Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844: Wikis

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The Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Long title: An Act to annex detached Parts of Counties to the Counties in which they are situated.
Statute book chapter: 7 & 8 Vict. c.61
Territorial extent: England and Wales
Dates
Date of Royal Assent: 6 August 1844
Commencement: 20 October 1844
Other legislation
Repealing legislation: Local Government Act 1972
Status: Repealed

The Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 (7 & 8 Vict. c. 61), which came to effect in 20 October 1844, was an act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which eliminated many outliers or exclaves of counties in England and Wales for civil purposes.

The areas involved had already been reorganised for some purposes: The Reform Act 1832 had abolished the outliers for parliamentary constituencies, the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1839 allowed Justices of the Peace to act for exclaves surrounded by their county, and constabularies established under County Police Act 1839 had jurisdiction over detached parts of other counties.

The text of the act read:

From the twentieth day of October Eighteen Hundred and Forty Four every part of every county in England and Wales which is detached from the main body of the county shall be considered for all purposes as forming part of that county of which it is considered part for the purposes of the election of members to serve as Knights of the Shire

The Act went on to state that the parts transferred would be incorporated in an existing "hundred, wapentake, rape, lathe or other like divisions unless the Justices of the County declare it to be a new hundred or division."

The Act itself did not list the areas transferred; these had already been detailed in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 & 3 Will. IV, c. 64).

Contents

Areas transferred

The Act affected twenty-seven counties. The largest changes were to County Durham, which lost large areas to Northumberland, as well as a single parish to Yorkshire. By no means all detached areas were changed: seven counties still had exclaves. Many of these outlying parts changed their administration with in the 1890s following the passing of the Local Government Act 1894. Large detached blocks of Warwickshire and Worcestershire interspersed with Gloucestershire remained until 1931, while Flintshire retained two exclaves until 1974 — a large one (the Maelor Saesneg area) east of Wrexham in Denbighshire and a single parish exclave (Marford & Hoseley) north of Wrexham.

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Bedfordshire

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Berkshire

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Buckinghamshire

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Cornwall

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Denbighshire

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  • The township of Carreghova (in the parish of Llanmynech) transferred to Montgomeryshire

Derbyshire

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Also:

Devon

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Dorset

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County Durham

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Gloucestershire

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Hampshire

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Herefordshire

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Hertfordshire

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Huntingdonshire

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Monmouthshire

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Montgomeryshire

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Northamptonshire

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Northumberland

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Oxfordshire

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Shropshire

Dudley, shown on an 1814 map as being an exclave of Worcestershire locally situated in Staffordshire. Note also the exclave of Shropshire at Halesowen, abolished by this Act.

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Somerset

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Staffordshire

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Sussex

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Warwickshire

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Wiltshire

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Worcestershire

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Yorkshire, North Riding

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Sources

  • Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844, 7 & 8 Vict. c. 61, London
  • Moule, Thomas (1836) Moule's English Counties in the 19th Century, London : Simpkin & Marshall, republished (1990) as The County Maps of Old England by Thomas Moule, London : Studio Editions Ltd, ISBN 1-85170-403-5
  • Youngs, Frederic A. (1979) Guide to the local administrative units of England, Vol. 1: Southern England, Royal Historical Society, Guides and handbooks no. 10., London : University College, ISBN 0-901050-67-9
  • Youngs, Frederic A. (1991) Guide to the local administrative units of England, Vol. 2: Northern England, Royal Historical Society, Guides and handbooks no. 17., London : University College, ISBN 0-86193-127-0

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