Culpeper, Virginia: Wikis

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Culpeper, Virginia
—  Town  —

Seal
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917
Country United States
State Virginia
County Culpeper
Founded 1759
Government
 - Mayor Pranas Rimeikis
Area
 - Total 6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 - Land 6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 413 ft (126 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 9,664
 Density 1,436.2/sq mi (554.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 22701, 22735
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-20752[1]
GNIS feature ID 1498471[2]
Website http://www.culpeper.to/

Culpeper is an incorporated town in Culpeper County, Virginia, United States. The population was 9,664 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Culpeper County[3]. Culpeper is part of the Culpeper Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Culpeper County. Both the Town of Culpeper and Culpeper County are part of the greater Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

Geography

Culpeper is located at 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917 (38.471915, -77.999168)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km²), of which, 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.44%) is water.

History

After forming Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1748, the Virginia House of Burgesses voted to establish the Town of Fairfax on February 22, 1759. The name honored Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who was proprietor of the Northern Neck, a vast domain north of the Rappahannock River stretching from Chesapeake Bay to what is now Hampshire County, West Virginia. The original plan called for ten blocks, which form the core of Culpeper's downtown area today. In 1795, the town received a post office under the name Culpeper Court House, although most maps continued to show the Fairfax name. The confusion resulting from the difference in official and postal names, coupled with the existence of Fairfax Court House and Fairfax Station post offices in Fairfax County, was finally resolved when the Virginia Assembly formally renamed the town Culpeper in 1869 (Acts, 1869–1870, chapter 118, page 154). The original town was surveyed by a young George Washington.

During the American Revolutionary War, the Culpeper Minutemen, a pro-Independence militia group, formed in the town of Culpeper, in what was then known as "Clayton's Old Field," near today's Yowell Meadow Park.

During the Civil War, Culpeper was a crossroads for a number of armies marching through central Virginia, with both Union and Confederate forces occupying the town by turn. In the heart of downtown, the childhood home of Confederate General A.P. Hill stands at the corner of Main and Davis streets. One block north on Main St. (present location of Piedmont Realty) was the frame house where "The Gallant Major" John Pelham died after sustaining a wound at the battle of Kelley's Ford.

Culpeper began to grow dramatically in the 1980s, becoming a "bedroom community" of the more densely populated Northern Virginia and its Washington, DC, suburbs, where a growing number of residents of the town and county of Culpeper once lived and continue to work.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,664 people, 3,933 households, and 2,442 families residing in the town. The population density was 554.4/km² (1,436.2/sq mi). There were 4,139 housing units at an average density of 615.1/sq mi (237.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.27% White, 18.15% Black, 0.21% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.98% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.55% of the population.

There were 3,933 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97.

The town's population included 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was at a time $35,438, and the median income for a family was $41,894 but due to the economic downturn this has changed. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $25,252 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,842. About 23.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over.

According to the 2007 census estimates, Culpeper's population has grown to 13,497.[5]

Transportation

Culpeper is served by U.S. Route 29, U.S. Route 15, and U.S. Route 522 as well as state primary routes 229, 299, and 3. Interstate 95 is accessible via 3 east to Fredericksburg, Interstate 64 is accessible via U.S. Route 29 south to Charlottesville and U.S. Route 15 south in Zion Crossroads, Interstate 66 is accessible via U.S. Route 29 north, Interstate 81 is accessible via U.S. Route 522 north in Front Royal.

Amtrak operates a station in Culpeper, station code CLP. This station is served by the Cardinal, Northeast Regional and Crescent trains daily.

The town of Culpeper is also serviced by Virginia Regional Transit. Virginia Regional Transit operates three buses in town—one on a northern loop, one on a southern loop, and one for disabled individuals.

Notable residents

Interesting Culpeper Facts

  • Culpeper was the first municipality south of the Mason-Dixon Line to install fluorescent street lighting.[citation needed]
  • Dinosaur tracks were uncovered in 1989 at a quarry run by the Culpeper Stone Co.[citation needed]
  • Brandy Station, a community lying several miles north of town, is the site of a house whose interior walls bear numerous charcoal images, signatures, and comments left by both Union and Confederate soldiers. It's appropriately known as the "Graffiti House".
  • It is often misspelled Culpepper.
  • There have been discussions about combining the town and the county; residents are divided.
  • Culpeper County was the area of land that student surveyor George Washington had been sent to survey by Lord Fairfax of the House of Burgesses.[citation needed]
  • The Library of Congress's National Audio-Visual Conservation Center is located on Mt. Pony Road, 2 miles from the town center.
  • In 1967, it was the scene of a one day standoff between members of the American Nazi Party and police and military personnel over the attempt to bury American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell in the local National Cemetery.
  • The sad scene of the accident that paralyzed actor Christopher Reeve.
  • The only place during the entire Civil War where Gen. Stonewall Jackson ever attempted to unsheath (unsuccessfully) his sword.
  • The residents of Culpeper have been used as a focus group for reports on U.S. politics by the BBC's Newsnight program.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US5120752&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=Culpeper&_cityTown=Culpeper&_state=04000US51&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  6. ^ [1]

External links

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