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2009 Dodge Journey, CUV

A crossover is a vehicle built on a car platform and borrowing features of a traditional Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV).

In contrast to traditional SUV's, which employ body on frame, crossovers employ a car's unibody construction. The crossover combines, in highly variable degree, design features from an SUV such as tall interior packaging, high H-point seating, high ground-clearance, or all-wheel-drive capability — with design features from an automobile such as independent rear suspension, car-like handling and fuel economy.

Crossovers are typically designed for only light off-road capability, if any at all.[1]



2007 Saturn Outlook XR

The term crossover began as a marketing term,[2] and a 2008 CNNMoney article indicated that "many consumers can't tell the difference between an SUV and a crossover."[1] A January, 2008 Wall Street Journal article called crossovers "wagons that look like sport utility vehicles but ride like cars."[3]

The market segment spans a wide range of vehicles. In some cases, manufacturers have marketed vehicles as crossovers simply to avoid calling them station wagons.[4] And while some crossover vehicles released in the early 2000s resembled traditional SUVs or wagons, others have prioritized sportiness over utility — such as the Infiniti FX and BMW X6.[5][6]

While the segment has notable historical antecedents, it came into strong visibility in the US by 2006, when crossover sales "made up more than 50% of the overall SUV market."[7] Sales in the crossover market segment increased in 2007 by 16%.[3] Notably in the US, the crossover segment is one of the passenger vehicle market segments where import brands lead domestic brands, as domestic manufacturers were slow to switch from their emphasis on light truck-based SUVs, and as foreign automakers developed crossovers particularly for the US market, as an alternative to station wagons which are unpopular there.[1] The segment has strong appeal to aging baby boomers.[1]

Crossover examples

The broad spectrum of crossovers includes:

A short list of current crossovers with their platform genealogy (similar vehicles are grouped together):

Model(s) Platform
Acura MDX Honda mid-size "CD" platform[9] (Honda Accord)
Acura RDX Honda compact "C" platform[9] (Honda Civic)
Acura ZDX Honda mid-size "CD" platform[9] (Honda Accord)
Audi Allroad Volkswagen Group C5 platform
Audi Q5 Volkswagen Group B platform
Audi Q7 Volkswagen Group C platform (Audi A6)
BMW X3 BMW 3 Series
BMW X5 BMW 5 series
Buick Enclave/Chevrolet Traverse/GMC Acadia/Saturn Outlook GM Lambda platform
Buick Rendezvous GM U platform
Cadillac SRX Sigma platform (Cadillac CTS/STS)
Chevrolet Captiva/Saturn Vue GM Theta platform
Chevrolet Equinox GM Theta platform
Chrysler Pacifica Chrysler CS platform (Chrysler Town and Country/Dodge Caravan)
Dacia Duster Nissan B / Dacia B0 platform (Dacia Logan)
Dodge Journey Mitsubishi GS platform (Dodge Avenger)
Ford Escape/Mazda Tribute/Mercury Mariner Ford CD2 platform
Ford Ecosport Ford B3 platform (Ford Fiesta)
Ford Flex Ford D4 platform
Ford Explorer (5th generation) Ford D4 platform
Ford Taurus X / Ford Freestyle Ford D3 platform (Ford Five Hundred/Taurus)
Ford Territory Ford Falcon
Holden Adventra/HSV Avalanche Holden Commodore
Holden Crewman/HSV Avalanche XUV Holden Commodore
Honda CR-V Honda compact "C" platform[9] (Honda Civic)
Honda Element Honda compact "C" platform[9] (Honda Civic)
Honda Pilot Honda mid-size "CD" platform[9] (Honda Accord)
Honda Crosstour Honda mid-size "CD" platform[9] (Honda Accord)
Hyundai Tucson/Kia Sportage (2nd Generation) Hyundai Elantra
Hyundai Santa Fe/Hyundai Veracruz/Kia Sorento (2nd Generation) Hyundai Sonata
Infiniti EX Nissan FM platform
Infiniti FX Nissan FM platform (Infiniti G35)
Jeep Compass/Jeep Patriot Mitsubishi GS platform
Jeep Grand Cherokee (fourth generation)
Lexus RX Toyota Camry
Lincoln MKX/Ford Edge Ford CD3 platform (Lincoln Zephyr/MKZ, Ford Fusion)
Mazda CX-7 Mazda 6
Mazda CX-9 Ford CD3 platform (Mazda MPV)
Mercedes-Benz GL-Class
Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class Mercedes-Benz W204
Mercedes-Benz M-Class (second generation)
Mitsubishi Endeavor Mitsubishi Galant
Mitsubishi Outlander Mitsubishi Lancer
Nissan Murano Nissan D platform (Nissan Altima)
Nissan Rogue Nissan C platform (Nissan Sentra)
Nissan X-Trail Nissan C platform (Nissan Sentra)
Porsche Cayenne Volkswagen Group C platform (Audi A6)
Peugeot 3008 Peugeot 308
Škoda Octavia Scout Volkswagen Group A platform
Subaru Forester Subaru Impreza
Subaru Outback Subaru Legacy
Subaru Tribeca Subaru Legacy
Suzuki SX4 Suzuki Swift
Suzuki Grand Vitara (Second generation) Suzuki SX4
Suzuki XL7 (Second generation) Chevrolet Equinox
Toyota RAV4 Toyota Corolla
Toyota Highlander/Kluger Toyota Camry
Toyota Venza Toyota Camry
Volkswagen Touareg Volkswagen Group C platform (Audi A6)
Volkswagen Tiguan Volkswagen Group A platform (Volkswagen Golf)
Volvo XC60 Ford EUCD platform
Volvo XC70 Ford EUCD platform
Volvo XC90 Ford D3 platform (Volvo S80)

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "GM and Ford's New Cross to Bear"., Chris Isidore, January 9, 2006. 
  2. ^ "Smart Buying Essentials What is a Crossover Vehicle?". 
  3. ^ a b "Crossover Market Is Thinly Sliced". The Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Definition of Crossover Utility Vehicle". 2009-09-17. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  5. ^ "Inifiti FX35 Review (MY 2010)". 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  6. ^ David Thomas (2008-09-15). "2009 Infiniti FX35". Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  7. ^ "Crossover vehicles pass up SUVs on road to growing sales". USAtoday, 5/3/2006, Sharon Silke Carty. 
  8. ^ Huffman, John. "A sleek “CUV” with youthful imagination - 2003 Toyota Matrix". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Haines, Steven (2008). The Product Manager's Desk Reference. McGraw-Hill. p. 13-14. ISBN 9780071591348. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 


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