Croydon Central (UK Parliament constituency): Wikis

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Croydon Central
Borough constituency
CroydonCentralConstituency.svg
Croydon Central shown within Greater London
Created: 1974
MP: Andrew Pelling
Party: Conservative
Type: House of Commons
County: Greater London
EP constituency: London

Croydon Central is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP is Conservative Andrew Pelling, who won by just 75 votes.

It was created for the 1997 general election from most of the old Croydon Central (losing Waddon to the new Croydon South) and part of the old Croydon North East constituencies. It covers an area that was Croydon South constituency until 1974 when part of East Surrey was incorporated into a new Croydon South constituency, following the creation of the London Borough of Croydon in 1965.

Contents

Boundaries

Central Croydon's main shopping area

Croydon Central covers a wedge of the London Borough of Croydon to the east of central Croydon. The northern parts are characterised by terraced houses and urban areas, with small council estates. Labour gains much of its strength from these ethnically-mixed wards of Addiscombe and Woodside, and similar parts of Fairfield and Ashburton. The southern area, largely Conservative, consists of suburban semi-detached houses, populated by commuters, surrounded by golf courses and parkland. The wards of Shirley, Heathfield and parts of Ashburton give large Conservative votes. In the south east corner, there is a large former council estate, New Addington, with two electoral wards for the more than 10,000 rather isolated residents. The estate is largely white and there have been strong British National Party showings, although Labour has traditionally won the bulk of the votes on the estate.

Croydon Central is bordered by Croydon North and Croydon South, as well as the Beckenham constituency to the east.

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Boundary review

The new wards and boundaries of the Croydon Central Constituency

Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, the Boundary Commission for England has made minor changes to the existing Croydon constituencies, with Croydon Central losing areas to the north and south and part of central Croydon. If the changes had been implemented at the 2005 General Election the seat is likely to have been retained by Labour. In the boundary changes over 3,000 electors will move into Croydon South and 2,500 electors into Croydon North.

The electoral wards used in the formation of the modified Central seat are:

History

The constituency that preceded Croydon Central in this area, Croydon South (not to be confused with the current Croydon South constituency), had twice seen Croydon's only Labour MPs before the 1990s. David Rees-Williams had held the seat from the 1945 Labour landslide until unfavourable boundary changes in 1950. David Winnick won the seat in 1966 before losing in 1970. Otherwise the seat, and indeed the rest of Croydon, had always been firm Conservative territory.

Historically, Labour's strength in the area had been on the council estates, particularly New Addington. However, there were important demographic changes across Croydon that saw greater numbers of ethnic minorities and residents of inner London move to Croydon from the 1970s onwards, making the area, especially north west Croydon, more favourable for Labour.

In 1997, Croydon's seats were reduced from four to three and the displaced Conservative Members had to face one another for the right to stand in the new Croydon Central seat (Croydon North by now being a Labour-held seat). The MP for Croydon North East, David Congdon, beat off Sir Paul Beresford, the MP for the former Croydon Central seat. However, three years after Labour had taken control of Croydon Council, Labour's Geraint Davies saw off Congdon with a majority of 4,000. He held the seat with a similar majority in 2001 but lost by just 75 votes to Conservative Andrew Pelling in 2005, with the Liberal Democrats and Green Party gaining some 7,000 votes between them.

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party
Feb 1974 John Moore Conservative
1992 Sir Paul Beresford Conservative
1997 Geraint Davies Labour
2005 Andrew Pelling Conservative

Election results

Elections in the 2010s

Confirmed candidates for the General Election 2010[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Ralph Atkinson
Conservative Gavin Barwell
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright
English Democrats Graham Dare
Green Bernice Golberg
Liberal Democrat Peter Lambell
BNP Cliff le May
Labour Co-op Gerry Ryan

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Croydon Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Pelling 19,974 40.8 +2.3
Labour Geraint Davies 19,899 40.6 −6.6
Liberal Democrat Jeremy Hargreaves 6,384 13.0 +1.8
UKIP Ian Edwards 1,066 2.2 +1.0
Green Bernice Golberg 1,036 2.1 N/A
Veritas Marianne Bowness 304 0.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright 193 0.4 –0.5
The People's Choice! Exclusively For All Janet Stears 101 0.2 N/A
Majority 75 0.2
Turnout 48,957 60.6 +1.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.4
General Election 2001: Croydon Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Geraint Davies 21,643 47.2 +1.6
Conservative David Congdon 17,659 38.5 –0.1
Liberal Democrat Paul Booth 5,156 11.2 +0.4
UKIP James Feisenberger 545 1.2 +0.7
BNP Linda Miller 449 1.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright 408 0.9 N/A
Majority 3,984 8.7
Turnout 45,860 59.1 –10.5%
Labour hold Swing +0.8

References

  1. ^ Croydon Central, UKPollingReport

See also

Coordinates: 51°22′08″N 0°03′14″W / 51.369°N 0.054°W / 51.369; -0.054


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