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Coordinates: 51°22′22″N 0°06′36″W / 51.3727°N 0.1099°W / 51.3727; -0.1099

Croydon
Croydon skyline 2.jpg
View of the Croydon town centre skyline, as seen from the Colonnades
Croydon is located in Greater London
Croydon

 Croydon shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ335655
    - Charing Cross 9.5 mi (15.3 km)  N
London borough Croydon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CROYDON
Postcode district CR0
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Croydon Central
Croydon North
Croydon South
London Assembly Croydon and Sutton
List of places: UK • England • London

Croydon is a major commercial centre in south London and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Croydon. It is 9.5 miles (15.3 km) south of Charing Cross, and is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan.[1] It is located on the natural transport corridor between London and England's south coast, just to the north of a gap in the North Downs.

Historically a part of Surrey, at the time of the Norman conquest of England Croydon had a church, a mill and around 365 inhabitants (as recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086). Croydon expanded during the Middle Ages as a market town and a centre for charcoal production, leather tanning and brewing. The Surrey Iron Railway from Croydon to Wandsworth opened in 1803 and was the world's first horse-drawn railway, which later developed into an important means of transport – facilitating Croydon's growth as a commuter town for the City of London and beyond.

In the early 20th century Croydon was an important industrial area, known for metal working, car manufacture and its airport. In the mid 20th century these sectors were replaced with retailing and service economy, brought about as a result of a massive redevelopment of office blocks and the Whitgift shopping centre. Croydon was amalgamated into Greater London in 1965. Road traffic is now diverted away from a largely pedestrianised town centre, but its main railway station, East Croydon, is still a major hub within the national railway transport system. The town is expected to have its urban planning changed as part of Croydon Vision 2020.

Contents

History

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Toponymy

One theory is that the name Croydon derives originally from the Anglo-Saxon croh, meaning "crocus" and denu 'valley', indicating that, like Saffron Walden in Essex, it was a centre for the collection of saffron.[2]

According to John Corbett Anderson,[3] "The earliest mention of Croydon is in the joint will of Beorhtric and Aelfswth, dated about the year 962. In this Anglo-Saxon document the name is spelt (here he uses original script) Crogdaene. Crog was, and still is, the Norse or Danish word for crooked, which is expressed in Anglo-Saxon by crumb, a totally different word. From the Danish came our crook and crooked. This term accurately describes the locality; it is a crooked or winding valley; in reference to the valley which runs in an oblique and serpentine course from Godstone to Croydon." Anderson rejected a claim, originally cited by Andrew Coltee Ducarel that the name came from the Old French for 'chalk hill', for the reasons that the name was in use at least a century before the French language would have been commonly used, following the Norman Invasion.

Early history

There is a plate recording a Bronze Age settlement on Croham Hurst. In addition there is evidence of a Roman settlement in the area on the London to Brighton Way Roman road, and a 5th to 6th century pagan Saxon cemetery.[citation needed]

In the late Saxon period it was the centre of a large estate belonging to the Archbishops of Canterbury. The church and the archbishops' manor house occupied the area still known as the Old Town. The archbishops used the manor house as an occasional place of residence and would continue to have important links as Lords of the manor, a title originally bestowed on Archbishop Lanfranc by William the Conqueror,[2] and then as local patrons right up to the present day. Croydon appears in Domesday Book as Croindene. It was held by Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury. Its domesday assets were: 16 hides and 1 virgate; 1 church, 1 mill worth 5s, 38 ploughs, 8 acres (32,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 200 hogs. It rendered £37 10s 0d.[4]

Croydon Palace in 1785

In 1276 the archbishop acquired a charter for a weekly market, and this probably marks the foundation of Croydon as an urban centre. Croydon developed into one of the main market towns of northeast Surrey. The market place was laid out on the higher ground to the east of the manor house in the triangle now bounded by High Street, Surrey Street and Crown Hill. By the 16th century the manor house had become a substantial palace used as the main summer home of the archbishops, visited by monarchs and other dignitaries. The original palace was sold in 1781, by then dilapidated and surrounded by slums and stagnant ponds, and a new residence, nearby at Addington, purchased in its place. Many of the buildings of the original Croydon Palace survive, and are in use today as Old Palace School.

The earliest record of Christian leaders in Croydon is in an Anglo-Saxon will made in about 960, witnessed by Elfsies, priest of Croydon. The Domesday Book contains the earliest written record of Croydon Church. The earliest recording of the name of the church is 6 December 1347, when it was recorded in the will of John de Croydon, fishmonger, containing a bequest to "the church of S John de Croydon". The church still bears the arms of Archbishop Courtenay and Archbishop Chicheley, presumed to be its benefactors.

Croydon Parish Church is a Perpendicular-style church which was remodelled in 1849 but was destroyed in a great fire in 1867, following which only the tower, south porch and outer walls remained. A new church was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, one of the greatest architects of the Victorian age, and opened in 1870. His design loosely followed the previous layout, with knapped flint facing and many of the original features, including several important tombs. Croydon Parish Church is the burial place of six Archbishops of Canterbury including John Whitgift, Edmund Grindal, Gilbert Sheldon, William Wake, John Potter and Thomas Herring. Previously part of the Diocese of Canterbury, Croydon is now in the Diocese of Southwark. The Vicar of Croydon is an important post, in addition to the suffragan Bishop of Croydon.

Addington Palace is a Palladian-style mansion between Addington Village and Shirley, surrounded by park landscapes and golf courses, within the boundaries of Croydon. After an Act of Parliament enabled the mansion to be purchased for the Archbishops of Canterbury in 1807, it became the official residence of six Archbishops until it was sold in 1898. In 1953 it was leased to the Royal School of Church Music until 1996, when it was leased to a private company which has developed it as a conference and banqueting venue, with plans for a health farm and country club. The grounds were landscaped by Capability Brown and are mainly a golf course and public park. A famous very large cedar tree stands next to the Palace.

The "Whitgift Hospital" almshouses in the centre of Croydon

The Elizabethan Whitgift Almshouses, named the "Hospital of the Holy Trinity", have stood in the centre of Croydon (at the corner of North End and George Street) since they were erected by Archbishop John Whitgift. He had petitioned for and had received permission from Queen Elizabeth I to establish a hospital and school in Croydon for the "poor, needy and impotent people" from the parishes of Croydon and Lambeth. The foundation stone was laid in 1596 and the building was completed in 1599.

The premises included the actual Hospital or Almshouses, providing accommodation for between 28 and 40 people, and a nearby schoolhouse and schoolmaster's house. There was a Warden in charge for the well-being of the almoners. The building is constructed with the chambers of the almoners and various offices surrounding an inner courtyard.

Threatened by various reconstruction plans and road-widening schemes, the Almshouses were saved in 1923 by intervention of the House of Lords. On 21 June 1983 Queen Elizabeth II visited the almshouses and unveiled a plaque celebrating the recently completed reconstruction of the building. On 22 March each year the laying of the foundation stone is commemorated as Founder's Day.

Industrial Revolution and the railway

The development of Brighton as a fashionable resort in the 1780s increased Croydon's role as a significant halt for stage coaches on the road south of London. At the beginning of the 19th century Croydon became the terminus of two pioneering commercial transport links with London. The first, opened in 1803, was the horse-drawn Surrey Iron Railway from Wandsworth, which in 1805 was extended to Merstham, as the Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Railway. The second, opened in 1809, was the Croydon Canal, which branched off the Grand Surrey Canal at Deptford. The London and Croydon Railway (an atmospheric and steam-powered railway), opened between London Bridge and West Croydon in 1839, using much of the route of the canal (which had closed in 1836), and other connections to London and the south followed.

The arrival of the railways and other communications advances in the 19th century led to a 23-fold increase in Croydon's population between 1801 and 1901.[2] This rapid expansion of the town led to considerable health problems, especially in the damp and overcrowded working class district of the Old Town. In response to this, in 1849 Croydon became one of the first towns in the country to acquire a Local Board of Health. The Board constructed public health infrastructure including a reservoir, and water supply network, and sewers, a pumping station, and sewage disposal works.

A growing town

The growing town attracted many new buildings to be built including No.1 Croydon, formerly the NLA Tower.[5][6]
H.Q. of Nestlé U.K
Jurys Inn Croydon

As the town continued to grow it became especially popular as a pleasant leafy residential suburb for members of the Victorian middle classes, who could commute to the City of London by fast train in 15 minutes. In 1883 Croydon was incorporated as a borough. In 1889 it became a county borough, with a still greater degree of autonomy. The new county borough council implemented the Croydon Improvement scheme in the early 1890s, which resulted in the widening of the High Street and the clearance of much of the 'Middle Row' slum area. The remaining slums were cleared shortly after World War II, with much of the population relocated to the isolated new community at New Addington. New stores opened and expanded in central Croydon, including Allders, Kennards and Grants, and the first Sainsbury's self-service shop in the country.[2] There was also a bustling market on Surrey Street.[7]

During World War Two, much of central Croydon was destroyed by German strategic bombing and attacks by V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets, and for many years the town bore the scars of the destruction.

By the 1950s, with its continuing growth, the town was becoming congested, and the Council decided to introduce another major redevelopment scheme. The Croydon Corporation Act was passed in 1956. This, coupled with government incentives for office relocation out of London, led to the building of new offices and accompanying road schemes through the late 1950s and 1960s, and the town boomed as an important business centre in the 1960s, with the building of a large number of multi-storey office blocks, an underpass, a flyover and multi-storey car parks.

Modern Croydon

In more modern times Croydon has developed an important centre for shopping, with the construction of the Whitgift Centre, which opened in 1969. The Fairfield Halls arts centre and event venue opened in 1962. The Warehouse Theatre opened in 1977. The 1990s saw further changes intended to give the town a more attractive image. These include the closure of North End to vehicles in 1989 and the opening of the Croydon Clocktower arts centre in 1994. Tramlink began operation in May 2000. A new equally large shopping centre, Centrale, opened in 2004 opposite the Whitgift Centre, straddling the site of the smaller Drummond Centre and what was once a large branch of C&A. There are plans for a large new shopping centre, Park Place, which will replace most of the eastern edge of the shopping district including St George's Walk; the redevelopment of the Croydon Gateway site; and extensions of Tramlink to Purley, Streatham, Lewisham and Crystal Palace. Croydon has become the second-largest place to shop in the south east, after central London, offering a wide range of shops and department stores. It is also home to many high density buildings such as the Nestlé Tower, being London's third main CBD, after the Square Mile and the Docklands and South London's main business centre. The Croydon area is served by various hospitals of which the main one is Mayday University Hospital in London Road. The Mayor of London Boris Johnson has stated that he would support Croydon becoming an official city.[8]

Governance

For centuries the area lay within the Wallington hundred, an ancient Anglo-Saxon administrative division of the county of Surrey.[9] Croydon was created a municipal borough of Surrey in 1883. In 1889, through its growing economic importance, it was made a county borough exempt from county administration. In 1965 the County Borough of Croydon was abolished and its former area was transferred to Greater London and combined with that of the Coulsdon and Purley Urban District to form the present-day London Borough of Croydon.

Most of the area lies within the Addiscombe and Fairfield wards which form part of the Croydon Central constituency.[10] The rest of the town is in the Croham ward which is part of Croydon South. These wards are all in the local authority of Croydon, which has the responsibility for providing services such as education, refuse collection, and tourism. The Addiscombe ward is currently represented by Councillors Russell Jackson, Andrew Price, and Maria Garcia de la Huerta, members of the Conservative Party. The Fairfield and Croham wards also brought back Conservatives, leaving the area represented only by Conservatives at council level.[11] Labour lost the seat that it had in Addiscombe in the 2006 local elections. The area also forms part of the London constituency of the European Parliament. The sitting Member of Parliament for Croydon Central is Andrew Pelling, a member of the Conservative Party. The sitting Member of Parliament for Croydon South is Richard Ottaway, who is also a member of the Conservatives.

The police service is provided by the Metropolitan Police with Croydon Police Station on Park Lane next to Croydon College.[12] The London Fire Brigade provide services for the area and Greater London as a whole. The nearest fire station is in Old Town which has only two pumping appliance.

Geography

Croydon is situated in the centre of the borough of Croydon. The town adjoins with South Croydon and West Croydon, which is administered along with Croydon. To the south are the North Downs, which stretch to the white cliffs of Dover in Kent, as well as parts of Surrey and the south coast. The Pilgrims' Way path is to the south of Croydon.

The town is bordered by Selhurst and South Norwood to the north, which are both part of the same borough; South Croydon to the south; Shirley due east and Beddington in the borough of Sutton to the west. The northernmost point of Croydon is at the junction with Northcote Road and Whitehorse Road where there are a community centre and a few retail shops, overlapping with Selhurst and Broad Green. The postcode area that covers most of Croydon is CR0 which forms part of the CR postcode area. The CR postcode was created especially for Croydon and its surrounding areas.

Croydon is split up by a number of different areas in the same borough. Fairfield, Broad Green, West Croydon and South Croydon make up the rest of Croydon, but are known as separate areas in their own right. The most prominent of these towns is South Croydon which has become a town of its own, with various shops and its own high street. It is essentially a dormitory suburb for Croydon and Central London. The street South End is the prominent main road in South Croydon and continues northward as High Street, Croydon and southward as Brighton Road.

The town is split in the middle with a rough line from west to east along Wellesley Road on the A212 road. This type of urban planning has been discouraged recently by the London Plan and there have been a number of proposals to ease the relation between East Croydon station and the town centre of Croydon. Croydon Vision 2020 aims to solve that problem and make the whole road easier for pedestrians by creating a centre island pathway.

Culture

Arts

The Fairfield Halls, Croydon's entertainment complex
The BRIT School

There are several arts venues. Foremost amongst these is the Fairfield Halls, opened in 1962, which consists of a large concert hall frequently used for BBC recordings, the Ashcroft Theatre and the Arnhem Gallery. Fairfield is the home of the London Mozart Players, whose Principal Guest Conductor is flautist Sir James Galway. Many famous faces have appeared at the Fairfield Halls, from the Beatles through Bucks Fizz, Omid Djalili, Robert Cray, JLS, Chuck Berry, Don McLean, The Monkees, Johnny Cash, Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, Tom Jones, The Stylistics, Status Quo, Level 42, Joe Satriani, John Mayall, Jools Holland, Kenny Rogers, James Last to Coolio. The main concert hall was used for the conference scene in the Tom Hanks film The Da Vinci Code.

The Warehouse Theatre is a studio theatre known for promoting new writing, as well as comedy and youth theatre. Croydon Clocktower, built by the London Borough of Croydon in the mid-1990s, houses a state-of-the-art library, the David Lean cinema, a performance venue in the old reference library and the town museum. The Pembroke Theatre had many productions with well known actors before its closure in about 1962.

There are several local and small venues for comedy and community events dotted around Croydon and its neighbourhoods. Croydon Youth Theatre Organisation celebrated its 40th birthday in 2005. There are several community arts groups, particularly in the large Asian community. There are controversial plans to develop an arena for entertainment and sporting events at the Croydon Gateway site.

A calendar titled "Rare Roundabouts of Croydon", with a picture of a different Croydon roundabout each month, has enjoyed some success.[13]

Literature

In a house like that
Your Uncle Dick was born;
Satchel on back he walked to Whitgift
Every weekday morn.Boys together in Coulsdon woodlands,
Bramble-berried and steep,
He and his pals would look for spadgers,
Buried deep.The laurels are speckled in
Marchmont Avenue Just as they were before,
But the steps are dusty that still lead up to
Your Uncle Dick's front door.Pear and apple in
Croydon gardens
Bud and blossom and fall,
But your Uncle Dick has left his Croydon
Once for all.

Croydon, Sir John Betjeman.

Croydon is the setting of two poems by British Poet Laureate Sir John Betjeman, 'Croydon' and 'Love in a Valley'.

The borough has been the residence of many renowned authors and novelists,, including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle who set up house in Norwood, D. H. Lawrence and French novelist Emile Zola is known to have lived for time in the Queen's Hotel, South Norwood.

Additionally, Croydon has found itself the setting of many novels, particularly the now defunct airport, which lent itself to mysteries The 12.30 from Croydon and Death in the Clouds. The town is also mentioned in some Sherlock Holmes mysteries.

Music

Croydon has been at the centre of the development of the dubstep genre, a relatively recent musical development that traces its roots from Jamaican dub music, UK Garage and drum and bass. Artists such as Benga and Skream, who honed their production and DJing skills whilst working at the now defunct Big Apple Records on Surrey Street, along with Norwood's Digital Mystikz and Thornton Heath's Plastician, form the core roster of dubstep DJs and producers.

Croydon also has a thriving rock scene producing such local talent as Czagio, The Tunics, Kitty Hudson, Von Kleet, ApfelZaft, Rosewest, 5th Man Down, Godsized, Bad Sign, Ten Foot Nun, Shockwave, Frankmusik and Noisettes. Local venues for live music include the Black Sheep Bar, The Ship, The Green Dragon, The Brief, The George, and The Scream Lounge.

In addition to the Fairfield Halls, there have been several notable venues in Croydon that have hosted major established national and international rock acts - established in 1976, The Cartoon in West Croydon was a very popular live music venue, but closed its doors for the final time in November 2006. The Greyhound in Park Lane (in the site within the Nestle complex currently occupied by the Blue Orchid) played host to acts such as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, David Bowie, Siouxsie and the Banshees, The Damned, The Boomtown Rats and many others during the 1960s and 1970s.

The composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875–1912) lived at 30 Dagnall Park, Selhurst, until his death. He grew up in Croydon and sang in the church choir at St George's and taught at the Crystal Palace and many other schools of music. He died from pneumonia after collapsing at West Croydon station. There is an impressive grave with a touching poem at Bandon Hill Cemetery, as well as exhibits about him in the Clock Tower Museum, Katharine Street.

The town centre was for 30 years home to Europe's largest second-hand record store, Beanos, offering rare vinyl, CDs and books. In November 2008, it was announced that Beanos would be closing down. The premises (off Church Street near the Grants cinema complex) are to become a "market place" with stalls for rent by small business and individuals.[14][15]

Croydon is home to the BRIT School for performing arts and technology, based in Selhurst, which has produced stars such as Katie Melua, Amy Winehouse, Leona Lewis, Imogen Heap, Dane Bowers and members of The Feeling & The Kooks.

Media

Croydon also plays host to the filming of the popular Channel 4 show, Peep Show. Croydon is also home to several video game developers, including Crawfish. The ITV police drama The Bill, although is set in East London, is filmed in Croydon, many of the town centre locations are filmed around Surrey Street and St George's House (the Nestle Building). Sun Hill Police station is situated in nearby Mitcham. In 2007, the music video for pop star Mika's single Big Girl (You Are Beautiful) was filmed in various locations around the town, including the High Street and Surrey Street Market. Croydon was also revealed to be the true birthplace of Phillip the "African Prince" in the 1980 film version of Rising Damp.[16] (Don Warrington revealed in Britains 50 Best Sitcoms on Channel 4, that this fact was actually supposed to be revealed in the TV Series, but that the death of Richard Beckinsale meant that this was not possible). The opening credits for the sitcom Terry and June featured the eponymous stars walking around the Whitgift Centre and the Fairfield Halls area.

Transport

The inside concourse of East Croydon station
Croydon Flyover

The River Wandle is a major tributary of the River Thames, where it stretches to Wandsworth and Putney for 9 miles (14 km) from its main source in Croydon. It forms a rough western boundary with the London Borough of Sutton, and for part of its length forms the boundary between the London Boroughs of Croydon and Lambeth. The main river ends near Croydon with one of its tributaries ending in Selhurst. Just to the south of Croydon is a significant gap in the North Downs, which acts as a route focus for transport from London to the south coast.

The old London to Brighton road used to pass through the town on North End before it was shut off to motor traffic. The A23 now bypasses the centre of the town and follows Purley Way, to the west of the area, instead. The Brighton Main Line railway route south from Croydon links the town to Sussex, Surrey, and Kent and to Central London to the north: providing direct services to Hastings, Southampton, Brighton, Portsmouth, Gatwick Airport, Bedford and Luton. Also running through Croydon is the N/S cross-country line which links Manchester and Reading directly with South London, the south east, and the South Coast. The main station for all these services is East Croydon station in the centre of the town centre. East Croydon station is the largest and busiest railway station in Croydon and the third busiest in London, excluding those in Travelcard Zone 1. West Croydon station serves all trains travelling west except the fastest. There are also more regional stations scattered around the borough. Passenger rail services through Croydon are provided by Southern and First Capital Connect.[17]

The light rail system Tramlink (Operated by Tramtrack Croydon, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Transport for London),[18] opened in 2000, and Croydon serves as its main hub. Its network consists of three lines, from Elmers End to West Croydon, from Beckenham to West Croydon, and from New Addington to Wimbledon, with all three lines running via the Croydon loop on which it is centred. It has been highly successful, environmentally-friendly and a reliable light rail system carrying around 22 million passengers a year. It is also the only tram system in London but there is another light rail system in the Docklands. It serves Mitcham, Woodside, Addiscombe and the Purley Way retail and industrial area amongst others. An extension to Crystal Palace is currently being developed by Transport for London with the support of the council and the South London Partnership. The extension could be in service by 2013. Other possible extensions include Sutton, a new park and ride close to the M25, Coulsdon, Purley, Kingston upon Thames, Tolworth, Tooting, Brixton, Bromley and Lewisham for an interchange with the Docklands Light Railway. If the Cross River Tram was still being planned for construction, it may have had an interchange at Brixton, but those plans have since been cancelled.

Construction of the first phase of the East London Line Extension to West Croydon is now under way north of the Thames. The line was part of the London Underground, but will now be converted to become part of the London Overground network. This project will improve Croydon's public transport connections to central and inner East London. It will also provide the main impetus for building a modern public transport interchange at West Croydon station linking tram, bus and rail. The East London Line Extension will be a major contribution to London's transport infrastructure in time for the Olympic and Paralympic Games to be held in the capital in 2012. There are currently no plans for any London Underground services to be extended to Croydon, mainly due to the London Overground's East London Line extension and the promise of extended the Tramlink network.

Croydon's early transport links

The horse-drawn Surrey Iron Railway was the world's first public railway. It was opened in 1803, had double track, was some 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long and ran from Wandsworth to Croydon, at what is now Reeves Corner and which in 1805 was extended to Merstham, as the Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Railway. The railway boom of the 1840s brought superior and faster steam lines and it closed in 1846. The route is followed in part by Tramlink. The last remaining sections of rail can be seen behind railings in a corner of Rotary Field in Purley. With the opening of the LBSCR's line to London Victoria in 1860, extra platforms were provided which were treated by the LBSCR as forming part of a separate station named "New Croydon". The SER was excluded from this station which ran exclusively LBSCR services to London at fares cheaper than those which the SER could offer from the original station.[19] In 1864, the LBSCR obtained authorisation to construct a ½-mile long branch line into the heart of the town centre near Katharine Street where Croydon Central station was built. The new line opened in 1868 but enjoyed little success and closed in 1871, only to reopen in 1886 under pressure from the Town Council before finally closing in 1890. The station was subsequently demolished and replaced by the new Town Hall.[20] In 1897-98, East Croydon and New Croydon stations were merged into a single station equipped with the three island platforms which remain to this day. Even so, the two stations kept separate booking accounts until 1924.[19]

The Croydon Canal ran for 9.5 miles (15.3 km) from what is now West Croydon station. It travelled north to largely along the course of the present railway line to New Cross Gate, where it joined the Grand Surrey Canal and went on into the Thames. It opened in 1809 and had 28 locks. It had a strong competitor in the Surrey Iron Railway and was never a financial success. It sold out to the London & Croydon Railway in 1836. The lake at South Norwood is the former reservoir for the canal.

Croydon Airport on Purley Way was the main international airport for London until it was superseded by London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport. Starting out during World War I as an airfield for protection against Zeppelins, and developing into one of the great airports of the world during the 1920s and 1930s, it welcomed the world's pioneer aviators in its heyday. As aviation technology progressed, however, and aircraft became larger and more numerous, it was recognized in 1952 that the airport would be too small to cope with the ever-increasing volume of air traffic. The last scheduled flight departed on 30 September 1959. The air terminal, now known as Airport House, has been restored and has a museum open one day a month.

Education

Secondary education

State schools

Independent schools

Further education

There is only one further education institution in the local area. The town is home to Croydon College, with its main site on Park Lane and College Road near East Croydon railway station. It currently has over 13,000 students attending one of its three sub-colleges.[21] The sub-colleges were created in 2007 to allow for more students to be catered for and to ensure that the courses on offer, the style of teaching and the way the college is run are right for the students that attend each college. The three colleges that were created by the action are the Croydon Sixth Form College, Croydon Skills and Enterprise College and the Croydon Higher Education College. The Higher Education College offers university-level education in a range of subjects from Law through to Fine Art. Croydon Skills and Enterprise College delivers training and education opportunities that have been designed to meet the various needs of businesses of all sizes, across different sectors within London and the south east.

See also

References

  1. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)". Greater London Authority. http://www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/docs/londonplan08.pdf. 
  2. ^ a b c d Ayto, John; Ian Crofton (2005). Brewer's Britain and Ireland. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35385-X. 
  3. ^ Corbett Anderson, John; Ian Crofton (1882). A Short Chronicle Concerning the Parish of Croydon. London: Reeves and Turner. pp. 19–20. ISBN 0-304-35385-X.  Republished in 1970 by SR Publishers, East Ardsley, Wakefield
  4. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  5. ^ Looking Out For No1 (from Croydon Guardian)
  6. ^ State of the art refurbishment
  7. ^ http://www.surreystreetmarket.com/
  8. ^ http://yourlocalguardian.co.uk/news/3557069.Exclusive__Boris_backs_Croydon_city_bid/
  9. ^ "An 1868 Gazetteer description of Croydon". UK and Ireland Genealogy. 2003. http://homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/SRY/Croydon/WholeGaz1868.html. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  10. ^ "London Borough of Croydon map of wards". Croydon Council. 2006. http://www.croydon.gov.uk/content/departments/570770/570872/wardmap.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  11. ^ "Who are my councillors?". Croydon Council. http://www.croydon.gov.uk/democracy/elected/allcouncillors/. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  12. ^ "Metropolitan Police: Croydon Police Station". Metropolitan Police. 2007. http://cms.met.police.uk/met/boroughs/croydon/09contact_us/index. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  13. ^ BBC News - Roundabout calendar is gift hit
  14. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6214278.stm Beanos closing down
  15. ^ http://www.beanos.co.uk/ Beanos announcing closing down sales
  16. ^ http://www.leonardrossiter.com/risingdamp/StoryPlay.html Croydon Phillip's birthplace
  17. ^ "UK rail network map". National Rail website. National Rail. 2006. http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/system/galleries/download/print_maps/Nat_Rail_Passenger_Operators_2006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  18. ^ "TfL announces plans to take over Tramlink services". 2008-03-17. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/media/newscentre/archive/7741.aspx. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  19. ^ a b White, H.P., op. cit. p. 79.
  20. ^ Treby, E., op. cit. p. 106.
  21. ^ "About Croydon College". 2007. http://www.croydon.ac.uk/about_us.html. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to London/South article)

From Wikitravel

South London is the outer southern part of London.

Understand

Many outer areas of South London were once part of the counties of Surrey and Kent. Surrey and Kent are sometimes used as part of the official postal addresses for these areas.

Boroughs

South London consists of the following boroughs:

  • Bexley [1] — the borough includes:
  • Bexleyheath
  • Erith
  • Sidcup
  • Bromley [2] — the borough includes:
  • Bromley
  • Beckenham
  • Orpington
  • Croydon [3] — the borough includes:
  • Croydon
  • Coulsdon
  • Purley
  • Kingston upon Thames [4] — the borough includes:
  • Kingston upon Thames
  • New Malden
  • Surbiton
  • Merton [5] — the borough includes:
  • Morden
  • Mitcham
  • Sutton [6] — the borough includes:
  • Sutton
  • Carshalton
  • Wallington

Bromley

Bromley is a borough of London, situated in the south east of Greater London. Much of the borough was historically in the county of Kent, as is reflected by the presence of Kent County Cricket Club's second XI in Beckenham, and the fact that the postal county of Kent is sometimes still used for traditional reasons for much of the borough (though postal counties are no longer required in UK postal addresses). The London Borough of Bromley was created in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963.

The borough is the largest in London by area and occupies 59 square miles (153 km²), of which the majority is green belt land. Most of the settlement is in the north and west of the borough, with an outlier at Biggin Hill in the far south. The borough shares borders with Lewisham, Greenwich and Bexley to the north, Southwark and Lambeth to the north west, Croydon to the west; and the counties of Surrey to the south and Kent to the south and east. Westerham Heights, the highest point in London is located on the southern boundary.

Croydon

Known to some as the "Dallas of the South" due to the density of shiny glass and steel high rise office blocks. Croydon has a cross-section of British history: Among its famous residents were author Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle, journalist Emile Zola and punk rocker Captain Sensible of The Damned.

Croydon has a tram network, which runs from Beckenham through Croydon to Wimbledon. Despite this relatively new system however the area can often feel somewhat run down and lacking in investment. Although a new major re-generation plan has been announced, called Croydon Vision 2020, which includes the new shopping centre and Croydon Gateway site (which includes a arena, park, offices and bars).

Get in

By car

Kingston - see National Park and Ride Directory [7]

By train

South West Trains [8] operates a regular service from London Waterloo station to Kingston.

There are more regular train services to Surbiton, which is around 10 minutes away from Kingston by bus. Travelling via Surbiton can also be quicker when coming from towns to the southwest of London such as Guildford, Portsmouth or Southampton.

Bromley

By car

The M25 sits on the southern edge of the borough. Junction 4 (Bromley/Orpington) quickly connects with the A21, though for Chislehurst and areas it may be quicker to use Junction 3. The A21 is the main London to Hastings and it runs through the borough before heading south to Sevenoaks and Tonbridge.

By train

The borough has 27 railway stations which cover much of the area and are served by three Central London stations; London Victoria, London Blackfriars and London Bridge (and, by extension, Cannon Street, Waterloo East and Charing Cross). The main transport hub in the borough is Bromley South, with regular fast trains to London Victoria and a network of buses that stop outside the station and go to all parts of the borough. Orpington is the major station for the east of the borough.

By air

Biggin Hill Airport is a former RAF airfield from which the Battle of Britain was coordinated and serves private jets. While the runway is usable by aircraft up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 size, it is prohibited for airline operators to sell tickets for flights in and out of the airport, thus there are no scheduled or holiday charter flights from the airport. However, there is still a surprisingly large number of business flights.

Croydon

Croydon is not linked to the tube network at the moment, but by 2010 the East London Line will be extended to West Croydon station as part of the London Overground scheme by Transport for London. Croydon is relatively close in proximity to Central London even though the borough it is in (Croydon) is the southern most in Greater London.

By tram
A tramlink tram bound for Croydon
A tramlink tram bound for Croydon

Tramlink, opened in 2000, is the first modern tram system to operate in London. Trams at the moment have destinations at Beckenham, Wimbledon, Elmers End and New Addington with all lines traveling through Croydon, on the Croydon Loop. It can also be used to reach the Underground in Wimbledon. Tramlink also has planned extensions to the M25 motorway (Park & Ride system), Sutton, Bromley, Lewisham with a planned extension to Crystal Palace

By train

East Croydon station, is the second busiest station in London, and the main station for Croydon. Most services that head to the South Coast stop here. Fast trains run into Victoria or London Bridge stations in about 15-20 minutes. Services are provided by Southern and First Capital Connect. West Croydon station is a interchange station for train, tram and bus. Services generally terminate at Sutton but some continue to Guildford, Dorking and Epsom Downs.

By bus

Croydon is well served by the London bus network, with a major bus station at West Croydon and a new one opening on the eastern side of Croydon next to the Croydon clocktower and Park Place shopping centre soon. Bus services in the centre of Croydon include, but are not limited to:

  • London bus routes 50, 60, 75, 109, 119 (Purley Way (Croydon Airport) - Bromley), 157, 197, 250, 264, 289, 312 (South Croydon Bus Garage - Peckham, via Central Croydon, Addiscombe), 407, 410, 450, 455, 466 (not too reliable), 468, and X26 (West/East Croydon - Sutton - Kingston - Heathrow Central (Express)).

Get around

Bromley

Transport for London (TFL) manages bus services in Bromley and these are operated by Selkent and Metrobus.

Croydon

Croydon is mostly pedestrian friendly, North End the main shopping parade was closed for traffic over 10 years ago and most places can be easily reached on foot.

By taxi

There is a large taxi stand, served by black cabs outside the main entrance to East Croydon Station.

By bus

Buses leave at West Croydon station, with most buses leaving Croydon stopping at the bus station next to West Croydon station. The other bus station is opposite East Croydon station on George street, although not all buses going past it stop.

  • The Coronation Stone. Whilst not full of sights, an item of some interest is the coronation stone, on which seven English kings from Edward the Elder to Aethelred the Unready were crowned. The stone is located outside the Guildhall, and is close to the market.  edit
  • The Thames. Kingston borough has recently put a lot of effort into redeveloping the riverfront, and it is an extrememly pleasant way to spend a summer day. It can get very busy, and to avoid the crowds you can cross over Kingston bridge and walk along the quieter Richmond side.  edit
  • Out of Order. For a good photo opportunity seek out the phone boxes, a sculpture by artist David Mach featuring a number of disused red telephone box leaning against each other like dominoes.  edit
  • Chislehurst Caves, Old Hill, Chislehurst, +44 20 8467 3264 (), [9]. W-Su 10AM-4PM, seven days during school holidays. The caves are not in fact caves but a twenty-mile long network of passageways, carved from the chalk deep under Chislehurst over a period of 8,000 years. Used as a massive air-raid shelter during World War II, the Caves are now a local tourist attraction. £5, concessions £3, under 5's free.  edit
  • Crofton Roman Villa, Crofton Roman Villa, Crofton Rd, Orpington, +44 (0)20 8460 1442 (), [10]. Apr-Oct, Bank Holidays, W F 10AM-1PM and 2PM-5PM, Su 2PM-5PM. The only villa open to the public in Greater London. It was inhabited from about AD 140-400 and was the centre of a large farming estate. Today you can see the remains of 10 rooms protected inside a public viewing building. Remains include tiled (tessellated) floors and the under-floor heating system (hypocaust). £1, children £0.70.  edit
  • Down House, Luxted Rd, Downe, +44 1689 859119, [11]. Feb-mid-Dec W-Su 11AM-4PM, additional hours in spring and summer. It was at Down House that Charles Darwin worked on his scientific theories, and wrote On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, the book which both scandalised and revolutionised the Victorian world when it was published in 1859. Built in the early 18th century, the house remains much as it was when Darwin lived here. The rooms on the ground floor have been furnished to reflect the domestic life of the family and the first floor offers an interactive exhibition on his life, his research and his discoveries. English Heritage has restored the gardens to their appearance in Darwin's time. £8.80, children £4.40, English Heritage members free.  edit

Croydon

Because it was heavily bombed in WW2, Croydon features a patchwork of old and new architecture.

  • The Whitgift Almshouses. Form a fine Tudor courtyard.  edit
  • The Town Hall. Very impressive with a huge clock tower.  edit
  • Clock Tower Museum. Exhibitions on the gifted black composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875-1912) who lived most of his life in Croydon. His works include The Song of Hiawatha, a great favourite (before World War II) at the Royal Albert Hall conducted by Sir Malcolm Sargent.  edit
  • Woodside Green. Visit for a villagy experience and go to the Joiner's Arms or Beehive pubs for a pleasant drink or meal.  edit
The control tower of Croydon Airport in 1939, with the Imperial Airways de Havilland DH 91 Albatross Fortuna alongside
The control tower of Croydon Airport in 1939, with the Imperial Airways de Havilland DH 91 Albatross Fortuna alongside
  • Croydon Airport. London's former main airport, now disused and is now a tourist attraction.  edit
  • Museum of Croydon. A museum highlighting Croydon in the past and present includes the Riesco Gallery  edit
  • Shirley Windmill. Restored and the only surviving windmill in Shirley.  edit
  • Addington Palace. 18th century mansion in Addington.  edit
  • Croydon Clocktower. Arts venue, opened by Queen Elizabeth II.  edit
  • Nestle Tower. The famous UK headquarters of Nestle, one of the tallest towers in England.  edit
  • Fairfield Halls. Arts centre,which opened in 1962, frequently used for BBC recordings.  edit
  • Croydon Palace. Summer residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury for over 500 years.  edit
  • Croydon Cemetery. Most famous for the gravestone of Derek Bentley, wrongly hanged in 1953.  edit
  • Mitcham Common. Partly in the borough, shared with Sutton and Merton.  edit
  • Penge Police Station, [12]. Oldest working police station in London. Built in 1905.  edit
  • Royal Waterman's Alms Houses, Penge, [13].  edit
  • Churchill Theatre. Offers a range of theatrical performances, including touring productions, performances by (very good) local amateur groups, and pantomime during the Christmas and New Year period (usually starring somebody who used to be in Neighbours).  edit
  • David Lean Cinema. Cinema built in memory of David Lean.  edit
  • BRIT School. Performing Arts and Technology school owned by the BRIT Trust (known for the BRIT Awards).  edit
  • Croydon Grants. Entertainment venue, includes cinema and desirable nightclub Tiger Tiger.  edit
  • Selhurst Park. Home of Crystal Palace Football Club.  edit
  • Warehouse Theatre. Large and well-known theatre for (mostly) young performers  edit
  • Bike along the riverside. Follow the Thames path to Richmond upon Thames, Kew (home of the botanical gardens) and beyond into Barnes and Putney. In the opposite direction you will find Hampton Court, which has open air picnic concerts during the summer months.  edit
  • Non-league football. Football enthusiasts can catch two "non-league" clubs (i.e., clubs outside of England's four fully professional leagues). Both teams play at Kingsmeadow, also known as The Cherry Red Records Fans' Stadium due to a commercial sponsorship deal.  edit
    • AFC Wimbledon, +44 20 8547 3528, tickets +44 20 8546 9582, [14]. Founded in 2002 by former fans of Wimbledon F.C. when that club received approval to move from London to Milton Keynes, where the club is now known as Milton Keynes Dons. After three promotions, AFC Wimbledon will play the 2009–10 season in Conference National, the fifth level of English football and one promotion from The Football League.  edit
    • Kingstonian F.C., [15]. Formed in 1885, will play 2009–10 in the Ryman Premier Division, two promotions away from AFC Wimbledon.  edit

Buy

Bromley

Each of the towns and villages in the borough has its own distinct high street but Bromley High St remains the main shopping centre and runs the length of the town. The northern section is mainly comprised of a cinema, specialist shops and restaurants. As the high street gets to the Market Square, there are a number of pubs. The central section of the High Street, between Market Square and Elmfield Rd, is pedestrianised.

  • Bromley Charter Market, (In a car park behind Bromley North Station). Th.  edit
  • Farmer's market. At weekends.  edit
  • Glades shopping mall, (Runs parallel to the east side of the High Street). The bulk of the better-known stores are in this area.  edit
  • The Mall, (The southern section of the High Street, which runs down to Bromley South Station). Does not get many shoppers.  edit

Croydon

Croydon is one of the top 20 retail destinations in the United Kingdom, it has two large and a smaller shopping centers. All the major chain stores can be found in Croydon, along with most department stores (including the only Allders left in the UK and a John Lewis planned).

  • Beano's. Second-hand CD and LP store with kitsch, cool styling which claims to be the largest in Europe.  edit
  • Centrale Shopping Centre, North End (Close to West Croydon station), [16]. M-W, F Sa 9:30AM-7PM, Th 9:30AM-9:00PM, Su 11AM-5PM. Shopping centre opened in 2004, situated on 4 floors. Shops include House of Fraser, Debenhams, Next, Zara, H&M, French Connection and Aldo. The Food Gallery is on the top floor of centre and includes a wide variety of restaurants.  edit
  • North End. The shopping road in Croydon  edit
  • Park Place, [17]. Planned shopping centre.  edit
  • Purley Way, (To the south west of Central Croydon, but still in the borough). Large retail area including large stores such as one of the four IKEA's in London, a B&Q warehouse, the first Homebase, TJ Maxx, Vue, Megabowl, Mothercare World, Argos Extra, Sainsbury's, City Limits and more. There are various retail parks there aswell, Valley Park, Purley Way retail park, Croydon Colonades, Waddon Goods Park, Croydon Fiveways.  edit
  • Supermarkets. Include, in Croydon, Sainsbury's (Whitgift Centre), Tesco's (on Brighton Road 5 mins walk from town cntr), Lidl (West Croydon), Marks & Spencer (Whitgift Centre), and a Waitrose (East Croydon).  edit
  • Surrey Street Market. Market which has a Royal Charter dating back to 1276 linking it to the Archbishop of Canterbury.  edit
  • Whitgift Centre, North End (Close to West Croydon bus station), [18]. M-W, F Sa 9AM-7PM, Th 9AM-9PM, Su 11AM-5PM, Bank holidays 10AM-6PM. Main shopping centre, situated on 3 floors and used to be biggest shopping centre in Europe. Shops include Marks & Spencer, Bhs, Allders, Boots, Woolworths (now defunct), WHSmith, Sainsbury's Central, Mothercare and Books Etc. Various restaurants and cafes throughout the centre.  edit

Kingston

Kingston has the most extensive range of shops in the southeast of England outside central London, and is very popular, especially at weekends. Virtually all major chains have branches, as well as several independent shops and boutiques.

  • Bentall centre, Clarence St, [19]. Biggest shopping mall. Four-storey mall, which is anchored by a multi-level department store, Bentalls, which sells high-end fashion, home ware and specialty food products. John Lewis is the other main department store in town and is noted for quality. It has a branch of Waitrose supermarket in the basement.  edit
  • Fife Road, (Between the Bentall Centre and the railway station). Several clothing boutiques.  edit
  • Kingston Marketplace. The marketplace was historically at the heart of Kingston's prosperity, benefiting from a Royal Charter forbidding any other markets within seven miles. Today it mostly sells fruit and vegetables, although there are some other stalls. There are also occasional visiting markets from France and Germany that sell regional produce and takeaway food and drink.  edit
  • Borders bookstore. Built on the site of the old Empire department store. Its beautiful listed wooden staircase was maintained through recent renovations.  edit
  • The Crown, 46 Plaistow Ln, Sundridge Park, +44 20 8466 1313, [20]. Recently opened, this is a stylish yet affordable gastropub minutes from Bromley High St.  edit

Croydon

Visitors are often surprised by the variety, quality and affordability of Croydon's restaurants. Whilst the pedestrianised centre is overflowing with bland chains and fried chicken, The High St and South End Rd (south of the flyover) has an excellent selection of independent places, which is (sadly) becoming a victim of its own success, and itself is beginning to be taken over by the chains.

Budget

  • Cafe Giardino, Centrale Centre and Whitgift Centre. Italian.  edit
  • Cafe Santa Fe, 201 High St, +44 20 8688 6717.  edit
  • Chicken Cottage, 263 London Road, +44 20 8689 1666. Fast-food chicken and ribs.  edit
  • Fatty Arbuckles, Valley Park. +44 20 8680 4717. American Diner.  edit
  • Noodle Time, 56-58 George Street, +44 20 8681 6598. Noodle Bar.  edit
  • Yo! Sushi, 21 North End, +44 20 8760 0479. Sushi bar.  edit

Mid-range

  • Addington Village Inn, 36 Addington Village Rd, +44 1689842057. Various.  edit
  • Aphrodite Greek Taverna, 19 Westow Street, +44 20 8653 9895. Greek.  edit
  • Beefeater, 419 Streatham High Rd, +44 20 8764 1671. English family pub chain.  edit
  • Chat House Tandoori, 14-16 Brighton Rd, +44 20 8680 5719.  edit
  • Chiquitos Restaurant & Bar, Unit 3 Valley Park, +44 20 8686 8341. Mexican.  edit
  • Nandos, 26 High St, Hesterman Way, +44 20 8681 3505, 8688 9545. Peri Peri Chicken.  edit
  • Ocean Fish Restaurant, 56 Lower Addiscombe Road, +44 20 8406 3634. Seafood.  edit
  • Old Orleans, City Limits Colonades Leisure Park, +44 20 8225 1900. American.  edit
  • Polka Bistro, 20a Lower Addiscombe Road, +44 20 8686 2633. Polish.  edit
  • Tiger Tiger, 16 High Street, +44 20 8662 4949. English.  edit

Splurge

  • Auberge, Units 2153-2156, Whitgift Centre, +44 20 8680 8337. French.  edit
  • La Brasa, 108a High St, +44 20 8760 9610. Argentinian. Winner of numerous 'Best local restaurant 200x' awards and is a real gem - small and unpretentious and serving flavoursome steaks, chicken and other delights. They buy good quality meat which actually has some taste, and it shows.  edit
  • Croydon Steak House, 31 South End, +44 20 8688 8422.  edit
  • Frankie & Benny's, Valley Leisure Park, +44 20 8760 5021. Authentic Italian and American.  edit
  • Lola Rojo, 78 Northcote Road. Tu-Sa 10AM-10:30PM, Su 10AM-4PM. Chef Antonio Belles' comfy, neighborhood restaurant and deli serves contemporary Spanish tapas.  edit
  • Paradise Island, 67 South End, +44 20 8688 9848. Seafood.  edit
  • Ahmed, 2 The Broadway, +44 20 8946 6214. Indian.  edit
  • Alforno Restaurant, 2a Kings Rd, +44 20 8540 5710. Italian.  edit
  • Aphrodite, 195-197 Merton Rd, +44 20 8417 0606.  edit
  • Broadway Tandoori, 250 The Broadway, +44 20 8542 7697. Indian.  edit
  • Cafe Rouge, 26 High St, +44 20 8944 5131. French.  edit
  • Chutneys, 31a Hartfield Road, +44 20 8540 9788. Indian.  edit
  • Coal, Piazza, 31-37 The Broadway, +44 20 8947 8225, [21]. Bar and grill serving international food. Seating outside.  edit
  • Confucious, 271-273 The Broadway, +44 20 8542 5272. Chinese.  edit
  • Dolce Vita, 44 The Broadway, +44 20 8543 7643. Italian.  edit
  • Est Est Est, 38 High Street, +44 20 8947 7700. Italian.  edit
  • Gourmet Burger Kitchen, 88 The Broadway, +44 20 8540 3300, [22]. Great Burger Restaurant.  edit
  • Jo Shmos, 33 High St, +44 20 8879 3845.  edit
  • Lambourne Bar and Grill, 263 The Broadway, +44 20 8545 8661, [23]. Part of the Antoinette Hotel. Sky sports, happy hour. Medium.  edit
  • Lighthouse, 75-77 Ridgway, +44 20 8944 6338.  edit
  • Makiyaki, 149 Merton Rd, +44 20 8540 3113. Good Japanese food.  edit
  • Mai Thai, 75 The Broadway, +44 20 8542 8834.  edit
  • Nandos, 1-1a Russell Rd, +44 20 8545 0909, [24]. Peri-Peri Chicken.  edit
  • La Nonna, 213-217 The Broadway (+44 20 8542 3060). Italian.  edit
  • Paprika, 1 Kingston Rd, +44 20 8540 9229. Indian Food  edit
  • Reds Bar & Grill, 86 The Broadway, +44 20 8540 8308, [25]. International Food.  edit
  • Thai Tho Restaurant, 20 High St, +44 20 8946 1542. Thai.  edit
  • Tapanco, 20 Hartfield Rd, +44 20 8947 4737, [26]. Mexican, Italian and American.  edit
  • The Common Room, 18 High St, +44 20 8944 1909. Italian.  edit
  • The Stage Door, 90-92 The Broadway, +44 20 8543 8128, [27].  edit
  • Wimbledon Palace, 88 The Broadway, +44 20 8540 4505. Chinese.  edit

Kingston

The area of Kingston of New Malden has a sizeable Korean population and there are a large number of restaurants along the High St. Korean barbecue, such as galbi or samgyeopsal is available in numerous places. Another option is bibimbap, a mixture of various vegetables, rice and chilli paste.

Drink

There are a large variety of pubs and bars from cheaper chain pubs such as Wetherspoons to the trendy riverside bars. The main club is Oceana which is always very popular and attracts a great number of people from surrounding areas.

Bromley

Borough-wide, Bromley's town centre drinking establishments are generally the sort of generic chain fayre you would find anywhere. However, away from the centres, there are good pubs, many in the traditional vein.

  • The Anglesey Arms, 90 Palace Rd, Sundridge Park. Traditional feel, friendly staff and good ale, albeit a bit on the pricey side. Shepherd Naeme pub.  edit
  • The Prince Frederick, 31 Nichol Ln, Sundridge Park. Allegedly the only pub named after George II's son, Poor Fred, Prince of Wales. It has managed to retain its traditional feel by maintaining seperate saloon and lounge bars. A good choice of ales and lagers but no food. Greene King pub.  edit
  • The Red Lion, 10 North Rd, Sundridge Park. Some christen this the best pub in Bromley. A friendly atmosphere, good quality ales and decent, affordable pub food make this an excllent choice. Greene King pub.  edit
  • Sundridge Park. A small neighbourhood just to the north of Bromley, has retained some well-liked, traditional pubs.  edit
  • Bar Red Square, 63-67 High St, +44 20 8688 1020. Wine Bar.  edit

Sleep

Croydon

There is a wide range of accommodation for visitors to the London Borough of Croydon. The Tourist Information Centre promotes establishments which are members of the National Quality Assurance Standards Scheme. Each establishment is inspected annually by trained assessors from the AA, RAC or English Tourism Council (ETC). Members of the Quality Assurance Scheme are graded according to quality, facilities and level of service. The grading is denoted by stars (H) or diamonds (¨). Any establishment which has no grading is not part of the Scheme, therefore quality cannot be assured. The AA, RAC and English Tourism Council (ETC) have joint grading schemes for hotels, guest accommodation and self catering. Hotels are graded from one to five stars. These indicate the quality, facilities and level of service. The more stars the higher the quality, level of service and range of facilities offered. Guest Accommodation=== Guest accommodation includes guest houses, bed & breakfasts and some hotels. They are graded from one to five diamonds. All establishments must meet minimum standards for facilities and services. More diamonds are awarded for higher standards of quality and customer care.

  • Aerodrome Hotel, Purley Way (Next to Croydon Airport), +44 20 8680 1999. Luxury hotel, recently re-fited to become a luxury hotel.  edit
  • Express by Holiday Inn, 1 Priddys Yard (Central Croydon), +44 20 8253 1200. Built in 2003, new and modern.  edit
  • Jury's Inn, Wellesley Rd (Central Croydon), +44 20 8448 6000 (). Modern hotel.  edit
  • Premier Inn, The Colonnades Leisure Park (West Croydon), +44 870 990 6554. Hotel which offer warm and cosy rooms. From £40.  edit
  • Premier Inn, 104 Coombe Rd (South Croydon), +44 8701 977 069. Hotel which offer warm and cosy rooms. From £40.  edit
  • Travelodge, Norfolk House, Wellesley Rd (Central Croydon, next to Jury's Inn), +44 871 984 6318. Cheap and modest. From £40.  edit
  • Croydon has the highest rate of knife crime in any London Borough, so places to avoid are areas Thornton Heath, West Croydon and Norwood.
  • The Purley way is a difficult place to get about by foot, some areas can be reached by tram but the park is designed for cars.
  • Avoid flashing valuable possessions in the town centre, it may attract unwanted attention.
  • Croydon town centre becomes very popular on Thursdays with TigerTiger open to under 21s, and its weekends with a multitude of popular bars in the town centre. Always pre-book your taxi for safety on a night out because the local London Black cabs are very expensive.
  • City Limits Entertainment Venue. Includes bowling, restaurants, nightclubs all in the same building. Inside the Colonades Leisure Park, Purley Way.
  • Croydon Grants Entertainment Venue. Includes a large 11-screen Vue Cinema, Reflex 80's Bar and Disco, Nandos and Tiger Tiger restaurant and nightclub.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CROYDON, a municipal, county and parliamentary borough of Surrey, England, suburban to London, 10 m. S. of London Bridge. Pop. (1891) 102,695; (1901) 133,895. The borough embraces a great residential district. Several railway stations give it communication with all parts of the metropolis, the principal railways serving it being the London, Brighton & South Coast and the South-Eastern & Chatham. It stands near the sources of the river Wandle, under Banstead Downs, and is a place of great antiquity. The original site, farther west than the present town, is mentioned in Domesday Book. The derivation indicated is from the O. Fr. croie dune, chalk hill. The supposition that here was the Roman station of Noviolnagus is rejected. The site is remarkable for the number of springs which issue from the soil. One of these, called the "Bourne," bursts forth a short way above the town at irregular intervals of one to ten years or more; and after running a torrent for two or three months, as quickly vanishes. Until its course was diverted it caused destructive floods. This phenomenon seems to arise from rains which, falling on the chalk hills, sink into the porous soil and reappear after a time from crevices at lower levels. The manor of Croydon was presented by William the Conqueror to Archbishop Lanfranc, who is believed to have founded the archiepiscopal palace there, which was the occasional residence of his successors till about 1750, and of which the chapel and hall remain. Addington Park, 3z m. from Croydon, was purchased for the residence, in 1807, of the archbishop of Canterbury, but was sold in consequence of Archbishop Temple's decision to reside at the palace, Canterbury. The neighbouring church, which is Norman and Early English, contains several memorials of archbishops. Near the park a group of tumuli and a circular encampment are seen. Croydon is a suffragan bishopric in the diocese of Canterbury. The parish church of St John the Baptist appears to have been built in the 14th and 5th centuries, but to have contained remains of an older building. The church was restored or rebuilt in the 16th century, and again restored by Sir Gilbert Scott in 1857-1859. It was destroyed by fire, with the exception of the tower, on the 5th of January 1867, and was at once rebuilt by Scott on the old lines. In 1596 Archbishop Whitgift founded the hospital or almshouse which bears his name, and remains in its picturesque brick buildings surrounding two quadrangles. His grammar school was housed in new buildings in 1871, and is a flourishing day school. The principal public building of Croydon is that erected by the corporation for municipal business; it included court-rooms and the public library. At Addiscombe in the neighbourhood was formerly a mansion dating from 1702, and acquired by the East India Company in 1809 for a Military College, which on the abolition of the Company became the Royal Military College for the East Indian Army, and was closed in 1862. Croydon was formed into a municipal borough in 1883, a parliamentary borough, returning one member, in 1885, and a county borough in 1888. The corporation consists of a mayor, 12 aldermen and 36 councillors. Area, 9012 acres.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia

Singular
Croydon

Plural
-

Croydon

  1. A borough and town in the south of Greater London.

External links


Simple English

See also: London Borough of Croydon


Croydon is a place in south London, England and is part of the London Borough of Croydon. It is the 20th best shopping area in the UK, and currently has two shopping centres called Centrale and the Whitgift Centre, with a third one called Park Place planned. There is a large bus station on the edge of Croydon, called West Croydon, and two train stations.

The town is well known for holding a lot of offices for companies to let. The council wants to keep Croydon a big town by building more offices and entertainment facilities so a new re-generation plan called the Croydon Gateway is planned. Purley Way, just south of Croydon, is a large retail park area which has many shops like Comet, Sainsbury's, McDonald's, IKEA, Argos, M&S, Boots along with a cinema and bowling alley.

Tramlink, a tram system, is mainly centred in Croydon. It is the only tram system in the whole of London at the moment. There are three routes that operate on the system, Route 1, Route 2 and Route 3 or Yellow, Red and Green. The tram goes to places like Elmers End and Beckenham in Bromley, Wimbledon and Mitcham in Merton and Addington and Addiscombe in Croydon.

The town grew up from Anglo-Saxon times around a Palace belonging to the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1276 the archbishop allowed a weekly market to take place nearby and this date is taken as the founding of the town. The town grew in the eighteenth century as a stage coach stop on the way to the popular seaside town of Brighton from London. In the nineteenth century railways put the town only 15 minutes from London by fast train and it grew 23 times in terms of the number of people living there between 1801 and 1901.

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