Crowd: Wikis

  

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This street in Hong Kong is crowded with both people and advertisements.
.
A crowd of people returning from a show of fireworks spill in to the street stopping traffic at the intersection of Fulton Street and Gold Street in Lower Manhattan.
^ "Streets do not exist in civilized societies for the purpose of people sleeping there," Giuliani said during his weekly radio call-in show.
  • GIULIANI AT LARGE: News items about Rudy Giuliani 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC prorev.com [Source type: News]

^ Malone followed their directions through crowded streets and stopped at an iron gate set into a brick wall.
  • Fiction Liberation Front--Gold 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC www.lewisshiner.com [Source type: Original source]

City crowds are surprisingly peaceful considering their size and the potential for chaos.
.
A crowd leaves the Vienna/Fairfax-GMU station on the Washington Metro on July 4, 2006. The crowd behaves like a granular fluid, and people, having the same aim, are more confined than they would normally choose to be.
^ I would rather help more people for less, than to help less people for more.

^ And they consume more water than all the people in the state.
  • [Ganoksin] Jewelry Making - Metalsmith - The Price of Gold 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC www.ganoksin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "No more than I would with Lafitte.
  • Fiction Liberation Front--Gold 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC www.lewisshiner.com [Source type: Original source]

This induces frustration and loss of manners, possibly up to putting individuals into jeopardy.
.A crowd is a large and definable group of people, while "The crowd" is referred to as the so-called lower orders of people in general (The mob).^ M M - "Mirror History" dictionary designates letter M to signify the sixth of ten descending sound groups that define its alphabetical order.
  • M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC mirrorh.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Not long after Hoffa became aware of the situation, the mob called Giacalone and his friend to a "sitdown" during which they were given explicit orders to end their affairs.
  • SCHEMERS IN THE WEB 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.benbest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eddy Curry Man Killed by Angry Mob in Texas Apartment Parking Lot David Morales was beaten and killed by a large crowd of people on Wednesday in Austin, Texas.

.A crowd may be definable through a common purpose or set of emotions, such as at a political rally, at a sports event, or during looting, or simply be made up of many people going about their business in a busy area (eg shopping).^ Many people get up at 08:00 .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ I quote many other people about that.
  • GIULIANI AT LARGE: News items about Rudy Giuliani 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC prorev.com [Source type: News]

^ One needs only to think of the way the U.S. government consulted people luck Lucky Luciano during WWII - Luciano was in jail but he still knew more about what was going on than anybody else.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Moerder 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

.Everybody in the context of General public or the Common people is normally referred to as The masses.^ General meanings include: people, public; civilian, private."
  • M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC mirrorh.com [Source type: Reference]

Contents

Terminology

.The term crowd is often defined in contrast to other group nouns for collections of humans or animals: aggregation, audience, group, mass, mob, populous, public, rabble and throng.^ Indeed, collectibles provided a fundamental improvement to the workings of reciprocal altruism, allowing humans to cooperate in ways unavailable to other species.
  • Shelling Out -- The Origins of Money 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC szabo.best.vwh.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reasons for choosing the term collectible over other possible names for proto-money will become apparent.
  • Shelling Out -- The Origins of Money 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC szabo.best.vwh.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the other members of the History interface are defined in terms of the go() method, as follows: .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

For example in "Public Opinion"[1] Vincent Price compares masses and crowds:
Crowds are defined by their shared emotional experiences, but masses are defined by their interpersonal isolation.
.In human sociology, the term "mobbed" simply means "extremely crowded", as in a busy mall or shop.^ Embracing an Open POS would mean that a large part of their business model would simply be irrelevant.

.In animal behaviour mobbing is a technique where many individuals of one species "gang up" on a larger individual of another species to drive them away.^ If one money tap dries up a different one will be opened to spring another tributary to your vast, flowing river of cash.
  • I am The Money King - Undisputed King of Cash 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.money-king.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is for this reason that many communities of the Cape Flats have developed into complex patchwork of areas, in each of which one gang resides.
  • The social contradictions of organisedcrime on the Cape Flats - Paper 74, June 2003 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.iss.co.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the Many Storerooms in the Chinese Counterfeiting Factory Photos from a Chinese counterfeiting ring that specializes in fake coins, antiquities and counterfeit Chinese antiques.
  • About.com Coins: Most Popular Articles 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC coins.about.com [Source type: General]

Mobbing behaviour is often seen in birds.

Social aspects of crowds

.Social aspects are concerned with the formation, management and control of crowds, both from the point of view of individuals and groups.^ I believe that for this to happen, we must come to see the social organism from the point of view of all the myriad flows that literally are what it is made of.

^ The terrorist group becomes the primary source of social reality for individual terrorists.
  • Chapter 2 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When mainstream society is rejected, the individual’s only hope of social acceptance lies in the group that rewards behavior.
  • Chapter 2 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Often crowd control is designed to persuade a crowd to align with a particular view (e.g., political rallies), or to contain groups to prevent damage or mob behaviour.^ This involves the military acquisition of territory, gaining control over the political and economic life of subject groups, and imposing its money system on conquered nations .
  • Dollar Imperialism 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.hermes-press.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Politically organised crowd control is usually conducted by law enforcement but on some occasions military forces are used for particularly large or dangerous crowds.^ I rang up and old law school buddy that ended up on the police force not far from where I lived and explained what had happened, and asked him for some guidance .
  • Domains Into Dollars - Become A Virtual Real EstateTycoon 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC domainsintodollars.net [Source type: General]

^ This involves the military acquisition of territory, gaining control over the political and economic life of subject groups, and imposing its money system on conquered nations .
  • Dollar Imperialism 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.hermes-press.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, Pelosi’s office has stated repeatedly, from the beginning, that “ it is up to the Air Force to decide what type and size of plane will be required,” and that she “ will not use the plane for political travel .” .
  • 20070211 11 September 2009 11:23 UTC alfatomega.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Social aspects of crowds for adolescent peer groups

.Adolescent culture is a relatively new feature of society, affecting most teenagers in the United States since the 1930’s [2].^ While some Canadians are celebrating their new found monetary strength with shopping trips to the United States and European holidays, there is also a growing sense of economic unease.
  • Canada News - Breaking World Canada News - The New York Times 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The legend , " In God We Trust ," became a part of the design of United States currency in 1957 and has appeared on all currency since 1963 .
  • Money@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert Kennedy launched the most extensive pursuit of organized crime in the history of the United States.
  • LA COSA NOSTRA 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.accd.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The research on adolescent culture began with the search for identities: who the adolescents and their peer groups are and the differences and how adolescent culture differed from adult culture [3].^ The table below demonstrates how the getter condition for search results in different results depending on the exact original syntax of the URL: .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ An organization that has diverse membership and takes steps to fully involve all people who differ from the dominant group.
  • http://college.cengage.com/business/moorhead/organizational/6e/students/glossary/index.html 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC college.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abbey Millhause r, who has run groups for Jewish women, suggests the stigma associated with chemical dependency conflicts with the idealism and cultural stereotypes associated with being Jewish ...

.Many researchers are making efforts to develop an understanding of the functions of crowds [4].^ After Christmas had passed and it became evident that the Hughes crowd was not making any effort to move, Dalitz tried to evict them.
  • SCHEMERS IN THE WEB 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.benbest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Canada and the U.S. have grown closer, many Canadians have developed complex feelings and concerns regarding what makes Canada a "distinct" nation within North America.
  • Cities and Towns - Hometown Canada 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.hometowncanada.com [Source type: Original source]

But the findings are complicated due to multiple definitions of the crowd. .Now in adolescence, peer affiliation becomes more important than ever before [5].^ And the Internet makes it easier and more profitable than ever before.
  • How To Make A Great Living | Million Dollar Publisher 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC milliondollarpublisher.com [Source type: General]

^ During this period, the terrorist is constantly indoctrinated in the importance of the mission and reminded that the goal is more important than human life.
  • Chapter 2 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robinson, Cagney and Bogart made more gangster movies than anyone else before or since” (McCarty 83).
  • LA COSA NOSTRA 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.accd.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Youths tend to categorize themselves and each other based on stereotypes and reputations [6]. .These categories are known in the developmental psychology literature as peer crowds [7].^ These elements generally fall into three categories: economic factors, political conditions and market psychology.
  • Dollar to Euro Exchange Rate Currency Exchange Rates Euro to Dollar, ���� �� ��������, �������� �� ����, ���������, ��������� ������������� 28 January 2010 0:51 UTC dollar2euro.com [Source type: General]

.Crowds are defined as reputation based collectives of similarly stereotyped individuals who may or may not spend much time together [8].^ A Canadian woman who was imprisoned in Mexico for two years until Ottawa worked for her release may have to spend the next four months ...
  • Canada | Canadian News and Commentary, Politics, Ottawa | National Post 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Coincidence in time and locale of supply and demand for trade was rare so much so, that most kinds of trades and trade-based economic institutions we now take for granted could not exist.
  • Shelling Out -- The Origins of Money 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC szabo.best.vwh.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This may be true for their "base price", but by the time you add all the additional costs including and being overcharged for the die mold you are not paying the best price.

.Crowds also refer to collectives of adolescents identified by the interests, attitudes, abilities, and/or personal characteristics they have in common [9].^ Since 1913 they have "created" tens of billions of dollars in money and credit, which, as their own personal property, they then lend to our government and our people at interest.

^ Please read our Privacy Policy , which describes the personally identifiable information ("Personal Information") we collect, use, disclose, manage and store.
  • Yakuza vs. Mafia | SPIKE 28 January 2010 1:23 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ My best remembered and most interesting evening was the night where Celluloid answered my question about his favourite piece in his personal collection?
  • eBay Chat: Coins & Paper Money 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC chatboards.ebay.com [Source type: General]

.Crowds are different from cliques, which are interaction based peer groups who hang out together [10].^ An organization that has diverse membership and takes steps to fully involve all people who differ from the dominant group.
  • http://college.cengage.com/business/moorhead/organizational/6e/students/glossary/index.html 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC college.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any nigga who's in his 30's bragging about who he hangs out with is a BITCH ASS NIGGA. .
  • KRS DROPS A "CRIMINAL MINDED" VIDEO, CORY GUNZ RESURFACES! D | SOHH NYC | SOHH BLOG 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC blogs.sohh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following her own liberation, she has worked tirelessly and fearlessly to liberate those who want out of the group.
  • Nonfiction Reviews - 12/15/2008 - Publishers Weekly 11 September 2009 11:23 UTC www.publishersweekly.com [Source type: General]

.Crowds are not simply clusters of cliques; the two different structures serve entirely different purposes [11].^ The instrumentality of credit permits transactions between two persons to be treated as simultaneous for purposes of settlement even if they actually take place at different times.
  • Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit, Part III, Chapters 15-16 | Library of Economics and Liberty 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.econlib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Appendix B) matrix design Combines two different designs to gain the benefits of each; typically combined are a product or project departmentalization scheme and a functional structure.
  • http://college.cengage.com/business/moorhead/organizational/6e/students/glossary/index.html 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC college.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ownership Structure and Corporate Strategy: One Question Viewed From Two Different Worlds.
  • Organizational Studies - All Articles 18 September 2009 9:10 UTC www.orgstudies.org [Source type: Academic]

.Because the clique is based on activity and friendship, it is the important setting in which the adolescent learns social skills like how to be a good friend and how to communicate effectively [12].^ Feel like a good person because I am."
  • Monster, Walter Dean Myers, Book - Barnes & Noble 6 February 2010 13:34 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

^ So, let’s think about how to encode this important value for the community in a currency.

^ In contrast, under the FTCA, federal liability is narrowly based on traditional agency principles and does not necessarily lie when the tortfeasor simply works for an entity, like the Reserve Banks, which perform important activities for the government.
  • $$ WHAT IS MONEY?$$ 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.These and other social skills are important in adulthood as well as in adolescence [13].^ The managers of these seven hedge funds all know each other well.
  • Mafia | Deep Capture: exposing the crime of naked short selling 28 January 2010 1:23 UTC www.deepcapture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collector's coins with various other denominations have been issued as well, but these are not intended for general circulation, and they are legal tender only in the Member State that issued them.
  • Euro @ Top40-Charts.info 28 January 2010 0:51 UTC www.top40-charts.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Crowds are based on reputation and stereotypes than on interaction; they probably contribute more to the adolescent sense of identity and self-conception [14].^ On December 31st, they reported that the U.S. Treasury sold more than $2.1 Trillion in Treasury notes and bonds this year.

^ First, many small banks have more money than they can profitably invest locally.

^ "We are much more sensitive to Italian stereotyping than we ever let on.
  • GIULIANI AT LARGE: News items about Rudy Giuliani 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC prorev.com [Source type: News]

.For example jocks and burnouts are more likely to be interaction based than such crowds as loners and nerds [15].^ If, like us, you're feeling more than a little jaded by this point in… .
  • Cosa Nostra Ready-To-Wear - Full length photos - LA Spring/Summer 2008 (Vogue.com UK) 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.vogue.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ For example, even if you believe the Efficient Market Hypothesis, there are stocks that are inherently more volatile than others.

^ Hayek brings up historical examples where more than one currency circulated in the same geographic area at the same time, but none of the examples is relevant to his "ducat" plan.
  • The Case for Genuine Gold Dollar 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC mises.org [Source type: Original source]

Psychological aspects of crowds

.Psychological aspects are concerned with the psychology of the crowd as a group and the psychology of those who allow their will and emotions to be informed by the crowd (both discussed more comprehensively under crowd psychology), and other individual responses to crowd such as crowd-sickness, claustrophobia and agoraphobia.^ Americans, say the authors (both associate clinical professors of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School), have a conflicted views of community: on the one hand, they glorify rugged individualism and, on the other hand, they encourage community and look down on those who cast off community to go it alone.
  • Nonfiction Reviews - 12/15/2008 - Publishers Weekly 11 September 2009 11:23 UTC www.publishersweekly.com [Source type: General]

^ Plus partnering/bundling your product with those who are already the best in your class helps get more copies out the door.

^ Moments such as this leave lasting impressions on those who receive challenge coins.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Public Opinion By Carroll J. Glynn, Susan Herbst, Garrett J. O'Keefe, Robert Y. Shapiro
  2. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  3. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  4. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  5. ^ Nejra Bešić & Margaret Kerr (2009). Punks, Goths, and Other Eye-Catching Peer Crowds: Do they Fulfill a Function for Shy Youths? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19(1), 113-121.
  6. ^ Nejra Bešić & Margaret Kerr (2009). Punks, Goths, and Other Eye-Catching Peer Crowds: Do they Fulfill a Function for Shy Youths? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19(1), 113-121.
  7. ^ Nejra Bešić & Margaret Kerr (2009). Punks, Goths, and Other Eye-Catching Peer Crowds: Do they Fulfill a Function for Shy Youths? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19(1), 113-121.
  8. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  9. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  10. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.
  11. ^ Sternberg, Laurence (2008). Adolescence. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  12. ^ Sternberg, Laurence (2008). Adolescence. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  13. ^ Sternberg, Laurence (2008). Adolescence. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  14. ^ Sternberg, Laurence (2008). Adolescence. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  15. ^ Jennifer Riedl Cross & Kathryn L. Fletcher (2008). The Challenge of Adolescent Crowd Research: Defining the Crowd. Journal of Youth Adolescence.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CROWD, CROUTH, Crowth (Welsh crwth; Fr. trout; Ger. .Chrotta, Hrotta), a medieval stringed instrument derived from the lyre, characterized by a sound-chest having a vaulted back and an open space left at each side of the strings to allow the hand to pass through in order to stop the strings on the fingerboard.^ Later the same day, while carrying the dynamite from the Black Rock back through the Dark Territory in order to blow open the Hatch , the group was chased again by the entity.
  • The Man in Black - Lostpedia - The Lost Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:34 UTC lostpedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the safecrackers were as professional as their tools would seem to indicate, the manner in which they cut the vault open with their torch would be evidence that they knew the inner doors had been left open.
  • SCHEMERS IN THE WEB 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.benbest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coin 2: If you flipped the switch on the left side of the flamejet room the second time around a while back, now's your chance to make good on it.
  • GameFAQs: New Super Mario Bros. (DS) Star Coin Location Guide by RX7InfinitiIII 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

.The Welsh crwth, which survived until the end of the 18th century, is best represented by a specimen of that date preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum, and described and illustrated by Carl Engel.'^ The use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny, and on the coat of arms.
  • Cities and Towns - Hometown Canada 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.hometowncanada.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nineteenth century economist Carl Menger [M1892] first described how money evolves naturally and inevitably from a sufficient volume of commodity barter.
  • Shelling Out -- The Origins of Money 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC szabo.best.vwh.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best we can do is to continue to protest Monster Cable until the end of time or until they repair the damage they have done to us.
  • Monster Cable Strong-Arms 6 February 2010 13:34 UTC monstercable1.com [Source type: Original source]

The instrument consists of a rectangular sound-chest 22 in. long, 91 in. wide and 2 in. deep; the body is scooped out of a single block, the flat belly being glued on. .Right through the sound-chest on each side of the finger-board is the characteristic open space left for the hand to pass through.^ Feb.2007 http://www.cannonfire.blogspot.com/ It's the old, old story: Left eye open, right eye blind.
  • 20070211 11 September 2009 11:23 UTC alfatomega.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coin 3: Break through the blocks on the right side of the first room and work your way to the top.
  • GameFAQs: New Super Mario Bros. (DS) Star Coin Location Guide by RX7InfinitiIII 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

^ If you notice, they will crash into your car from the LEFT side, so if you stay at the right side of the road and give them some space, they will bump you and kill you.
  • Mafia Cheats Hints Codes Tips FAQ Files Achievements PC PC 28 January 2010 1:23 UTC www.cheatmasters.com [Source type: General]

.There are two circular sound At the beginning of the 19th century, William Bingley 2 heard a Welsh peasant playing national airs on a crwth strung as follows: - BSir John Hawkins s relates that in his time there was still a Welshman living in Anglesea who understood how to play the crwth according to traditional usage.^ Not OK Banknotes denominated in Belgian francs issued by the National Bank of Belgium can still be exchanged for an undetermined period of time.
  • Commons:Currency - Wikimedia Commons 10 February 2010 14:52 UTC commons.wikimedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An offshoot emerged on the East Coast of the United States during the late 19th century following waves of immigration.
  • Mafia - Grand Theft Wiki, the Grand Theft Auto wiki - GTA4, San Andreas, cheats, and more 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC gta.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Bornstein runs an interior design business there, and Zaltzman is a part-time printer who spends most of his time in Israel, officials said.

Edward Jones 4 and Daines Barrington 5 both give an account of the Welsh crwth of the 18th century which agrees substantially with Engel's; the illustration communicated by Daines Barrington shows the strings of the crwth drawn through holes at the top, and fastened on the back, as on the Persian rebab and other Oriental stringed instruments. .On these somewhat scanty authentic records of the instrument, several historians of music 1 See Early History of the Violin Family (London, 188 3), pp.^ Several films in the early 30s (I am thiking of Marcel Pagnol's adaptation of his own "Marius", directed by Alexander Korda for Paramount for example) did have music.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Moerder 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

^ Electronic music composed of instrumental and natural sounds often altered or distorted in the recording process.
  • Pro Audio Reference M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.rane.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From this analysis it is plain to see why history records that when nations have gone off the gold standard, they have gone off the standard of moral integrity.

.24-36. See A Tour round North Wales (London, 1804), vol.^ In Denmark, the traditional mil was 24 000 Danish feet, which is 4.6805 miles or 7.5325 kilometers (this is the same as the north German meile; see above).
  • Units: M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: Reference]

ii. p. 332.
s History of Music (London, 2766), vol. ii. bk. iii. ch. iii., description and illustration.
4 Musical and Poetical Relicks of Welsh Bards (London, 1794), illustration of crwth, also reproduced by Carl Engel; see note above.
5 Archaeologia, vol. iii. (London, 1775).
have based an illogical claim that the crwth, or rather chrotta or rotta, mentioned by Venantius Fortunatus as a British instrument, was the Welsh crwth as it was known in the 18th century, and was the earliest bowed instrument, and therefore the ancestor of the violin. The lines of Fortunatus, who was bishop of Poictiers during the second half of the 6th century, ran thus :-6 " Romanusque lyra, plaudat tibi Barbarus harpa, Graecus Achilliaca, chrotta Britanna canat." The bow is not mentioned by Fortunatus, and there is no ground whatever for believing that the Welsh crwth was played with a bow in the 6th century, or indeed for several centuries after. .The stringing of the Welsh crwth with the two drone strings still twanged, the form of the body without incurvations', the flat bridge which rendered bowing, even in the most highly developed specimens of the 18th century, a difficult task, together with what is known of the early history of the chrotta and rotta derived from the lyre and cithara and like them twanged by fingers or plectrum, all make the claim untenable.^ The use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny, and on the coat of arms.
  • Cities and Towns - Hometown Canada 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.hometowncanada.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With four execution cores, the Intel® Core™2 Quad processor blows through processor-intensive tasks in demanding multitasking environments and makes the most of highly threaded applications.
  • #1 for Extreme gaming Laptops, Worlds fastest laptop! The worlds best laptops. Cheap Notebooks,cheap laptops 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC mtechlaptops.com [Source type: General]

^ You could participate in trades, in some of the most sizzling markets in the world, risk-free, with tremendous profit-making capability, all without actually purchasing stocks, bonds or mutual funds.
  • Gryphon Financial's Mafia Trader 28 January 2010 1:23 UTC mafiatrader.com [Source type: General]

Carl Engel was probably the first to expose the fallacy in his work on the violin.' .British lexicographers all agree in deriving the words crwth, crowd and other forms of the name, from some word meaning a bulging protuberant bellying form, while in German the etymology of the word Chrotta is given as Chrota or Chreta, the O.H.G. for Krote = toad, Schildkriite = tortoise.^ Otherwise, apply the rules for choosing a browsing context given a browsing context name using target as the name and the browsing context of form as the context in which the algorithm is executed; the resulting browsing context is the target browsing context.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In the case of counting thank yous, even though the thank you itself may be subjective, we are counting instances of it in a given context, and so have a number that has some quantitative meaning.

^ All other product, brand and company names and logos used or mentioned on a canada.com Site or any of the Services may be the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
  • About | canada.com 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www2.canada.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This word Chrotta was undoubtedly the German equivalent term for the lyre of Hermes, having as back a tortoise-shell, xLXus in Greek and testudo in Latin.^ Associated spellings/words: mythus (Latin); muthos (Greek)."
  • M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC mirrorh.com [Source type: Reference]

.Chrotta was also spelt hrotta, and it is easy to see how this became rotta.^ It's so easy you're going to laugh your socks off when you see how to do this.
  • Maverick Money Makers | The Original Money Making Club Since 1997 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.maverickmoneymakers.com [Source type: General]

^ It's fairly easy to see how pollution is an externality, and how by pricing mechanisms like cap & trade, it can be brought into the market signal system.

.A thoughtful and suggestive treatment of the whole subject will be found in Engel's work, to which reference has been made.^ Though at times the volleying between Rosenthal’s own story and those of her subjects is disorienting, the work as a whole is poignant, raw and informative.
  • Nonfiction Reviews - 12/15/2008 - Publishers Weekly 11 September 2009 11:23 UTC www.publishersweekly.com [Source type: General]

^ The period of the ancients working for gold in Rhodesia is admitted by authorities to have covered both previously and subsequently that period in which biblical references were made to Ophir.
  • Phoenician Gold Mines of Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC phoenicia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Just as the lyre and cithara, which appeared to be similar to the casual observer, and are indeed still confused at the present day, were instruments differing essentially in construction 8; so there were, during the early middle ages, while lyre and cithara were still in transition, two types of chrotta or rotta.^ There's two types of lies.
  • KRS DROPS A "CRIMINAL MINDED" VIDEO, CORY GUNZ RESURFACES! D | SOHH NYC | SOHH BLOG 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC blogs.sohh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are three sorts of mergers between FIRMS : HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION , in which two similar firms tie the knot; VERTICAL INTEGRATION , in which two firms at different stages in the SUPPLY chain get together; and DIVERSIFICATION , when two companies with nothing in common jump into bed.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With these two decrees the financial framework of the Bank of Biafra was established, but there was still a more important problem to be faced that of financing the war.
  • Biafra Currency 10 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.biafraland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(I) The rotta or improved cithara had a body either rectangular with the corners rounded, or guitar-shaped with incurvations, back and sound-board being nearly or quite flat, joined as in the cithara by ribs or sides.^ The new round shades are more likely to bounce the light rays around and back into the lens, rather than the square shape.
  • Leica M Lens Users Guide 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.cameraquest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the island of Aegina he minted the first silver coins, whose shapes were either elongated or round.

^ The neck was thinner than the body, and there were two looped handles on either side of the neck.

.This rotta must be reckoned among the early ancestors of the violin before the advent of the bow; it was known both as rotta and cithara, and with a neck added it became the guitar-fiddle.^ When both the Attorney General and his deputy refused to take such an action, Nixon took steps which later became known as "The Saturday Night Massacre".
  • SCHEMERS IN THE WEB 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.benbest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(2) The tortoise or lyre chrotta consisted of a protuberant, very convex back cut out of a block of wood, to which was glued a flat soundboard, at first like the lyre, with out intermediary ribs.^ Ins and outs of a good first impression Those 'keeners' may be the death of us all Workforce likely to take a hit Afghanistan .
  • canada.com – Breaking news‚ Canada‚ World‚ Weather‚ Travel‚ Video & more 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.canada.com [Source type: News]
  • canada.com – Breaking news‚ Canada‚ World‚ Weather‚ Travel‚ Video & more 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www2.canada.com [Source type: News]

^ I felt like the world was crashing down on me, I had to do something fast, very fast, before my family and I were out on the street.
  • Maverick Money Makers | The Original Money Making Club Since 1997 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.maverickmoneymakers.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’re like most entrepreneurs just starting out, you too have very limited capital.

.This in strument became the crwth, and there was no further develop- ??^ Entails making no changes in present activities and avoiding any further contact with associated issues because there appears to be no hope of finding a better solution.
  • http://college.cengage.com/business/moorhead/organizational/6e/students/glossary/index.html 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC college.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no end in sight to this legacy of the California Gold Rush, or its use in developing countries.
  • [Ganoksin] Jewelry Making - Metalsmith - The Price of Gold 28 January 2010 0:57 UTC www.ganoksin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ment. .The first step in the transition of both lyre and cithara was the incorporation of arms and cross-bar into the body, the same outline being preserved; the second step was the addition of a finger-board against which the strings were stopped, thus increasing the compass while restricting the number of strings to three or four; the third step, observed only in the rotta-cithara, consisted in the addition of a neck,9 as in the guitar.^ For the first series, there are only two known serial number prefixes, while for the second series there are four prefixes.
  • Biafra Currency 10 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.biafraland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term "Arnprior" was first applied to 1955 silver dollars with only one and a half water lines in front of the canoe, instead of the usual three, with no trace of a third waterline visible even at 10 x's magnification.
  • Canadian Dollars - Calgary Coin Gallery 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.calgarycoin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These steps, with the exception of the second and third steps and the penultimate step, are identical to those in the previous section.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The crwth, crowd, crouth did not undergo this third transition even when the bow was used to set the strings in vibration.
The earliest representation of the crwth yet discovered dates from the Carolingian period. .In the miniatures of the Bible of Charles the Bald, 10 in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, one of the musicians of King David is seen stopping strings on the finger-board with his left hand and plucking them with the right (fig.^ If the given token is a case-sensitive match for one of the tokens in the DOMTokenList object's underlying string then remove the given token from the underlying string and stop the algorithm, returning false.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Standing on the left platform for a bit will raise the right one; however, it is possible to just dash-jump and get the coin without bothering to raise the right platform.
  • GameFAQs: New Super Mario Bros. (DS) Star Coin Location Guide by RX7InfinitiIII 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

^ On setting, if the value is one of start , end , left , right , or center , then the value must be changed to the new value.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

2); this crwth has only three strings, and may be the crwth trithant of Wales. .A second example occurs in the Bible of St Paul," another of the magnificent MSS. prepared for Charles the Bald, and preserved during the middle ages in the monastery of St Paul extra muros in Rome (now deposited Venantius Fortunatus, Poemata, lib.^ This is explained by the fact that the committee worked in a period of transition, that occurred during the passage from the so called first republic to the so called second republic.

^ The monetary systems of the German Empire during the Middle Ages are of the greatest interest with respect not only to the number of its types of coin, but also the peculiarity of its evolution.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Numismatics 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

vii. cap. 8, p. 245; see Migne's Patrologia Sacra, vol. 88.
' Op. cit. chapters " Crwth," " Chrotta," " Rotta." .8 See Kathleen Schlesinger, Orchestral Instruments, part ii., " The Precursors of the Violin Family " (London, 1909), pp.^ See Thornton, An Enquiry into the Nature and Effects of the Paper Credit of Great Britain (London, 1802), pp.
  • Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit, Part III, Chapters 15-16 | Library of Economics and Liberty 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.econlib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ See Probyn, Indian Coinage and Currency (London, 1897), pp.
  • Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit, Part III, Chapters 15-16 | Library of Economics and Liberty 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.econlib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A principal instrument of this cooperation is the International Joint Commission (IJC), established as part of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 to resolve differences and promote international cooperation on boundary waters.
  • Canada (11/08) 10 February 2010 13:55 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

14 to 23, with illustrations.
9 See also Kathleen Schlesinger, op. cit. ch. vii., " The Cithara in Transition," pp. 111-135 with illustrations.
.1s See Auguste de Bastard, Peintures et ornements des MSS. de France, and Peintures, ornements, &c., de la bible de Charles le Chauve, in facsimile (Paris, 1883).^ Souvenirs de voyage dans le midi de la France...
  • Browse By Author: M - Project Gutenberg 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ See De Greef, "La monnaie, le crédit et le change dans le commerce international," Revue economique internationale 4 (1911): 58 ff.
  • Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit, Part III, Chapters 15-16 | Library of Economics and Liberty 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.econlib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ La mafia sicilienne et le nouveau marchs des drogues en Europe, in Labrousse, Alain - Wallon, Alain (editors), La plante des drogues, ditions du Seuil, Paris, 1993, pp.

11 See J. O. Westwood, Photographic Facsimile of the Bible of St Paul (London, 1876).
FIG. I. - Welsh Crwth, holes; the left foot of the flat bridge, 18th century.
which lies obliquely across the belly, passes through the left sound-hole and rests inside on the back of the instrument. .Six catgut strings fastened to a tail-piece are wound round pegs at the top of the crwth; four of these strings lie over the sound-board and bridge, and are set in vibration by means of a bow, while the two others, used as drones and stretched across the left-hand aperture, are twanged by the thumb of the left hand.^ These four steps come up again and again in disciplines as diverse psychology, semiotics, philosophy, ecology, and evolution among others.

^ On the other hand, to this day I am utterly impressed with the sheer audacity of it; taking your previous sound that had resulted in two monstrously popular albums and completely throwing it out the window takes some serious guts.
  • Monster@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:34 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ You hear a squeal of tyres and round the corner come two smartly dressed guys carrying pieces and legging it for all they're worth.

.The shape and shallowness of the bridge make it impossible to sound a single string with the bow; the arrangement of the strings suggests that they were intended to be sounded in pairs.^ Let url string be the result of concatenating the strings in urls , in the order they were added, separated by a U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN U+000A LINE FEED character pair (CRLF).
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ However, my research suggests individual personalities vary so greatly that it seems impossible to produce a single behavioral profile.
  • Chapter 2 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The instrument is tuned thus: Drawn from a plate in Auguste de Bastard's Peintures et ornaments de la bible de Clcarles le Claauve. FIG. 2. - Early Crwth, 9th century.^ See De Greef, "La monnaie, le crédit et le change dans le commerce international," Revue economique internationale 4 (1911): 58 ff.
  • Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit, Part III, Chapters 15-16 | Library of Economics and Liberty 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.econlib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Le client est une PME de la région d'Aix /Marseille spécialisée dans la distribution de produits informatiques.

^ Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée .
  • Cosche, Cosa nostra : les structures organisationnelles de la criminalité mafieuse en Sicile 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC conflits.revues.org [Source type: Academic]

in that of St Calixtus in Rome). Other representations are in the miniatures of the I ith, 12th and 13th centuries. To Edward HeronAllen (De fidiculis opuscula, viii., 1895) is due the discovery of a representation of the Welsh crwth, showing the form still retained in the 18th cent. On the seal of Roger Wade (1316) is a crwth differing but little from the specimen in the Victoria and Albert Museum. .The 14th-century instrument had four strings instead of six, and the foot of the bridge does not appear to pass through the sound-hole - a detail which may have escaped the notice of the artist who cut the seal.^ It appears to have powers to support the markets in a crisis with a host of instruments, mostly by through buying futures contracts on the stock indexes and key credit levers.

^ If it's software instead of a hardware unit, it is still intercepting the keyboard messages as it gets passed through the message queue (and windows).
  • Slashdot | FBI Bugs Keyboard of PGP-Using Alleged Mafioso 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC slashdot.org [Source type: General]

^ When the UA is passed an empty string or a string specifying a context that it does not support, then it must return null.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The original seal lies in the muniment room at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire attached to a defeasance of a bond between the crowder and his debtor Warren de l'Isle, and a cast (see fig. 3) is preserved at the British Museum. .The British Museum also possesses two interesting MSS. which concern the crwth: one of these (Add.^ In the two years that these shenanigans were going on, 60,000 American men died of prostate cancer, which seemed to be of no concern to this particular network of miscreants.
  • Mafia | Deep Capture: exposing the crime of naked short selling 28 January 2010 1:23 UTC www.deepcapture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result of escaping the vCard text string part two A U+003B SEMICOLON character (;) The result of escaping the vCard text string part one Three U+003B SEMICOLON characters (;) Add a vCard line with the type " END " and the value " VCARD " to output .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The result of escaping the vCard text string part one A U+003B SEMICOLON character (;) The result of escaping the vCard text string part two Three U+003B SEMICOLON characters (;) Then, skip the remainder of these substeps.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

MS. 14939 ff. .4 and 27) contains an extract made by Lewis Morris in 1742 from an ancient Welsh MS. of " Instructions supposed to be wrote for the Crowd "; the other (Add.^ I cant really add much to whats been said other than this is a stone cold classic and is as fresh today as it was then it was first made.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Moerder 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

MS. 15036 ff. .65b and 66) consists of tracings from a 16th-century Welsh MS. copied in 1610 of a bagpipe, a harp and a krythe, together with the names of those who played the last at the Eisteddfod.^ Plus partnering/bundling your product with those who are already the best in your class helps get more copies out the door.

^ Moments such as this leave lasting impressions on those who receive challenge coins.

^ Even in the early 20th century, the foremost Vietnamese national heroes were still those who had distinguished themselves by resisting Chinese encroachment.
  • SCHEMERS IN THE WEB 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC www.benbest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The drawing is crude, and shows an instrument similar to Roger Wade's crowd, but having three strings instead of four.
.The genealogical tree of the violin given below shows the relative positions of both kinds of rotta and chrotta.^ Pictures below are of the same coin showing BOTH sides.
  • Coin Display Case Company 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.usadisplay.net [Source type: General]

^ The confirm( message ) method, when invoked, must release the storage mutex and show the given message to the user, and ask the user to respond with a positive or negative response.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Late Roman bronze coins showed vows both given and renewed for five years or multiples of ten years.

.Egyptian lyre-kissar Greek lyre or chelys Roman testudo Latin chrotta, Old High Germ.^ Latin letter, a Greek letter or letters or a Roman numeral indicating the officina.
  • Roman Coin Attribution Toolkit 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC romancoin.info [Source type: Reference]

^ (Latin); matra ['measure'] (Sanskrit); metis ['prudence'] (Greek); maeo ['measure, proportion, power, rank, respect (Old English)."
  • M 2 February 2010 10:010 UTC mirrorh.com [Source type: Reference]

.Anglo l Saxon Welsh rotta, rote Chrota or crowd crwth Chreta Spanish vigucla or vihuela de arco Italian viola French vielle or viole Violin The Welsh crwth was therefore obviously not an exclusively Welsh instrument, but only a late 18th-century survival in Wales of an archaic instrument once generally popular in Europe but long obsolete.^ In northern climes, silver was more accessible and so took on the role of currency for the Viking s and for the Anglo-Saxon s, but by the Twentieth Century a gold standard prevailed all over the world.
  • Money@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1797 the French treasury received over 50 million francs only from the booty of Napoleon's Italian campaign.

^ The Italian Laurana in the latter half of the fifteenth century struck the first French medals, and the works of the next period clearly show Italian characteristics.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Numismatics 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

An interesting article on the subject in German by J. F. W. Wewertem will be found in Monatshefte fiir Musik (Berlin, 1881), Nos. 7-12, p. 151, &c. (K. S.)


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mafia, which are similar to those in the above article.








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