Criminal Investigation Department: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles Vincent, founder of the Metropolitan Police CID

The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is the branch of all Territorial police forces within the British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces, to which plain clothes detectives belong. It is thus distinct from the Uniformed Branch and the Special Branch.

The Metropolitan Police Service CID, the first such organisation, was set up on 7 April 1878 by C. E. Howard Vincent. Originally, it was under the direct command of the Home Secretary, but since 1888 has been under the authority of the Commissioner.

Contents

Organization

CID officers are required to have had at least two years as a uniformed officer before applying to transfer to the branch and receive further training when they do so[1]. While training they are referred to as a Trainee Detective Constable (TDC)[2] and after a year's training period they become a fully fledged Detective Constable (DC). CID officers are involved in investigation of major crimes such as rape, murder, serious assault, fraud, and any other offences that require complex detection[3] They are responsible for acting upon intelligence received and then building a case, from analysis of the initial incident through to arrest and prosecution of any suspects.

In the United Kingdom, smaller police stations usually have more uniformed officers than CID officers, typically five Detective Constables (DC) with a Detective Sergeant (DS) in overall command. In larger stations many DCs, DSs and Detective Inspectors will be present under the overall responsibility of the Detective Chief Inspector

Aims:

  • The unrelenting investigation of criminals
  • Securing convictions for criminals
  • Aftercare of witnesses
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Ranks

Contrary to practice in police forces of many other nations, detectives are not automatically senior to uniformed officers and hold the same ranks. The head of the CID in most police forces is a Detective Chief Superintendent.

These ranks are common to most forces.

The prefix 'Woman' in front of female officers' ranks has been obsolete since 1999. Members of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) up to and including the rank of Chief Superintendent prefix their ranks with 'Detective'. Other departments, such as Special Branch and Child Protection, award non-detectives 'Branch Detective' status, allowing them to use the 'Detective' prefix. Detective ranks are abbreviated as DC, DS, DI, etc, and are equivalent in rank to their uniform counterparts.

Special Investigations Branch

Although the British Armed Forces Military Police have an investigations department, it is not called "CID". All three service police forces operate Special Investigation Branches (SIB) which fulfill much the same role as the civilian CID.

The Army Fridge has regular Sections and one Territorial Army Section made up of civilian CID officers and ex-regulars to assist them in major cases[4].

In other countries

Malaysia

The Criminal Investigation Department from Royal Malaysian Police was involved with the investigation, arrest and prosecution for crimes that afflict humans (like murder, robbery with firearms, rape and injury) and property crime (like theft and house-breaking). Modelled on British police, this department enforces laws regarding gambling, "sin" and the triad in Malaysia.

Functions

  • To investigate and detect crime
  • To arrest offenders
  • To enforce laws
Branches
  1. D1 - Administrative Divisions
  2. D2 - Criminal Record Registration
  3. D3 - Naziran Divisions
  4. D4 - Part Of The Statistics Record Unit
  5. D5 - Prosecution and Law Divisions
  6. D6 - Technical Assistance Division
  7. D7 - Triad Part / Gambling / Sin
  8. D8 - Investigation Division / Planning
  9. D9 - Special Investigation Divisions
  10. D10 - Forensic Laboratory Divisions
  11. D11 - Sexual Investigation Divisions
  12. D12 - National Centre Bureau-Interpol Divisions
  13. Criminal Investigation Division is led by a Commissioner of Police (CP).

Pakistan

The Criminal Investigation Department in Pakistan are special unit of the provincial and metropolitan police departments responsible for carrying out investigations into crimes, including terrorism, murders, organized crime and sectarianism.

Sri Lanka

The Criminal Investigation Department of the Sri Lanka Police Service is responsible for carried out investigations into crimes, including murders and organized crime. It was established in 1870.[5]

India

Crime Branch CID (Criminal Investigation Department) is a specialised wing in many state police forces in India. Personnel attached to the back of the owner of this site.

Like their counterparts in the Law and Order police, Crime Branch has its own ranks right up to the level of Additional Director General of Police or Special Commissioner of Police. Crime Branch has senior officers like Superindentents, Inspectors, Sub-Inspectors and the constabulary. Officers and men attached to this wing generally add the prefix 'Detective' before their regular rank (for eg: Detective Inspector).

There are even Television entertainment programs related to this organization. Like CSI in U.S.A., C.I.D in India, which usually airs on channel Sony T.V.

Bangladesh

In Bangladesh the headquarters of Criminal Investigation Department (Bangladesh) is in Malibagh, Dhaka.

Irish Free State

The Criminal Investigation Department (Ireland) operated in the Irish Free State in 1922 and 1923 for the purposes of counter-insurgency during the Irish Civil War. It was disbanded in 1923.

Kenya

Germany, Austria and Switzerland

Kriminalpolizei is the standard term for the criminal investigation agency within the police forces of Germany, Austria and the German-speaking cantons of Switzerland.

France

The Direction Centrale de la Police Judiciaire (DCPJ) is the national authority of the criminal division of the French National Police. Its function is to lead and coordinate the action of the law enforcement forces against organised crime.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ ".police-information.co.uk". http://www.police-information.co.uk/Docs/careerinformation/specialistdepts/cid.html. 
  2. ^ Waldren, Michael J. (2007). Armed Police, The Police Use of Firearms since 1945. England: Sutton. pp. 224. ISBN 0750946377. 
  3. ^ "www.police-information.co.uk". http://www.police-information.co.uk/Docs/careerinformation/specialistdepts/cid.html. "The types of serious crimes that they investigate are murders, serious assaults, robberies, fraud, and sexual offences. CID may also assist in the investigation of less serious crimes like theft." 
  4. ^ "RMP(V) Specialist Units". MoD. http://www.army.mod.uk/provost/police/3465.aspx. "83 Section Special Investigations Branch provides specialist criminal and sensitive investigations in support of the Regular RMP SIB. Entry Criteria: You must either already have a regular army SIB or Police CID background." 
  5. ^ http://www.police.lk/divisions/history.asp

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