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Curtiss R3C
Curtiss R3C-2
Role R3C
Manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
Introduction 1925
Primary user US Army

The Curtiss R3C was an US-American racing aircraft built in landplane and seaplane form. It was a single-seated biplane built by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.

The R3C-1[1] was the landplane version and won the Pulitzer Trophy Race in 12 October 1925 with a speed of 248.9 mph (406.5 km/h).

The R3C-2 was a twin-float seaplane built for the Schneider Trophy race. In 1925, it took place at Chesapeake Bay in Baltimore, Maryland. With 232.57 mph (374.274 km/h), pilot Jimmy Doolittle won the trophy with a Curtiss R3C-2. The other two R3C-2, piloted by George Cuddihy and Ralph Oftsie, did not reach the finish line. The next day, with the same plane on a straight course, Doolittle reached 245.7 mph (395.4 km/h), a new world record. For the next Schneider Trophy, that took place on 13 November 1926, the R3C-2's engine was further improved, and pilot Christian Franck Schilt won the second place with 231.364 mph (372.34 km/h).



 United States

Specifications (R3C-2)

Data from Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 22 ft (6.71 m)
  • Wingspan: 22.0 ft (6.71 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 4 in (3.14 m)
  • Wing area: 144 sq ft (13.4m²)
  • Airfoil: Curtiss C-80
  • Empty weight: 2,135 lb (968 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,738 lb (1,242 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1× Curtiss V-1400, 565 hp (421 kW)


External links


  1. ^ Also given the "paper" designation F3C as fighters in the US Navy designation system: Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p.127.
  2. ^ Bowers 1979, p.237


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