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County Kerry
Contae Chiarraí
Coat of arms of County Kerry
Motto: Comhar, Cabhair, Cairdeas  (Irish)
"Co-operation, Help, Friendship"
Location
Map highlighting County Kerry
Statistics
Province: Munster
County seat: Tralee
Code: KY
Area: 4,746 km2 (1,832 sq mi)
Population (2006) 139,616
Website: www.kerrycoco.ie

County Kerry (Irish: Contae Chiarraí) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland. It is located within the province of Munster. Kerry is the fifth largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 14th largest in terms of population[1]. It is the second largest of Munster’s 6 counties in size and fourth largest in terms of population.

With an area of 4,746 square kilometres (1,832 sq mi), it is bordered by County Limerick to the east and County Cork to the south-east. The county town is Tralee while one of Ireland's most famous towns, Killarney, is also located in County Kerry. The Lakes of Killarney, an area of outstanding natural beauty, are located in Killarney National Park. The tip of the Dingle Peninsula is the most westerly point of Ireland. Likewise, Fenit, the port of Tralee, is the most westerly commercial shipping port in Europe.

Contents

Toponymy

Kerry is an anglicisation of Ciarraí, itself derived from Ciarraighe, or "people of Ciar" the name of the pre-Gaelic tribe who lived in part of the present county. The legendary founder of the tribe was Ciar, son of Fergus mac Róich.[2] In Old Irish "Ciar" meant black or dark brown, and the word continues in use in modern Irish as an adjective describing a dark complexion.[3] The suffix raighe meaning people/tribe is found in various -ry place names in Ireland, such as OsryOsraighe Deer-People/Tribe.

Geography

Kerry faces the Atlantic Ocean and, typically for an Eastern-Atlantic coastal region, features many peninsulas and inlets: principally the Dingle Peninsula, the Iveragh Peninsula, and the Beara Peninsula, shared with neighbouring County Cork. The county is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the north by the River Shannon.

The Ring of Kerry on the Iveragh Peninsula is a popular route for tourists and cyclists. The pedestrian version is the scenic Kerry Way which follows ancient paths generally higher than that adopted by the Ring of Kerry.

Kerry is one of the most mountainous regions of Ireland and contains two of its three highest mountains, Carrauntoohil, part of the Macgillycuddy's Reeks range and Mount Brandon, part of the Slieve Mish range.

The Lakes of Killarney in the centre of the county are a scenic tourist attraction.

Just off Kerry's coast are a number of islands, including the Blasket Islands, Valentia Island and the Skelligs. Skellig Michael is a World Heritage Site, famous for the medieval monastery clinging to the island's cliffs.

Kerry contains the extreme west point of Ireland Dunmore Head on the Dingle Peninsula, or including islands, Tearaght Island, part of the Blaskets. The most westerly inhabited area of Ireland is Dún Chaoin, on the Dingle Peninsula.

The River Feale, the River Laune and the Roughty River flow through Kerry, into the Atlantic.

Dingle Peninsula
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Towns and parishes

Satellite image of the Iveragh Peninsula

The towns of Tralee, Killarney and Listowel are administered by their respective Town Councils and are separate administrative entities from Kerry County Council. However each town elects representatives to the County Council.

Townlands in Co. Kerry

Other Places

Other places in the county include:

Climate

The North Atlantic Current, part of the Gulf Stream, flows north by Kerry and the west coast of Ireland, resulting in milder temperatures than would otherwise be expected at the 52 North latitude. This means that subtropical plants such as the strawberry tree and tree ferns, not normally found in Northern Europe, thrive in the area. There are a number of gardens in the county, open to visitors.

Because of the mountainous area and the prevailing south-westerly winds, Kerry is among the regions with the highest rainfall in Ireland. Due to its location, the area is the site of a weather reporting station on Valentia for many centuries. The Irish record for one-day rain-fall is 243.5 mm (9.59 in), recorded at Cloore Lake, in Kerry in 1993.[4]

In 1986, the remnants of Hurricane Charley crossed over Kerry as an extratropical storm causing extensive rainfall, flooding and damage.

History

On August 27, 1329, by Letters Patent, Maurice FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Desmond was confirmed in the feudal seniority of the entire county palatine of Kerry, to him and his heirs male, to hold of the Crown by the service of one knight's fee.

In the 15th century, the majority of the area now known as County Kerry was still part of the County Desmond, the west Munster seat of the Earl of Desmond, a branch of the Hiberno-Norman Fitzgerald family, known as the Geraldines.

In 1580, during the Second Desmond Rebellion, one of the most infamous massacres of the Sixteenth century, the Siege of Smerwick, took place at Dún an Óir near Ard na Caithne (Smerwick) at the tip of the Dingle Peninsula. The 600-strong Italian, Spanish and Irish papal invasion force of James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald was besieged by the English forces and massacred.

In 1588 when the fleet of the Spanish Armada in Ireland were returning to Spain during stormy weather, many of their ships sought shelter at the Blasket Islands and some were wrecked.

During the Nine Years War, Kerry was again the scene of conflict, as the O'Sullivan Beare clan joined the rebellion. In 1602, their castle at Dunboy was besieged and taken by English troops. Donal O'Sullivan Beare, in an effort to escape English retribution and to reach his allies in Ulster, marched all the clan's members and dependents to the north of Ireland. Due to harassment by hostile forces and the freezing weather, very few of the 1,000 O'Sullivans who set out reached their destination.

In the aftermath of the War, much of the native owned land in Kerry was confiscated and given to English settlers or 'planters'. The head of the MacCarthy Mor family, Florence MacCarthy was imprisoned in London and his lands were divided between his relatives and colonists from England, such as the Browne family.

In the 1640s, Kerry was engulfed by the Irish Rebellion of 1641, an attempt by Irish Catholics to take power in the Protestant Kingdom of Ireland. The rebellion in Kerry was led by Donagh McCarthy, 1st Viscount Muskerry. McCarthy held the county during the subsequent Irish Confederate Wars and his forces were some of the last to surrender to the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1652. The last stronghold to fall was Ross Castle, near Killarney.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Kerry became increasingly populated by poor tenant farmers, who came to rely on the potato as their main food source. As a result, when the potato crop failed in 1845, Kerry was very hard hit by the Great Irish Famine of 1845–49. In the wake of the famine, many thousands of poor farmers emigrated to seek a better life in America and elsewhere. Kerry was to remain a source of emigration until recent times. Another long term consequence of the famine was the Land War of the 1870s and 1880s, in which tenant farmers agitated, sometimes violently for better terms from their landlords.

In the 20th century, Kerry was one of the counties most affected by the Irish War of Independence (1919–21) and Irish Civil War (1922–23). In the war of Independence, the Irish Republican Army fought a guerrilla war against the Royal Irish Constabulary, and British military. One of the more prominent incidents in the conflict in Kerry, were the 'siege of Tralee' in November 1920. when the Black and Tans placed Tralee under curfew for a week, burned many homes and shot dead a number of local people in retaliation for the IRA killing of 5 local policemen the night before. Another was the Headford Junction ambush in spring 1921, when IRA units ambushed a train carrying British soldiers outside Killarney. About twenty British soldiers, three civilians and two IRA men were killed in the ensuing gun battle. Violence between the IRA and the British was ended in July 1921, but nine men, four British soldiers and five IRA men, were killed in a shootout in Castleisland on the day of the truce itself, indicating the bitterness of the conflict in Kerry.

Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty, most of the Kerry IRA units opposed the settlement. In the ensueing civil war between pro and anti-treaty elements, Kerry was perhaps the worst affected area of Ireland. Initially the county was held by the Anti-Treaty IRA but it was taken for the Irish Free State after seaborne landings by Free State troops at Fenit and Listowel. Thereafter the county saw a bitter guerrilla war between men who had been comrades only a year previously. The republicans, or 'irregulars' mounted a number of successful actions, for example attacking and taking Kenmare in September 1922. In March 1923, Kerry saw a series of massacres of republican prisoners by National Army soldiers in reprisal for the ambush of their men -the most notorious being the killing of 8 men with mines at Ballyseedy, near Tralee. The internecine conflict was brought to an end in May 1923, but left deep scars in Kerry's public life.

Culture

As a region on the extremity of Ireland, culture of Kerry was less susceptible to outside influences and is associated with the Irish language, Irish traditional music, song and dance. Corca Dhuibhne and Uíbh Ráthach are considered Gaeltacht regions.

Kerry is known for its senior Gaelic football team. Gaelic football is the dominant sport in the county, and Kerry has the most successful of all football teams; the Kerry footballers have won the Sam Maguire cup 36 times, with the next nearest team Dublin on 22 wins.[6] Hurling is popular at club level in north Kerry, although the county has only won one All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, in 1891. The senior team currently compete in the Christy Ring Cup.[7]

The county has three local newspapers: The Kerryman and The Kerry's Eye, published in Tralee; and The Kingdom, published in Killarney. The county has a commercial radio station, Radio Kerry, which commenced operations in 1990.

Transport

Road

Kerry is accessible by road, rail, sea and air. The main National Primary Routes into Kerry are the N21 road and the N69 road from Limerick and the N22 road from Cork each terminating in Tralee. The N23 road from Castleisland to Farranfore also connects these roads. Within Kerry, the well-known Ring of Kerry follows the N70 road, a National Secondary Route which circles the Iveragh Peninsula and links at Kenmare with the N71 road to west Cork. Bus Eireann operates an extensive bus service network on routes throughout the county with connection hubs in Killarney and Tralee. Also in County Kerry, the N86 road connects Tralee with Dingle, from Dingle you can take the R559 ring road to reach Sybil Point, which is one of the most westernly fringes of County Kerry and indeed the south of Ireland. Kerry airport is situated on the N22 in Farranfore just south of Tralee and north of Killarney.

Rail

Kerry is served by rail at Tralee, Farranfore, Killarney and Rathmore which connect to Cork and Dublin, via Mallow.

Branch line services existed to each of the peninsula (Beara, Iveragh and Dingle) and also to the north of the county. They were closed during the rationalisations of the 1950s and 1960s. These included services to:
-Dingle via Tralee, a narrow-gauge railway, closed in July 1953
-Kenmare via Headford Junction (8 miles outside Killarney), closed in February 1960
-Valentia via Farranfore (the Gleesk Viaduct near Kellsis still exists), also closed in February 1960
-Listowel (and Abbeyfeale, Newcastlewest and Adare) were served via the North-Kerry line, which extended from Tralee to Limerick. Passenger service ceased in 1963, freight in 1983 and the lines were pulled up in 1988.
-Fenit was served via a branch off the North-Kerry line, the rails are still in place.

Listowel to Ballybunion had the distinction of operating experimental Lartigue Monorail services from 1882 to 1924. A 500m section was re-established in 2003.

A road-car route, the Prince of Wales Route, was a link from Bantry to Killarney, operated by the Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway as a service for tourists.

Air

Kerry Airport is located at Farranfore in the centre of the county and has operated scheduled services since 1989. Destinations served as of 2009 are Dublin, London (Stansted & Luton airports) and Frankfurt-Hahn Airport, all operated by Ryanair.

Sea

Fenit harbour near Tralee is a regional harbour capable of handling ships of up to 17,000 tonnes. Large container cranes from Liebherrs in Killarney are regularly exported worldwide. A rail-link to the port was closed in the 1970s. The harbour at Dingle is one of Ireland's secondary fishing ports. In the north of the county, a ferry service operates from Tarbert, to Killimer in County Clare.

Septs, families and titles

A number of Irish surnames are derived from septs who hail from the Kerry area, such as Falvey, Foley, McCarthy, Murphy, O'Connor, O'Moriarty, Clifford , Kennelly, McGrath, O'Carroll, O'Sullivan, O'Connell, O'Donoghue, O'Shea, Quill, Stack, Sugrue and Tangney.

The area was also home to the Hiberno-Norman families, the FitzMaurices and the Desmonds, a branch of the FitzGeralds.

Titles in the British Peerage of Ireland with a family seat in Kerry are

Viscount Valentia appears to have been associated with lands in County Armagh, rather than Kerry

Attractions

Cliffs along the coast of Kerry, south of Rossbeigh beach

Kerry, with its mountains, lakes and Atlantic coastline is among the most scenic areas in Ireland and is among the most significant tourist destinations in Ireland. Killarney is the centre of the tourism industry, which is a significant element of the economy in Kerry.

The Kerry Way, Dingle Way and Beara Way are walking routes in the county.

Attractions include

Notable residents

Politics

Kerry is currently represented in the Oireachtas by six TDs returned from two Dáil parliamentary constituencies in the 30th Dáil Éireann and three Senators in the 23rd Seanad Éireann.

The TDs currently elected (2007 General Election) are:

Kerry North:

Kerry South:

The Senators currently elected (2007 Seanad election) are:

Ecology

The herbarium DBN (Herbarium National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin)[1] contains specimens from the Kerry coast. A list of algal records from County Kerry is given in (Cullinane, 1973 p. 58 – 83).[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  2. ^ T J Barrington, Discovering Kerry, its History Heritage and toponymy, Dublin, 1976
  3. ^ Gearrfhoclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, Dublin, 1981
  4. ^ Rainfall - Climate - Met Éireann - The Irish Meteorological Service Online
  5. ^ Census for post 1821 figures. For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.t For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee, "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses Irish Population, Economy and Society" edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p.54, and also "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850" by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473–488.
  6. ^ "Roll of Honour". Cumann Lúthcleas Geal. http://www.gaa.ie/page/roll_of_honour.html. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  7. ^ "Kerry GAA - Hurling - Clubs and Information". gaainfo.com. http://www.gaainfo.com/hurling.php?co=kerry. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  8. ^ Cullinane, J.P. (1973) Phycology of the South Coast of Ireland. University College Cork

External links

Coordinates: 52°10′N 9°45′W / 52.167°N 9.75°W / 52.167; -9.75


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

County Kerry, in Southwest Ireland, is regarded as perhaps the most scenic county in Ireland and is certainly the most renowned for its scenery. It holds most of Ireland's highest mountains (including the highest, Carrauntuohill), its most westerly fringes and holds a special place in Irish culture. It became a popular tourist attraction in the 19th century and is still very popular today, despite considerable rainfall. In some places the tourist pressure has arguably had a mixed effect but in general the county is friendly and relaxed as well as beautiful.

  • Iveragh is the largest of the south-western peninsulas, stretching between Killarney and the ocean. The Ring of Kerry circumnavigates this area.
  • The Dingle Peninsula, in the west of the county and to the northwest of the Iveragh peninsula, is much smaller than its southern neighbour, but equally beautiful.
  • Skellig Michael, an island off the coast.

Towns

Note: There are no cities in Kerry.

Talk

English is the most spoken language however, in certain parts of Kerry Irish is the living language in Dingle and various other parts which is spoken up to 70%.

Get in

By plane

There is the small international Kerry Airport at Farranfore, between Tralee and Killarney. It is served by Ryanair, Aer Arann, and summer charters and has regularly scheduled flights to Dublin, London Stansted, London Luton, Manchester, Lorient and Frankfurt Hahn. However, Kerry is easily connected to Cork Airport, which serves more destinations, and also Shannon Airport near by. (Flights to USA, Canada and the rest of Europe, including Paris CDG.)

By train

There is a regular rail service to Killarney, Farranfore and Tralee from Dublin and Cork and there are connections from all stations in Ireland. See the Irish Rail website for timetables

By car

If coming from Clare or Galway there is a car ferry across the Shannon estuary between Killimer (Clare) and Tarbert (Kerry) which can save driving and is a scenic route. It departs hourly all year-round and every half hour in Summer from both sides. The ferry crosses the mouth of the river Shannon as it enters the Atlantic and dolphins are commonly seen from the ferry

By bus

Bus Eireann runs regular bus services to and within Kerry. See the Bus Eireann website

Get around

Options include:

  • Bus Eireann buses
  • Private bus tours
  • Rental car
  • Bicycle rental
  • Walking - the Kerry Way is a major network of marked trails.

Car rental

There are numerous major and local car rental companies that have locations in County Kerry. Most will have rental desks in Kerry airport Killarney town or both.

  • Avis - car rental depot located within Shannon Airport
  • Budget Car Rental Ireland - desks in both Kerry Airport and Killarney town.
  • Dan Dooley - Kerry Airport desk
  • Europcar - Killarney and Kerry Airport
  • Hertz - Kerry Airport
  • Irish Car Rentals - Kerry Airport
  • National Car Rental - Kerry Airport

See

The Ring of Kerry is the best known area of natural beauty in Ireland. It is a 120 mile circuit around the Iveragh Peninsula in south Kerry passing through Killarney, Killorglin, Glenbeigh, Caherciveen, Waterville, Sneem and Kenmare.

Do

Watch a game of Gaelic football. This is Ireland's national game. It is the dominant sport in Kerry and the county team has won more All-Ireland Senior Football Championships than any other.

Eat

Puffin stew (local speciality)

Drink

Guinness

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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County Kerry
Contae Chiarraí
Coat of arms of County Kerry
Location
centerMap highlighting County Kerry
Statistics
Province: Munster
County Town: Tralee
Code: KY
Area: 4,746 km²
Population (2006) 139,616
Website: www.kerrycoco.ie

County Kerry (Contae Chiarraí in Irish) is a southwestern county of the Republic of Ireland. Informally referred to as The Kingdom, it forms part of the Irish province of Munster. With an area of 4,746 km² (1,832 square miles), it is bordered by County Limerick to the east and County Cork to the south-east. The county town is Tralee.

One of Ireland's most famous towns, Killarney, is located in Kerry. The Lakes of Killarney, an area of outstanding natural beauty, are located in Killarney National Park. The tip of the Dingle Peninsula is the most westerly point in both mainland Ireland and Europe

Contents

Geography

Kerry faces the Atlantic Ocean and, typically for an Atlantic coastal region, features many peninsulas and inlets: principally the Dingle Peninsula, the Iveragh Peninsula, and the Beara Peninsula, shared with neighbouring County Cork. The county is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the north by the River Shannon.

The Ring of Kerry on the Iveragh Peninsula is a popular route for tourists and cyclists. The pedestrian version is the scenic Kerry Way which follows ancient paths generally higher than that adopted by the Ring of Kerry.

Dingle Peninsula

Kerry contains two of the three highest mountains in Ireland, Carrauntoohil, part of the Macgillycuddy's Reeks range and Mount Brandon, part of the Slieve Mish range.

The Lakes of Killarney in the centre of the county are a scenic tourist attraction.

Just off Kerry's coast are a number of islands, including the Blasket Islands, Valentia Island and the Skelligs. Skellig Michael is a World Heritage Site, famous for the medieval monastery clinging to the island's cliffs.

Kerry contains the extreme west point of Ireland Dunmore Head on the Dingle Peninsula, or including islands, Tearaght Island, part of the Blaskets. The most westerly inhabited area of Ireland is Dunquin, on the Dingle Peninsula.

The River Feale, the River Laune and the Roughty River flow through Kerry, into the Atlantic.

Towns and parishes

Space Radar Image of the Iveragh Peninsula

The towns of Tralee, Killarney and Listowel are administered by their respective Town Councils and are separate administrative entities from Kerry County Council. However each town elects representatives to the County Council.

Other places in the county include:

Climate

The North Atlantic Current, part of the Gulf Stream, flows north by Kerry and the west coast of Ireland, resulting in milder temperatures than would otherwise be expected at the 52 North latitude. This means that subtropical plants such as the strawberry tree and tree ferns, not normally found in Northern Europe, thrive in the area. There are a number of gardens in the county, open to visitors.

Because of the mountainous area and the prevailing south-westerly winds, Kerry is among the regions with the highest rainfall in Ireland. Due to its location, the area is the site of a weather reporting station on Valentia for many centuries. The Irish record for one-day rain-fall is 243.5mm, recorded at Cloore Lake, in Kerry in 1993.[1]

In 1986, the remnants of Hurricane Charley crossed over Kerry as an extratropical storm causing extensive rainfall, flooding and damage.

History

On August 27, 1329, by Letters Patent, Maurice FitzGerald was confirmed in the feudal seniority of the entire county palatine of Kerry, to him and his heirs male, to hold of the Crown by the service of one knight's fee.

In the 15th century, the majority of the area now known as County Kerry was still part of the County Desmond, the west Munster seat of the Earl of Desmond, a branch of the Hiberno-Norman Fitzgerald family, known as the Geraldines.

In 1580, during the Second Desmond Rebellion, one of the most infamous massacres of the 16th century, the Siege of Smerwick, took place at Dún an Óir near Ard na Caithne (Smerwick) at the tip of the Dingle Peninsula. The 600-strong Italian, Spanish and Irish papal invasion force of James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald was besieged by the English forces and massacred.

In 1588 when the fleet of the Spanish Armada in Ireland were returning to Spain during stormy weather, many of their ships sought shelter at the Blasket Islands and some were wrecked.

During the Nine Years War, Kerry was again the scene of conflict, as the O'Sullivan Beare clan joined the rebellion. In 1602, their castle at Dunboy was besieged and taken by English troops. Donal O'Sullivan Beare, in an effort to escape English retribution and to reach his allies in Ulster, marched all the clan's members and dependants to the north of Ireland. Due to harassment by hostile forces and the freezing weather, very few of the 1,000 O'Sullivans who set out reached their destination.

In the aftermath of the War, much of the native owned land in Kerry was confiscated and given to English settlers or 'planters'. The head of the MacCarthy Mor family, Florence MacCarthy was imprisoned in London and his lands were divided between his relatives and colonists from England, such as the Browne family.

In the 1640s, Kerry was engulfed by the Irish Rebellion of 1641, an attempt by Irish Catholics to take power in the Protestant Kingdom of Ireland. The rebellion in Kerry was led by Donagh McCarthy. McCarthy held the county during the subsequent Irish Confederate Wars and his forces were some of the last to surrender to the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1652. The last stronghold to fall was Ross Castle, near Killarney.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Kerry became increasingly populated by poor tenant farmers, who came to rely on the potato as their main food source. As a result, when the potato crop failed in 1845, Kerry was very hard hit by the Great Irish Famine of 1845-49. In the wake of the famine, many thousands of poor farmers emigrated to seek a better life in America and elsewhere. Kerry was to remain a source of emigration until recent times. Another long term consequence of the famine was the Land War of the 1870s and 1880s, in which tenant farmers agitated, sometimes violently for better terms from their landlords.

In the 20th century, Kerry was one of the counties most affected by the Irish War of Independence (1919-21) and Irish Civil War (1922-23). In the war of Independence, the Irish Republican Army fought a guerrilla war against the Royal Irish Constabulary, and British military. One of the more prominent incidents in the conflict in Kerry, were the 'siege of Tralee' in November 1920. when the Black and Tans placed Tralee under curfew for a week, burned many homes and shot dead a number of local people in retaliation for the IRA killing of 5 local policemen the night before. Another was the Headford Junction ambush in spring 1920, when IRA units ambushed a train carrying British soldiers outside Killarney. About twenty British soldiers, three civilians and two IRA men were killed in the ensuing gun battle. Violence between the IRA and the British was ended in July 1921, but nine men, four British soldiers and five IRA men, were killed in a shootout in Castleisland on the day of the truce itself, indicating the bitterness of the conflict in Kerry.

Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty, most of the Kerry IRA units opposed the settlement. In the ensueing civil war between pro and anti-treaty elements, Kerry was perhaps the worst affected area of Ireland. Initially the county was held by the Anti-Treaty IRA but it was taken for the Irish Free State after seabourne landings by Free State troops at [Fenit and Listowel. Thereafter the county saw a bitter guerrilla war between men who had been comrades only a year previously. The republicans, or 'irregulars' mounted a number of successful actions, for example attacking and taking Kenmare in September 1922. In March 1923, Kerry saw a series of massacres of republican prisoners by National Army soldiers in reprisal for the ambush of their men -the most notorious being the killing of 8 men with mines at Ballyseedy, near Tralee. The internecine conflict was brought to an end in May 1923, but left deep scars in Kerry's public life.

Septs, families, and titles

A number of Irish surnames are derived from septs who hail from the Kerry area, such as Falvey, McCarthy, O'Connor, O'Moriarty, Clifford, McGrath, O'Carroll, O'Sullivan, O'Connell, O'Donoghue, O'Shea, Quill, Stack, Sugrue and Tangney.

The area was also home to the Hiberno-Norman families, the FitzMaurices and the Desmonds, a branch of the FitzGeralds.

Titles in the British Peerage of Ireland with a family seat in Kerry are

Viscount Valentia appears to have been associated with lands in County Armagh, rather than Kerry

Notable residents

Historical figures

Associated people

Political figures

Sporting figures

Literary and musical figures

Culture

As a region on the extremity of Ireland, culture of Kerry was less susceptible to outside influences and is principally associated with Irish traditional music, song and dance.

Kerry is also known for its senior Gaelic football team which is the most successful Gaelic footballing team in Ireland winning the Sam Maguire cup 35 times, with the next nearest team Dublin on 22 wins. See also the List of Kerry All-Ireland Football Finals.

The county has three local newspapers: The Kerryman and The Kerry's Eye, published in Tralee; and The Kingdom, published in Killarney. The county has a commercial radio station, Radio Kerry, which commenced operations in 1990.

Transport

Kerry is accessible by road, rail, sea and air. The main National Primary Routes into Kerry are the N21 road and the N69 road from Limerick and the N22 road from Cork each terminating in Tralee. The N23 road from Castleisland to Farranfore also connects these roads. Within Kerry, the well-known Ring of Kerry follows the N70 road, a National Secondary Route which circles the Iveragh Peninsula and links at Kenmare with the N71 road to west Cork. Bus Eireann operates an extensive bus service network on routes throughout the county with connection hubs in Killarney and Tralee.

Kerry is served by rail at Tralee, Farranfore and Killarney which connect to Cork and Dublin, via Mallow.

Branch line services existed to each of the peninsula (Beara, Iveragh and Dingle) and also to the north of the county. They were closed during the rationalisations of the 1950s and 1960s. These included services to:
-Dingle via Tralee, a narrow-gauge railway, closed in July 1953
-Kenmare via Headford Junction (8 miles outside Killarney), closed in February 1960
-Valentia via Farranfore (the Gleesk Viaduct near Kellsis still exists), also closed in February 1960
-Listowel (and Abbeyfeale, Newcastlewest and Adare) were served via the North-Kerry line, which extended from Tralee to Limerick. Passenger service ceased in 1963, freight in 1983 and the lines were pulled up in 1988.

Listowel to Ballybunion had the distinction of operating experimental Lartigue Monorail services from 1882 to 1924. A 500m section was re-established in 2003.

A road-car route, the Prince of Wales Route, was a link from Bantry to Killarney, operated by the Cork as a service for tourists.

Kerry Airport is located at Farranfore in the centre of the county and has operated scheduled services since 1989. Destinations served as of 2006 are Dublin, London, Manchester, Lorient and Frankfurt-Hahn Airport operated by Aer Arann and Ryanair.

Fenit harbour near Tralee is a regional harbour capable of handling ships of up to 17,000 tonnes. Large container cranes from Liebherrs in Killarney are regularly exported worldwide. A rail-link to the port was closed in the 1970s. The harbour at Dingle is one of Ireland's secondary fishing ports.

See also: Wikipedia:Category:Transport in Kerry

Attractions

Kerry, with its mountains, lakes and Atlantic coastline, is among the most scenic areas in Ireland and is among the most significant tourist destinations in Ireland. Killarney is the centre of the tourism industry, which is a significant element of the economy in Kerry.

The Kerry Way, Dingle Way, and Beara Way are walking routes in the county.

Attractions include:

Historic sites of Kerry:

Politics

Kerry is currently represented in the Oireachtas by six TDs returned from two Dáil parliamentary constituencies in the 30th Dáil Éireann and three Senators in the 23rd Seanad Éireann.

The TDs currently elected (2007 General Election) are:

Kerry North:

Kerry South:

The Senators currently elected (2007 Seanad election) are:

Ecology

The herbarium DBN (Herbarium National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin)[1] contains specimens from the Kerry coast. A list of algal records from County Kerry is given in (Cullinane, 1973 p.58 - 83).[2]

References

  1. ^ http://www.met.ie/climate/rainfall.asp
  2. ^ Cullinane, J.P. 1973. Phycology of the South Coast of Ireland. University College Cork.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at County Kerry. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "County Kerry" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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