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Coordinates: 51°04′N 0°10′E / 51.06°N 0.16°E / 51.06; 0.16

Crowborough
Crowborough is located in East Sussex
Crowborough

 Crowborough shown within East Sussex
Area  13.6 km2 (5.3 sq mi[1]
Population 19,988 (2007)[1]
    - Density  1,470 /km2 (3,800 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ518312
    - London  33 miles (53 km) NNW 
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CROWBOROUGH
Postcode district TN6
Dialling code 01892
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wealden
Website Crowborough Town Council
List of places: UK • England • East Sussex

Crowborough is a town in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England. It is situated on the Weald and at the edge of Ashdown Forest, in the High Weald Area of Outstanding National Beauty 7 miles (12.8 km) south-west of Royal Tunbridge Wells and 35 miles (56 km) south of London. It has road and rail links, and is served by a town council. It is the largest inland town (by population) in East Sussex.

Contents

History

Various derivations for the meaning of the town’s name have been put forward.[2] Before becoming a settlement as such, local documents use the names Crohbergh, Crowbergh, Croweborowghe, Crowbarrow and Crowboro. Croh (Old English: saffron or golden-yellow colour and berg means hill. Gorse, growing in profusion in the Crowborough Beacon area, and its yellow flowers might well have contributed to the meaning.

In 1734, a local benefactor, Sir Henry Fermor bequeathed money for a church and charity school for the benefit of the 'very ignorant and heathenish people' that lived in the part of Rotherfield “in or near a place called Crowborough and Ashdown Forest“.[3] The church, dedicated to All Saints, and school (primary) still survive today.

In the late 19th century it was promoted as a health resort based on its high elevation, the rolling hills and surrounding forest. Estate Agents of the time went as far as to call it Scotland in Sussex.

Governance

Crowborough as a place in its own right came into being in 1880, when an ecclesiastical parish was formed from that at nearby Rotherfield; a civil parish was established on 6 April 1905; which in turn became a Town Council on 24 May 1988.[4]

Crowborough shares the headquarters of Wealden District Council with Hailsham, 13 miles (20.8 km) to the south-west; this sharing is due to transfer Hailsham alone by 2010.

Geography

Crowborough
Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Prominence c. 159 m
Parent peak Leith Hill
Listing Marilyn
Location
Location High Weald, England
Topo map OS Landranger 188
OS grid TQ510305

The highest point in the town is 242 metres above sea level. This summit is the highest point of the High Weald and second highest point in East Sussex (the highest is Ditchling Beacon). Its relative height is 159 m, meaning Crowborough qualifies as one of England's Marilyns. The summit is not marked on the ground.

Transport

Crowborough is located on the A26 road between Tunbridge Wells and Lewes. and near the A21 road to London.

Crowborough railway station is on the line to Uckfield which is operated by Southern taking passengers to London Bridge station; the journey takes approximately one hour.

Education

Crowborough is served by one secondary school: Beacon Community College; and by seven primary schools:

  • Whitehill Infant School
  • Herne Junior School
  • High Hurstwood CE (controlled) School
  • Jarvis Brook County Primary School
  • St Johns CE (aided) School
  • St Mary’s RC School
  • Sir Henry Fermor (aided) CE School
  • Grove Park Special School

There are also two independent preparatory schools.

The town's location on the cusp of the Kent/East Sussex border means that the grammar schools in Kent are available for Crowborough pupils.

Sport and leisure

Crowborough has several recreation grounds, perhaps most notably Goldsmiths, which is the site of the local leisure centre. The Goldsmiths Recreation Ground was given to the parish by private owners in 1937. The town council has since purchased additional land and has developed the ground into a much needed recreation centre for the whole community. The ground now houses a sports centre including a swimming pool and a boating lake.[5]

Crowborough Athletic F.C. and Jarvis Brook F.C. are the town's main football clubs, and Crowborough currently play in Sussex County League Division One. They are the 2007–08 Sussex League Champions.

Crowborough Rugby Union Club won promotion from the Sussex leagues in 2006 and now playing in the London 4th division.

Crowborough Scout Group (third largest in the UK) is actively involved with the Crowborough community and is celebrating 100 years of scouting (1908–2008).

Crowborough mini railway is located at goldsmiths centerand is open form 2:30 to 5:00 good Friday to 5 November [1] There is also a boating lake in the middle of the mini railway which was constructed in 2005

Notable people

Luxford House, on Luxford Road at the southern end of town, was once owned by the rock manager Tony Stratton-Smith of Genesis. His own in-house recording studio played host to, among others, Neil Diamond, Genesis and Van Der Graaf Generator, whose "Pawn Hearts" album cover features a photo of the house.

Crowborough is also home of the English Grand Lodge for Europe and Africa of the Rosicrucian Order, AMORC.

Local traditions

A main event in the town's calendar is its celebration of Guy Fawkes Night, held annually on 5 November. An average attendance of 5000 people descend upon Goldsmiths Recreation Ground to witness this town council event. However this is overshadowed by the shenanigans of 'Carnival night' which sees the whole of the town taking to the streets. Donations on the night are traditionally collected by the local Lions Club, and donated to the mayor's charity. The town council also puts on a summer fair and a Christmas fair, for which the dates are agreed annually.

Twin towns

The town is twinned with:

External links

References

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. http://www.eastsussexinfigures.org.uk/webview/. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ A newspaper article of 1933 suggested that, since iron smelting was carried on here[citation needed], and that the Irish for iron was Croe that explained its derivation
  3. ^ Historical Notes about Crowborough
  4. ^ ’’The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
  5. ^ Crowborough Official Guide
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Crowborough is a town in East Sussex near the border with Kent, in the South East of England.

Understand

Crowborough is a small town on the edge of Ashdown Forest that has grown up on and around Beacon Hill, so named for the flaming beacon used in past times to warn London of attacks on England's southern coast. The beacon can still be seen today, beside the running track at Goldsmith's Leisure Centre.

Crowborough is best known for being home to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Get in

By car

The main road into Crowborough is the A26, which runs from Tunbridge Wells in the north to Brighton on the south coast.

By train

Crowborough's train station is some distance from the centre of town, in adjacent Jarvis Brook.

The train line goes north to London, and south as far as Uckfield.

Fare and timetable information is available from Southern Trains, tel. 08457 484950.

Get around

The centre of Crowborough is very small, and can be covered on foot in quite a short time. As with most other towns in England, the town is well serviced by buses and taxis.

By bus

Arriva operates a half hourly 229 service between Crowborough and Tunbridge Wells. Timetables and fares are available on their website. Buy your ticket from the driver when you board the bus. this service does not operate on evenings or sundays

Brighton & Hove opereate an Half Hourly service between Brighton and Tunbridge Wells,with the 29's running straight through Crowborough on the A26 while the 29A diverts and serves Whitehill and Crowborough town centre. [1] On sundays the service is hourly

Renown Coaches operate local services 271 & 272 on behalf of East Sussex Country Council.[2] This service does not run on evenings or sundays

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