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County Kilkenny
Contae Chill Chainnigh
Coat of arms of County Kilkenny
Location
Map highlighting County Kilkenny
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County seat: Kilkenny
Code: KK
Area: 2,061 km2 (796 sq mi)
Population (2006) 87,558
Website: www.kilkennycoco.ie

County Kilkenny (Irish: Contae Chill Chainnigh) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland. It is located within the province of Leinster. It was named after the town of Kilkenny (Irish: Cill Chainnigh) and has a population of 87,558.[1]

Kilkenny is the 16th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 21st largest in terms of population[2]. It is the third largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and seventh largest in terms of population.

The River Nore flows through the county and the River Suir forms the border with County Waterford. Brandon Hill is the highest point with an elevation of 515 m (1,690 ft).

The current county formed part of the Kingdom of Osraige and ecclesiastical Diocese of Ossory.

Contents

Name

St. Canice's Cathedral and round tower around which Kilkenny developed

County Kilkenny takes its name from the main city the City of Kilkenny. Kilkenny is the anglicised version of the Irish Cill Chainnigh, meaning Church (Cell) of Cainneach or Canice. This probably relates to the church and round tower, now St. Canice's Cathedral, which was built in honour of St. Canice.

In Irish usage, the word county nearly always comes before rather than after the county name; thus "County Clare" in Ireland as opposed to "Clare County" in Michigan. The former "King's County" and "Queen's County" were exceptions; these are now County Offaly and County Laois. The names "County Dublin" and "County Kilkenny" remain in common usage outside administrative matters.

Geography

The Geography of County Kilkenny describes the county of Kilkenny which is located in the south-west of Leinster, in Ireland. The main geographical features of County Kilkenny include a mostly hilly surface of moderate elevation with uplands in the North-East, the North-West and the South of the county; the middle being comparably lower.[3]

The county is located at 52°35′N 7°15′W / 52.583°N 7.25°W / 52.583; -7.25Coordinates: 52°35′N 7°15′W / 52.583°N 7.25°W / 52.583; -7.25 and has an area of 509,431 acres (2,061.59 km2; 795.986 sq mi) which contains a population of 87,558. The county extends from 52 degrees 14 minutes to 52 degrees 52 minutes north latitude, and from 6 degrees 56 minutes to 7 degrees 37 minutes west longitude. The highest peak is Brandon Hill (Irish: Cnoc Bhréanail) which is 515 metres (1,690 ft) above sea level. The north-south length of the county is 36 miles (58 km); and its greatest breadth from east to west, is about 19 miles (31 km) and its narrowest part is about 12 miles (19 km) from where it widens irregularly towards the north.

Kilkenny extends southward from Laois to the valley of the Suir and eastward from the Munster-Leinster border to the River Barrow. The River Nore bisects the county and the River Barrow and River Suir are natural boundaries to the east and south of the county.

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Rivers

The main rivers in County Kilkenny, called the Three Sisters, are the Nore, Barrow and Suir.[4] The River Nore bisects the county and flows through Ballyragget, Kilkenny City and the villages of Bennettsbridge, Thomastown and Inistioge. The River Suir forms the border between County Waterford and County Kilkenny. River Barrow forms a boundary to the east of the county.

Although County Kilkenny lies inland it has access to the sea via Belview Port, Port of Waterford, on the Suir Estuary and via New Ross on the River Barrow. On the River Barrow, from the villages of Goresbridge and Graiguenamanagh, there is a navigable river with traditional barges to the River Shannon or to Dublin Bay. Kilkenny's river network helps drain the land giving the county a highly fertile lower central plain.

Kings River and the Dinan are used of canoeing and kayaking as they contain stretches of peaceful waterways and a number of weirs and rapids. The wide and meandering Rivers Nore and Barrow are used for angling, boating and water sports.

Mountains and hills

County Kilkenny is comparably low compared to other mountain ranges in Ireland with the highest peak being Brandon Hill (Irish: Cnoc Bhréanail), at 515 metres (1,690 ft) above sea level. The majority of rest of the county is hilly except for the centre of the County, just south of the city of Kilkenny, which is comparably lower than the rest of the county. There are highlands in the North-East, the North-West and in the South of the county.

In the north of the county the uplands of the Castlecomer district, the Castlecomer Plateau includes the Culla Hills to the west of the Nore Valley with Castlecomer Hills and Slieve Marcy to the east. These hills are divided by the valley of the Dinan river which joins the Nore from the east. The highest point of the Castlecomer Hills is 313 metres (1,027 ft), and located North-West of the town of Castlecomer and near the border with Laois. The highest point of the Culla Hills is in Laois at 279 metres (915 ft), but its undulating slopes spread over a considerable area of Kilkenny in the north-westerly area.

In the west of the county the Slieveardagh Hills and Booley Hills extend westwards to County Tipperary. The highest point in the Slieveardagh Hills is Knocknamuck at 340 metres (1,120 ft). The Booley Montains partly divide from Tory Hill to the valley of the Kilmacow River which flows into the Suir.

In the south of the county is Brandon Hill, at 515 metres (1,690 ft) and is near the Barrow and Graiguenamanagh. The area enclosed between the rivers Nore and Barrow towards their point of joining is elevated. Along the west of the Barrow and Nore is mostly covered by hills of nearly equal elevation except along the left bank of the river Suir. Here there is a rich area of land between the river and the hills.

Geology

The geology of Kilkenny includes the Kiltorcan Formation which is early Carboniferous in age.[5] The Formation is located around Kiltoncan Hill near Ballyhale in the Callan and Knocktopher areas. It forms the uppermost part of the Old Red Sandstone and is the distinctive Upper Devonian-Lower Carboniferous unit in southern Ireland.[6] It contains non-red lithologies, green mudstones, siltstones, fine sandstones and yellow sandstones. There is a fossil assemblage containing Cyclostigma and Archaeopteris and Archaeopteris hibernica[7]

Most of the county is principally limestone of the upper and lower group, corresponding with the rest of Ireland. A large area in the north and east contains beds of coal, surrounde by limstone strata, alternated with shale, argilaceous ironstone, and standstone. This occurs eastward of the Nore around Castlecomer, along the border with Laois. It is generally accompanied by culm, which was used extensively for buring lime.

Climate

County Kilkenny
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
86
 
8
1
 
 
66
 
8
2
 
 
63
 
10
2
 
 
51
 
12
3
 
 
62
 
15
6
 
 
50
 
18
8
 
 
52
 
20
10
 
 
69
 
20
10
 
 
74
 
17
8
 
 
85
 
14
6
 
 
74
 
10
3
 
 
89
 
8
2
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: MET ÉIREANN

Weather data was recorded by Met Éireann at a Kilkenny Weather Station from its establishment in 1957 until 2008, weather for the area is now recorded at Carlow Weather Station. Weatherwise County Kilkenny is the centre of the area known as the 'Sunny South East' nationally. Kilkenny has extremes of temperature due to its continental type climate but also because it is least affected by the sea. It is generally representative of wide river valleys in the region with low temperatures on cloudless nights. Overall, the county has a mild, but changeable, Oceanic climate with few extremes. Kilkenny is significant in that it records some of the highest summer and lowest winter temperatures in Ireland.

The highest air temperature ever recorded in Ireland, 33.3 °C (91.9 °F), was at Kilkenny Castle on 26 June 1887. The maximum daily rainfall recorded at Kilkenny station was 66.4 millimetres (2.61 in) on 17 July 1983. The highest wind gust, 77 knots (from a South-west direction, i.e. 200 degrees), was recorded on 12 January 1974. The maximum daily sunshine was 16.3 hours on 18 June 1978. The warmest and sunniest month on record at Kilkenny was August 1995 with a total of 274.9 hours sunshine and very high temperatures throughout. The maximum temperature recorded was 30.8 °C (87.4 °F) on 2 August 1995.[8][9] Extremes recorded at the Kilkenny Met Station include the Highest Air Temperature of 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) on 29 June 1976, the lowest air temperature of −14.1 °C (7 °F) on 2 January 1979 and the lowest ground temperature of −18.1 °C (−1 °F) on 12 January 1982. Kilkenny experiences an average of 4 days per year with snow lying, 9 days per year with hail, and 5 days per year with thunderstorms.

Environment

The Environment of County Kilkenny contains a great variety of natural heritage, including rivers and woodlands, hedgerows, mammals, birds, plants, and diverse landscapes and geological features.

The main land use is grassland, dairy farming and tillage farming especially around Kilkenny City and in the fertile central plain of the Nore Valley. Conifer forests are found on the upland areas.

Protected areas

Habitats of international and national importance, are designated under European Union and national legislation. The four categories of designated site in effect in County Kilkenny are Special Areas of Conservation, Natural Heritage Areas, Statutory Nature Reserves and Wildfowl Sanctuarys. At present there are 36 designated natural heritage sites of international and national importance in County Kilkenny, covering approximately 4.5% of the county.[10]

Special Areas of Conservation have been, and are being designated, under the European Union Habitats Directive to conserve habitats and species of European importance. In County Kilkenny[11] this includes Hugginstown Fen[12] south-west of Ballyhale, The Loughans[13] near Urlingford, Cullahill Mountain[14] on the Castlecomer plateau near Johnstown, Spahill and Clomantagh Hill[15] which forms part of an escarpment which links the Slieve Ardagh Hills with the Castlecomer Plateau, Galmoy Fen[16] north of Johnstown, Lower River Suir[17] south of Thurles, the freshwater stretches of the Barrow/River Nore[18] and Thomastown Quarry[19]

In 2005 Coan Bogs was defined as a Natural Heritage Area under section 18 of the Wildlife Act 2000.[20] The blanket bog consists of two small areas of upland blanket bog located near Castlecomer in the townlands of Coan East and Smithstown.[21] Bedrock geology for both areas is shale overlain locally by glacial till and blanket bog vegetation is well developed.[22]

Fiddown Island is 62.6 (ha.) state owned Nature Reserve established in 1988.[23] Near Fiddown along the River Suir it consists of a long narrow island of marsh/woodland covered in willow scrub and bordered by reed swamps - it is the only known site of its type in Ireland.[24]

Gardens in County Kilkenny include Kilfane Glen in Thomastown, Woodstock Garden in Inistioge, the Discover Park in Castlecomer, Darver House garden in Jenkinstown, Coolcashin Garden near Johnstown, Emoclew Garden in Goresbridge, Shankill Gardens & Castle in Paulstown, Rothe Family Garden in Kilkenny, Dahlia garden in The Rower and the rose garden at Kilkenny Castle.

Flora

Flora in County Kilkenny includes the endangered Autumn Crocus as well as rare species such as the Bog Orchid, the Killarney Fern and the Tufted Salt-marsh Grass. There are also vulnerable species like Lesser Snapdragon, Meadow Barley, Small-white Orchid, Opposite-leaved Pondweed, Betony, Red Hemp Nettle, Narrow-leaved Helleborine, Lanceolate Spleenwort, Annual Knawel and Basil Thyme[25]

Fauna

Fauna in County Kilkenny includes Hedgehogs, Otters, Badgers, Leisler's bats, foxes, Daubenton's bat, the Brown long-eared bat and the Common Pipistrelle. There is also Sika deer, Fallow deer, Stoat, Red Squirrel and Pygmy Shrew.[25] The bird nesting period is from 1 March until September 1. Woodlands, Trees and Hedgerows form a network of habitats,ecological ‘corridors’ essential for wildlife to flourish and move between habitats.

Woodlands, Trees and Hedgerows

Woodlands, trees and hedgerows in County Kilkneny are part of the county’s biodiversity and are an environmental, economic, amenity and landscape resource. The tallest tree in Kilkenny is a Silver Fir of 5.39 x 43m located at Woodstock Gardens in Inistioge and the tree with the largest girth is a Common Lime of 9.01 x 27m located at Coolmore House in Thomastown.

There are around 180 significant trees in the county included in the Tree Register of Ireland[26], compiled by the Tree Council of Ireland[27], based on characteristics such as age, height, diameter, historical or folklore connections. At present there under the Planning and Development Act (2000) there are 4 Tree Preservation Orders (TPO) in County Kilkenny for the protection of trees, groups of trees and woods of amenity value. These include Oldcourt in Inistioge, Keatingstown, Barna in Freshford, Sawney’s Wood in Castlecomer and the Castle Gardens in Kilkenny City.

Important trees in county Kilkenny[28] include a two Cedar of Lebanon at Kildalton Agricultural College in Piltown, a Monterey Cypress , Beech, Silver Fir and two Coastal Redwood at Woodstock Gardens in Inistioge. In Thomastown there is a Common Lime at Coolmore House , a English/Common Oak at Stoneen Kilfawe, a English/Common Oak at Mount Juilliet Estate and a Wellingtonia, Giant Sequoia, Monterey Cypress, Sweet/Spanish Chestnut and a Holm Oak/Evergreen Oak at Kilfane Glebe. There is also a Turkey Oak at Threecastles House in Kilkenny, a Ash and two English/Common Oak at Ballytobin House in Callan, a Common Lime, Wellingtonia Giant Sequoia and two Monterey Cypress at Shankill Castle in Paulstown, a English/Common Oak at Ballykeefe House in Kilmanagh, a English/Common Oak at Fanningstown House in Owning and a Beech at Castlecomer Golf Club in Castlecomer

Survays of Kilkenny's woodland include A Woodland Survey of Kilkenny, undertaken in 1997 to identify woodlands in the county and A survey of broadleaf woodlands in three SACs: Barrow-Nore, River Unshin and Lough Forbes, Browne et al. (2000), which covers some of County Kilkenny. There are also legislative measures which recognise the importance of trees woodlands and hedgerows and provide for their protection including the Forestry Act (1946) and Wildlife (Amendment) Act (2000). These stop trees being cut down unless a notice of intention is given and prohibit the cutting of hedges within the bird nesting period. Hedgerows also have historical significance as townland and field boundaries.

Demographics

As of the 2006 census, by the Central Statistics Office, County Kilkenny's population was 87,558.[34] There were 35,669 Irish speakers as of 2006.[34] There were 39,809 people currently working in County Kilkenny[35] and 4,133 people on the live register as of August 2008.[36] There were 1,251 births and 546 deaths in 2007.[37] Disposable household income per person as of 2005 was 18,032 euros and the index of disposable household was 89.4.[38]

The main religion is Catholic, however there are Church of Ireland, Presbyterian, Methodist, Jewish and other religious traditions living in Kilkenny.[39]

Villages and Towns

County Kilkenny is bordered by Laois, Carlow, Wexford, Waterford and Tipperary. The county contains the town of Kilkenny, located at the center of the county, and the towns of Ballyragget and Castlecomer to the north of the county and Graiguenamanagh, Mooncoin, Callan and Thomastown to the south.

Baronies

The county was also divided into subdivisions called baronies. Baronies are divided into townlands. There were 9 baronies and about 800 townlands in Kilkenny in 1802. Each barony was made up of a number of parishes or parts of parishes. Both civil parishes and baronies are now largely obsolete (except for some purposes such as legal transactions involving land) and are no longer used for local government purposes.

Ireland map County Kilkenny Zoom.png

Fassadinin
Crannagh
Shillelogher
Iverk

Baronies of County Kilkenny

Baronies in County Kilkenny:

  1. Callan (Callainn)
  2. Crannagh (Crannach)
  3. Fassadinin (Fásach an Deighnín)
  4. Galmoy (Gabhalmhaigh)
  5. Gowran (Gabhrán)
  6. Ida (Uí Dheá)
  7. Iverk (Uíbh Eirc)
  8. Kells (Ceanannas)
  9. Kilculliheen[40] (Cill Choilchín)
  10. Kilkenny City (Cill Chainnigh)
  11. Knocktopher (Cnoc an Tóchair)
  12. Shillelogher (Síol Fhaolchair)

For religious administration, the county was divided into parishes. Every parish had at least one church. The barony boundaries and the parish boundaries were not connected.

From the 17th to mid-19th centuries civil parishes were based on early Christian and medieval monastic and church settlements. The civil parishes are divided into townlands. See the List of townlands in County Kilkenny. As the population grew, new parishes were created and the civil parish covered the same area as the established Church of Ireland. The Roman Catholic Church adapted to a new structure based on towns and villages. There 2,508 civil parishes in Ireland, which frequently break both barony and county boundaries.

Governance

The County of Kilkenny is be divided into five Local Electoral Areas including Ballyragget, Callan, Kilkenny, Piltown and Thomastown.[41] Local government in County Kilkenny is the Kilkenny County Council which elects 26 councilors and has a County Manager. County Kilkenny is in the South-East Regional Authority and the Southern and Eastern Region Regional Assembly. Kilkenny is currently part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency. The method of election is the Single Transferable Vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

Local Government

Local government in County Kilkenny is governed by the Local Government Acts, the most recent of which (Local Government Act 2001) established a two-tier structure of local government. The top tier of the structure consists of Kilkenny County Council. The second tier of local government consists of Kilkenny Borough Council which is a town council. The town of Kilkenny is allowed to use the title of "Borough Council" instead of "Town Council", but Kilkenny Borough Council has no additional responsibilities. Outside the borough the county council is solely responsible for local services.

Local government bodies in Kilkenny have responsibility for such matters as planning, roads, sanitation and libraries. The Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government has responsibility for local authorities and related services.

Regional Authority

County Kilkenny is in the South-East Regional Authority. The regional authorities were established by the 1991 Local Government Act and came into existence in 1994. The Regional Authority has two main functions: to promote the co-ordination of public service provision and to monitor the delivery of EU Structural Fund assistance in the regions.

The South-East Regional Authority is one of the eight regional authorities and membership of the Authority comprises 36 elected public representatives nominated by the six constituent Local Authorities within the Region: Carlow, Kilkenny, South Tipperary, Waterford City, Waterford County, and Wexford. The main function of the Regional Authority is to promote co-ordination, co-operation, joint action, joint arrangements, agreements, communication or consultation between local authorities or other public authorities in the region or between such authorities of other regions and to promote co-ordination, consistency and compatibility with programmes, plans policies, proposals or objectives of the Government or any Minister of the Government.

Regional Assembly

County Kilkenny is in the Southern and Eastern Region Regional Assembly under the context of Agenda 2000 for EU Structural Funds purposes (NUTS II level). The Regional Assembly was established and came into effect in July 1999. The main responsibilities are to manage the Regional Operational Programmes under the National Development Plan, to monitor the general impact of all EU programmes under the National Development Plan/Community Support Framework, to promote coordination in the provision of public services in the Assembly areas

There are no direct elections to the Regional Assemblies. Instead they are composed of elected representatives nominated by the local authorities from the membership of the Regional Authorities within each region.

Parliamentary Constituencies

Kilkenny is currently part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency which is a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas. The present form of the constituency was created for the 1948 general election, and it currently elects 5 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs). The method of election is the Single Transferable Vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

Kilkenny has been represented through several parliamentary constituencies in the past. From 1918–1921 Kilkenny was part of the North Kilkenny United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. In 1921 the Carlow–Kilkenny Dáil Éireann constituency was created and has stayed apart from between 1937 and 1948 when there was just a Kilkenny constituency.

Landmarks

Tourist attractions

Dunmore Cave

In County Kilkenny Jerpoint Abbey near Thomastown, Kells Priory at Kells. Kilkenny City including St Canice's Cathedral and St Mary's Cathedral, Rothe House and Kilkenny Castle, the meeting place of the Confederate Ireland government in the 1640s.

Jenkinstown Castle, ca 1830

Dunmore Caves is a limestone cave in Ballyfoyle has tourist centre has been established at the site. The cave consistes of a series of chambers formed over millions of years. Jenkinstown Park is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the town of Kilkenny and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) south of Castlecomer off the N78 road. Facilities include a picnic site, forest walks, deer park and a craft centre. A small garden to commemorate Thomas Moore's association with the house has been laid down on the site of the old house. Walks of 1 to 3 kilometres (0.62 to 1.9 mi) are available through a mixed broadleaf and conifer plantation.

Architecture

The architecture of County Kilkenny contains features from all eras since the Stone Age including Norman and Anglo-Irish castles, Georgian urban buildings, towns and villages with unique architectures, palladian and rococo country houses, Gothic and neo-Gothic cathedrals and buildings. In the late 20th century a new economic climate resulted in a renaissance of culture and design, with some at the cutting edge of modern architecture. County Kilkenny contains varied architecture including Passage graves, Ringforts, Irish round towers, Castles, Churches and Cathedrals, Abbeys and priories, bridges and roads, and town houses of varying style.

Early architecture

Passage graves consisted of a central burial chamber, with a long passageway to the entrance. Again, standing stones were often used for the walls, with slabs of stone over the roof. Newgrange in particular is more interesting in that the inner chamber uses corbelling to span the roof. The chamber and passageway were usually contained in an earthen mound, with the chamber at the centre (Newgrange is again notable in having exterior stonework on the mound). Knockroe contains a passage tomb which is protected by listing order.

From some time beginning around the Iron Age, Ireland has thousands of ringforts, or "raths". These consist of an earthen embankment around a central enclosure, sometimes sited on a raised mound. In some cases a souterrain (tunnel) forms part of the structure. These were built also as hill forts depending on the local terrain, or indeed promontory forts. Carigeen, Danesfort, Dunbell big and Tullaroan all contain ring forts protected by preservation order, which may have been occupied at various times, even in the mediaeval era.

The round stone tower is one feature of 'early historic architecture not usually found outside Ireland with only three in Scotland and one on the Isle of Man. The best example is the tower at St. Canice's Cathedral in Kilkenny City. Other round towers are situated around the county such as Tullaherin round tower, one near Bennettsbridge, Kilree near Kells, Fertagh near Johnstown and Aghaviller near Knocktopher.

Though there is no certain agreement as to their purpose, it is thought they were principally bell towers, places of refuge, or a combination of these. Viking raids on Ireland's shores and monasteries were relatively common. Generally they are found in the vicinity of a church or monastery, the door of the tower faces the west doorway of the church. In this way it has been possible to determine without excavation the approximate site of lost churches, where the tower still exists.

Castles

Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny. It was the seat of the Butler family. Formerly the family name was FitzWalter. The castle was sold to the local Castle Restoration Committee in the middle of the 20th century for £50. Shortly afterwards it was handed over to the State, and has since been refurbished and is open to visitors. Part of the National Art Gallery is on display in the castle. There are ornamental gardens on the town side of the castle, and extensive land and gardens to the front. It has become one of the most visited tourist sites in Ireland.

Foulksrath Castle is a 15th century Anglo-Norman tower house located in Jenkinstown in County Kilkenny. It was built by the Purcell clan, who also constructed several others nearby. After over three centuries as owners, the family was reduced to living as peasants in the castle stables after it was confiscated by Oliver Cromwell and given to his officers after the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.

Churches

In Medieval times many fine churches in Ireland were also built such as St. Canice's Cathedral in Kilkenny and St. Mary's Cathedral.

St. Lachtain's Church, Freshford was built in 1731, incorporating a portal from 1100 as its main entrance, all that is left of the original church is the beautiful Hiberno-Romanesque (Irish-Roman) architectural porch and doorway. The remainder of the present church was built for Protestant worship in 1731. In St. Lachtains time Freshford was a diocese. In 1225 a Bishops palace was built at Aghore (Achadh Ur), now Uppercourt. It was used as a summer residence for over 300 years.

Abbeys and priories

East front of Jerpoint Abbey

Jerpoint Abbey is a Cistercian abbey near Thomastown. It was constructed in 1180, probably on the site of an earlier Benedictine monastery built in 1160 by Domnall Mac Gilla Patraic, King of Osraige.[42] Jerpoint is notable for its stone carvings, including one at the tomb of Felix O'Dulany, Bishop of the Diocese of Ossory when the abbey was founded.

Duiske Abbey in Graiguenamanagh founded in 1204 was one of the first and largest Cistercian monasteries in Ireland. What remains of the monastery is a large gothic church which beautifully dominates the town centre in Graiguenamanagh. The abbey derives its name from the river Duiske or Dúbh Uisce which flows through the town on its way to the river Barrow which also flows through this pretty town. Original floor tiles from the original building can be seen in the abbey along with the beautiful gothic and romanesque architecture.

The Black Abbey in Kilkenny, founded 1225, is a Dominican abbey with two-bay double-height lean-to lower aisle to south. It was extended, c.1325, with four-bay double-height transept to south having four-bay double-height lean-to lower aisle to west.

Kells Priory is one of the largest medieval historic monuments in Ireland. It is a National Monument and is in the guardianship of the Commissioners of Public Works. The priory is scenically situated alongside King's River, about fifteen kilometres south of Kilkenny. One of its most striking feature is a collection of medieval tower houses spaced at intervals along and within walls which enclose a site of just over 3 acres (12,000 m2). These give the priory the appearance more of a fortress than of a place of worship and from them comes its local name of "Seven Castles".

The Callan Augustinian Friary is situated in Callan. It is known locally as the "Abbey Meadow" and is located at the North East of the town on the banks of the Kings Rover. Edmund Butler of Pottlerath, a noted patron of literature, successfully petitioned Pope Pius II for the foundation of the friary in 1461. After Edmund died in 1462, the actual buildings were erected by his son, James, probably after 1467 when he received a papal dispensation to marry his concubine, to whom he was related.

Eighteenth-Century Bridges

Bennett's bridge in Bennettsbridge over the River Nore.

There are many eighteenth-Century Bridges in County Kilkenny. These bridges are an important element of the civil engineering and transport heritage of County Kilkenny and so are included in the of the National Inventory of Architectural Heritage (NIAH) Building Survey.[43]

The Great Flood of 1763 washed away many of the major bridges crossing the River Nore and a comprehensive rebuilding programme was initiated. Many of the bridges are built to designs prepared by George Smith (1763-7), a pupil of George Semple (c.1700-82) and they feature Classical-style detailing indicating the lasting influence of the illustrations included in Andrea Palladio's I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura (1570). Smith designed Green's Bridge in Kilkenny Town, Castlecomer Bridge on the Dinin (Deen) River; Thomastown Bridge on the River Nore; Graiguenamanagh Bridge on the River Barrow and Inistioge Bridge on the River Nore.

Other eighteenth-Century Bridges include; the bridges in Goresbridge, Bennettsbridge, Kells, Threecastles, Dinin Bridge and the bridge at Mount Juliet.

History

Neolithic

Evidence of Neolithic settlement can be found throughout the county. There are great burial mounds including the portal tombs and dolmens at Owning, Harristown and Borrismore. There are passage graves at Clomantagh Hill and Knockroe. There were non-megalithe single-grave burial tombs, Linkardstown-type Cists, excavated at Jerpoint West. These are late Neolithic and before the single-grave rite of the Bronze Age.[44]

A Neolithic house was identified in Granny near Waterford, making it the oldest house in County Kilkenny. The square house consisted of slot-trenches, internal floor surfaces, a hearth and wooden posts at each corner, one of the post-holes was radiocarbon-dated to 3997-3728 BC. A new form of early Neolithic pottery with a lip around the inside of the rim were found. This Granny pottery is similar to pottery found in the south-east of England.[45]

Kingdom of Osraige

Irishwiki.png

Robogdii
Darini
Voluntii
Nagnatae
Ebdani
Cauci
Manapii
Coriondi
Brigantes
Usdiae
Gangani
Auteini
Vellabori
Iverni

Tribes of Ireland according to
Ptolemy's Geographia.[46]

The Kingdom of Osraige was one of the ancient Kingdoms of Ireland. The Kings of Osraige, the Mac Giolla Phádraig family, reigned over Osraige and Cill Chainnigh was their stronghold. The Kingdom of Ossory existed from at least the 2nd century until the 13th century A.D. The current ecclesiastical dioceses of that area is still known as Ossory. The medieval Diocese of Ossory [47] and was established in the year 549 AD,[48] and its territory corresponded to the medieval Kingdom of Ossory. In historic times Kilkenny replaced Aghaboe as the chief church in Osraige.

The kingdom was bounded by two of the Three Sisters the rivers Barrow and Suir and the northern limit was, generally, the Slieve Bloom Mountains. The Osraige —their name means people of the Deer— inhabited much of modern County Kilkenny and parts of neighbouring County Laois. To the west and south, Osraige was bounded by the River Suir, to the east the watershed of the River Barrow marked the boundary with Leinster, and to the north it extended into and beyond the Slieve Bloom Mountains. The River Nore ran through the Kingdom.

Osraige formed the easternmost part of the kingdom and province of Munster until the middle of the 9th century, after which it was attached to Leinster. Osraige was largely a buffer state between Leinster and Munster. Its most significant neighbours were the Loígsi, Uí Cheinnselaig and Uí Baircche of Leinster to the north and east and the Déisi Muman, Eóganacht Chaisil and Éile of Munster to the south and west.[49]

The name Osraige is said to be from the Usdaie, a celtic tribe that Ptolemy's map of Ireland places in roughly the same area that Osraige would later occupy. The territory indicated by Ptolemy probably included the major late Iron Age hill-fort at Freestone Hill which produced some Roman finds. Also the interesting burial at Stonyford which is of typical Roman type and probably dates to the 1st century AD.[50] The Osraighe themselves claimed to be descended from the Érainn people. Others propose that the Ivernic groups included the Osraige of the Kingdom of Osraige/Ossory[51].

The Brigantes were the only Celtic tribe to have a presence in both England and Ireland, in the latter of which they could be found around Kilkenny, Wexford and Waterford.[52]

The Marriage of Aoife and Strongbow (1854) by Daniel Maclise, a romanticised depiction of the union between the Aoife MacMurrough and Strongbow in the ruins of Waterford.

Pope Adrian IV gave Norman King Henry II of England permission to claim Ireland 1154. The Cisternians came to Jerpoint and Kilkenny around 1155/60. Jerpoint Abbey is founded by Donal MacGiollaPhadruig, King of Ossory 1158. In 1168 Dermot MacMurrough the King of Leinster was driven out of his kingdom by Rory O'Connor the High King of Ireland with the help of Tiernan O'Rourke. MacMurrough looked for help from Henry II and got help from a Cambro-Norman lord notable Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known to history as Strongbow. MacMurrough secured the services of Richard, promising him the hand of his daughter Aoife of Leinster and the succession to Leinster. Richard and other Marcher barons and knights by King Henry assembled an army. The army, under Raymond le Gros, took Wexford, Waterford and Dublin in 1169 and 1170, and Strongbow joined them in August 1170. The day after the capture of Waterford, he married MacMorrough's daughter, Aoife.

The Lordship of Ireland was a lordship created in the wake of the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169—71. Kilkenny formed part of the lordship of Leinster. Strongbow became Lord of Leinster in 1171.

Following the Norman invasion, the island of Ireland was divided into thirty-two counties. The Republic of Ireland today is made up of twenty-six of the traditional thirty-two counties with the other six forming Northern Ireland. Two former counties in the Republic have been subdivided, giving a modern total of twenty-nine counties for administrative purposes rather than twenty-six.

Infrastructure

Transport

Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail) provides rail services from Dublin to Waterford which pass through MacDonagh Station in Kilkenny and Thomastown railway station. Waterford railway station is located just outside County Kilkenny. The stations served are Dublin Heuston, Newbridge, Kildare, Athy, Carlow, Muine Bheag (Bagenalstown), Kilkenny, Thomastown, Waterford Plunkett. Since Kilkenny is a stub station, reversal is necessary. Non Passenger trains such as the DFDS Freight train from Ballina - Waterford avoid Kilkenny by using Lavistown loop which joins both lines going into Kilkenny. All direct services are operated by 22000 railcars. There is a service every 2 hours.

Bus Éireann provide bus services throughout the county.

Kilkenny Airport is a small airport located just 1.5KM West of Kilkenny. There are 6 powered resident aircraft and two gliders based at the aerodrome.

Hospitals

There are three public hospitals and one private hospital in Kilkenny.[53] St. Luke's is a general medical and surgical hospital built in 1942.[54] It is based on the freshford road and provides a range of local and regional services. Local services include medical, general surgery, obstetrics, gynaecology and paediatrics. St. Canice's is a psychiatric hospital, opened in 1852 and located on the dublin road.[55] It provides a range of mental health services including acute and long stay care, out-patient services throughout the county, addiction counselling services, respite care community hostel facilities and day care facilities.

Lourdes is the regional orthopaedic hospital outside the town in Kilcreene. Aut Even is a private hospital based outside Kilkenny City.[56] In Castlecomer there is Castlecomer District Hospital.[57]

Sport

Kilkenny Flag

In hurling, the dominant sport in the county, Kilkenny GAA compete annually in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, which they have won thirty-two times, the Leinster Senior Hurling Championship, which they have won sixty-four times, and the National Hurling League, which they have won thirteen times. Kilkenny, along with Cork and Tipperary, are regarded as 'the Big Three' in the world of hurling. Brian Cody has been manager of the Kilkenny senior hurling team since 1998. The current senior hurling captain is Michael Fennelly.

GAA

The Kilkenny flag or county colours are black and amber. The County Kilkenny hurling team, Tullaroan, were the first Kilkenny team to wear the famous black and amber colours. In 1886, after winning the first-ever county championship in Kilkenny they held a fund-raising event in Tullaroan to provide the team with a playing strip. After intensive debate and consultations the club chose the black and amber stripes as the design for the jerseys that they would wear against Limerick that August.[58]

Horse racing

Gowran Park is a horse racing course near Gowran. The first meeting was held in 1914 and the racecourse hosts 16 race days throughout the year including the Thyestes Chase (The Grand National of the South), one of the prestigious steeplechases in Ireland which has been won by three time Cheltenham Gold Cup Winner, Arkle in 1964 and Aintree Grand National winners Hedgehunter and Numbersixvalverde. It has 16 National Hunt and Flat meetings all year round.

Golf

Mount Juliet Golf Course is a golf resort situated in Thomastown. It was the venue for the 2002 and 2004 WGC-American Express Championship, having previously hosted the European Tour's Irish Open on three occasions between 1993 and 1995. The par 72, 7,300-yard (6,700 m) Jack Nicklaus designed golf course opened in 1991, and is considered to be one of Ireland's best courses, having being voted Best Parkland Golf Course by Backspin Golf Magazine in March 2008. It is famous for its rolling fairways, feature water hazards and contoured greens. There is also a full 18-hole putting course set in the grounds of Mount Juliet House, which is the venue for the annual National Putting Championship.

Kilkenny Golf Club is 18-hole championship parkland course within the town to the North West, close to town centre. It hosted several Professional Championship events. In 1984 and 1996, it was the venue for the All Ireland Mixed Foursome Finals and in 1985 hosted the All Ireland Cups and Shields Finals. The course is mostly flat terrain with an abundance of trees. Around Kilkenny City there is also a Driving Range in Newpark and a 18-hole all weather Par 3 golf course in Pocoke.

Other golf courses include Gowran Park Golf Course in Gowran[59], Callan Golf Club in Callan[60], Castlecomer Golf Club in Castlecomer[61], Mountain View Golf Course in Ballyhale[62] and Carrigleade Golf Course in Graiguenamanagh[63].

Ice Hockey

Kilkenny City Storm is a mixed ice hockey team formed in 2007 in Kilkenny City.[64] They play in the Irish Ice Hockey Association Recreational Division League.[65] The Storm were one of the top two teams in the league in 2007, its inaugural year. The team also enjoys moderate success as an inline hockey team, playing in the Northern Inline Hockey League and the Irish inline hockey (roller hockey) league. The team consists of both local and foreign players who travel to Dundalk Ice Dome, the only permanent ice rink in the Republic, each week for training and matches. The players themselves fund the transport and ice rental costs.

Culture

The Riordans (1965 to 1979) made by Radio Telefís Éireann (then called Telefís Éireann) was set in the fictional townland of Leestown in County Kilkenny. Its use of Outside Broadcast Units and its filming of its episodes on location rather than in studio, broke the mould of broadcasting in the soap opera genre. It was the second Irish soap opera and inspired the creation of its British equivalent, Emmerdale Farm (now called Emmerdale) by Yorkshire Television in 1972.

Notable people

County Anthem

The song The Rose of Mooncoin is the traditional anthem of the county at GAA fixtures.[66]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Census 2006
  2. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  3. ^ (Hughes 1863, p. 623) Hughes, William (1863), The geography of British history, London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green., http://books.google.ie/books?id=NW0DAAAAQAAJ 
  4. ^ (Hughes 1863, p. 623)
  5. ^ Clayton 1977, p. 25
  6. ^ [|Jarvis, D.E.] (2000) [1998], "Palaeoenvironment of the plant bearing horizons of the Devonian-Carboniferous Kiltorcan Formation, Kiltorcan Hill, Co. Kilkenny,Ireland", in Edited by P. F. Friend (University of Cambridge, UK) & B. P. J. Williams, (University of Aberdeen, UK). (pdf), New perspectives on the old red sandstone, GSL Special Publications, London: Geological Society of London (GSL), p. 333, ISBN 978-1-86239-071-3, http://books.google.ie/books?id=ONL3KxKS5x0C&pg=PA333&lpg=PA333&dq=Kiltorcan+Formation+Kilkenny#v=onepage&q=Kiltorcan%20Formation%20Kilkenny, retrieved 31 July 2009 
  7. ^ Beck 1981
  8. ^ "Met.ie - Kilkenny". http://www.met.ie/about/weatherobservingstations/kilkenny.asp. 
  9. ^ Website of Met Éireann - Temperature in Ireland www.met.ie
  10. ^ Chapter 8 - Heritage, Draft County Kilkenny Development Plan 2008-2014 - Kilkenny County Council
  11. ^ Special Areas of Conservation in County Kilkenny - National Parks and Wildlife Service, Republic of Ireland.
  12. ^ Hugginstown Fen SAC (SAC IE0000404). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service, Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  13. ^ The Loughans SAC (SAC IE0000407). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  14. ^ Cullahill Mountain SAC (SAC IE0000831). Site Synopsis, Conservation Plan and maps (1,2,3) - National Parks and Wildlife, Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  15. ^ Spahill and Clomantagh Hill SAC (SAC IE0000849). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  16. ^ Galmoy Fen SAC (SAC IE0001858). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  17. ^ Lower River Suir SAC (SAC IE0002137). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  18. ^ River Barrow and River Nore SAC (SAC IE0002162). Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  19. ^ Thomastown Quarry SAC (SAC IE0002252) - Site Synopsis - National Parks and Wildlife Service,Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 data set - European Environment Agency.
  20. ^ Natural Heritage Area (COAN BOGS NHA 002382) Order 2005 STATIONERY OFFICE DUBLIN
  21. ^ Coan Bogs NHA Site Synopsis National Parks and Wildlife Service
  22. ^ Coan Bogs NHA 002382 National Parks and Wildlife Service
  23. ^ S.I. No. 234/1988 — Nature Reserve (Fiddown Island) Establishment Order, 1988.
  24. ^ Fiddown Island Nature Reserve National Parks and Wildlife Service
  25. ^ a b National Parks & Wildlife Service
  26. ^ Register of Ireland
  27. ^ Tree Council of Ireland Website
  28. ^ Top 25 trees in county Kilkenny - Tree Council of Ireland
  29. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  30. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  31. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  32. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  33. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 
  34. ^ a b CSO - Central Statistics Office (Ireland) Kilkenny
  35. ^ "Persons Over 15 years of Age (Number) by County, Year, Sex and Principal Economic Status". CSO. http://www.cso.ie/px/pxeirestat/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=CNA22&ti=Persons+Over+15+years+of+Age+(Number)+by+County,+Year,+Sex+and+Principal+Economic+Status&path=../Database/Eirestat/Census%20of%20Population/&lang=1. 
  36. ^ Source: Live Register Analysis, CSO
  37. ^ Source: Vital Statistics Yearly Summary Report 2007, CSO
  38. ^ Source:County Incomes and Regional GDP 2005, CSO
  39. ^ "Population (Number) by County, Year and Religious Denomination". CSO. http://www.cso.ie/px/pxeirestat/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=CNA28&ti=Population+(Number)+by+County,+Year+and+Religious+Denomination&path=../Database/Eirestat/Census%20of%20Population/&lang=1. 
  40. ^ Kilculliheen in County Kilkenny was part of Gaultiere in County Waterford until the Local Government Act 1898
  41. ^ Act of the Oireachtas: County of Kilkenny Local Electoral Areas Order 2008
  42. ^ Illustrated Dictionary of Irish History. Mac Annaidh, S (ed). Gill and Macmillan, Dublin. 2001
  43. ^ Kilkenny Building Survey Highlights.National Inventory of Architectural Heritage (NIAH)
  44. ^ Ryan 1973,Moody 2005
  45. ^ Hughes 2004, NRA Brochure, Seanda - NRA Archaeology Magazine: 2006 Issue 1 (8 MB)
  46. ^ After Duffy (ed.), Atlas of Irish History, p. 15.
  47. ^ Downham, "Career", p. 7; Mac Niocaill, Ireland before the Vikings, pp. 3–4.
  48. ^ Diocese of Ossory
  49. ^ Byrne, Irish kings and high-kings, maps on pp. 133 & 172–173; Charles-Edwards, Early Christian Ireland, p. 236, map 9 & p. 532, map 13.
  50. ^ Knock 2006, p. 284
  51. ^ James MacKillop, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York, 1998
  52. ^ "Celtic Ireland in the Iron Age". WesleyJohnston.com. 24 October 2007. http://www.wesleyjohnston.com/users/ireland/past/pre_norman_history/iron_age.html. 
  53. ^ Hospitals in County Kilkenny Citizens Information Board
  54. ^ HSE Factfile on St Lukes General Hospital
  55. ^ South Eastern Health Board Psychiatric Hospitals
  56. ^ Aut Even Private Hospital
  57. ^ South Eastern Health Board District Hospitals
  58. ^ Fitzgerald
  59. ^ Gowran Park Golf Course
  60. ^ Callan Golf Club
  61. ^ Castlecomer Golf Club
  62. ^ Mountain View Golf Course
  63. ^ Carrigleade Golf Course
  64. ^ Kilkenny City Storm Website
  65. ^ Irish Ice Hockey League Recreational Division 2008 - 2009
  66. ^ http://www.discoverireland.com/us/ireland-places-to-go/placefinder/m/mooncoin-kilkenny/

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Map of County Kilkenny
Map of County Kilkenny

County Kilkenny is in Southeast Ireland in the province of Leinster. It is a land locked county, surounded by the counties of Carlow, Laois, Wexford, Waterford and Tipperary. It has a population of 87,500.

  • Kilkenny - The capital city of County Kilkenny is an attractive medieval town. It is home to the Cat Laughs Comedy Festival, held annually in early June.
  • Ballyragget - small town really off the tourist trail.
  • Callan - Check out The Moat, a great example of a Motte-and-bailey. Or visit the childhood home of Edmund Rice, the founder of the Irish Christian Brothers.
  • Castlecomer - The main town in north Kilkenny. Coal was mined here for over 300 years. Visit Castlecomer Discover Park and Footprints in Coal Experience to learn more.
  • Mooncoin - A beautiful town near Waterford City, made famous by the song "The Rose of Mooncoin".
  • Thomastown - On the river Nore, this town is famous for Jerpoint Abbey, Kilfane Glen gardens, and Mount Juliet Golf Course.
  • Bennettsbridge
  • Coolcullen
  • Coon
  • Freshford
  • Gowran
  • Graiguenamanagh - Home of Duiske Abbey, Graiguenamanagh is a popular place for walking and hillclimbing. The town itself is very pretty.
  • Inistioge - a beautiful little village on the river Nore. Just above the village, are Woodstock Gardens, which are being restored to period 1840 -1890.
  • Kells
  • Knocktopher
  • Mullinavat
  • Piltown - the only place in Ireland to see battle in the Wars of the Roses. A pretty village famous for its "Tower" also know as Sham Castle.
  • Tullaroan
  • Urlingford
Position of Kilkenny in Ireland
Position of Kilkenny in Ireland
  • Brandon Hill, Graiguenamanagh. The highest mountain in County Kilkenny is an easy climb of 515m(1,6790ft). At the top there great views of the surrounding counties. There is a a cairn, an old cross and a plaque pointing out the features in the surrounding landscape.
  • Jenkinstown Park, (10km north of Kilkenny, 11km south of Castlecomer, off N78.), [1]. The forested park is a nice place for a walk or a picnic. There are deer and some rare trees. During April the forest is carpeted by bluebells. It was once part of the Bryan-Bellew Estate, of which castle ruins and walls can still be seen. Thomas Moore wrote The Last Rose of Summer while staying at Jenkinstown House. Free.  edit

Heritage Ireland Sites

There are four Heritage Ireland Sites[2] in County Kilkenny. These sites are maintained by the Office of Public Works (OPW) and the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government. A heritage card, which is valid for a year costs: adult €21, senior citizen €16, student €8, family €55.

  • Jerpoint Abbey, Thomastown. Built in the 12th Century. It is Ireland's finest Cistercian monastic ruin with a magnificantly sculptured cloister arcade. Includes visitor and exhibition centre.
  • Kilkenny Castle, Kilkenny. This stunning Norman Castle, which is the dominant feature in the city, is its principal attraction. Its huge forested gardens are beautiful to walk during the day.
  • Dunmore Caves, Dunmore, Co. Kilkenny (10km from Kilkenny city, off the N78), 056 7767726 (, fax: 056 7767262), [3]. 9:30-17:00 (15:00 Nov-Feb, 18:00 Mid Jun-Mid Sept). The show cave is incredibly well developed and is a wonder to walk around. €2.90 Adult, €1.30 Child.  edit
  • St. Mary's Church, Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, 056 7726894 (). 28th May - 16th Sept: Daily 9.30 - 18.00. A 13th century church.  edit

Understand

Tourist Information

Kilkenny Tourist Office is located on Rose Inn St, in Kilkenny City. It has lots of information about the city and county.

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 8 8 10 12 15 18 20 20 17 14 10 8
Nightly lows (°C) 1 2 2 3 6 8 10 10 8 6 3 2
Precipitation (cm) 8.6 6.6 6.3 5.1 6.2 5 5.2 6.9 7.4 8.5 7.4 8.9

For forcast, check out http://www.met.ie.

Kilkenny is in the centre of The Sunny South East. It has the most extreme climate in Ireland mainly because it is not affected by the sea, but don't get too worried. The highest recorded temperature ever was 33.3°C. There is on average, 4 days of snow a year.

Local Media

Newspapers

  • Kilkenny People, [4]. Weekly paper, out Wednesday. This is the largest selling newspaper in the South East. Covers Kilkenny city and county, with news, sports, property and entertainment listings. James Joyce referred to this paper in Ulysses.  edit

Radio

Kilkenny is served by one local radio station, which also serves Carlow. 96FM has news on the hour.

Get in

By Train

All the stations in County Kilkenny are on the Dublin - Waterford line, which serves Dublin, Athy, Carlow, Bagenalstown, Kilkenny. Thomastown and Waterford. There are 6 trains a day in each direction.

The railway stations in or near County Kilkenny are:

  • Kilkenny Railway Station (MacDonagh Station), 056-7722024.  edit
  • Thomastown Railway Station, 056-24218.  edit
  • Waterford Railway Station (Plunkett Station), 051-873401. Although Waterford city is not in County Kilkenny, it's railway station is.  edit
  • Muine Bheag Train Station (Bagenalstown Train Station). This station is not in County Kilkenny, but just over the border, 4km away, in County Carlow.  edit

Tickets and timetable information can be got at the stations, online[5] or by phone (01 7034070 between 09.00-17.00 Monday-Friday).

  • Walk the South Leinster Way, [6]. This is a walk that covers 102km(64miles) from Kildavin, Co Carlow to Carrick-on-Suir, Co Tipperary. It passes through medieval towns and ancient sites, river valleys, forests and by the slopes of Mount Leinster.  edit

Golf is very popular in Kilkenny.

  • Callan Golf Club, Geraldine, Callan, 056 7725136 (), [7]. An 18-hole course established in 1929.  edit
  • Castlecomer Golf Club, Dromgoole, Castlecomer, 056 4441139.  edit
  • Kilkenny Golf Course, Glendine, 056 7765400 (, fax: 056 7723593), [8]. A members owned 18-hole golf course. Can rent clubs. Green fees €25-45.  edit
  • Mount Juliet Golf Course, (20 minutes from Kilkenny), [9]. This golf course was designed by Jack Nicklaus and is one of the top golf courses in the country. It often holds international golf tournments. Green fees €70-150.  edit
  • Mountain View Golf Club, Kiltorcan, Ballyhale (South of Ballyhale on the main Dublin-Waterford Road (N9)), 056 7768122 (), [10].  edit

Drink

Kilkenny is famous for two beers - the Kilkenny beer and the Smithwicks ale[11], famous the world over as the distinct taste. Why not try them on your visit to the County?

  • The Rock of Cashel in Tipperary was the seat of the Kings of Munster for hundreds of years. There are runes of a Cathedral and a round tower on the rock.
  • If the weather is nice, why not have a day at the beach at Dunmore East, Tramore or Courtown?
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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County Kilkenny
Contae Chill Chainnigh
Coat of arms of County Kilkenny
Location
centerMap highlighting County Kilkenny
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County Town: Kilkenny
Code: KK
Area: 2,061 km²
Population (2006) 87,394
Website: www.kilkennycoco.ie

County Kilkenny (Contae Chill Chainnigh in Irish) is located in the south east of Ireland in the province of Leinster. It is named after Kilkenny, the main city in the region.

Inhabitants of Kilkenny are often referred to as "Kilkenny Cats"; the phrase is also used to describe the Kilkenny Hurling team, one of the strongest in the country.

It was formerly the Kingdom of Osraige, which existed from at least the 2nd century A.D. until the 13th century. The current Catholic ecclesiastical dioceses of that area is still known as Ossory however the original kingdom was bounded by two of the Three Sisters the rivers Barrow and Suir. The northern limit was, generally, the Slieve Bloom Mountains.

Villages in Kilkenny

Sport

Kilkenny has a successful hurling team, known as "The Cats", this name is derived from the saying "to fight like Kilkenny cats". The Kilkenny team has won the All-Ireland championships in hurling 30 times, their most recent win being the 2007 championship, where they defeated Limerick.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at County Kilkenny. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "County Kilkenny" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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