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European Union

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The Court of Justice of the European Union is one of the seven institutions of the European Union (EU). As of December 2009, the whole court system of the European Union is known as the Court of Justice of the European Union. It has its seat in Luxembourg.

The towers of the Court accommodates its translation service.

The institution was originally established in 1952 as the Court of Justice of the European Coal and Steel Communities (as of 1958 the Court of Justice of the European Communities). With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009, the court changed to its current name and comprises formally of the Court of Justice along its two subordinate chambers: the General Court (formerly the Court of First Instance) and the Civil Service Tribunal.

Its mission is to ensure that "the law is observed" "in the interpretation and application" of the Treaties. The Court reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union; ensures that the Member States comply with obligations under the Treaties; and interprets European Union law at the request of the national courts and tribunals.

The Court constitutes the judicial authority of the European Union and, in cooperation with the courts and tribunals of the Member States, it ensures the uniform application and interpretation of European Union law.

The Court of Justice of the European Union, consists of three courts:

Since their establishment, approximately 15,000 judgements have been delivered by the three courts.

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