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Cuncolim
Cuncolim
Location of Cuncolim
in Goa and India
Coordinates 15°10′12″N 73°58′48″E / 15.17°N 73.98°E / 15.17; 73.98
Country  India
State Goa
District(s) South Goa
Population 15848 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

18 m (59 ft)

Cuncolim ( Konkani: Devnagri:कुंकळी) is a city and a municipal council in South Goa district in the state of Goa, India.

Contents

Etymology

The name Cuncolim is derived from the fact that the village was known as Kumkumahalli (village where kumkum or vermilion is produced).[1]

Geography

Cuncolim is located at 15°10′N 73°59′E / 15.17°N 73.98°E / 15.17; 73.98[2]. It has an average elevation of 18 metres (59 feet).

History

It is a former village, now with a municipal council of its own, in the south Goa sub-district (taluka) of Salcette, India. It is part of the AVC (Assolna-Velim-Cuncolim) network of villages.

Cuncolim was the site of recurring Hindu dissent against Portuguese rule, and this village is also known for an early violent protest against the Portuguese, in 1583. Those killed on the Christian side include the martyrs of Cuncolim.

The village of Cuncolim was the original site of the famous temple of Shree Shantadurga before this was demolished by the Portuguese in collaboration with the Christian missionaries. The Holy idol of Shree Shantadurga was taken to Fatorpa where the new temple of Shree Shantadurga Cuncolikarin stands today. The annual zatra of the temple happens in December /January where the Utsav which lasts for five days.

The chariots dipicting scenes of different Hindu mythylogoical events are paraded on each night. On the fifth day the Maha chariot of the Goddess is taken in a procession around the temple which is attended by devotees from all cast and creed from across Goa as well as the neighbouring states. This yatra is also attended by many local Christian families who continue to hold sacred their familial allegiance to the Goddess.

During the last days of the Holi festival, the idol of the Goddess is taken back to the original site at Cuncolim thus re-enacting the migration of the Goddess and many Hindu families who fled Salcette to preserve their faith. This marks the famous festival known as the Sontreo (Umbrellas) consisting 12 umbrellas representing 12 vangodds (clans) of Cuncolim.

Amongst those Hindu communities that fled Cuncolim in the midst of religious persecution are the Kunbis, Gawdas, Daivadnyas and Saraswats. The Saraswats from Cuncolim and Quellosim formed a separate community called the Chitrapur Saraswats and they have their math head quarters in Chitrapur, Karnataka.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[3], Cuncolim had a population of 15,848. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Cuncolim has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83% and, female literacy is 74%. In Cuncolim, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education

It has 5 high schools namely our lady of health, Cuncolim united, Infant Jesus, Maria Bambina and Hutatma Kenkre high school. Higher secondary needs are catered by Maria Bambina and Cunited Higher secondary, former has Arts and commerce stream whereas latter has both the streams in addition to science. Cuncolim united college is the only college in cuncolim. which mostly have students from areas surrounding cuncolim. Prabal's Institute of commerce and computer education has been imparting typing and computer skills for the last 25 years.

Culture

Cuncolim has a unique traditional village irrigation, involving 12 bunds (water-gathering centers). It has also 12 residential clans (or vangodds). Cuncolim Union is one of the social organizations formed by people of this area.

Places of interest

Besides the church and chapels, Cuncolim is also home to seven temples, the Molanguinim Cave, small waterfalls at the foot of the seven temples, and the Nayaband Lake.

References

External links

See also

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