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County Kildare
Contae Chill Dara
Coat of arms of County Kildare
Motto: Meanma agus Misneach  (Irish)
"Spirit and Courage"
Location
Map highlighting County Kildare
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County seat: Naas
Code: KE
Area: 1,693 km2 (654 sq mi)
Population (2006) 186,075
Website: www.kildare.ie

County Kildare (Irish: Contae Chill Dara) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland. It is located within the province of Leinster and was named after the town of Kildare (Irish: Cill Dara). Kildare is the 25th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and ninth largest in terms of population[1]. It is the eighth largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and second largest in terms of population.

Contents

History

Kildare was shired in 1297[2] and assumed its present borders in 1832, following amendments to remove a number of enclaves and exclaves.

Kildare was the home of the powerful Fitzgerald family. Parts of the county were also part of the Pale area around Dublin.

Geography

Kildare is bordered by the counties of Carlow, Laois, Meath, Offaly, Dublin and Wicklow. Kildare is part of the "Greater Dublin Area", a regional area surrounding Dublin.

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Towns and villages in Kildare

Towns / large settlements

Looking east across the broad plains of South Kildare to the distant Wicklow Hills
  • Naas (pop. 26,366) (pronounced /ˈneɪs/; Irish: Nás na Ríogh, pronounced [nɑːs nə riː], or An Nás [ən nɑːs]) is the County Town and largest town in County Kildare, and rapidly growing, situated in the north east of the county. Sallins and Johnstown could be considered suburbs of Naas. It is also the main centre for economic growth in the county of Kildare.[citation needed]
  • Newbridge (Droichead Nua) is Kildare's second largest town, situated in the centre of the county, near the Curragh plain. It is a thriving and rapidly growing town with a population of over 18,000.
  • Celbridge (Cill Droichid) (pop. 17,262)[3] is the largest one-street town in Ireland. and nearby Straffan is the site of the K Club Golf Course which hosted golf's Ryder Cup in 2006.
  • Leixlip (pop. 15,000) (Léim an Bhradáin) town is the industrial centre of north Kildare, with large Intel and Hewlett-Packard facilities, and the original home of Guinness which had its origins here.
  • Maynooth (Maigh Nuad) (pop. 10,715)[3] is the historic educational centre of the county. It contains the National University of Ireland, Maynooth and St Patrick's College, Maynooth.
  • Kilcock (Cill Choca) is a small town located 6 kilometres (4 miles) from Maynooth.
  • Athy (Ath Í)(pop. 7,943) is the main town in the southern part of the county.
  • Kildare (Cill Dara)(pop. 7,538) is the oldest town in the county and the most historic.
  • Monasterevin (Mainistir Éimhín) (pop. 3,000) is the site of the 6th century Moore Abbey founded by St. Evin.

Smaller settlements

Neighbouring counties

County Kildare borders several counties:

Enclaves of several counties once lay inside Kildare, and in its border regions. The last of these were scrapped in the 1830s.

Demographics

The county's population has nearly doubled to some 186,000 in 1990-2005. The north eastern region of Kildare (Naas towards Dublin) had the highest average per-capita income in Ireland outside County Dublin in 2003. East Kildare's population has increased rapidly, for example the amount of housing in the Naas suburb of Sallins has increased sixfold since the mid 1990s.

Transport and infrastructure

Roads

County Kildare houses the hub of Ireland's network of major roads.

The N4(M4) from Dublin to Sligo travels along the north of the county by-passing the towns of Leixlip, Maynooth and Kilcock.

The N7(M7) from Dublin to Limerick runs through the county and by-passes the towns of Naas, Newbridge, Kildare and Monasterevin. This road is colloquially referred to as the "Naas Dual carriageway" because when it was originally up-graded in 1964 the road from Dublin to Naas was a double lane carriageway, one of the first of its kind in Ireland.

The N9(M9) is another National Primary Route that commences at Kilcullen and ends at Waterford. The first few miles of this are motorway which essentially by-passes Kilcullen. From there it is a single lane carriageway passing towns such as Timolin, Moone and Castledermot before leaving the County at the County Carlow border.

Rail

The County is also served by the trains connecting the Dublin to Munster, South Leinster, and South Connaught, with daily connections to Cork, Waterford, Limerick, and Galway. The principal Irish Rail intercity train station in the county is Kildare, however, Newbridge, Sallins and Hazelhatch are also served by a Dublin commuter train service called the Arrow.

Canals

Kildare was the centre of Ireland's inland waterway when it was constructed in the 1830s, and 1840s. This connects Kildare with Waterford, Dublin, Limerick and Athlone. The Royal Canal still forms the boundary with County Meath to the North.

Economy

At the centre of the Irish motorway system, County Kildare is one of Ireland's premier sites for inward direct investment from the multinational sector. Kildare currently (2010) contains the European base of electronics firms, Intel and Hewlett Packard, two of the largest employers in this sector in the entire island. Pharmaceutical giant Wyeth has its European Manufacturing base in Newbridge, with another plant in nearby Newcactle in County Dublin. Major pizza-making, soft drinks, and frozen food enterprises are located in Naas. Large supermarket distribution centres are located in Naas, Newbridge and Kilcock. Some of Ireland's most glamorous boutiques are in Naas such as the Emporium Kalu on Main Street Naas which is the most expensive boutique in Ireland. The county has numerous shopping malls in the main towns such as Manor Shopping centre in Maynooth, Kildare Village Outlet Shopping Centre in Kildare Town, Naas Shopping Mall to be opened in 2010 in Naas and the Whitewater Centre in Newbridge. The Irish Army's largest military base, its command headquarters, and its training centre at the Curragh. Allenwood and Timahoe are also the location of large peat burning power stations operated by the state, and Kildare has historically be an employment centre in this sector.

Kildare is the centre of the Irish horse industry.[citation needed] Kildare has more stud farms than any other county in Ireland, and three important racecources at Punchestown, near Naas, and at the leading flat national racecourse at the Curragh. Kildare is also home to the state owned national stud farm, the national equestrian centre in Kill, and Goff's equine auction centre (also in Kill). Most of Ireland's prominent show jumping competitors are located in, or come from county Kildare, especially the areas near Kilcock and Sallins. Several prominent international breeders have substantial stud farms in Kildare, including many from the Arab world.

County Kildare is the richest county in Ireland outside of Dublin,with the wealth being mainly concentrated in Naas and has the lowest unemployment rates in Ireland, throughout the economic recession of the 1980s. House prices in the county but especially in the North East of the county e.g. Naas and Maynooth have always been considerably higher than the other counties in the country outside Dublin. Kildare was the first county in Ireland to experience the Celtic Tiger economic boom in the early 1990s, mainly as a result of the decision of Intel to locate between Leixlip and Maynooth from various high tech companies like intel and Hewlett Packard the county is sometimes dubbed as the The Silicon Valley of Europe, and a pick up in construction boom that predated that of other countries.[citation needed]

The North and East parts of Kildare (Naas,Maynooth,Celbridge,Leixlip,Kilcock) is considered more of a industrial and suburban style area. It is the area where most economic development in the county takes place and is considered the more wealthier areas of the county, it is the more densely populated areas of Kildare. The NE part of the county e.g., Naas and Leixlip is considered in the Western Suburbs of Dublin.

The South and West parts of Kildare (Athy, Kildare, Newbridge, Monasterevin, Rathangan) is considered the more agriculturaly dominated area in the county and is less populated then the more densely populated areas in the North and East of the county.

Politics

Politically the county is divided into two Dáil constituencies, Kildare North (four seats) and Kildare South (three seats). After the 2007 General Election, the TDs elected were; Bernard Durkan (FG), Emmet Stagg (Lab), Aine Brady (FF), Michael Fitzpatrick (FF), Sean O Fearghail (FF), Sean Power (FF) and Jack Wall (Lab). Nevertheless, the whole county is govearned at local authority level by Kildare County Council in Naas

Education

  • Two third-level educational institutions -- St. Patrick's College founded by King George III in 1795 to educate Ireland's Catholics and the National University of Ireland, Maynooth founded in 1997—are located in Maynooth. They share campus space and many facilities. The two institutions were formally separated in 1997. NUI Maynooth is the only university in the Republic of Ireland not situated in a city.
  • Clongowes Wood College is a private secondary boarding school for boys, located near Clane. Founded by the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits) in 1814, it is one of Ireland's oldest Catholic schools.
  • Newbridge College is a co-educational secondary school. The Dominican Order founded Newbridge College in 1852 as a boarding school for boys.
  • Pipers Hill College Naas is a second level college opened in August 2009 to replace St. Patrick's Community College.

Music

Sport

GAA

The nickname for the Kildare GAA team is the Lilywhites, a reference to the all-white jerseys they wear.

In 1928, Kildare became the first team to win the Sam Maguire trophy for the All Ireland football Championship, defeating Cavan 2-6 to 2-5.

County Kildare is also known as the Shortgrass County which is a reference to how short the grass is on the commons of the Curragh.

Golf

The Michael Smurfit owned K Club, situated on the River Liffey near Straffan played host to the 2006 Ryder Cup. Other prominent courses are located at Knockanally, Carton Estate, and Clane.

Horse racing

Kildare is famous worldwide for its horse racing.[5][6] The Curragh horse-racing course is the home to all five Irish Classic Flat races. Also located in County Kildare are two other courses, Punchestown Racecourse, home of the National Hunt Festival of Ireland, and Naas Racecourse, which runs both National Hunt and Flat meetings and is used by top race horse trainers as a test for horses preparing for the Cheltenham festival.

The county is famous for the quality of horses bred in the many stud farms to which it is home, including the Irish National Stud and many other top studs such as Gilltown, Moyglare and Kildangan Stud, and race horse training establishments, such as the Osborne Stables.

Sister cities

County Kildare has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Both are major centres of the Thoroughbred breeding industry in their respective countries.

See also

References

  1. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  2. ^ Otway-Ruthven, Annette Jocelyn (1980). A history of medieval Ireland. Routledge. pp. 174. ISBN 0510278000. http://books.google.com/books?id=K_4NAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA174. 
  3. ^ a b "Census 2006 - Areas - Table 5 Population of Towns ordered by County and size, 2002 and 2006" (PDF). http://www.cso.ie/census/documents/census2006_Table_5.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  4. ^ http://www.cso.ie/census for post 1821 figures, 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865, 1788 Estimate from survey by GP Bushe. |1813 estimate from Mason’s Statistical Survey
  5. ^ http://newswoman.de/clips/kildare.html
  6. ^ http://www.kildarehorse.ie/
  7. ^ "Lexington Sister Cities Commission: County Kildare, Ireland". Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government. http://www.lexingtonky.gov/index.aspx?page=1419. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  8. ^ "Sister Cities - U.S. Embassy Dublin, Ireland". U.S. Department of State. http://dublin.usembassy.gov/sister_cities.html. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 

External links

Coordinates: 53°10′N 6°45′W / 53.167°N 6.75°W / 53.167; -6.75


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

County Kildare is in Ireland's East Coast and Midlands. It is south of Dublin and also borders County Wicklow and County Laois as well as County Meath.

  • The Curragh
  • Naas
  • Athy
  • Newbridge
  • Celbridge
  • Maynooth
  • Leixlip
  • Clane
  • Straffan

Understand

Kildare is known as "the shortgrass county", revealing its fame for sheep farming in the plains to the south. It is the horsebreeding capital of Ireland and home to the Curragh Racecourse, as well as many studfarms. Historically, it was inside the Anglised area known as "The Pale" and ruled by landlords such as the Fitzgeralds.

  • The Japanese Gardens outside Kildare Town
  • The Irish National Stud outside Kildare Town located adjacent to The Japanese Gardens. This is a working thoroughbred horse farm.
  • The Curragh Races - The Curragh is home to the five Irish Classic Horse Races
  • Punchestown - http://www.punchestown.com/ Punchestown, near Naas is a steeplechase race track and home to the four day Punchestown Festival in late April
  • Castletown House - http://kildare.ie/Heritage/historic-sites/castletown-house.asp Castletown House is open to the public for tours during the summer, serves food and is also a concert venue, with organic farmers market at weekends
  • Golf There are some excellent golf courses in Kildare, The K Club, Carton House,and Castlewarden Glof Clubs
  • The Hanged Man Pub in Newtown, near The Curragh
  • The Bradaun Restaurant http://leixliphouse.com in Leixlip, located in Leixlip House Hotel
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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County Kildare
Contae Chill Dara
Location
centerMap highlighting County Kildare
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County Town: Naas
Code: KE
Area: 1,693 km²
Population (2006) 186,075
Website: www.kildare.ie

County Kildare (Irish: Contae Chill Dara ) is an Irish county located to the southwest of Dublin in the province of Leinster. The name comes from the Irish, meaning church (Cill) of the oaks (Dara).

Kildare is bordered by the counties of Carlow, Laois, Meath, Offaly, Dublin and Wicklow. Kildare is part of the "Greater Dublin Area", a regional area surrounding Dublin.

Contents

Major towns

The town of Kildare is the oldest in the county and the most historic. Naas (Nás na Rí in Irish - meaning meeting place of kings) is the county town.

Newbridge (Droichead Nua) is Kildare's largest town and is situated in the centre of the county, near the Curragh plain. It is a thriving and rapidly growing town of over 20,000.

Maynooth (Maigh Nuad) is the historic educational centre of the county. It contains the National University of Ireland and St Patrick's College. Kilcock (Cill Choca) is a town located 6 kilometres (4 miles) from Maynooth.

Leixlip (Léim an Bhradáin) town is the industrial centre of north Kildare, with large Intel and Hewlett-Packard facilities, and the original home of Guinness which has its origins in Leixlip Castle.

Celbridge (Cill Droichid) is the largest one street town in Ireland and nearby Straffan is the site of the K Club Golf Course which hosted golf's Ryder Cup 2006.

Monasterevin (Mainistir Éimhín) is the site of the 6th century Moore Abbey founded by St Evin.

East Kildare's population has increased rapidly, for example the amount of housing in the Naas suburb of Sallins has increased sixfold since the mid 1990s.

History

Looking east across the broad plains of South Kildare to the distant Wicklow Hills

Kildare was shired in 1297 and assumed its present borders in 1832. Main article at History of County Kildare.

In 2006 group singers from St. Brigids won gold in Mosney All Ireland Finals.

Transport and infrastructure

County Kildare houses the hub of Ireland's network of major roads.

The N4(M4) from Dublin to Sligo travels along the north of the county by-passing the towns of Leixlip, Celbridge, Maynooth and Kilcock.

The N7(M7) from Dublin to Limerick runs through the county and by-passes the towns of Naas, Newbridge, Kildare and Monasterevin. This road is commonly dubbed the "Naas Dual carriageway" because when it was originally up-graded in 1964 the road from Dublin to Naas was a double lane carriageway, one of the first of its kind in Ireland.

The N9(M9) is another National Primary Route that commences at Kilcullen and ends at Waterford. The first few miles of this are motorway which essentially by-passes Kilcullen. From there it is a single lane carriageway passing towns such as Timolin, Moone and Castledermot before leaving the County at the County Carlow border.

The County is also served by the trains connecting the Dublin to Munster, South Leinster, and South Connaught, with daily connections to Cork, Waterford, Limerick, and Galway. The principal Irish Rail intercity train station in the county is Kildare, however, Newbridge, Sallins and Hazelhatch are also served by a Dublin commuter train service called the Arrow.

Kildare was the centre of Ireland's inland waterway when it was constructed in the 1830s, and 1840s. This connects Kildare with Waterford, Dublin, Limerick and Athlone. The Royal Canal still forms the boundary with County Meath to the North.

Business

At the centre of the Irish motorway system, County Kildare is one of Ireland's premier sites for inward direct investment from the multinational sector. Kildare currently (2006) contians the European base of electronics firms, Intel and Hewlett Packard, two of the largest employers in this sector in the entire island. Phramaceutical giant Wyeth has it's European Manufacturing base in County Kildare, with another plant in nearby Newcactle in County Dublin. Major pizza-making, soft drinks, and frozen food enterprises are located in Naas. Large supermarket distribution centres are located in Naas and Kilcock.

The Irish Army's largest military base, it's command headquarters, and it's training centre at the Curragh. Maynooth was the only University outside the Ireland's coastal cities. Clongowes Wood College in Clane is the premier Jesuit college in the east of Ireland. Allenwood and Timahoe are also the location of large peat burning power stations operated by the state, and Kildare has historically be an employment centre in this sector.

Kildare is the centre of the Irish horse industry. Kildare has more stud farms than any other county in Ireland, and an important racecources at Punchestown, near Naas, and at the leading flat national racecourse at the Curragh. Kildare is also home to the state owned national stud farm, the national equistrian centre in Kill, and the equine auction centre (also in Kill). Most of Ireland's prominent show jumping competitors are located in, or come from county Kildare, especially the areas near Kilcock and Sallins. Several prominent international breeders have substantial stud farms in Kildare, including many from the Arab world.

Ireland's premier golf course, the Michael Smurfit owned K Club, near Straffan, in addition to other prominent courses at Knockanally, Carton Estate, and Clane.

County Kildare has always been one of the richest counties in Ireland outside of Dublin, with the lowest unemployment rates in Ireland, throughout the economic recession of the 1980s. Kildare was the first county in Ireland to experience the Celtic Tiger economic boom in the early 1990s, mainly as a result of the decision of Intel to locate between Leixlip and Maynooth, and a pick up in construction boom that predated that of other countries.

The county's population has nearly doubled to some 186,000 in 1990-2005. The north eastern region of Kildare, had the highest average per-capita income in Ireland outside County Dublin in 2003.

Music

Politics

Politically the county is divided into two Dáil constituencies, Kildare North (three seats, to be increased to four at the next election) and Kildare South (three seats). After the 2007 General Election, the TDs elected were; Bernard Durkan (FG), Emmet Stagg (Lab), Aine Brady (FF), Michael Fitzpatrick (FF), Sean O Fearghail (FF), Sean Power (FF) and Jack Wall (Lab). Nevertheless, the whole county is governed at local authority level by Kildare County Council.

Towns and villages in Kildare

Towns

Maynooth (pop. 10,000) and Celbridge (pop. 20,000) have both applied to be upgraded to "Town" status.

Major villages

Sport

The nickname for the Kildare GAA team is the Lilywhites, a reference to the all-white jerseys they wear. Kildare were the first team to win the Sam Maguire All Ireland football Championship in 1928 defeating Cavan 2-6 to 2-5. County Kildare is also known as the Shortgrass County which is a reference to how short the grass is on the commons of the Curragh. The Kildare Hotel and Golf Club, more well known as The K Club, situated on the River Liffey at Straffan, County Kildare, played host to the 2006 Ryder Cup.

Horse racing

The Curragh horse-racing course the home to all five Irish classics is also located in County Kildare along with two other courses Punchestown Racecourse home of the National Hunt Festival of Ireland and Naas Racecourse. The county is known for the quality of horses bred in the many horse stud farms to which it is home to. Kildare is also home to the Irish National Stud and many other top farms such as Moyglare Stud and Kildagan Stud.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at County Kildare. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about County KildareRDF feed

This article uses material from the "County Kildare" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

County Kildare
Contae Chill Dara
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County Town: Naas
Code: KE
Area: 1,693 km²
Population (2006) 186,075
Website: www.kildare.ie

County Kildare (Irish: Contae Chill Dara) is an Irish county located to the southwest of Dublin in the province of Leinster. The name comes from the Irish, meaning church (Cill) of the oaks (Dara).

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