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Tyrone
Contae Thír Eoghain
Coat of arms of Tyrone
Motto: Consilio et Prudentia  (Latin)
"By Wisdom and Prudence"
Location
Map highlighting Tyrone
Statistics
Province: Ulster
County seat: Omagh
Area: 3,155 km2 (1,218 sq mi)
Population (2001 census) 166,516[1]

County Tyrone (Irish: Contae Thír Eoghain or simply Tír Eoghain) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland. It is located within the province of Ulster and is part of Northern Ireland.

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 square miles) Tyrone is the seventh largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and eighth largest in terms of population[2]. It is the second largest of Ulster’s 9 counties in size and fourth largest in terms of population.

Contents

Name

The name Tyrone is derived from the Irish: Tír Eoghain meaning "land of Eoghan". This Eoghan was son of king Niall of the Nine Hostages, and brother of Conall Gulban, who gave his name to the kingdom of Tír Chonaill.[3] Historically, it was anglicised as Tirowen or Tyrowen, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation.

History

Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foyle, and comprised part of modern day County Londonderry east of the River Foyle. The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610-1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the two baronies of Inishowen and Raphoe in County Donegal.[3]

Geography

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 square miles), Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone borders the shoreline of the largest lake in Ireland, Lough Neagh, rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point being Sawel Mountain at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles. The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown, to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles; giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900).[3] Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland.

Demography

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland which presently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2001 census. In 1900 County Tyrone had a population of 197,719[3], while in 2001 it was 166,516.

Settlements

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Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[10]

Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[10]

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[10]

Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[10]

Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[10]

Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[10]

Subdivisions

Baronies

  • Clogher (Clochar)
  • Dungannon Lower (Dún Geanainn Íochtarach)
  • Dungannon Middle (Dún Geanainn Láir)
  • Dungannon Upper (Dún Geanainn Uachtarach)
  • Omagh East (an Ómaigh Thoir)
  • Omagh West (an Ómaigh Thiar)
  • Strabane Lower (an Srath Bán Íochtarach)
  • Strabane Upper (an Srath Bán Uachtarach)

Parishes

Townlands

Sport

The major sports in Tyrone are Gaelic games, Association football and Rugby Union.

People

Notable residents of County Tyrone have included:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.cookstown.gov.uk/Development/InformationSheetsEtc/EcDevLiterature/Socio-EconomicProfile/Population.pdf
  2. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Description of County Tyrone from Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland (1900)". Library Ireland. http://www.libraryireland.com/Atlas/Tyrone.php. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  4. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  5. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  6. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  7. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  8. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  9. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. http://www.ninis.nisra.gov.uk/mapxtreme_towns/statistical%20classification.htm. Retrieved 23 February 2009. 
  11. ^ The Tyrone GAA team have won the Ulster Senior Championship on eight occasions in the 20th century
  12. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  • The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48, Joost Augusteijn, editor, District Inspector, Co. Tyrone, 1920s, ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

County Tyrone is a county in Northern Ireland.

Map of County Tyrone
Map of County Tyrone
  • Augher
  • Castlederg
  • Gortin
  • Newtownstewart
  • Pomeroy
  • Sion Mills
  • Ard Boe
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
This article is about County Tyrone. For other uses of the name, see Tyrone.
Tyrone
Contae Thír Eoghain
Coat of arms of Tyrone
Location
centerMap highlighting Tyrone
Statistics
Province: Ulster
County Town: Omagh
Area: 3,155 km²
Population (est.) 166,516 (2001 census)[1]

County Tyrone (Irish: Contae Thír Eoghain) is the second largest of the nine counties of Ulster and the largest of the six counties of Northern Ireland. It has an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 square miles).

The county borders the Northern Ireland counties of Armagh, to the south-east, Fermanagh, to the south-west and County Londonderry to the north-east. The county also borders Lough Neagh to the east. The borders with the Republic of Ireland are County Monaghan to the south and County Donegal to the north-west.

Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foyle, and comprised part of modern day County Londonderry east of the River Foyle. The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610-1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century.

Contents

District Councils

Tyrone is split into four districts:

Towns

The county town of Tyrone is Omagh. the next largest towns are Strabane, Dungannon and Cookstown respectively. Other towns include Fivemiletown, Castlederg, Coalisland, Donaghmore, Ardboe, Pomeroy, and Carrickmore.

Sports

The major sports in Tyrone are Gaelic Games. Gaelic football is more widely played than hurling. The Tyrone GAA football side has had considerable success since the turn of the century winning two All Ireland titles (in 2003 and 2005) and two National League titles (in 2002 and 2005). Underage teams have also had considerable successes on the field at both provincial and national level.

Notable residents

References


This article uses material from the "County Tyrone" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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