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Wandering spiders
Phoneutria nigriventer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Superfamily: Lycosoidea
Family: Ctenidae
Keyserling, 1877
Genera

see text

Diversity
39 genera, 472 species

The wandering spiders is a term used to refer to the spider family Ctenidae. Previously, the term referred only to the genus Phoneutria but now usually refers to the entire family Ctenidae. The members of the genus Phoneutria are highly aggressive and venomous nocturnal hunters, and are the only wandering spiders known to pose a serious danger to humans. However, the venom of some other members of this family is very poorly known, meaning that all larger Ctenids should be treated with caution. Ctenids have a distinctive longitudinal groove on the top-rear of their oval carapace[1] (some other spiders have a similar groove e.g. Amaurobiidae).

Contents

Genera

The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan.[1]

  • * Acantheinae
  • Acantheis Thorell, 1891
  • Africactenus Hyatt, 1954
  • Enoploctenus Simon, 1897
  • Petaloctenus Jocqué & Steyn, 1997
  • * Acanthocteninae
  • Acanthoctenus Keyserling, 1877
  • Nothroctenus Badcock, 1932
  • Viracucha Lehtinen, 1967
  • Bengalla Gray & Thompson, 2001
  • * Calocteninae
  • Anahita Karsch, 1879
  • Apolania Simon, 1898
  • Caloctenus Keyserling, 1877
  • Diallomus Simon, 1897
  • Gephyroctenus Mello-Leitão, 1936
  • Trujillina Bryant, 1948
  • * Cteninae
  • Amauropelma Raven, Stumkat & Gray, 2001
  • Ancylometes Bertkau, 1880
  • Asthenoctenus Simon, 1897
  • Celaetycheus Simon, 1897
  • Centroctenus Mello-Leitão, 1929
  • Ctenus Walckenaer, 1805
  • Cupiennius Simon, 1891
  • Isoctenus Bertkau, 1880
  • Leptoctenus L. Koch, 1878
  • Thoriosa Simon, 1910
  • Ctenopsis Schmidt, 1956
  • Incasoctenus Mello-Leitão, 1942
  • Itatiaya Mello-Leitão, 1915
  • Montescueia Carcavallo & Martínez, 1961
  • Nanoctenus Wunderlich, 1988 — fossil
  • Nanoctenus longipes Wunderlich, 1988 — dominican amber
  • Paravulsor Mello-Leitão, 1922
  • * Phoneutriinae
  • Phoneutria Perty, 1833
  • Phymatoctenus Simon, 1897
  • Pseudoctenus Caporiacco, 1949
  • Trogloctenus Lessert, 1935
  • Tuticanus Simon, 1897
  • * Viridasiinae
  • Viridasius Simon, 1889
  • Vulsor Simon, 1889
  • Wiedenmeyeria Schenkel, 1953
  • Janusia Gray, 1973
  • Mahafalytenus Silva, 2007 — Madagascar (7 species)

References

  1. ^ McGavin, George C. (2002). Insects and Other Terrestrial Arthropods. New York: Dorling Kindersley Ltd.. pp. 230. ISBN 0-7894-9392-6.  

See also

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Lycosoidea
Familia: Ctenidae
Subfamiliae: Acantheinae - Acanthocteninae - Calocteninae - Cteninae - Viridasiinae - incertae sedis

Genera overview: Acantheis - Acanthoctenus - Africactenus - Amauropelma - Anahita - Ancylometes - Apolania - Asthenoctenus - Bengalla - Caloctenus - Celaetycheus - Centroctenus - Ctenus - Cupiennius - Diallomus - Enoploctenus - Gephyroctenus - Incasoctenus - Isoctenus - Itatiaya - Janusia - Leptoctenus - Mahafalytenus - Montescueia - Nothroctenus - Ohvida - Parabatinga - Paravulsor - Petaloctenus - Phoneutria - Phymatoctenus - Pseudoctenus - Thoriosa - Toca - Trogloctenus - Trujillina - Tuticanus - Viracucha - Viridasius - Vulsor - Wiedenmeyeria

Name

Ctenidae Keyserling, 1877

Synonyms

  • Acanthoctenidae Simon, 1892

References

  • Keyserling, E. 1877. Ueber amerikanische Spinnenarten der Unterordnung Citigradae. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 26: 609-708. [681]
  • Lehtinen, P. T. 1967. Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4: 199-468.
  • Silva D., D. 2003: Higher-level relationships of the spider family Ctenidae (Araneae: Ctenoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 274: 1-86. Abstract & PDF
  • Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [1]
  • Polotow, D.; Brescovit, A.D. (in press): Taxonomic remarks of the Neotropical genus Celaetycheus Simon, 1897 (Araneae, Ctenidae) and description of Ohvida new genus (Araneae, Ctenidae, Cteninae). Zootaxa
  • Raven, R.J.; Stumkat, K. 2003: Problem solving in the spider families Miturgidae, Ctenidae and Psechridae (Araneae) in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of arachnology, 31: 105-121. doi: 10.1636/0161-8202(2003)031[0105:PSITSF]2.0.CO;2 PDF

Vernacular names

English: Wandering spider
한국어: 너구리거미과
日本語: シボグモ科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ctenidae on Wikimedia Commons.

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