County Mayo: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

County Mayo
Contae Mhaigh Eo (Plain of The Yew Trees)
Coat of arms of County Mayo
Motto: Dia is Muire Linn  (Irish)
"God and Mary be with us"
Location
Map highlighting County Mayo
Statistics
Province: Connacht
County seat: Castlebar
Code: MO
Area: 5,397 km2 (2,084 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.) 126,000
Website: www.mayococo.ie

County Mayo (Irish: Contae Mhaigh Eo) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland and is located within the province of Connacht. It was named after the village of Mayo (Irish: Maigh Eo), but the county seat is Castlebar. Mayo is the third largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 15th largest in terms of population[1]. It is the second largest of Connacht’s five counties in both size and population.

Contents

Geography

The highest point in Mayo and Connacht is Mweelrea (814 m/2,671 ft). The river Moy in the northeast of the county is renowned for its salmon fishing. Ireland's largest island, Achill, lies off Mayo's west coast. Mayo has Ireland's highest cliffs (third highest in Europe) at Croaghaun, Achill island.

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Towns and villages

Castlebar and Ballina are by far the two most populous towns in the county, with 17,891 and 10,146 residents respectively according to the 2006 census; with Ballina being much larger by land area. These are followed by Westport, a popular tourist town, which has 5,140 residents. The fourth largest town is Claremorris, a market town, with a population of 3,170.

Demographics

The county has experienced perhaps the highest emigration out of Ireland.[citation needed] In the 1840s-1880s, waves of emigrants left the rural townlands of the county. Initially triggered by the Great Famine and then in search of work in the newly industrialising England, Scotland and the United States, the population fell considerably. From 388,887 in 1841, the population fell to 199,166 in 1901. The population reached a low of 109,525 in 1971 as emigration continued.

Places of interest

Cliffs along the Atlantic coastline of County Mayo, near Ballycastle

The Knock Shrine is in Mayo, close to the border with County Roscommon. Mayo is also home to Croagh Patrick, a mountain where St Patrick is said[citation needed] to have fasted for forty days and nights, although worship connected with the mountain is believed[citation needed] to have preceded the arrival of Christianity.

Wild-life

A survey of the terresrial and freshwater algae was made between 1990 and 2005 and published in 2007. Records of the algae in Volume 6.[8]

Sport

Mayo is also noted for its Gaelic football team, and their efforts to capture the All-Ireland Football Title in recent years. They last won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1951, when the team was captained by Seán Flanagan. Mayo's most recent All-Ireland final appearances have been in 1989, 1996, 1997, 2004 and 2006. They defeated a hotly tipped Dublin team in the 2006 All Ireland Semi Final in what is generally acknowledged[citation needed] to be one of the best games ever played in Croke Park, Mayo winning by one point.

Energy resources controversy

There is local resistance to Shell's decision to refine raw gas from the Corrib gas field at an onshore refinery. In 2005, five local men were jailed for contempt of court after refusing to facilitate Shell's work. Subsequent protests against the project led to the Shell to Sea and related campaigns.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  2. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  4. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  6. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  7. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 
  8. ^ Ed. Guiry, M.D., John, D.M., Rindi, F. and McCarthy, T.K. 2007. New Survey of Clare Island. Volume 6: The Freshwater and Terrestrial Algae. Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 13: 978-1-904890-31-7

External links

Coordinates: 53°54′N 9°15′W / 53.9°N 9.25°W / 53.9; -9.25


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

County Mayo located on the west coast of Ireland and is the second largest county in Ireland and is often overlooked by tourists. While it may not have the dramatic scenery of Kerry, or the fame of Connemara or The Burren, it has it own special charm. It has wilderness in abundance; it's emptiness is indeed quite special. Perhaps one of the best reasons to come here is that few other people do!

  • Ballina - Home to the world famous salmon fishing on the "River Moy", rich in culture and history along with being the principle shopping and entertainment town in north Mayo. Its annual festival attracts hundrend of thousands of visitors each year. The former president of Ireland, "Mary Robinson" hailed from Ballina also.
  • Ballyhaunis - A south Mayo town with many traditional areas and a rural community.
  • Castlebar - The largest town in the county.
  • Claremorris - Gateway town between Mayo and Galway.
  • Charlestown
  • Cong
  • Foxford - Home of the "Foxford Goat Fair" and another famous fishing village located on the River Moy.
  • Killala - A historic town where the French landed in 1798 led by General Humbert. This little village in north Mayo celebrates the French-Irish rebellion of 1798 each year.
  • Knock - Located at the "Ireland-West international Airport" and the world famous catholic shrine of our lady.
  • Mulranny
  • Newport
  • Westport - Generations of Irish men and women have travelled to Westport to climb the local mountain "Croch Patrick" or visit the local Zoo in Westport. A small tourist town with many old homes and buildings dating back hundreds of years.

Get in

There is one airport in the county called Knock.

Eat

County Mayo has some wonderful restaurants. The fresh water lakes of Lough Mask and Lough Conn provide the best in fresh fish, including brown trout, eels, pike and perch. The River Moy to the north near Ballina is renown for it's salmon stock. The mountain ranges of Mayo provide some excellent lamb. Given the remoteness of some parts of the county, game is in abundance, including pheasant, snipe, partridge and wild duck. All of which make for the very best in ingredients for the many local and ethnic restaurants dotted all around the county.

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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County Mayo
Contae Mhaigh Eo
Coat of arms of County Mayo
Location
centerMap highlighting County Mayo
Statistics
Province: Connacht
County Town: Castlebar
Code: MO
Area: 5,397 km²
Population (2006) 123,648
Website: www.mayococo.ie

County Mayo (Irish: Contae Mhaigh Eo , lit. the plain of the yew trees) is a county in the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of Ireland. The county town of Mayo is Castlebar. Mayo is bordered to the south by Galway, to the east by Roscommon, and to the north-east by Sligo. Castlebar and Ballina are by far the two most populous towns in the county, with 10,729 and 10,146 residents respectively according to the 2006 census; with Castlebar being much larger by land area. These are followed by Westport, a popular tourist town, which has 5,140 residents. The fourth largest town is Claremorris with a population of 3,170. Other towns include Ballinrobe, Ballyhaunis, Belmullet and Swinford.

The shrine of Knock is in Mayo, close to the border with County Roscommon. Mayo is also home to Croagh Patrick, a mountain where St Patrick is said to have fasted for forty days and nights, although worship connected with the mountain is believed to have preceded the arrival of Christianity.

The highest point in Mayo and Connacht is Mweelrea (814 metres). The river Moy in the northeast of the county is renowned for its salmon fishing. Ireland's largest island, Achill, lies off Mayo's west coast.

Mayo is also noted for its Gaelic football team, and their struggle to capture the All-Ireland Football Title in recent years. They last won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1951, when the team was captained by Seán Flanagan. Mayo's most recent All-Ireland final losses have been in 1989, 1996, 1997, 2004 and 2006. They defeated a hotly tipped Dublin team in the 2006 All Ireland Semi Final; In what match commentators said was one of the best games ever in Croke Park, Mayo won by one point.

Michael Davitt, founder of the Land League, was born in Mayo, the bridge to Achill is named after him. Also born in Mayo was Patrick Browne (1720–1790), Doctor and botanist of Jamaica.

For over two years in Erris in the northwest of the county, the Shell to Sea campaign has organised protests at the decision of the Shell oil company to refine raw gas from the Corrib Gas Field onshore. This would entail piping the gas through inhabited areas at an abnormally high pressure and without the chemical that allows people to smell the gas when there is a leak. This has never been tried before anywhere, as gas has always been processed offshore. Five men were jailed in 2005 for refusing to allow the pipeline through their lands, and protests at the refinery site continue daily.

Contents

Towns and villages in County Mayo

Other places in County Mayo

Cliffs along the Atlantic coastline of County Mayo, near Ballycastle

See also

External links

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at County Mayo. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about County MayoRDF feed

This article uses material from the "County Mayo" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

County Mayo is a county in the province of Connacht, in Ireland. Castlebar and Ballina are the two towns with the most people living in them in the county. The highest point in Mayo and Connacht is Mweelrea.

Towns and villages

The following is a list of the towns and villages in County Mayo:

  • Achill Island
  • Balla, Ballina, Ballinrobe, Ballintober, Ballycastle, Ballyhaunis, Ballyglass, Ballyvary, Bangor, Belmullet, Bohola
  • Castlebar, Charlestown, Claremorris, Cong, Crossmolina
  • Derrew
  • Foxford
  • Geesala
  • Keel, Kilkelly, Killala, Kiltimagh, Knock
  • Louisburgh
  • Mayo, Mulrany
  • Newport
  • Swinford
  • Tourmakeady
  • Westport

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