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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Crataegus azarolus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus
Series: Orientales
Species: C. azarolus
Binomial name
Crataegus azarolus

Crataegus aronia Bosc non C. aronia Decne.[2]

Crataegus azarolus is a species of hawthorn known by the common names azarole, mosphilla, and Mediterranean medlar. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin and it is grown there and elsewhere as an ornamental tree and for its fruit. It has been used historically for a number of medicinal purposes.[3]

C. azarolus is often divided into subspecies or varieties, for example Christensen in his monograph[1] uses four varieties:

  • C. azarolus var. azarolus
  • C. azarolus var. aronia
  • C. azarolus var. chlorocarpa
  • C. azarolus var. pontica




  1. ^ a b Christensen, K.I. (1992) Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. The American Society of Plant Taxonomists, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.
  2. ^ Plants for a Future PFAF (page 1)
  3. ^ Ljubuncic, P., et al. (2005). Antioxidant activity of Crataegus aronia aqueous extract used in traditional Arab medicine in Israel. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101:1 153-61.

External links

Further reading

  • Hadjimitsi, E. and I. Zabetakis. (2005). The aroma of jam prepared from fruits of mosphilla (Crataegus azarolus L.). Flavour and Fragrance Journal 20:5 507-11.
  • Phipps, J.B., O’Kennon, R.J., and Lance, R.W. (2003) Hawthorns and medlars. Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K.


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Crataegus azarolus


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Maloideae
Genus: Crataegus
Species: Crataegus azarolus


Crataegus azarolus L.

Vernacular names

English: azarole
Українська: Глід плодовий


  • Species Plantarum 1:477. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


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