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Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle
Canadian Light Armored Vehicle at the Calgary Stampede, 2007.jpg
Canadian Light Armored Vehicle at the Calgary Stampede
Place of origin  Canada
Production history
Designer General Motors Diesel Division
MOWAG
Specifications
Weight 14.4 t (15.9 short tons)
Length 6.39 m (21.0 ft)
Width 2.50 m (8.2 ft)
Height 2.69 m (8.8 ft)
Crew 4 (driver, commander, gunner, surveillance suite operator)

Primary
armament
1 x M242 25mm chain gun
Secondary
armament
1 x C6 7.62mm machine gun
(coaxial)
1 x C6 7.62mm machine gun
(pintle)
8 x grenade launchers
(2 x cluster of 4)
Engine Detroit Diesel 6V53T
275hp
Suspension 8x8 wheeled, 4x Drive
Operational
range
660 km
Speed 120 km/h

The Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle is a lightly armoured fighting vehicle built by General Dynamics Land Systems Canada for the Canadian Forces, for use in the reconnaissance role.[1][2] Its eight-wheeled design is a licensed version of the Swiss MOWAG Piranha 8x8. In service since 1996, the Coyote is a later generation of the six-wheeled Canadian AVGP, also developed from the Piranha. It is of a similar family and similar generation as the, Bison APC, USMC LAV-25 and the Australian ASLAV.

Coyotes mount a 25 mm M242 Bushmaster chain gun and two 7.62 mm C6 general purpose machine guns.[1] One of the machine guns is mounted coaxial to the main gun while the other is pintle-mounted in front of the crew commander's hatch. The main gun is equipped with dual ammunition feeds that allow for separate weapons effects, selectable by the gunner/crew commander; the standard load is a belt of AP sabot rounds and a belt of HE-T explosive/fragmentation rounds. The main gun and coax machine gun are 2-axis stabilized. The turret is equipped with a laser rangefinder, but no ballistic computer; elevation and lead corrections are applied manually by the gunner using multi-stadia reticules in the day, thermal, and image intensification sights. The turret is also equipped with grenade dischargers that can be loaded with smoke and fragmentation grenades.

Coyotes come in three variants: Command, Mast, and Remote. The Mast and Remote variants have a sophisticated suite of electronic surveillance equipment including radar, video, and infrared surveillance night vision devices. The mast variant has this equipment mounted on a 10m telescoping mast that can be extended to raise the surveillance suite out from behind cover. The remote variant of the Coyote has its surveillance suite mounted on two short tripods, which crew can deploy remotely using a 200 m spool of cable.

Unlike the USMC LAV-25 from which it was derived, the Coyote was not equipped with an amphibious propulsion system. The areas where the marine drive propellers would normally be mounted were replaced by external fuel tanks, and the trim vane has been deleted.

The Coyote uses a larger wheel than initially used on the Bison and AVGP (these vehicles were later retrofitted with this wheel). Compared to the later LAV-III family of vehicles, the Coyote is physically smaller, uses smaller wheels and tires, has a "sharp" rather than "rounded" nose profile, and has a smaller, oval driver's hatch. Like the LAV-III, the Coyote can be fitted with additional ceramic bolt-on armour panels for increased protection.

The Coyote can be transported on a Hercules C-130 transport plane[3], but their turrets have to be removed first.

When first purchased, the Coyote was designated for service with both the Regular Force and Reserve Force, with the Mast variants earmarked for the Regular units and the Remotes designated for the Reserves. Shortly after taking delivery of the vehicles, but before they were assigned to the Reserve units, all Coyotes were reassigned to the Regular Force.

Coyotes have served in Bosnia (SFOR) and Afghanistan (ISAF).

External links

Prime Portal: Coyote walk-around

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Exploring the Coyote". Department of National Defence. http://www.dnd.ca/menu/coyote/. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  2. ^ "Vetronics Engineering". General Dynamics Canada. http://www.gdcanada.com/content/detail.cfm?acronym=vetronics. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  3. ^ Barry Cooper, Mercedes Stephenson, Ray Szeto (2004). "Canada’s Military Posture: An Analysis of Recent Civilian Reports". The Fraser Institute. http://www.fraserinstitute.org/COMMERCE.WEB/product_files/CanadaMilitaryPosture.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
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