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County Wicklow
Contae Chill Mhantáin
Coat of arms of County Wicklow
Motto: Meanma Saor  (Irish)
"Free Spirits"
Location
Map highlighting County Wicklow
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County seat: Wicklow
Code: WW
Area: 2,024 km2 (781 sq mi)
Population (2006) 126,194
Website: www.wicklow.ie

County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland and is located within the province of Leinster. It was named after the town of Wicklow (which derives from the Old Norse name Víkingalág or Wykynlo).

The population of the county at the 2006 census was 126,194. Wicklow is the 17th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 17th largest in terms of population[1]. It is the fourth largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and fifth largest in terms of population.

Contents

History

Saint Kevin's monastery at Glendalough.
The Sally Gap.

County Wicklow was the last of the original counties to be established in 1606 from land previously part of County Dublin and County Carlow (which then ran to the sea and included Arklow). Establishment as a distinct county was aimed at controlling local groups such as the O'Byrnes.

The Military Road, stretching from Rathfarnham to Aghavannagh crosses the mountains, north to south, was built by the British army to assist them in crushing rebels still active in the Wicklow Mountains following the failed 1798 rebellion. It provided them with access to an area that had been a hotbed of Irish rebellion for centuries. Several barracks to house the soldiers were built along the route and the Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation was built alongside the remains of barracks there. Battalions of the Irish Army use firing ranges in County Wicklow for tactical exercises, especially the largest one in the Glen of Imaal which was previously used by the British Army prior to independence.

The ancient monastery of Glendalough is located in County Wicklow.

Geography

The Wicklow Mountains are the largest continuous upland region on the island of Ireland. The highest mountain in the range, Lugnaquilla, rises to 925 m. The Wicklow Way,is the oldest waymarked long distance walking trail in Ireland .

Wicklow rivers include the Avoca and the Liffey; other natural features include Lough Dan and Lough Tay, and the lakes of Glendalough.

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Towns and villages

The county seat is Wicklow (pop. 10,070), although the largest urban centre is Bray (pop. 31,901), on the northern border and effectively a Dublin suburb. Other main towns include Greystones (pop. 14,569), and Arklow (pop. 11,749). All of these towns are situated on the east coast.

Energy

The Turlough Hill pumped-storage scheme, a significant civil engineering project, was carried out in the mountains in the 1960s and 1970s. Ireland's first offshore wind farm is located off the coast at Arklow Bank.

Media

Culture

Mermaid, County Wicklow Arts Centre is based in Bray. Mermaid is the county's hub of artistic activity and creation, offering an extensive and ambitious programme across the artforms. Mermaid offers a strong visual arts programme, compelling theatre productions, opera, cutting edge dance performances, arthouse cinema, comedy and a diverse music programme.

Two of the county's most well respected festivals take place in Arklow .These are the Arklow music Festival and the Arklow Seabreeze Festival.

County Wicklow is one of the most popular film-making locations in Ireland. Bray, in the north of the county, is home to Ardmore Studios, where many of Ireland's best known feature films, including John Boorman's Excalibur, Jim Sheridan's Oscar winning In the Name of the Father, and several Neil Jordan films, have been shot.

The BBC series Ballykissangel was also filmed in County Wicklow.

Scenes from the movie P.S. I Love You were shot in the Wicklow Mountains National Park.

Wicklow is also home to a number of notable figures in literature, film, and music.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. 
  2. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  4. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  6. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  7. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 

External links


Coordinates: 53°00′N 6°25′W / 53°N 6.417°W / 53; -6.417


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Often referred to as the Garden of Ireland County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin) is a beautiful mountainous region of Ireland's East Coast and Midlands. County Wicklow offers visitors breathtaking views of towering mountains, crystal-clear rivers & tranquil forestry, all within easy reach of the capital.

  • Wicklow Town
  • Arklow
  • Greystones
  • Blessington
  • Baltinglass
  • Rathdrum

Villages

As a largely rural county, much of the charm of County Wicklow is to be found in the small villages & hamlets which dot the mountainous countryside. The vast majority of these villages have old churches, shops & pubs.

Understand

County Wicklow is very mountainous with the highest peak Lugnaquilla rising to 3018 ft (925m). The mountains dominate the North and centre of the county, while along the coast is relatively flat. South Wicklow gives way to rolling hills where there is a lot more farmland.

Much of the mountainous area is covered with a layer of peat and this in turn has heather and conifer evergreen forests growing on it, with gorse in the drier areas. This makes for scenic vegetation and gives it a rugged appearence.

  • Glendalough -This is one of the main tourist attractions of Wicklow.
  • Powerscourt House & Gardens just outside Enniskerry village
  • Powerscourt Waterfall -Ireland's highest waterfall.
  • Meeting of the Waters

Talk

As in the rest of Ireland English is the language spoken by the majority. A visitor may notice the wide variety of accents on display in Wicklow. People from the hills tend to sound different from those on the coast. Residents of Bray & Greystones have distinctively Dublin-tinged accents. Likewise, the voices of southern and western 'Wicklowites' carry the influence of neighbouring counties. One part of the unique Wicklow 'dialect' you may hear in Wicklow town, Arklow town or inland, is the use of the word 'quern' to replace 'very'. As in 'I'm quern tired'.

Get in

By car

The Wicklow mountains, being mountains, are not particularly well-served by public transport, which is surprising given their proximity to the capital and their popularity among visitors. Therefore the car is often the most convenient way of travelling around the county. Those travelling from Dublin to the east of the county should take the N11 in the Direction of Wexford. Meanwhile those travelling to the west of the county should take the N81.

Wicklow roads can vary greatly from modern motorways to rough mountain roads & petrol filling stations can, at times, be hard to find.

By air

Wicklow doesn't have a public airport, but due to its' proximity to the capital it can be easily reached from Dublin Airport, the largest airport in the country - see the 'Get in' section of the Dublin article for additional information on flying to Dublin airport.

The most straightforward way to get to your destination in County Wicklow from Dublin Airport is to travel by the dark green 'Dublin Bus' airport shuttle service to Busarás (Dublin city's central bus station near Custom House Quay) & to take a connecting bus or train from there.

Similarly for passengers to either Bray or Greystones a direct 'Aircoach' bus line exists. Further information on the Aircoach service can be found by following this link: [1].

By boat

If you are travelling by car and you arrive at the sea port of Rosslare, Wicklow town is about a 1½ hour drive away. For ferry travellers who leave the car behind you can take public buses to Wicklow. Buses run on the Rosslare to Dublin route and serve Arklow, Wicklow & Bray. More information is available on the Bus Éireann website.

Those arriving at Dublin Port or Dún Laoghaire harbour from the UK should take the N11 road to reach the East of County Wicklow or the N81 to reach the West of the county. Likewise those travelling without a car can either get the train directly from Dublin(Connolly Station) or Dún Laoghaire station to reach Wicklow, Rathdrum, Bray or Arklow. Otherwise these towns & other destinations not served by trains can be reached by Bus Éireann coaches. Travellers are recommended to check the Irish Rain & Bus Éireann websites in advance to plan their route..

By rail

A coastal rail line serves Bray, Greystones, Kilcoole, Wicklow, Rathdrum and Arklow. However, services to anywhere but the first two are infrequent and overpriced. Visitors from elsewhere in the EU may be disappointed at the lack of connecting public transport services to anywhere within the mountains. A return ticket from Dublin’s Connolly station to Wicklow town costs €8.90 and takes around 45 minutes. Timetables are available from the website of Irish Rail.

By bus

Travellers to County Wicklow will find the public bus service to be of much more use than the coastal train service, which avoids much of the mountainous areas which Wicklow is best known for.

Buses serve all major towns & many villages along the route. Kilmacanogue, Newtown Mount-Kennedy, Ashford, Wicklow and Arklow are served by the Bus Éireann commuter network, with hourly services north to Dublin and Bray, and south to Wexford, Waterford and Rosslare Harbour. This route is numbered #133. Alternatively less frequent buses serve Rathdrum & Avoca.It is not entirely uncommon for buses to arrive at a stop later than scheduled. A one-way ticket to or from Dublin costs around €8 & the journey time is just over an hour.

On the western side of the mountains, Blessington is served by the Bus Eireann #180 bus service from Dublin to Athy. Likewise Blessington, and to a lesser scale Ballymore Eustace and Ballyknockan, are also served by the conventional 'Dublin Bus' (No. 65) service which operates fairly frequently throughout the day. Expect to pay a €2.20 fare from Eden Quay to Blessington, and it takes roughly an hour. Timetable available here [2]

Travellers to Glendalough can avail of the privately operated St.Kevins Bus Service which operates between Dublin & Glendalough twice daily. The bus leaves Dawson Street in Dublin at 11:30pm & 6:00pm daily. Further information can be found here: [3] This service also serves Roundwood, Bray, Kilmacanogue & Laragh. Tickets cost between €10 & €13 one-way depending on destination.

  • Glendalough
  • Turlough Hill
  • The Gaps
  • Loch Dan
  • Avondale House
  • Glenmalure
  • Wicklow Gaol
  • Bray Head
  • The Big Sugarloaf
  • Devil's Glen
  • Beaches -

Do

Hill Walking

A list of some of the more interesting and higher peaks to hike are:

  • Lugnaquilla (3,018 ft)
  • Mullaghcleevaun (2,608 ft)
  • Tonelagee (2,681 ft -estimated from metre figure)
  • Djouce (2,379 ft)
  • Table Mountain (701m)

And for those looking for a 2 or 3 day walk.

  • Walk the Wicklow Way. This extends from foothills of the Wicklow mountain in south County Dublin right through the main mountainous parts of Wicklow on down to the very south of the county.

Eat

Some excellent spots to eat:

  • Roundwood Inn, Roundwood: venison and Irish stew.
  • The Strawberry Tree, Aughrim: delicious & expensive.
  • The Happy Pear, Greystones: delicious smoothies & healthy, hippy, organic cafe fare.
  • The Candle, Newcastle: traditional Wicklow food.
  • Ashford Oriental, Ashford: Chinese & Thai.
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
County Wicklow
Contae Chill Mhantáin
Coat of arms of County Wicklow
Location
centerMap highlighting County Wicklow
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County Town: Wicklow
Code: WW
Area: 2,024 km²
Population (2002) 114,676
Website: www.wicklow.ie


County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin ) is a county on the east coast of the Ireland, immediately south of Dublin. Area: 2,024 km² (781 square miles). The county is bordered by the Irish Sea and the counties of Carlow, Kildare, Wexford and two parts of what was County Dublin, Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown and South Dublin. The county is part of the "Greater Dublin Area". Wicklow is known as "The Garden of Ireland" because of its scenery.

The county town is Wicklow (pop. 9,355), although the largest urban centre is Bray (pop. 31,901), on the northern border and effectively a Dublin suburb. Other main towns include Greystones (pop. 11,913) and Arklow (pop. 11,721). All of these towns are situated on the east coast.

County Wicklow is sometimes known as 'the last county' as it was the last of the original counties to be established - in 1606 from land previously part of County Dublin and County Carlow (which then ran to the sea and included Arklow). Establishment as a distinct county was aimed at controlling local groups such as the O'Byrnes.

The Sally Gap

The Military Road, stretching from Rathfarnham to Aughavannagh crosses the mountains, north to south, and was built by the British army to assist them in crushing rebels still active in the Wicklow Mountains following the failed 1798 rebellion. It provided them with access to an area that had been a hotbed of Irish rebellion for centuries. Several barracks to house the soldiers were built along the route and the Glencree Reconciliation Centre was built alongside the remains of barracks there. Battalions of the Irish Army use firing ranges in County Wicklow for tactical exercises, especially the largest one in the Glen of Imaal which was previously used by the British Army prior to independence.

Wicklow rivers include the Avoca and the Liffey; other natural features include Lough Dan and Lough Tay, and the lakes of Glendalough.

The Turlough Hill pumped-storage scheme, a significant civil engineering project, was carried out in the mountains in the 1960s and 1970s.

The ancient monastery of Glendalough is located in County Wicklow.

The local radio station for Wicklow is East Coast FM.

Towns and Villages in Wicklow

See also

External links

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at County Wicklow. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "County Wicklow" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Location of County Wicklow
(in light green)]] County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin) is a county on the east coast of Ireland. It is directly south of Dublin. County Wicklow has an area of 2,024 km² (781 square miles). Wicklow is known as "The Garden of Ireland" because of its scenery.

The county town is Wicklow. County Wicklow's largest municipality is Bray. Bray has a population of 30,951 and is a suburb of Dublin. Other main towns include Gaystones and Arklow.

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