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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cupolas crown the dome and facade towers of the Cathedral of Santa Margherita in Montefiascone, Italy

In architecture, a cupola is a small, most-often dome-like structure, on top of a building.[1] Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome.[2][3] The word derives, via Italian, from the lower Latin cupula (classical Latin cupella from the Greek kypellon) small cup (Latin cupa) indicating a vault resembling an upside down cup.[4] Cupolas often appear as small buildings in their own right. They often serve as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere above a main roof. In other cases they may crown a tower, spire, or turret.[3] The chhatri, seen in Indian architecture, fits the definition of a cupola when it is used atop a larger structure.

References

  1. ^ "Glossary of Architectural Terms - C". Archiseek: Online Architecture Resources. http://www.archiseek.com/guides/glossary/c.html. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  2. ^ "cupola". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. Dictionary.com. 2010. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cupola. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Just what is a cupola anyway?". Cupola Consulting. Cupola.com. http://www.cupola.com/whatscu1.htm. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  4. ^ In Italian, cupola simply means dome, and the ornamental top element is called lanterna.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CUPOLA (Ital., from Lat. copula, small cask or vault, cupa, tub), a term, in architecture, for a spherical or spheroidal covering to a building, or to any part of it. In fortification the word is used of a form of armoured structure, in which guns or howitzers are mounted. It is a low flat turret resembling an overturned saucer and showing little above the ground except the muzzles of the guns. See for details and illustrations Fortification And Siegecraft; also Ordnance.


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