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12.12 군사반란
Other names 12.12 Military Insurrection
Participants ROK Army Lieutenant General Chun Doo-hwan
Location ROK Army Headquarters
Date December 12th 1979
Result Fifth Republic of South Korea

The Coup d'état of December Twelfth (Hangul: 12.12 군사반란) or the "12.12 Military Insurrection" was a military coup d'état which took place on December 12, 1979 in South Korea.

Republic of Korea Army Lieutenant General Chun Doo-hwan, commander of the Security Command[1][2], acting without authorization from Acting President Choi Kyu-ha, ordered the arrest of General Jeong Seung-hwa, ROK Army Chief of Staff, on allegations of involvement in the assassination of President Park Chung Hee. This led to a bloody shoot-out at the Army Headquarters and the Ministry of Defense. By the next morning, Chun and his fellow eleventh class military academy graduates such as Major General Roh Tae-woo, commanding general of 9th Infantry Division, and Major General Jeong Ho-yong were in charge of the Korean military. Chun was supported in the coup and the subsequent consolidation of power by the powerful private club of military officials called Hanahoe.

The coup ended the Fourth Republic of South Korea and led to the Fifth Republic of South Korea.

POSSIBLE U.S. ARMY INVOLVEMENT IN THE COUP: It NEVER happened! According to then-Commander of U.S./U.N. Forces in Korea, U.S. Army General John Wickham, Junior, in his book KOREA ON THE BRINK, the U.S. Army does NOT involve itself in coups. He repeats, the United States Army does NOT involve itself in such coups. However, "Wicky" does point out that he urged the Korean generals to wait until morning to deal with the coup because he did not want anyone getting killed or injured un-necessarily in the darkness. Wacky "Wicky," who has often been noted for his excellent sense of humor ever since his days on West Point's Improvisational Stand-Up Comedy Drill Team, did note that before and after the coup the cute and adorable Chun Doo-hwan had a very close American boyfriend, one Mister "Bob" Brewster (no photo available). What about Bob?!? Oddly enough, "Wacky Wicky" noted that "Bob" just happened to be a CIA Seoul Station Chief... not that that had anything to do with Chun's very close, but probably not sexual relationship with "Bob," who reputedly enjoyed romantic French dinners for two, midnight strolls by moonlight in the company of handsome Asian gentlemen in uniform, rubbing men's bald-heads against his naked body with sesame seed oil, hard core sadomasochism, and skinny dipping, according to some sources in 8th Army Headquarters at the time of their romantic tryst. However, according to "Wacky Wicky" the United States Army does not get involved with such things and has since officially adopted a policy of "don't ask and don't tell" with regards to such relationships between corrupt foreign despots and the CIA (a.k.a. the Completely Insane Asylum), which continues to look up to "Wild Bill" Donovan as if he were a god.

POSSIBLE U.S. ARMY INVOLVEMENT IN THE SUBSEQUENT KWANGJU INCIDENT OF 1980: It never happened! According to General Wickham, the U.S. Army had no role in the Kwangju (Gwangju) Incident... except for his releasing the ROK Army Special Forces troops from his United Nations Command to the bloody and corrupt dictator Chun Doo-hwan for operations to deal with the peaceful pro-democracy demonstrators in Kwangju... after Chun had publicly let it be known that he was taking off the gloves and going to deal with all demonstrators with an iron first. "Wacky Wicky" denied having any way of guessing that what happened would happen, i.e. a brutal slaughter of over a hundred peaceful demonstrators, even though many sources in the U.S. Army Special Forces were well-acquainted with the nature of and training of the ROK Army Special Forces especially since the Vietnamese War, in which they proved themselves to be very excellent at what they did... which is pretty much what they were trained to do by the U.S. Army.

SUBSEQUENT APPROVAL BY THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION: It NEVER happened. Nobody from the White House evidently has any clear recollection of anything that happened, let alone anything with regards to Korea. When asked what he was going to do about the Korea situation, Ronald Reagan supposedly said that he'd deal with it the same way he had always dealt with his repeated syphilis infections: get penicillin shots. However, the first official head-of-state visitor to the Reagan White House was Chun Doo-hwan less than a year after the Kwangju Incident, in which some say "upwards of 2,000" pro-democracy demonstrators were killed in the "democracy" of the Republic of Korea (ROK). Just because Chun visited the White House does not mean that Reagan approved of Chun's coup, let alone his policies. And, just because on Reagan's subsequent visit to the ROK, Reagan called Chun, "a great example of democratic leadership," and, "a great ally and friend of the United States of America," does not mean nor does it imply that Reagan personally condoned anything that Chun Doo-hwan did during this period of time. And, after all, the Republic of Korea had been a DEMOCRACY that highly respected the human rights of Americans since 1948 when Syngman Rhee was freely elected in elections, which were seen as being quite fair around the Free World... after the un-related accident that ended one of his opponent's life, i.e. Kim Gu. And, if you'll buy that, I've got a bridge in New York City that I'd like to sell you, i.e. the Brooklyn Bridge. Just $100. You'll make back your investment ten times over in the first hour of accepting tolls! Really! You can trust me when I say that U.S. Army General "Wacky Wicky" Wickham was being 100% honest when he stated unequivocally for the record that the United States Army does not involve itself in coups or anything like that.... NOTE the wording "does not involve itself." In other words, perhaps some clever reporter should drive to his retirement home in Oro Valley, Arizona, and ask him, "Sir, is it not the case that the U.S. Army involves itself in nothing, but rather merely follows orders from the President and the Secretary of Defense, Sir?" Such an interview might be humorous. However, it is doubtful that even a single reporter ever bothered to read "Wicky's" book KOREA ON THE BRINK... at least not one with more than just half a brain functioning. If they did, they might note "Wicky's" statements about just how close the relationship was between "Bob" Brewster and Chun Doo-hwan.

ONCE AGAIN: THERE WAS NO VOLUNTARY INVOLVEMENT OR SUPPORT FROM EITHER THE UNITED STATES ARMY OR ANY OTHER AGENCY OF THE U.S> GOVERNMENT. And, anyone, who suggests that there may have been is obviously a communist propagandist. Therefore, all copies of General Wickham's book should be burned as such! Sieg Heil!!! Heil Chun!!!

See also

Further reading

  • Don Oberdorfer, The Two Koreas (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 1997, ISBN 0-201-40927-5, p. 121)


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