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Csongrád
Aerial view - Csongrád temple
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms
Csongrád is located in Hungary
Csongrád
Coordinates: 46°42′40.64″N 20°8′25.01″E / 46.7112889°N 20.1402806°E / 46.7112889; 20.1402806
Country  Hungary
Region Dél-Alföld
County Csongrád
Subregion/Micro-region Csongrádi
Boroughs
Government [1]
 - Mayor Tamás Bedő (MSZP)
 - Deputy mayor Gáspár Gyovai
 - Notary István Berkes
Area [2]
 - Total 183.683 km2 (70.9 sq mi)
 - Csongrád 9.65 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
 - Csongrád-Bokros 0.083 km2 (0 sq mi)
Elevation 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2009)[3]
 - Total 17,686
 Density 107.61/km2 (278.7/sq mi)
Ethnic minorities [4]
 - Hungarian 18653
 - Gypsy 89
 - German 19
 - Ukrainian 8
 - Other (Greek, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian) 18
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6640
Area code(s) 63
Twin Cities
 - Raisio Finland
 - Óbecse Serbia
 - AGD city union France
 - Bełchatów Poland
Website http://www.csongrad.hu/

Csongrád (Romanian: Ciongrad; Serbian language: Чонград/Čongrad, archaically also Црноград/Crnograd) is a town in Csongrád County in southern Hungary. The name is of Slavic origin and means "the black city".

Pontoon bridge between Csongrád and Csépa.
Sandbank of the Tisza river near Csongrád.
The railway station.

Contents

History

Csongrád was founded by Prince Árpád's son Ete. The city had the alternate Slavic name of Cernigrad, which, like the Hungarian version, means "Black Castle" or "Black Town".

Later King Stephen (1000-1038) made the town a state administration center, giving its name to a county. It remained a county seat till the Mongoln invasion of Hungary (1240-42).

Main sights

The Main Square obtained its definitive shape in the first half of the 10th century, its streets are wide with many trees. The Main Street is lined by old plane trees.

The road running alone the grammar school of Secessionist style leads to the old town. This part of the settlement preserves the structure of a Hungarian fishing-village of the 18th century. The adobes and houses with puddle wall have thatched roofs, many of them are equipped inside with modern furniture. One building can be seen with original furniture (at Gyökér utca 1).

The Tisza include a sand-bank reminding to the seashore.

Another attraction of Csongrád is the backwater generated by the river control works (Holt-Tisza), which house several water-birds. In the wood strip on the left bank of the Tisza are the uncover ruins of a Benedictine monastery founded in the 11th century.

Culture

The permanent exhibition of the museum located in the center of the city awaits the visitors by presenting a material of town history. No hundred metres away from here the City Gallery can be found, where from time to time periodical exhibition of the Gallery the aquarelles of the painter-artist of Csongrád, János Piroska representing the brilliant technique of color-runout as light as air are shown.

Famous residents

Twin towns - sister cities

References

  • István Sebestyén (1996): A Glance at Csongrád. Csongrád a vizek és a parkok városa. Raszter Kft. Kiadó, Csongrád, Hungary
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Sources

  1. ^ Csongrád város honlapja: Tisztségviselők (Hungarian)[1]
  2. ^ Csongrád város honlapja: Csongrád történelme (Hungarian)[2]
  3. ^ Népszámlálás 2001: 4.1.1 A népesség számának alakulása, terület, népsűrűség, 1870–2001 KSH, 2001. (Hungarian) [3]
  4. ^ Népszámlálás 2001: A nemzetiségi népesség száma. KSH, 2001. (Hungarian) [4]

External links

Coordinates: 46°42′41″N 20°08′25″E / 46.71129°N 20.14028°E / 46.71129; 20.14028


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