311-1356)
Wilhelm von Wittelsbach (1365-1417) Albert von Wittelsbach (1336-1404) Margaret von Brieg (c1342–1386)
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (1396-1467) John, Duke of Burgundy (1371-1419) Margaret of Bavaria-Straubing (1363-1423) Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (1396-1467)thegood.jpg
Jacoba von Wittelsbach (1401-1436) Wilhelm von Wittelsbach (1365-1417) Margaret of Burgundy (1374-1441)
Jan IV van Brabant (1403-1427) Antoine of Brabant (1384-1415) Jeanne de St. Pol (?-1406)
Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477) Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (1396-1467) Isabella of Portugal (1397-1472) Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477).jpg
Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482) Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477) Isabella of Bourbon (c1436-1465)
Philip I of Castile (1478-1506) Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519) Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482)
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500-1558) Philip I of Castile (1478-1506) Joanna of Castile (1479-1555)
Philip II, King of Spain (1527-1598) Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500-1558) Isabella of Portugal (1503-1539)
Philip III, King of Spain (1578-1621) Philip II, King of Spain (1527-1598) Anna of Austria (1549-1580)
Philip IV, King of Spain (1605-1665) Philip III, King of Spain (1578-1621) Margaret of Austria (1584-1611)

See also

Counts of Holland at Wikipedia

Facts about Counts of HollandRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Counts of Holland" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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