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Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
Race details
Date Early June
Region Dauphiné, France
English name Dauphiné Libéré Tour
Local name(s) Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (French)
Nickname(s) Dauphiné Libéré
Discipline Road
Competition UCI ProTour
Type Stage-race
History
First edition 1947
Editions 60 (as of 2008)
First winner  Edouard Klabinski (POL)
Most wins 3 times:

 Nello Lauredi (FRA)
 Luis Ocaña (ESP)
 Charly Mottet (FRA)
 Bernard Hinault (FRA)

Most recent  Alejandro Valverde (ESP)

The Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré is an annual cycling road race, run over eight stages in the Dauphiné region in France during the first half of June. It is organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation or ASO. Along with the Tour de Suisse, the Dauphiné Libéré is an important race in the lead-up to the Tour de France in July, and it is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar.

Because the Dauphiné is a mountainous area, the winners are often climbing specialists. Many climbs that are famous from the Tour de France, like the Mont Ventoux, the Col du Galibier or Col de la Chartreuse, appear often in the Dauphiné Libéré. All cyclists who have won the Tour de France five or more times have also won the Dauphiné Libéré.

The first Dauphiné Libéré was held in 1947 when Edouard Klabinski from Poland was the winner. Nello Lauredi, Luis Ocaña, Charly Mottet and Bernard Hinault share the record of the most wins, with three each.

The Dauphiné Libéré was used as preparation for the Tour de France by Lance Armstrong. He won the Dauphiné in 2002 and 2003, but was defeated by Iban Mayo in 2004, primarily by Mayo's strong climb of Mont Ventoux. Armstrong finished 4th in the 2005 Dauphiné, finishing 59 seconds behind overall winner Iñigo Landaluze, of the Euskaltel-Euskadi squad.

Contents

History

After the Second World War, as cycling recovered from a nearly universal five- and six-year break, and boxing, rising in popularity in France, the newspaper Dauphiné Libéré decides to create and to organize a test cyclist by steps through the region that will take place just before the Tour de France, in the month of June. As early as its beginnings, this competition, that allows preparing to the better the big appointment of July, attracts the better French cyclists (Louison Bobet, John Robic,...) . True popular success, the test is also an economical success: many cities ask to be of the villes-étapes Critérium. At last it allows also to test during the test advanced them technologicals in the domain of the equipment of rebroadcast, notably in the mountains, and equipment cyclist.

The current form of the critérium is the consequence of his merger with the Circuit of the Six-Provinces-Dauphiné in 1969.

Today this race serves for most of the big racers to prepare another chases major that unfolds itself some weeks after: the Tour de France.

In this race, many champions imposed. For example the Critérium is the other only test having been won by all the quintuple conquerors of the Tour de France (Anquetil, Merckx, Hinault, Indurain and Armstrong). Seven racers succeeded the double Dauphiné Liberated - Tour de France, proving by the example the good preparation that it represents: Louison Bobet in 1955, Jacques Anquetil in 1963, Eddy Merckx in 1971, Luis Ocaña in 1973, Bernard Thévenet in 1975, Bernard Hinault in 1979 and 1981, Miguel Indurain in 1995 and Lance Armstrong in 2002 and 2003.

The cities having welcomed most often the test are Grenoble (44 times), Avignon (32 times), Saint-Étienne (23 times), Annecy (22 times), Chambéry (21 times), Gap (21 times), Lyon (19 times), Aix-les-Bains (18 times), Valence (16 times), Briançon (15 times) or Vals-les-Bains (15 times).

Jerseys

The leader of general classification wears a yellow jersey to distinct blue band of those of the other racers. As early as 1948 a red shirt to white polka-dots was awarded to the better rock-climber because of the mountainous journey of the Critérium, then in 1955 a green shirt rewards the better sprinter. At last, a blue shirt rewards the cyclist the more suit by its positions to individual classifications to the time (general), to the points (sprint) and mountain.

Winners

Rider Team
1947 Poland Klabinski, EdouardEdouard Klabinski (POL)
1948 France Fachleitner, EdouardÉdouard Fachleitner (FRA)
1949 France Lazarides, LucienLucien Lazarides (FRA)
1950 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1951 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1952 France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto (FRA)
1953 France Teisseire, LucienLucien Teisseire (FRA)
1954 France Lauredi, NelloNello Lauredi (FRA)
1955 France Bobet, LouisonLouison Bobet (FRA)
1956 Belgium Close, AlexAlex Close (BEL)
1957 France Rohrbach, MarcelMarcel Rohrbach (FRA)
1958 France Rostollan, LouisLouis Rostollan (FRA)
1959 France Anglade, HenryHenry Anglade (FRA)
1960 France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto (FRA)
1961 United Kingdom Robinson, BrianBrian Robinson (GBR)
1962 France Mastrotto, RaymondRaymond Mastrotto (FRA)
1963 France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA)
1964 Spain Uriona, ValentinValentin Uriona (ESP)
1965 France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA)
1966 France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor (FRA)
1969 France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor (FRA)
1970 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1971 Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1972 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1973 Spain Ocana, LuisLuis Ocaña (ESP)
1974 France Santy, AlainAlain Santy (FRA)
1975 France Thevenet, BernardBernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot BP Michelin
1976 France Thevenet, BernardBernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot-BP-Michelin
1977 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Gitane-Campagnolo
1978 Belgium Pollentier, MichelMichel Pollentier (BEL)
1979 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1980 Netherlands Velde, Johan van derJohan van der Velde (NLD)
1981 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1982 France Laurent, MichelMichel Laurent (FRA)
1983 United States Lemond, GregGreg LeMond (USA)
1984 Colombia Ramirez, MartinMartin Ramirez (COL)
1985 Australia Anderson, PhilPhil Anderson (AUS)
1986 Switzerland Zimmermann, UrsUrs Zimmermann (SUI)
1987 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA) Systeme U-Gitane
1988 Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera (COL) Café de Colombia
1989 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA)
1990 United Kingdom Millar, RobertRobert Millar (GBR)
1991 Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera (COL) Postobon
1992 France Mottet, CharlyCharly Mottet (FRA)
1993 Switzerland Dufaux, LaurentLaurent Dufaux (CHE)
1994 Switzerland Dufaux, LaurentLaurent Dufaux (CHE)
1995 Spain Indurain, MiguelMiguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto
1996 Spain Indurain, MiguelMiguel Indurain (ESP) Banesto
1997 Germany Bolts, UdoUdo Bölts (DEU) Team Telekom
1998 France De Las Cuevas, ArmandArmand De Las Cuevas (FRA)
1999 Kazakhstan Vinokourov, AlexanderAlexander Vinokourov (KAZ) Casino-AG2R Prévoyance
2000 United States Hamilton, TylerTyler Hamilton (USA) US Postal
2001 France Moreau, ChristopheChristophe Moreau (FRA) Festina
2002 United States Armstrong, LanceLance Armstrong (USA) US Postal
2003 United States Armstrong, LanceLance Armstrong (USA) US Postal
2004 Spain Mayo, IbanIban Mayo (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi
2005 Spain Landaluze, InigoIñigo Landaluze (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi
2006 United States Leipheimer, LeviLevi Leipheimer (USA) Gerolsteiner
2007 France Moreau, ChristopheChristophe Moreau (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance
2008 Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP) Caisse d'Epargne
2009 Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP) Caisse d'Epargne

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